William Shakespeare
Our World’s Greatest Playwright
In the beginning. . .
Born late April 1564
 Born in Stratfordupon-Avon
 Baptized April 26, so
probably born 3 days
earlier on April 23
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Parents
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Shakespeare’s birthplace
in Stratford-upon-Avon
http://www.aboutbritain.com/ShakespearesBirthplace.htm
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Father: John glove
maker, wool merchant,
and “High Bailiff” mayor;
died 1601
Mother: Mary Arden,
daughter of a successful
farmer; died 1608
3rd of 8 children
First born son
Education
Began at about age 5
 Stratford grammar
school
 Long days: 6 a.m.early evening
 Year-round school
(except major
holidays)

Shakespeare’s School Room,
King Edward VI School
Marriage
Anne Hathaway
 Nov. 1582
 He was 18; she was
26 and pregnant

Anne Hathaway’s Cottage
http://www.onlineshakespeare.com/hathaway.htm
Children
Susanna: born May 26, 1583; married Dr. John
Hall in 1607; had one child Elizabeth; died 1649
 Hamnet: a twin born February 2, 1585; died at
age 11 and buried on August 11, 1596
 Judith: a twin born February 2, 1585; married
Thomas Quiney and had 3 children (none lived
to be older than 21); died 1662

Shakespeare’s Genealogy
Places to See
Mary Arden’s
house
(where his mother
grew up)
The Gardens at
the New Place
Nash’s House and
New Place
(His granddaughter
Elizabeth’s home. He
built his retirement home
next to hers.)
Hall’s Croft
Daughter, Susanna’s home
http://www.onlineshakespeare.com/croft.htm
http://www.onlineshakespea
re.com/nash.htm
The Lost Years
1585-1592
 Theories: traveled to Italy
fought in Low Countries
studied law / medicine
worked as an apprentice
actor/writer
 By 1592, Shakespeare had a successful
career in London

The Theater
Actor
 Playwright
 Part owner of the acting company he
wrote for, Lord Chamberlain’s Men
 LC’sM renamed King’s Men after James
was king in 1603
 He became rich from acting company
rather than sale of plays

The Globe
First opened in 1599
 Destroyed by fire in 1613

1614 reconstruction
today
Plays, Sonnets, and More

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Over 37 plays: comedy, history, tragedy
Over 150 sonnets
2 lengthy narrative poems
Comedy
History
Tragedy
All’s Well That Ends Well
As You Like It
The Comedy of Errors
Cymbeline
Love’s Labours Lost
Measure for Measure
The Merry Wives of Windsor
The Merchant of Venice
A Midsummer Night’s Dream
Much Ado About Nothing
Pericles, Prince of Tyre
Taming of the Shrew
The Tempest
Troilus and Cressida
Twelfth Night
Two Gentlemen of Verona
Winter’s Tale
Henry IV, pt 1
Henry IV, pt 2
Henry V
Henry VI, pt 1
Henry VI, pt 2
Henry VI, pt 3
Henry VIII
King John
Richard II
Richard III
Antony and Cleopatra
Coriolanus
Hamlet
Julius Caesar
King Lear
Macbeth
Othello
Romeo and Juliet
Timon of Athens
Titus Andronicus
Our Language, Thanks to
Shakespeare

Words that first appeared in his plays:

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
attorney
bedroom
fashionable frugal
mimic
successful
Phrases:


Admirable
Distasteful
Laughable
“at one fell swoop” or “sick at heart”
Sentences:
“all the world’s a stage”
 “to thine own self be true”
 “the course of true love never did run smooth”

More Words and Phrases . . .

Of the 17,677 words that Shakespeare used in all of his plays
and sonnets, he was the first to use over 1,700 of them. He
wrote many of the words and phrases that we consider
clichés today. Which of the following words and phrases do
you think Shakespeare coined?
Heartsick
Heart of gold
One fell swoop
Long-haired
Naked truth
Foregone conclusion
Break the ice
It’s Greek to me
Hot-blooded
Eat out of house and home
Leapfrog
Too much of a good thing
Fancy-free
Wear one’s hear on one’s sleeve
Live-long day
The milk of human kindness
Even More Words and Phrases

Some of the words we write and speak today in the
English language many not have come into use without
Shakespeare. The following is a list of some of the
words he was first to write:
gnarled
countless
dwindle
laughable
amazement
hurry

frugal
lonely
radiance
misplaced
obscene
road
bump
eventful
control
impartial
generous
critic
Which of these words do you use most in your daily
vocabulary? What would you say instead if Shakespeare
had never written these words?
William’s Will
Dated March 25, 1616
 10 pounds to “the poor of Stratford”
 Money to 3 actors of his company
 150 pounds to Judith (another 150 pounds 3 years later)
 Most to his daughter Susanna
 Wife, Anne, afterthought, “Item, I give
unto my wife my second best bed with the
furniture”

His Gravesite
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Died April 23, 1616
Shakespeare is buried at Church of the Holy Trinity in Stratford
An inscription on his tombstone reads:
Good friend, for Jesus´ sake forbeare
To digg the dust enclosed here!
Blest be ye man that spares thes stones
And curst be he that moues my bones.
http://www.onli
neshakespeare.
com/death.htm
First Folio
Written by John Heminges & Henry
Condell (actors)
 Published in 1623
 36 of his plays included (18 for the first time)
 “to keep the memory of so worthy a friend
and fellow alive”

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