study of Indian English poets BY MUKESH KAMBLE RAMESH KADU 1 Objectives • To enhance the ability of students to grasp hidden meaning. • To help student in acquiring the competence of poetic devices. • To understand life of english poets of india. INTRODUCTION • 3 Rabindranath Tagore Born on 7th may 1861 in Kolkata.Tagore was already writing poems at age of eight.As a author of Gitanjali.He was first Non European who was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913 . Arundhati Roy • • • • Arundhati Roy (born November 24, 1961) is an Indian novelist, activist and a world citizen. She won the Booker Prize in 1997 for her first novel The God of Small Things. Roy was born in Shillong, Meghalaya to a Keralite Syrian Christian mother and a Bengali Hindu father, a tea planter by profession. She spent her childhood in Aymanam, in Kerala, schooling in Corpus Christi. She left Kerala for Delhi at age 16, and embarked on a homeless lifestyle, staying in a small hut with a tin roof within the walls of Delhi's Feroz Shah Kotla and making a living selling empty bottles. She then proceeded to study architecture at the Delhi School of Architecture, where she met her first husband, the architect Gerard Da Cunha. The God of Small Things is the only novel written by Roy. Since winning the Booker Prize, she has concentrated her writing on political issues. These include the Narmada Dam project, India's Nuclear Weapons, corrupt power company Enron's activities in India. She is a figure-head of the anti-globalization/alter-globalization movement and a vehement critic of neo-imperialism. In response to India's testing of nuclear weapons in Pokhran, Rajasthan, Roy wrote The End of Imagination, a critique of the Indian government's nuclear policies. It was published in her collection The Cost of Living, in which she also crusaded against India's massive hydroelectric dam projects in the central and western states of Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. She has since devoted herself solely to nonfiction and politics, publishing two more collections of essays as well as working for social causes. Dilip Chitre • • • • • • • • • Dilip Chitre 71 years old died on 10 December, 2009 around 3:30 a.m suffering from cancer for over five years. Dilip Chitre was one of the foremost Indian writers and critics to emerge in the post Independence era. Apart from being a very important bilingual writer, writing in Marathi and English, he was also a painter and filmmaker. Born in the erstwhile princely state of Baroda (Gujarat) in September 1938, Chitre published his first collection of poems at the age of 22. His well-known works include “Ekun Kavita”, a collection of poems in Marathi, and “Travelling in the Cage” in English. Chitre’s renowned work was “Says Tuka”, the English translation of the poems by famous 17th century saint-poet of Maharashtra Sant Tukaram, and “Anubhavamrut”, the works of the 12th century saint-poet Sant Dnyaneshwar. Dabbling in the entertainment world, Chitre was associated in various capacities with several movies such as: “Vijeta” (story-screenplay), “Godam” (direction, music), “Ardh Satya” (theme song), in addition to several short films and documentaries. Several of his works were translated into foreign languages like French, German and Spanish. Over the years, he also worked as a teacher in Ethiopia and later as a copy editor in an advertising agency. He also painted and sculpted and held exhibitions. Widely travelled around the world, he was conferred several national and international honours. Union Minister and former Maharashtra Chief Minister Sushilkumar Shinde said his death was an “irreparable loss” to the state. Chitre’s funeral shall be held later Thursday in Pune. Salman Rushdie • Biography • Salman Rushdie was born in Bombay (now Mumbai) on 19 June 1947. He went to school in Bombay and at Rugby in England, and read History at King's College, Cambridge, where he joined the Cambridge Footlights theatre company. After graduating, he lived with his family who had moved to Pakistan in 1964, and worked briefly in television before returning to England, beginning work as a copywriter for an advertising agency. His first novel, Grimus, was published in 1975. Arun Kolatkar • अरुण बालकृष्ण कोलटकर) (November 1, 1932 September 25, 2004) was a poet from Maharashtra, India. Writing in both Marathi and English, his poems found humor in many everyday matters. His poetry had an influence on modern Marathi poets. His first book of English poetry, Jejuri, is a collection 31 poems pertaining to a visit of his to a religious place with the same name Jejuri in Maharashtra; the book won Commonwealth Writers' Prize in 1977. His Marathi verse collection Bhijki Vahi won a Sahitya Akademi Award in 2005. His Collected Poems in English, edited by Arvind Krishna Mehrotra, was published in Britain by Bloodaxe Books in 2010. Sarojini Naidu • Sarojini Chattopadhyay was born at Hyderabad on February 13, 1879 the eldest of a large family, all of whom were taught English at an early age. At the age of twelve she passed the Matriculation of the Madras University, and awoke to find herself famous throughout India. • Before she was fifteen the great struggle of her life began. Dr. Govindurajulu Naidu, later to become her husband was, though of an old and honourable family, not a Brahmin. The difference of caste roused an equal opposition, not only on the side of her family, but of his; and in 1895 she was sent to England, against her will, with a special scholarship from the Nizam. She remained in England, with an interval of travel in Italy, till 1898, studying first at King's College, London, then, till her health again broke down, at Girton. She returned to Hyderabad in September 1898, and in the December of that year, to the scandal of all India, broke through the bonds of caste, and married Dr. Naidu. Nissim Ezekiel • • Ezekiel was born on 14 December 1924 in Bombay (Maharashtra). His father, Moses Ezekiel, was a professor of botany at Wilson College, and his mother was principal of her own school. The Ezekiels belonged to Mumbai's Jewish community, known as the 'Bene Israel' . In 1947, Ezekiel earned an BA in Literature from Wilson College, Mumbai, University of Mumbai. In 1947-48, he taught English literature and published literary articles. After dabbling in radical politics for a while, he sailed to Uganda in November 1948. He studied philosophy at Birkbeck College. After a three and a half years stay, Ezekiel worked his way home as a deck-scrubber aboard a ship carrying arms to Indochina. He married Daisy Gabriel in 1952. In the same year, Fortune Press (Uganda) published his first collection of poetry, The Bad Day. He joined The Illustrated Weekly of India as an assistant editor in 1953 and stayed there for two years. Soon after his return from London, he published his second book of verse Ten Poems. For the next 10 years, he also worked as a broadcaster on Craft and literature for All India Radio Keki Daruwala • Keki Nasserwanji Daruwalla was born in Lahore (now in Pakistan), in 1937. His father N.C. Daruwalla, was an eminent professor, who taught in Government College Lahore. After the Partition, his family left Punjab while his elder brother stayed back, and moved to Junagadh in Gujarat, then to Rampur[disambiguation needed]. As a result he grew up studying in various schools and mediums and started writing short stories in school. • He obtained his master's degree in English Literature from Government College, Ludhiana, University of Punjab.