UNITS 5/6 REVIEW
CULTURE AND EARLY HUMANS
UNIT 5 CULTURE VOCAB
• Ethnic Group- A group that shares a language,
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customs, and a common heritage
Cultural Hearth- An area where culture originated
and spread to other areas
Diffusion- The spread of ideas, inventions, and
patterns of behavior from one group to another
Anthropologist- A scientist who studies culture
Religion- An organized system of belief and
practices, often centered on one or more gods
What makes up culture?
• Religion, language, clothing, foods, holidays,
economy, housing, sports, entertainment, and
government
 Cultural hearth is an area where a culture settled and
started and later spread to other areas.
• Examples of Cultural diffusion: when a culture
spreads with it's ideas, inventions, and patterns
Ancient China- spread silk
• Ancient Greece- spread culture to Rome
• Ancient Rome- spread engineering
Matching Game
To the right definition in
this column
Match this column with
vocab terms
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 1.Anthropologist
 2.Ethnic Group
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 3.Religion
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 4.Language
 5.Diffusion
 6.Cultural Hearth
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 7.Culture
 8.Elements of Culture

a. Human communication,
written, spoken, or signed.
b. The spread of ideas, inventions,
and patterns of behavior from
one group to another.
c. A scientist that studies culture.
d. People that share languages,
customs, and heritage.
e. An organized system of beliefs
and practices often centered on
one or more gods.
f. The shared attitudes,
knowledge, and behaviors of a
group. It is the way of life of a
group of people.
g. This includes sports, religion,
language, clothing, foods,
holidays, economy, housing,
sports, and government.
h. An area where culture
originated and spread to other
areas.
Unit 6 Early Humans Vocab
 Hominid - an early ancestor of humans that
developed in Africa
 Hunter-gatherers – early humans who hunt animals
and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to
survive
 Land bridge – a strip of land connecting two
continents
 Domestication – the process of changing plants or
animals to make them more useful to humans
EARLY HOMINIDS
 Australopithecus – southern ape
 homo- habilis – handy man
 Homo erectus – upright man
 Homo sapiens – wise man
 Homo sapiens sapiens – modern humans
STONE AGES
 Paleolithic (first era)- there were nomads, invented the
first tools and weapons, lived in clans and caves, learned
how to make and control fire, and made cave art and
statues
 Mesolithic (second era)- domesticated plants and
animals, settled in communities, tools became smaller,
and made pottery
 Neolithic (third era)- developed agriculture and weaving,
domesticating animals, used advanced stone tools, and
used pottery for food storage
FORCED VS. VOLUNTARY MIGRATION
 Forced migration and voluntary migration are how and
why people migrated
Examples:
 Forced migration – natural disasters, low food source,
wars, and bad weather
 Voluntary migration – better climate, opportunities ,
more resources, close to water, protection, food, and a
good number of people
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UNITS 5/6 REVIEW - Mrs.Gilbert'sSocialStudies6