Unit 7 F.S.Fitzgerald & W.Faulkner
Teaching Aims:
Introduce the writers to the students
Familiarize students with ideas of the
writing and language used
Give them some knowledge of American
Dream and American South literature
Key Points to Teach:
F.S. Fitzgerald’s life and literary
Social background and American Dream
A brief discussion of The Great Gatsby
W. Faulkner’s life and literary
American South literature
A brief discussion of A Rose for Emily
I. F.S.Fizgerald’s Works
Tales of the Jazz Age
The Beautiful and Damned
The Great Gatsby
The Side of Paradise
Tender is the Night
Short Stories
The Offshore Pirate
The Ice Palace
Head and Shoulders
The Cut-Glass Bowl
Bernice Bobs Her Hair
Dalyrimple Goes Wrong
The Four Fists
The Great Gatsby (1925)
Written in 1925, F.
Scott Fitzgerald's The
Great Gatsby is often
referred to as "The
Great American Novel,"
and as the
quintessential work
which captures the
mood of the "Jazz
Character Analysis
Nick Carraway
Jay Gatsby
Daisy Buchanan
Tom Buchanan
The hardest character to understand in the book because
he is the narrator and will therefore only give us an
impression of himself that he would like to give. He tells the
reader that "I am one of the few honest people that I have
ever known", but we see him lie on several occasions. So it
is all but impossible to get an accurate picture of Nick. By
the end of the book he is very jaded, though. When he and
Jordan break up he says "I'm thirty. I'm five years too old to
lie to myself and call it honor". So the experience with
Gatsby and the others takes it's toll on him. But in the end,
the reader cannot be certain of who the real Nick is.
came from poor beginnings and created a fantasy world
where he was rich and powerful. Even in his youth Gatsby
was not content with what he had. He wanted money, so
he managed to get it. He wanted Daisy, and she slipped
through his fingers. She was part of his image for the future
and he had to have her. And although Gatsby seems very
kind, he is not afraid to be unscrupulous to get what he
wants. When he wanted money, he was more than willing
to become a bootlegger. His drive is what makes him who
he is, good and bad. And it is this drive that ends up ruining
his life.
a trapped woman in a marriage that she is
unhappy in and trapped in a world where she
has no chance to be free or independent.
is also terribly clever, smart enough to
understand the limits imposed on her and has
become jaded and indulgent because of them.
Daisy’s foolishness and shallowness may be
doing out of necessity. As she said when she
delivered her daughter, "- that's the best thing a
girl can be in this world, a beautiful little fool".
Thematic Discussion
The Decline of the American Dream in
the 1920s
The Hollowness of the Upper Class
Motifs are recurring structures,
contrasts, or literary devices that can
help to develop and inform the text’s
major themes.
Symbols are objects, characters, figures,
or colors used to represent abstract
ideas or concepts.
The Green Light
The Valley of Ashes
The Eyes of Doctor T. J. Eckleburg
Questions to Think About
1) Who do you think the characters in The Great
Gatsby represent? Do they seem like real people?
Which characters seem the most real to you?
2) What is the symbolism of the green light that
appears throughout the novel (at the end of
Daisy's pier, at intersections throughout the book)?
3) Fitzgerald returns several times to describe a
decrepit optical products sign -- the eyes of Doctor
T. J. Eckleberg -- that hovers over "the valley of
ashes." What does that sign represent?
4) Fitzgerald describes the world as "a valley of
ashes" but often contrasts Daisy and Jay Gatsby as
being spotless. What does this say about his view of
American culture and of both Jay and Daisy?
5) In what ways does Fitzgerald present a tension
between Modernism and Victorianism in The Great
6) The Great Gatsby is often referred to as the
quintessential novel of the "Jazz Age." Using examples
from the book, explain what this term meant, and
Fitzgerald's attitudes towards that characterization of
the 1920s.
Suggestion for Further Reading
Bruccoli, Andrew J., ed. New Essays on The
Great Gatsby. New York: Cambridge
University Press, 1985.
Fitzgerald, F. Scott. The Letters of F. Scott
Fitzgerald. Ed. Andrew Turnbull. New York:
Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1963.
Trimalchio: An Early Version of The Great
Gatsby. Ed. James L. West. New York:
Cambridge University Press, 2000.
II.William Faulkner’s Life
William Faulkner was born in 1897 from an old
southern family and grew in Oxford, Mississippi.
He joined the Canadian and the British, Royal Air
Force during the First World War,then studied for a
while at the University of Mississippi.
In 1940, Faulkner published the first volume of the
Snopes trilogy.
The rivers, his last piece of literature, with many
similarities to Mark Twain's Huckleberry Finn,
appeared in 1962, the year of Faulkner's death
William Faulkner’s Novels
Absalom, Absalom!
Intruder in the Dust
As I Lay Dying
Light in August
A Fable
The Mansion
Soldiers' Pay
Flags in the Dust
The Sound and the Fury
Go Down, Moses
The Townt
he Hamlet
The Reivers
The Unvanquished
If I Forget Thee, Jerusalem
Requiem for a Nun
Yoknapatawpha County: A county in northern
Mississippi, the setting for most of William
Faulkner’s novels and short stories, and
patterned upon Faulkner’s actual home in
Lafayette County, Mississippi.
I don't care much for facts, am not
much interested in them, you cant
stand a fact up, you've got to prop it
up, and when you move to one side a
little and look at it from that angle,
it's not thick enough to cast a
shadow in that direction.
——William Faulkner
A Rose For Emily
An aging spinster Emily Grierson, whose death and
funeral drew the attention of the entire town.The
unnamed narrator(identified as “the town”)in a
seemingly haphazard manner relates key moments in
Emily’s life, including the death of her father and a
brief fling with a Yankee road paver. Beyond the literal
level of Emily’s narrative, the story is sometimes
regarded as symbolic of the changes in the South
during the representative period.
Quiz: True/False test with 6 questions
(1) Emily killed Homer Barron and kept him in the house for
30 years. ( )
(2) Symbolism is not used in this story.( )
(3) Emily's mother wouldn't let her have boyfriends.( )
(4) The townspeople found a strand of gray hair beside the
deceased body of Homer Barron.( )
(5) The story is told from the townspeople point of view ( )
(6) Emily and Homer Barron had a huge wedding celebration
in the town. ( )

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