William Blake ( 1757-1827)
A poets
An engraver
A painter
A visionary
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
The Poet
Regarded as early Romantic :
 rejected classical themes
 stressed the importance of imagination
over reason
 believed that ideal forms should be
created not from observation of nature,
but from an inner vision
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
He broke with all the conventions and created a new kind of art
which emphasized the power of imagination:
•a particular process of printing
•probably influenced by medieval illuminating manuscript
•the test was often surrounded by imaginary figures that provided
decorations, but also an imaginative interpretation of the text
itself.
•a unique work of art, too expensive and hard to reproduce
•Engraved on copperplate , printed and then water-coloured
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Francesco De Prof
Gregori
- L'Agnello Di Dio
Cynthia Tenaglia
INNOCENCE



A pastoral symbolism drawn from the Bible
A state of soul connected with:
purity
happiness
freedom
childhood represents:
not an age but a state of the soul
a childlike view of life
people who still feel close to their divine origin.
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
INTRODUCTION
Piping down the valleys wild,
Piping songs of pleasant glee,
On a cloud I saw a child,
And he laughing said to me:
"Pipe a song about a Lamb!"
So I piped with merry chear.
"Piper, pipe that song again"
So I piped, he wept to hear.
……………
And I made a rural pen,
And I stain'd the water clear,
And I wrote my happy songs
Every child may joy to hear
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
WHO IS THE NARRATOR?


The narrator is a shepherd who
receives inspiration from a child in
a cloud to pipe his songs
celebrating the divine creation.
The language is simple and
musical
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Look at this video:
Auguries of innocence...







What feelings do you get ?
Harmony
Tranquillity
Serenity
Infinity
Eternity
“death is only a removal from one room to
another”
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Auguries of Innocence
To see a World in a grain of sand,
And a Heaven in a wild flower,
Hold Infinity in the palm of your
hand,
And Eternity in an hour.
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Look at the video
WILLIAM BLAKE
Anxiety
Anguish
Terror
Fear
Power
Sorrow
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
EXPERIENCE
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
A visionary poet






Far from being hallucinations caused by
mental disorder
He believed in the illuminating power of his
visions
The triumph of imagination against reason
He always followed the truth he felt in himself
Imagination and the sensations of his heart
were his only guides
“He who sees the Infinite in all things sees God.
He who sees the Ratio sees himself only.”
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Who is God?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
God is the creative and spiritual power
in man
God is IMAGINATION
Imagination is The Divine Power, the
power of creating things.
He denied the existence of God
separated from man.
Did he who made the Lamb make the
Tyger?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
The two states of the soul coexist also in
GOD, in the figure of the Creator.

He can be at the same time:
the God of love and innocence
the God of energy and violence
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
•Every living thing was a symbol of the
everlasting power
• He tried to discover the reality beyond
the visible world
• He described the invisible in the
language of the visible
• it was possible only through similes and
metaphors, from here his symbolism
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
The poet is a PROPHET
• His task is to awaken his generation to
the well organized world of imagination
• The poet is a link between man and nature,
and the Divine
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
END OF THE NIGHT
THE DOORS
Take the highway to the end of the night
End of the night
End of the night
Take a journey to the bright midnight
End of the night
End of the night
Realms of bliss
Realms of light
Some are born to sweet delight
Some are born to sweet delight
Some are born to the endless night
End of the night
End of the night
End of the night
End of the night
End of the night Realms of bliss
Realms of light
Some are born to sweet delight
Some are born to sweet delight
Some are born to the endless night
End of the night
End of the night
End of the night
End of the night
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Blake’s Influence
Jim Morrison
got the name for The Doors
from
The Marriage of Heaven and Hell
“If the doors of perception were cleansed,
everything would appear to man as it is—infinite.
For man has closed himself up till he sees things
through narrow
chinks of his cavern.”
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
INNOCENCE
EXPERIENCE
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia



“Complementary opposites”
without contraries there’s no progression
Man must be tested by experience ; in order to
develop his vital energies he must know not
only joy , but sorrow too
Good and Evil ; Love and hate ….
are necessary to human existence. All of them
exist in an eternal opposition and together they
represent the plenitude of man’s life
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Questions
Answer
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Gave thee life & bid thee feed,
By the stream & o'er the mead;
Gave thee clothing of delight,
Softest clothing, wooly, bright;
Gave thee such a tender voice,
Making all the vales rejoice?
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee,
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee:
He is called by thy name,
For he calls himself a Lamb.
He is meek & he is mild;
He became a little child.
I a child & thou a lamb.
We are called by his name.
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Rhyming couplets
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Gave thee life & bid thee feed,
By the stream & o'er the mead;
Gave thee clothing of delight,
Softest clothing, wooly, bright;
Gave thee such a tender voice,
Making all the vales rejoice
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee,
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee:
He is called by thy name,
For he calls himself a Lamb.
He is meek & he is mild;
He became a little child.
I a child & thou a lamb.
We are called by his name.
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
The Rhythm
is slow and
meditative
Refrain
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Gave thee life & bid thee feed,
convey
By They
the stream
& an
o'erimage
the mead;
of tenderness,
purity
Gave
thee clothing
of delight,
and peace
Softest
clothing, wooly, bright;
Gave thee such a tender voice,
Making all the vales rejoice?
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Long vowels
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Gave thee life & bid thee feed,
By the stream & o'er the mead;
Gave thee clothing of delight,
Softest clothing, wooly, bright;
Gave thee such a tender voice,
Making all the vales rejoice?
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Gave thee life & bid thee feed,
By the stream & o'er the mead;
Gave thee clothing of delight,
Softest clothing, wooly, bright;
Gave thee such a tender voice,
Making all the vales rejoice?
Little Lamb, who made thee?
Dost thou know who made thee?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee,
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee:
He is called by thy name,
For he calls himself a Lamb.
He is meek & he is mild;
He became a little child.
I a child & thou a lamb.
We are called by his name.
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Little Lamb, I'll tell thee,
Identification
the poet
withthee:
the child
Littleof
Lamb,
I'll tell
Hea isstate
called
by thy
Childhood
of the
soulname,
For he calls himself a Lamb.
Poet = a prophet
He is meek & he is mild;
He became a little child.
I a child & thou a lamb.
We are called by his name.
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Little Lamb, God bless thee!
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
The Tyger
Tangerine Dream : Tyger
Jah Wobble :The inspiration of Blake Tyger.
Tyger ! Tyger! Burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry?
In what distant deeps or skies
Burnt the fire of thine eyes?
On what wings dare he aspire?
What the hand dare seize the fire?
And what shoulder, and what art,
Could twist the sinews of thy heart?
And when thy heart began to beat,
What dread hand?
AndTenaglia
what dread feet?
Prof Cynthia
What the hammer? What the chain?
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil? What dread grasp
Dare its deadly terrors grasp?
When the stars threw down their spears,
And water’d heaven with their tears
Did he smile his work to see?
Did he who made the Lamb make thee?
Tyger! Tyger! Burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye,
Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
How does the poet address the tyger ?
Tyger ! Tyger ! Burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry?
In what distant deeps or skies
Burnt the fire of thine eyes?
On what wings dare he aspire?
What the hand dare seize the fire?
And what shoulder, and what art,
Could twist the sinews of thy heart?
And when thy heart began to beat,
What dread hand? And what dread
feet?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
How is the tyger like?
violence
Tyger ! Tyger ! Burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry ?
Symbol of experience, suffering and violence
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
shining
How is the tyger like?
Tyger ! Tyger ! Burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry ?
The light of genius overcoming ignorance
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
What about the setting?
In what distant deeps or skies
Burnt the fire of thine eyes?
On what wings dare he aspire?
What the hand dare seize the fire?
The poet emphasizes the distance
between man and God
•A link with the first stanza
•A metaphor of strenght Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
In what distant deeps or skies
Burnt the fire of thine eyes?
On what wings dare he aspire?
What the hand dare seize the fire?
• Metaphor of the Creator’s / artist’s capacity to
rise above the material world
• The myth of Icarus
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
We should be terrified by the tyger and by God, but at
the same time we feel admiration for their strenght
And what shoulder, and what art,
Could twist the sinews of thy heart?
And when thy heart began to beat,
What dread hand? And what dread feet?
What the hammer? What the chain?
In what furnace was thy brain?
What the anvil? What dread grasp
Dare its deadly terrors grasp?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Here there is a clear reference to the biblical fall of
the angels when they revolted against God.
Reason revolted against Imagination
When the stars threw down their spears,
And water’d heaven with their tears
Did he smile his work to see?
Did he who made the Lamb make thee?
They fought against God
They surrended afraid of the power and punishment of
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
God
What’s the final answer?
Tyger! Tyger! Burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye,
Dare frame thy fearful symmetry?
Impossible to understand through reason
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Romantic aspect of his poetry:
•
•
•
•
concept of imagination
contemplation of nature
interest in the medieval and gothic
exaltation of art ( in this he anticipates the aesthetic
movement )
• art seen as a creative vision
• freedom: he lived all the contradictions of his time.
Like Rousseau he believed that “ Man is born free and
everywhere he is in chains”, so he hailed the American
and French revolution.
• He rebelled against any form of oppression: social ,
political and religious. He attacked the values of the
18th c. in favour of democracy and justice
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
LET’S ANALYZE “ THE CHIMNEY SWEEPER
When my mother died I was very young,
And my father sold me while yet my tongue
Could scarcely cry " 'weep! 'weep! 'weep! 'weep!“
So your chimneys I sweep & in soot I sleep.
There's little Tom Dacre, who cried when his head,
That curl'd like a lamb's back. was shav'd: so I said
"Hush. Tom! never mind it, for when your head's bare
You know that the soot cannot spoil your white hair.“
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
And so he was quiet & that very night,
As Tom was a-sleeping, he had such a sight!
That thousands of sweepers, Dick, Joe, Ned or Jack.
Were all of them lock'd up in coffins of black.
And by came an Angel who had a bright key,
And he open'd the coffins & set them all free;
Then down a green plain leaping, laughing, they run,
And wash in a river. and shine in the Sun.
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Then naked & white, all their bags left behind,
They rise upon clouds and sport in the wind;
And the Angel told Tom, if he'd be a good boy,
He'd have God for his father & never want joy.
And so Tom awoke; and we rose in the dark.
And got with our bags & our brushes to work.
Tho' the morning was cold, Tom was happy & warm;
So if all do their duty they need not fear harm.
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
WHAT DO THEY BELONG TO?
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
THE CHIMNEY SWEEPER



A little black thing among the snow:
Crying weep, weep, in notes of woe!
Where are thy father & mother! say!
They are both gone up to the church to pray.
Because I was happy upon the heath,
And smil'd among the winters snow:
They clothed me in the clothes of death,
And taught me to sing the notes of woe.
And because I am happy, & dance & sing,
They think they have done me no injury:
And are gone to praise God & his Priest & King
Who make up a heaven of our misery.
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
London by William Blake
I wander thro’ each charter’d street,
Near where the charter’d Thames does flow,
And mark in every face I meet
Marks of weakness, marks of woe.
In every cry of every Man,
In every Infant’s cry of fear,
In every voice, in every ban,
The mind-forg’d manacles I hear.
How the Chimney-sweeper’s cry
Every black'ning Church appalls;
And the hapless Soldier’s sigh
Runs in blood down Palace walls.
But most thro’ midnight streets I hear
How the youthful Harlot’s curse
Blasts the new-born Infant’s tear
And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.
Prof Cynthia Tenaglia
Descargar

Diapositiva 1