A Poetry Lesson “ I cannot go to school today,” Said little Peggy Ann McKay. “I have the measles and the mumps, A gash, a rash and purple bumps. My mouth is wet, my throat is dry, I’m going blind in my right eye. My tonsils are as big as rocks, I’ve counted sixteen chicken pox And there’s one more— that’s seventeen, And don’t you think my face looks green? My leg is cut—my eyes are blue— It might be instamatic flu. I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke, I’m sure that my left leg is broke— My hip hurts when I move my chin, My belly button’s caving in, My back is wrenched, my ankle’s sprained, My ‘pendix pains each time it rains. My nose is cold, my toes are numb. I have a sliver in my thumb. My neck is stiff, my voice is weak, I hardly whisper when I speak. My tongue is filling up my mouth, I think my hair is falling out. My elbow’s bent, my spine ain’t straight, My temperature is one-o-eight. My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear, There is a hole inside my ear. I have a hangnail, and my heart is—what? What’s that? What’s that you say? You say today is. . .Saturday? G’bye, I’m going out to play!” “Sick” by Shel Silverstein, from Where the Sidewalk Ends The Ode Old form of poetry Invented by Pindar Greece, 500 BC Celebrated Athletic victories (like Olympics) Pablo Neruda (1904-1976) Chilean Poet Ode Praised ordinary things: onions, apples, ironing, laziness, a spoon Oda a los calcetines Ode to My Socks by Pablo Neruda, Margaret Sayers Peden translation Me trajo Maru Mori un par de calcetines que tejió con sus manos de pastora, dos calcetines suaves como liebres. En ellos metí los pies como en dos estuches tejidos con hebras del crepúsculo y pellejo de ovejas. Maru Mori brought me a pair of socks knitted with her own shepherd’s hands, two socks soft as rabbits. I slipped my feet into them as if into jewel cases woven with threads of dusk and sheep’s wool. Violentos calcetines, mis pies fueron dos pescados de lana, dos largos tiburones de azul ultramarine atravesados por una trenza de oro, dos gigantescos mirios, dos cañones: mis pies fueron honorados de este modo por estos celestials calcetines. Audacious socks, my feet became two woolen fish, two long sharks of lapis blue shot with a golden thread, two mammoth blackbirds, two cannons: thus honored were my feet by these celestial socks. Eran tan hermosos que por primera vez mis pies me parecieron inaceptables como dos decrépitos bomberos, bomberos, indignos de aquel fuego bordado, de aquellos luminosos calcetines. Sin embargo resistí la tentación aguda de guardarios como los colegiales preservan las luciérnagas, como los eruditos coleccionan documentos sagrados, They were so beautiful that for the first time my feet seemed unacceptable to me, two tired old fire fighters, not worthy of the woven fire, of those luminous socks. Nonetheless, I resisted the strong temptation to save them the way schoolboys bottle fireflies, the way scholars hoard sacred documents, resistí el impulse furioso de ponerlos en una jaula de oro y darles cada día alpiste y pulpa de melon Rosado. Como descubridores que en la selva entregan el rarísimo venado verde al asador y se lo comen con remordimiento, estiré los pies y me enfundé los bellos calcetines y luego los zapatos. I resisted the wild impulse to place them in a cage of gold and daily feed them them birdseed and rosy melon flesh. Like explorers who in the forest surrender a rare and tender deer to the spit and eat it with remorse, I stuck out my feet and pulled on the handsome socks, and then my shoes. Y es ésta la moral de mi oda: dos veces es belleza la belleza y lo que es bueno es doblemente bueno cuado se trata de dos calcetines de lana en el invierno. So this is the moral of my ode: twice beautiful is beauty and what is good is doubly good when it is a case of two woolen socks in wintertime. What makes Neruda’s poem work? What were some of your favorite words in the poem? What were the images in the poem? What are some examples of sensory details? Writing your own Ode • Make a list of ordinary objects that you might praise in an ode. • Choose one that you feel strongly about. • What does your object look like? Smell like? Sound like? Remind you of? More suggestions • Describe the subject inside and out. • Exaggerate its admirable qualities until it seems to become central to human existence. • Tap all five senses. • Use metaphors and similes. • Keep the lines short. • Use strong language that packs a punch. Oregon 8th Grade LA Benchmarks • Identify significant literary devices, such as simile, metaphor, personification, symbolism, dialect, and irony which define a writer’s style. • Evaluated how well literary elements contribute to the overall effectiveness of a selection. • Create compositions that engage the reader… • Use descriptive language that clarifies and enhances ideas by establishing tone and mood through figurative language, sensory images and comparisons.