Diversity Chapters 9 Think, Pair, Share Situation… You are planning a trip with 20 people The goal of the trip is to take a diverse group of people. Questions…. What is diversity? What characteristics would you look for to make your trip diverse? Do you consider this class to be diverse? Why? Why not? Scenario 10 mile hike through the Smoky Mtns Steep hills, rocky passages Cold, windy weather…though that could change in an instant Who would you choose as your leader? Scenario 16 year old white female 27 year old Asian man 68 year old African American man 22 year old beauty queen (female) 25 year old gay man 35 year old man with one leg Terms Dimensions of Diversity Various dimensions, traits or characteristics on which we differ Sex, age, class, race, etc. Terms Stereotypes Assumptions others make about us based on dimensions of diversity. Terms Prejudice Preconceived belief or preference for one person, place, or thing over another Often an irrational judgment derived from hatred, fear, ignorance Terms Discrimination The acts taken on the basis of prejudice Differential treatment of one group that often creates a situation of disadvantage for another group Terms Culture Sum total of the way people live their lives “Who am I”? Can be dictated by such things as… Race, ethnicity, religion Region of the country (ie. Boulder) Education levels (ie. IU vs. IN) Terms Cultural Competence Leaders who are able to work with both the similarities and differences in people successfully Need to understand & accept : Preferred styles of communication Social interactions Motivations Recreation preferences Dimensions of Diversity Dimensions of Diversity Age Core (Primary) Dimensions Secondary Dimensions Mental & physical abilities & qualities Race & ethnicity Sex/ gender Sexual orientation Dimensions of Diversity Core (Primary) Dimensions Traits we may observe upon meeting people Extremely difficult/impossible to change Stereotypes based on these things We measure others based on our own cultural standards Language Appearance Dimensions of Diversity Age Core (Primary) Dimensions Secondary Dimensions Mental & physical abilities & qualities Race & ethnicity Sex/ gender Sexual orientation Dimensions of Diversity Secondary Dimensions Not necessarily visible Change over a lifetime Knowledge of this dimension changes our perceptions of people What do these dimensions mean for leaders? Age Be aware of cognitive levels Understand physical abilities What people of different ages want from a program Combining ages of people Older adults Don’t like labels Don’t see themselves as older Want experiences & not things Ethnicity/Race Race A group of people who share a genetic make-up which results in biological characteristics that can be used to distinguish 1 group from another Ethnicity Commonalities passed down through history & tradition Historical link, shared religious beliefs, linguistic commonalities, common morals Shared culture Ethnicity/Race Not all people are the same Language Patterns of communication Leisure preferences Values Ethnicity/Race Understand different races/ethnicities as much as possible Within group & between group differences Not all groups are alike Learn characteristics of groups you work with Status differences among males/females, ie. Middle Eastern Swimmer Use of language Activity preferences • Ethnic minority groups participate in outdoor rec less • Latinos participate with extended family Ethnicity/Race Understand different races/ethnicities as much as possible Involve groups in planning events Skokie Festival of Cultures • 63+ languages spoken in Skokie • Food, art, entertainment indicative of the culture are featured Ethnicity/Race Leading people who don’t speak English well Speak clearly & not louder Speak slowly Use gestures Lead through demonstrations Sexual Orientation Lesbian, gay, bisexual, heterosexual Most easily hidden Little difference in activity preferences Difference is in social support for teens 35% youth are physically harassed regularly 50% are verbally harassed regularly 20% are thrown out of their home 90% hear derogatory comments in school, 30% from teachers & staff Sexual Orientation LGBT adults Higher education Fewer children Higher income Seek LGBT specific activities Tourism - Philadelphia, Toronto Cruises Chicago sports leagues Sexual Orientation Model positive behaviors Support, tolerance, acceptance Don’t assume that people are all heterosexual Inclusive language Family definitions & privileges Protect the individual if they become a target for abuse Stop negative language & jokes Smear the queer Fagot/Dyke Physical/Cognitive Abilities & Qualities Qualities ie. Obesity, thick glasses, cognitive deficiencies, facial disfigurement Disabilities ie. Autism, Down’s Syndrome, blind Physical/Cognitive Abilities & Qualities Learn abt the disability Casually teach those without a disability @ the disability Climbing wall/Turrets Syndrome Get full medical info P.C. – The person first Person with a disability Inclusion Sex/Gender Sex = biological differences Chromosomes Male v female Gender = way we perceive maleness and femaleness Masculinity vs. femininity Gender specific activities Sex/Gender Don’t stereotype activities Don’t limit children’s toys/games Treat people the same “Boys will be boys” “Young ladies don’t act that way” “She’s aggressive for a girl” A note @ religion….. Be aware there are differences Easter Egg Hunts Christmas Halloween Hokey Pokey Youth Soccer Questions…. Ch 9: Managing Difficulties Group conflict 3 Goal relationships (cooperative, competitive, independent) Approaches to conflict & conflict resolution behaviors Why conflict occurs What a mediator does Ch 13 Review Social issues 4 categories of maltreatment Mandatory reporters An Activity What does it mean to…. Act like a woman? Act like a man?