Diversity
Chapters 9
Think, Pair, Share
 Situation…
You are planning a trip with 20 people
The goal of the trip is to take a diverse group of people.
Questions….
 What is diversity?
 What characteristics would you look for to make your trip
diverse?
Do you consider this class to
be diverse?
Why? Why not?
Scenario
10 mile hike through the Smoky Mtns
Steep hills, rocky passages
Cold, windy weather…though that could
change in an instant
Who would you choose as your leader?
Scenario
16 year old white female
27 year old Asian man
68 year old African American man
22 year old beauty queen (female)
25 year old gay man
35 year old man with one leg
Terms
Dimensions of Diversity
 Various dimensions, traits or characteristics
on which we differ
Sex, age, class, race, etc.
Terms
 Stereotypes
 Assumptions others make about us based on
dimensions of diversity.
Terms
Prejudice
Preconceived belief or preference for one person,
place, or thing over another
Often an irrational judgment derived from hatred, fear,
ignorance
Terms
Discrimination
The acts taken on the basis of prejudice
Differential treatment of one group that often creates
a situation of disadvantage for another group
Terms
 Culture
 Sum total of the way people live their lives
 “Who am I”?
 Can be dictated by such things as…
 Race, ethnicity, religion
 Region of the country (ie. Boulder)
 Education levels (ie. IU vs. IN)
Terms
 Cultural Competence
Leaders who are able to work with both the similarities
and differences in people successfully
Need to understand & accept :
 Preferred styles of communication
 Social interactions
 Motivations
 Recreation preferences
Dimensions of Diversity
Dimensions
of Diversity
Age
Core (Primary)
Dimensions
Secondary
Dimensions
Mental &
physical
abilities &
qualities
Race &
ethnicity
Sex/
gender
Sexual
orientation
Dimensions of Diversity
Core (Primary) Dimensions
 Traits we may observe upon meeting people
 Extremely difficult/impossible to change
 Stereotypes based on these things
 We measure others based on our own cultural
standards
Language
Appearance
Dimensions
of Diversity
Age
Core (Primary)
Dimensions
Secondary
Dimensions
Mental &
physical
abilities &
qualities
Race &
ethnicity
Sex/
gender
Sexual
orientation
Dimensions of Diversity
Secondary Dimensions
 Not necessarily visible
 Change over a lifetime
 Knowledge of this dimension changes our
perceptions of people
What do these dimensions
mean for leaders?
Age
 Be aware of cognitive levels
 Understand physical abilities
 What people of different ages want from a
program
 Combining ages of people
 Older adults
Don’t like labels
Don’t see themselves as older
Want experiences & not things
Ethnicity/Race
Race
A group of people who share a genetic make-up which
results in biological characteristics that can be used
to distinguish 1 group from another
Ethnicity
Commonalities passed down through history & tradition
Historical link, shared religious beliefs, linguistic
commonalities, common morals
Shared culture
Ethnicity/Race
Not all people are the same
 Language
 Patterns of communication
 Leisure preferences
 Values
Ethnicity/Race
 Understand different races/ethnicities as much as
possible
 Within group & between group differences
 Not all groups are alike
 Learn characteristics of groups you work with
 Status differences among males/females, ie. Middle Eastern
Swimmer
 Use of language
 Activity preferences
• Ethnic minority groups participate in outdoor rec less
• Latinos participate with extended family
Ethnicity/Race
 Understand different
races/ethnicities as much as
possible
 Involve groups in planning events
 Skokie Festival of Cultures
• 63+ languages spoken in
Skokie
• Food, art, entertainment
indicative of the culture are
featured
Ethnicity/Race
Leading people who don’t speak
English well
 Speak clearly & not louder
 Speak slowly
 Use gestures
 Lead through demonstrations
Sexual Orientation
 Lesbian, gay, bisexual, heterosexual
 Most easily hidden
 Little difference in activity preferences
 Difference is in social support for teens
35% youth are physically harassed regularly
50% are verbally harassed regularly
20% are thrown out of their home
90% hear derogatory comments in school, 30% from
teachers & staff
Sexual Orientation
 LGBT adults
Higher education
Fewer children
Higher income
Seek LGBT specific activities
Tourism - Philadelphia, Toronto
Cruises
Chicago sports leagues
Sexual Orientation
 Model positive behaviors
 Support, tolerance, acceptance
 Don’t assume that people are all heterosexual
 Inclusive language
 Family definitions & privileges
 Protect the individual if they become a target for
abuse
 Stop negative language & jokes
 Smear the queer
 Fagot/Dyke
Physical/Cognitive Abilities &
Qualities
 Qualities
 ie. Obesity, thick glasses, cognitive
deficiencies, facial disfigurement
 Disabilities
 ie. Autism, Down’s Syndrome, blind
Physical/Cognitive Abilities &
Qualities
Learn abt the disability
Casually teach those without a disability @
the disability
 Climbing wall/Turrets Syndrome
Get full medical info
P.C. – The person first
 Person with a disability
Inclusion
Sex/Gender
Sex = biological differences
Chromosomes
Male v female
Gender = way we perceive maleness and
femaleness
Masculinity vs. femininity
Gender specific activities
Sex/Gender
Don’t stereotype activities
Don’t limit children’s toys/games
Treat people the same
 “Boys will be boys”
 “Young ladies don’t act that way”
 “She’s aggressive for a girl”
A note @ religion…..
 Be aware there are differences
 Easter Egg Hunts
 Christmas
 Halloween
 Hokey Pokey
 Youth Soccer
Questions….
Ch 9: Managing Difficulties
Group conflict
3 Goal relationships (cooperative,
competitive, independent)
Approaches to conflict & conflict resolution
behaviors
Why conflict occurs
What a mediator does
Ch 13
Review
Social issues
4 categories of maltreatment
Mandatory reporters
An Activity
What does it mean to….
 Act like a woman?
 Act like a man?
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