Diversity in the US
Race, religion, language
Story Grades
25
20
15
10
5
0
A+
a
a-
b+
OK!! (45 students)
B, B-
d, x
未提出
未選択
NG!! (34 students)
In the next weeks we
will BRIEFLY explore
some of these topics:
• Multiculturalism:
–
–
–
–
Race
Religion
Holidays
Language
• Economy, crime,
discrimination
•Schools, Family,
Women
•Diet,
Transportation
Racial Diversity
1990
1995
2000
2008
2050
Non-Hispanic whites
74%
73%
72%
68%
46%
Hispanic (of any race)
9%
10%
12%
15%
30%
Non-Hispanic blacks
12%
12%
12%
12%
15%
Asian American
3%
3%
4%
5%
9%
Native American
1%
1%
1%
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Race_and_ethnicity_in_the_United_States
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VQjQszlNY84&feature=related
World Religions
US Religions
(2007)
RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY
(2014)
Unaffiliated
Affiliated(76.2%)
Christian
(70.6%)
(22.8%)
Nothing (15.8%)
Protestant
(46.6%)
Catholic (20.8%)
Non-Christian
(5.9%)
Other (3.1%)
Jewish (1.9%)
Agnostic (4.0%)
Evangelical
Mormon (1.6%)
Muslim (0.9%)
Athiest (3.1%)
Mainline (25.4%)
Jehovah’s
witnesses (0.8%)
Buddhist (0.7%)
Don’t know
(0.6%)
Historically
black (6.5%)
Orthodox (0.5%)
Hindu (0.7%)
Other Christian
(0.4%)
Other (0.3%)
Public Holidays
(Christian)
– Christmas – birth of Christ (Dec. 25)
• Christmas Trees,Christmas Lights, Christmas Stocking,
Santa Claus
• Nativity Scenes, Plays
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=214HItoTuNA&feature=r
elmfu
– Easter – death and resurrection of Christ
(Sunday April 24 in 2011)
• Easter Bunny, Easter Egg Hunt, Easter Baskets
• Easter Service, Good Friday
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0hHnP
ctlGoU&NR=1
Public Holidays
(civic)
Other holidays are not connected with
religion. They may be patriotic or civic.
For example,
Thanksgiving
Independence day
Memorial day
Martin Luther King day
Other Ethnic and Religious
Holidays
–
–
–
–
Hanukkah (Jewish)
Kwanzaa (Black American)
Three Kings Day (Latin)
Ramadan (Islamic)
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0sjC13dFRS8&NR=1
• Finally, some holidays are just for fun; for
example:
– Halloween
– Valentine’s Day
– =chocolate!
Language Diversity
20% of Americans DON’T speak English in
the home. They speak
There is NO
national language
in the US!!
Hawaii: English
and Hawaiian,
New Mexico:
Spanish
And 165 other languages!
British vs. US English
– "The Americans are identical to the British in
all respects except, of course, language."
Oscar Wilde
– "We (the British and Americans) are two
countries separated by a common language."
G.B. Shaw
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PsBRsAlb
zoI
– http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yKuAKte
VvcA&feature=related
Pronunciation
differences
• barn US /barn/ GB /ba:n/
• tune US /tun/ GB /tyun/
• laugh US /laef/GB (closer to ア)
• hot US (closer to ア) GB (closer to オ)
• often US /afen/ GB /often/
• privacy US pry-vacy GB priv-acy
• schedule US skedule GB shedule
Spelling and writing
differences
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
July 8, 1960
color
center, theater
check
defense, license
all right
tire
jail
08 July 1960
colour
centre, theatre
cheque
defence, licence
alright
tyre
gaol
Grammar differences
1. (U.S.) Have you gotten your grade in history yet?
(G.B.) Have you got your grade in history yet?
2. (U.S.) He was in a course.
(G.B.) He went on a course.
3. (U.S.) He's in the hospital with a broken leg.
(G.B.) He's in hospital with a broken leg.
4. (U.S.) JAL has a flight to London today.
(G.B.) JAL have a flight to London today.
American English
Dialects
• Regional:
http://www.youtube.com/wat
ch?v=fGxlxOcS-tE
• NYC accents
• Heritage:
– AAVW
– Spanglish
• Social:
– Valspeak, etc.
21 accents
THAT’S ALL FOR TODAY--Thank you!
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Introduction to American Society