The Garden of Eden
1. Background Knowledge
2. Text Analysis
3. Exercises
4. Questions For Discussion
Background Knowledge
1. Bible: The Bible, a collection of sacred books of Judaism
and Christianity, is composed of two main parts: the Old
Testament(旧约)and the New Testament(新约). The Old
Testament was originally written in Hebrew and later it was
translated into Greek and Latin. The Old Testament is
traditionally divided into three parts: the Law(律法书或摩西
五经), the Prophets(先知书)and the Writings(圣录).
Christianity regards the Old Testament as an accurate record of
God’s dealings with His people in preparation for the coming
of Jesus Christ, containing much New Testament teaching at
its early stage of development.
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Background Knowledge
The New Testament, the part of the Bible concerned
with the life and teachings of Jesus Christ and his
earliest followers, comprises the four GOSPELS(四福
音书:马太福音、马可福音、路加福音、约翰福
音), the ACTS of the APOSTLES(使徒行传), the
EPISTLES ( 使 徒 书 信 ) , and the Book of
REVELATION(启示录). The GOSPELS are named
after Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
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Background Knowledge
The Bible has exerted an incalculable influence on
the thought, attitudes, beliefs, art, science, and politics
of Western society. Ever since its coming into being,
there have been many versions and translations of the
Bible. It has now been translated into more than 1,400
languages, and millions of copies are sold every year
throughout the world.
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Background Knowledge
The Bible is not only a sacred book, it is also
important literature and a source of literary
inspiration. Many great poets, writers and painters
created masterpieces based on the Bible and its stories,
among which are Milton’s long poems Paradise Lost
and Paradise Regained, and Leonardo da Vinci’s
painting The Last Supper.
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Background Knowledge
2. According to Genesis, God created the world in
seven days.
In the beginning of creation, when God made heaven
and earth, the earth floated through space in silence and
darkness. God said, “Let there be light”, and there was
light. God separated light from darkness. He called the
light day, and the darkness night. And the evening and
the morning were the first day. (picture)
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Background Knowledge
Then God said, “Let there be a dome between
waters, to separate water from water.” God made the
dome and called it Heaven. And the evening and
morning were the second day.
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Background Knowledge
God said, “Let the waters under the heaven be
gathered into one place and let the dry land appear.”
And it was so. God called the dry land Earth and the
gathering of the waters Seas. Then god said, “Let the
land be rich with plants which bear seed, and with trees
that bear flowers and fruit.” This was done. And the
evening and the morning were the third day.
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Background Knowledge
God said, “Let there be lights in the heaven to
separate day from night, and let them serve as signs
both for festivals and for seasons and years.” God made
the two great lights: the sun which ruled the day and the
moon that ruled the night. God also made the stars. The
evening and the morning were the fourth day. (picture)
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Background Knowledge
And God said, “Let the waters be full of fishes and
sky full of birds.” God created the living creatures that
moved in the waters and every kind of bird that flew
above the earth. God blessed them and told them to be
fruitful and increase. The evening and the morning were
the fifth day.
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Background Knowledge
God said, “It is not enough. Let the earth also be
full of creatures that creep and walk on legs.” God made
the cattle, the creeping animals and the wild beasts.
When this was done, God took some dust from the
ground and formed an image like Himself. He gave it
life, called him man and placed it at the head of all
creation. So ended the labour of the sixth day.
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Background Knowledge
God was contented with what He had done and on
the seventh day, He rested from his work. God blessed
the seventh day and made it holy, because on that day
He ended all the work He had set Himself to do. This is
the story of the heaven and the earth.
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Background Knowledge
God placed the man he had formed in the Garden of
Eden and made a woman out of the man’s rib to keep
him company. Our selection describes how Adam and
Eve were driven out of the Garden of Eden by God,
which is a widely-known Bible story.
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Exercises
1. True/False Questions
2. Translation
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True/False Questions
1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all
good companions of Adam.
2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge.
3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the
Garden of Eden.
4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of
the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.
5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.
True/False Questions
1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all
good companions of Adam. (F)
2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge.
3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the
Garden of Eden.
4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of
the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.
5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.
True/False Questions
1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all
good companions of Adam. (F)
2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T)
3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the
Garden of Eden.
4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of
the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.
5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.
True/False Questions
1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all
good companions of Adam. (F)
2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T)
3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the
Garden of Eden. (T)
4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of
the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever.
5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.
True/False Questions
1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all
good companions of Adam. (F)
2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T)
3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the
Garden of Eden. (T)
4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of
the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever. (T)
5.The snake was punished for life for its false words.
True/False Questions
1.The animals and birds the Lord God made were all
good companions of Adam. (F)
2.The snake tricked the woman and persuaded her to eat
the fruit of the tree of knowledge. (T)
3.Adam and Eve were punished and sent out of the
Garden of Eden. (T)
4.Adam and Eve were no longer allowed to eat the fruit of
the tree of life. Therefore, they could not live for ever. (T)
5.The snake was punished for life for its false words. (T)
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Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
1. 制造宇宙万物
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
1. 制造宇宙万物
make the universe
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
1. 制造宇宙万物
make the universe
2. 造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
1. 制造宇宙万物
make the universe
2. 造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他
make a suitable companion to help him
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
1.
制造宇宙万物
make the universe
2.
造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他
make a suitable companion to help him
3.
让各种美丽的树木生长
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
1. 制造宇宙万物
make the universe
2.
造出一个合适的伙伴帮助他
make a suitable companion to help him
3.
让各种美丽的树木生长
make all kinds of beautiful trees grow
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
4.
让那人熟睡
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
4.
让那人熟睡
make the man fall into a deep sleep
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
4.
让那人熟睡
make the man fall into a deep sleep
5.
我要让你和女人相互仇恨
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
4.
让那人熟睡
make the man fall into a deep sleep
5.
我要让你和女人相互仇恨
make you and the woman hate each other
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
4.
让那人熟睡
make the man fall into a deep sleep
5.
我要让你和女人相互仇恨
make you and the woman hate each other
6.
让大地为你生产够吃的食物
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
4.
让那人熟睡
make the man fall into a deep sleep
5.
我要让你和女人相互仇恨
make you and the woman hate each other
6.
让大地为你生产够吃的食物
make it (the ground) produce enough food for
you
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
7.
让土地生产万物
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
7.
让土地生产万物
make the soil produce anything
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
7.
让土地生产万物
make the soil produce anything
8.
让他耕作土地
Learn to use the word “make” by finding in
the text the English equivalent of each of the
following
7.
让土地生产万物
make the soil produce anything
8.
让他耕作土地
make him cultivate the soil
More
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
1.
那时没有人耕种土地。
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
1.
那时没有人耕种土地。
There was no one to cultivate the land.
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
1.
那时没有人耕种土地。
There was no one to cultivate the land.
2. 上帝在伊甸园栽种了一片园子。
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
1.
那时没有人耕种土地。
There was no one to cultivate the land.
2. 上帝在伊甸园栽种了一片园子。
The Lord God planted a garden in Eden.
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
3.
男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
3.
男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。
The man was placed in the Garden of Eden to
cultivate it and guard it.
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
3.
男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。
The man was placed in the Garden of Eden to
cultivate it and guard it.
4. 于是上帝将他逐出伊甸园,并让他耕种他赖以
生存的土地。
Find in the text the English equivalent of each
of the following and learn what can be planted
and cultivated.
3.
男人被放在伊甸园中耕种和守卫伊甸园。
The man was placed in the Garden of Eden to
cultivate it and guard it.
4. 于是上帝将他逐出伊甸园,并让他耕种他赖以生存的土地。
So the Lord God sent him out of the Garden of Eden and made him
cultivate the soil from which he had been formed.
Return
Adam and Eve ate the forbidden
fruit and were expelled by God out
of the Garden of Eden, what do
you think about that event? Is it a
good thing or a bad thing?
Return
Text Analysis
The Bible is a very important part of Western
culture. The following is a famous story from the
Bible. Read and see if you know the whole story.
When the LORD God made the universe,
there were no plants on the earth and no seeds
had sprouted, because he had not sent any rain,
and there was no one to cultivate the land; but
water would come up from beneath the surface
and water the ground.
Text Analysis
Then the LORD God took some soil from the
ground and formed a man out of it; he breathed lifegiving breath into his nostrils and the man began to
live.
Then the LORD God planted a garden in Eden, in
the East, and there he put the man he had formed. He
made all kinds of beautiful trees grow there and
produce good fruit. In the middle of the garden stood
the tree that gives life and the tree that gives
knowledge of what is good and what is bad.
Text Analysis
Then the LORD God placed the man in the Garden
of Eden to cultivate it and guard it. He said to him,
“You may eat the fruit of any tree in the garden, except
the tree that gives knowledge of what is good and
what is bad. You must not eat the fruit of that tree; if
you do, you will die the same day.”
Text Analysis
Then the LORD God said, “It is not good for the
man to live alone. I will make a suitable companion to
help him.” So he took some soil from the ground and
formed all the animals and all the birds. Then he
brought them to the man to see what he would name
them; and that is how they all got their names. So the
man named all the birds and all the animals; but not
one of them was a suitable companion to help him.
Text Analysis
Then the LORD God made the man fall into a deep
sleep, and while he was sleeping, he took out one of
the man’s ribs and closed up the flesh. He formed a
woman out of the rib and brought her to him. Then the
man said,
“At last, here is one of my own kind—
Bone taken from my bone, and flesh from my flesh.
‘Woman’ is her name because she was taken out of
man.”
Text Analysis
That is why a man leaves his father and mother and
is united with his wife, and they become one.
The man and the woman were both naked, but they
were not embarrassed.
Now the snake was the most cunning animal that the
LORD God had made. The snake asked the woman,
“Did God really tell you not to eat fruit from any tree
in the garden?”
Text Analysis
“We may eat the fruit of any tree in the garden,” the
woman answered, “except the tree in the middle of it.
God told us not to eat the fruit of that tree or even
touch it; if we do, we will die.”
The snake replied, “That’s not true: you will not die.
God said that, because he knows that when you eat it
you will be like God and know what is good and what
is bad.”
Text Analysis
The woman saw how beautiful the tree was and how
good its fruit would be to eat, and she thought how
wonderful it would be to become wise. So she took
some of the fruit and ate it. Then she gave some to her
husband, and he also ate it. As soon as they had eaten
it, they were given understanding and realized that
they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and
covered themselves.
Text Analysis
That evening they heard the LORD God called out
to the man, “Where are you?”
He answered, “I heard you in the garden; I was
afraid and hid from you, because I was naked.” “Who
told you that you were naked?” God asked, “Did you
eat the fruit that I told you not to eat?”
The man answered, “The woman you put here with
me gave me the fruit, and I ate it.”
Text Analysis
The LORD God asked the woman, “Why did you do
this?”
She replied, “The snake tricked me into eating it.”
Then the LORD God said to the snake, “You will be
punished for this; you alone of all the animals must
bear this curse: From now on you will crawl on your
belly, and you will have to eat dust as long as you live.
I will make you and the woman hate each other; her
offspring and yours will always be enemies. Her
offspring will crush your head, and you will bite their
heel.”
Text Analysis
And he said to the woman, “I will increase your
trouble in pregnancy and your pain in giving birth. In
spite of this, you will still have desire for your
husband, yet you will be subject to him.”
Text Analysis
And he said to the man, “You listened to your wife
and ate the fruit which I told you not to eat. Because of
what you have done, the ground will be under a curse.
You will have to work hard all your life to make it
produce enough food for you. It will produce weeds
and thorns, and you will have to eat wild plants. You
will have to work hard and sweat to make the soil
produce anything, until you go back to the soil from
which you were formed. You were made from soil,
and you will become soil again.”
Text Analysis
Adam named his wife Eve, because she was the
mother of all human beings. And the LORD God made
clothes out of animal skins for Adam and his wife, and
he clothed them.
Then the LORD God said, “Now the man has
become like one of us and has knowledge of what is
good and what is bad. He must not be allowed to eat
fruit from the tree of life, and live for ever.” So the
LORD God sent him out of the Garden of Eden and
made him cultivate the soil from which he had been
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formed.
universe [5ju:nIv\:s]
n. 天地万物;宇宙;世界
=everything that exists everywhere
e.g. Somewhere in the universe there must be
another world like ours.
宇宙中某处一定有与我们世界相似的另一
个世界。
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cultivate[5kQltIveIt]
vt. 耕
=prepare (land) for crops by ploughing
e.g. Peppermint is cultivated on some farms
here.
这儿有些农场种薄荷。
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beneath [bI5ni:W]
prep. 在…底下
=below, under
e.g. There is a large cellar beneath the kitchen.
厨房下面有一个大地窖。
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nostril[`nCstrIl]
n. 鼻孔
=either of the two external openings into the
nose
e.g. Glasses and stick are the breath of her
nostrils for the old lady.
对这个老太太来说,眼睛和拐杖是必不可少
的东西。
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suitable [5sju:tEbl]
adj. 合适的
=right for the purpose or occasion
e.g. We’ve found a suitable place for a picnic.
我们已经找到了一个适合野餐的地方。
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companion [kEm5pAnIEn]
n. 同伴
=person who goes with
e.g. Lisa is a perfect companion on the journey.
丽莎是个理想的旅伴。
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flesh [fleF]
n. 肉体
=soft substance, esp muscle, between the skin
and bones of animal bodies
e.g. Tigers are flesh-eating animals.
虎是肉食动物。
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embarrassed [Im5bArEst]
adj. 窘的,尴尬的
=awkward or ashamed
e.g. He is embarrassed by lack of money.
他因缺钱而窘迫。
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cunning[ 5kQniN ]
adj. 狡诈的
=clever at deceiving
e.g. This businessman is a cunning old fox.
这个商人是个狡猾的老狐狸。
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naked [5neIkId]
adj. 裸体的
=without clothes on
e.g. He is as naked as the day he was born.
他象他出生时那样赤裸裸的。
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bear[beE]
vt. 承担;忍受
=carry, endure
e.g. The pain was almost more than he could
bear.
那疼痛几乎使他受不了。
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curse[k\:s]
n. 灾祸;诅咒
=word, phrase or sentence calling for the
punishment, injury or destruction of sth or sb
e.g. The witch put a curse on the princess.
女巫对公主施了咒语。
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crawl[krC:l]
vi. 爬行
=move slowly, pulling the body along the
ground or other surface
e.g. The wounded soldier crawled into a shellhole.
那受伤的士兵爬入一个炮弹坑。
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belly [5belI]
n. 肚子,腹部
=abdomen
e.g. His joke caused a belly laugh.
他的笑话引起一阵高声大笑。
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offspring [5RfsprIN]n. 后代;儿女
=child or children
e.g. He is the offspring of a scientific genius
and a ballet dancer.
他是一位天才科学家和一位芭蕾舞蹈家的
后代。
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crush [krQF]
vt. 碾碎;压坏
=press, be pressed, so that there is breaking
or injury
e.g. Don’t crush this box; it has flowers in it.
不要把这个盒子压破了;里面装的是花。
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pregnancy [5pre^nEnsI]
n. 怀孕
=the state of being pregnant
e.g. She’s had six pregnancies in six years.
她在六年中怀孕六次。
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subject [5sQbdVIkt]
adj. 受…支配的;从属的
=under control of
e.g. We are subject to the laws of the country.
我们都受到国家法律的约束。
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thorn [WC:n]
n. 荆棘
=kinds of shrub or tree with thorns
e.g. His presence is a thorn in the host’s flesh.
他的出席使主人觉得如芒在背。
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sweat [swet]
vi. 出汗
=give out sweat
e.g. The long hot climb made him sweat.
长距离的攀登使他出汗。
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the same day 当天
e.g. He paid in cash and received the goods
the same day.
他用现金付账并于当天收到了货物。
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fall into a sleep 入睡
e.g. After a long day’s hard work, he fell into
a sound sleep immediately.
辛苦地干了一天活之后,他立即陷入沉睡
中。
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call out to… 向…大声喊叫
e.g. She called out to the police for help.
她大声向警察求救。
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hide from 躲避
e.g. The future is hidden from us.
未来是我们难以预卜的。
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trick … into (doing) 诱骗…做
e.g. He tricked the poor girl into marrying
him by pretending that he was rich.
他假装有钱而骗那可怜女孩与他结婚。
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because of 因为
e.g. Because of his bad leg, he couldn’t walk
so fast as the others.
因为他的腿有毛病,他不能跟别的人走得
一样快。
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be under a curse 受诅咒而遭殃
e.g. It is said that anyone living in that house
will be under a curse.
据说住在那栋房子里的人会受到诅咒而遭
殃。
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… he breathed life-giving breath into his nostrils and the man
began to live.
上帝朝他鼻孔吹了一口生气,于是男人就有了生命。
英语中有一类动宾词组,动词和宾语是同源词,使用时能
达到强调的表达效果。在这种用法中宾语前常有形容词修
饰。如:
She died a heroic death.
He smiled a contemptuous smile.
She dreamt a sweet dream.
Today we are living a happy life.
He sighed a sigh.
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“At last, here is one of my own kind —
Bone taken from my bone, and flesh from my flesh.
‘Woman’ is her name because she was taken out of
man.”
“现在,终于有了和我同类的生灵——
骨取自我骨,肉取自我肉,
这就称之为女人,因为她取自于男人。”
‘woman’: from old English ‘wifman’ meaning wife
plus man
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“From now on you will crawl on your belly, and you
will have to eat dust as long as you live. I will make
you and the woman hate each other; her offspring and
yours will always be enemies. Her offspring will crush
your head, and you will bite their heel.”
“你要终身用肚皮爬行,啃泥过活。我要让你和女
人互相仇恨,而且世代为敌。她的后代都将砸你的
头,而你则会咬他们的脚跟。”
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“I will increase your trouble in pregnancy and your
pain in giving birth.”
“我要增加你的苦难,使你备受怀孕和分娩之痛
苦。”
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“Because of what you have done, the ground will be
under a curse.”
“由于你偷吃了禁果,土地因你受诅咒而遭殃。”
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“You will have to work hard and sweat to make the
soil produce anything, until you go back to the soil
from which you were formed. You were made from
soil, and you will become soil again.”
“一直到你入土之日,你都得辛勤劳动,用汗水耕
耘土地,使之生产万物。你原来自于泥土,你将回
到泥土中去。”
until you go back to the soil from which you were
formed: until you die
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no seeds had sprouted:
no seeds had begun to grow
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the tree that gives life:
or the tree of life 生命树
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the tree that gives knowledge of what
is good and what is bad:
or the tree of knowledge 智慧之树
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Adam ([5AdEm]): 亚当
This name in Hebrew (希伯来语)means
“mankind(人类).”
According to the Bible, Adam was the father
of mankind.
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Eve ([i:v]): 夏娃
According to the Bible, she was wife of
Adam and the first woman in the universe.
“Eve” in Hebrew means “life”. The woman
that gave life to all human beings was their
mother.
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Have you ever read any Bible stories such as
The Garden of Eden; Noah’s Ark; The Prodigal
Son; The Last Supper; The Death of Jesus?
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How did God make the man?
(picture)
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Where did the man live?
What was God’s warning to him?
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How did God make the woman?
(picture)
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How did the snake trick Eve into eating the
forbidden fruit?
(picture)
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What happened to Adam and Eve after they ate
the forbidden fruit?
(picture)
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How did God punish the snake for what he had
done?
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How did God punish the woman?
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How did God punish the man?
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What did God then do to Adam and Eve?
Why?
(picture)
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《创造亚当》 米开朗基罗
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《创造夏娃》 米开朗基罗
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The Garden of Eden