ITU: From the Past
to the Future
Jaroslaw K. Ponder
Strategy and Policy Unit
International Telecommunication Union
SPU Briefing for the IMF University
29 May 2006, ITU Headquarters, Geneva, Switzerland
Note: The views expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily
reflect the opinions of the ITU. Jaroslaw K. Ponder can be contacted at [email protected]
ITU: 141 Years of Efficient and
Effective Acting
Paris, 1965
22 May 2006
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ITU: 141 Years of Efficient and
Effective Acting
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1840’s:
1870’s:
1890’s:
1920’s:
1950’s:
1960’s:
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1970’s:
1980’s:
1990’s:
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2000’s:
telegraph
telephone
radio telegraphy or “wireless”
radio broadcasting
television broadcasting
geostationary satellite
communications
computer communications
optical communications
internet and mobile
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IP-enabled NGNs
ITU - International
Telecommunication Union
• The oldest specialized UN agency with
more than 140 years of experience in
communication sector
• Headquarters in Geneva plus regional
offices
• ITU staff: more than 750 from more
than 80 countries
• 189 member states, more than 640
sector members
• ITU Agenda for Change
• Structure of the ITU
 ITU-T – Telecom Standardization
 ITU-R – Radio-communications
 ITU-D – Development Bureau
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ITU - International
Telecommunication Union
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ITU Radiocommunication Sector
• Director: Valery Timofeev
• Study Groups
• World Radiocommunication
Conference
 Geneva, October 2007
• ITU-R Recommendations
• Stewardship of radio frequency &
satellite orbits
 Radio Regulations
 Master International
Frequency Register
• Safety of life services
(Maritime, Aeronautical, etc.)
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ITU Standardization Sector
• Director: Houlin Zhao
• World Telecom Standardization
Assembly
 Brazil, October 2004
• Study Groups
• ITU-T Recommendations
• Stewardship of international
numbering plan
 Country codes
 Universal International Freephone
 ENUM
• Collaboration with the Internet
community (e.g.IETF, ICANN)
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ITU Development Sector
• Director: Hammadoun Touré
• World Telecom
Development Conference
 Doha, March 2006
• Study Groups
• Telecommunication indicators reports
and databases
• Regulatory assistance
• Technical cooperation
• Regional offices (11)
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ITU General Secretariat
• Plenipotentiary Conferences
 Antalya, Turkey, Nov 2006
 Marrakesh, Sept-Oct 2002
• World Telecom Policy Forum
 March 2001, IP Telephony
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ITU Council
ITU TELECOM (WORLD 2003)
ITU News: www.itu.int/itunews/
Support services (e.g. IS, languages)
Policy, research and workshops:
Strategy and Policy Unit
22 May 2006
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Selected Telecom Policy Research
• ITU New Initiatives Programme
 Begun in 1999
 Around 16 workshops held to date
• Building Digital Bridges
 Begun in 2004
 Development of “Digital Opportunity Index”
• WSIS Thematic Meetings
 Seven meetings organised/co-organised by ITU
• Main research/data publications
 ITU Internet Reports: 7 editions since 1997
 World Telecom Development Report: 7 since 1994
 Trends in Telecom Reform: Annual since 1998
 World Information Society Report 2006
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 WSIS Stocktaking Database / ICT Success Stories
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Measuring
Opportunities
Digital Opportunity Index
1/3
Opportunity
Utilization
1/3
DOI
WISR 2006
New ITU’s Series
Infrastructure
1/3
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Digital Opportunity
Index
percentage of population
covered by mobile
cellular telephony
internet users
per 100 inhabitants
ratio of broadband
internet subscribers to
internet subscribers
mobile cellular tariffs
as a percentage of
per capita income
internet access tariffs
as a percentage of
per capita income
DOI
Proportion of households
with fixed line telephone
mobile cellular subscribers
per 100 inhabitants
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ratio of broadband
mobile subscribers to
mobile internet subscribers
proportion of households
with a computer
mobile internet subscribers
per 100 inhabitants
proportion of households with
Internet access at home
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Digital Opportunity
Index
New ITU’s Series
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13
New Initiatives Programme
• Recent and up-coming workshops
 Regulatory Environment for Future Mobile
Multimedia Services (June 2006)
 Digital Transformation in the Information
Society (June 2006)
 What rules for IP-enabled NGN? (March 2006)
 Tomorrow’s Network Today (October 2005)
 Ubiquitous Network Societies (April 2005)
 Shaping the future mobile information society
(March 2004)
 Radio spectrum management for a converging
world (February 2004)
• Country case studies
 More than 50 studies completed
22 See
www.itu.int/casestudies
May 2006
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Selected WSIS Thematic Meetings
• Feb 2004, Internet Governance (Geneva)
• July 2004, Countering Spam (Geneva)
• February 2005, Measuring the Info Society
(Geneva)
• May 2005, Ubiquitous Network Societies
(Tokyo)
• June 2005, Multi-stakeholder partnerships
for bridging the digital divide (Seoul)
• June/July 2005, Cybersecurity (Geneva)
• May 2006, Promoting the multilingual
Internet (Geneva)
• May 2006, Partnerships for Global
Cybersecurity (Geneva)
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Publications: ITU Internet Reports
A series of reports tracking the
development and policy implications
of the Internet, with latest data
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2005:
2004:
2003:
2002:
2001:
1999:
1997:
The Internet of Things
The Portable Internet
Birth of Broadband
Internet for a Mobile Generation
IP Telephony
Internet for Development
Challenges to the Network
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The mission of the ITU
• To maintain and extend international
cooperation for the development of
telecommunications
• To provide technical and policy
assistance to developing countries
• To harmonize actions of Member States
and promote cooperation between
Member States and Sector Members
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The mission of the ITU
• To promote at international level, the
adoption of a broader approach to
issues of telecommunications in the global
information economy and society
 World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS):
Originally proposed at ITU in 1998 and later
endorsed by United Nations
• To extend the benefits to all the world’s
inhabitants
“Help the world communicate”
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Budget
• ITU has 189 Member States plus
more than 650 Sector Members
and Associates
 Each chooses to pay a certain number contributory
units e.g. US = 30, Malawi 1/16
 For Member States, 1 unit = CHF 315’000
 For Sector Members, 1 unit = CHF 63’000
 For Associates, 1 unit = CHF 10’500
• Main budget = CHF 163m in 2005
 CHF 106m (64.6%) from Member States
 CHF 21m (12.8%) from Sector Members &
Associates
 CHF 13.1m (8.0%) from sale of publications
 CHF 28.3m (17.3%) from cost recovery, interest, etc
 CHF 1.5m (0.9%) from funds-in-trust (for
development)
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Global Initiatives
• World Summit on the
Information Society
 Proposed by Tunisia at
ITU Plenipotentiary
Conference, 1998
 Endorsed as UN Summit
in 2001 (UNGA Res
56/183)
• Unique Summit
 First Summit in two
Phases
 True Multi-Stakeholder
Process
 Numerous Parallel
Events
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www.wsis.org
• Outcome Documents
 Geneva Declaration of
Principles
 Geneva Plan of Action
 Tunis Commitment
 Tunis Agenda for the
Information Society
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WSIS Outcome
•Geneva Declaration &
Tunis Commitment
 Shared vision and
principles of overcoming
•Geneva Plan of Action
the Digital Divide and
achieving MDGs
& Tunis Agenda
 Affirmed a unified
 Build an inclusive,
approach to Cyberdevelopment oriented
security
Information Society
 Reiterated Stakeholders
 Set 11 Action Lines
Commitment to freedom
 Target of 2015
of expression online
 Set, benchmarks and
 Enabling environment
evaluation processes
(good governance,
 Financial Mechanisms
transparency and pro Internet Governance
competitive policy)
 Implementation and
 Encouraged development
Follow-up
of localized content and
multilingualism
22 May 2006
www.wsis.org
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Thank you very much
for your attention!
Jaroslaw K. Ponder
International Telecommunication Union
Strategy and Policy Unit
E-mail: [email protected]
http://www.itu.int/spu
Tel: 00 41 22 730 60 65
22 May 2006
We all build the Information
Society together!
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More information
• ITU
www.itu.int
• ITU Strategy and Policy Unit
www.itu.int/spu
• WSIS
www.itu.int/wsis
• ITU Publications
www.itu.int/publications
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Internship at the ITU
• ITU internship programme
 The Union runs a non-remunerated internship
programme for students who wish to improve
their skills and gain experience working in an
international environment. This programme is
open to all undergraduate and graduate students
from ITU's 189 Member States. Candidates are
selected in response to specific needs identified
within ITU departments.
No specific deadline for applying!
For2006
more
22 May
details see: www.itu.int/employment/stages.html
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SPU Competition
• Strategy and Policy Unit
Competition
 SPU launched its first essay-writing competition
under the "Young Minds in Telecoms" Programme
in November 2004. The competition is open to all
graduate students and recent graduates in
economics, political science, law, literature,
telecommunications,
computer
science,
information systems and related fields.
Deadline: March 2007
Submit your essay and spend up to three months at the ITU!
For more details see: http://www.itu.int/osg/spu/youngminds/
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Next Generation Networks: Challenges for the Future