Airborne Internet /
Collaborative Information
Environment
A presentation to AIG/WG
By the Airborne Internet Collaboration/Working Group
[email protected] presenting
March 3, 2004
Three Main Points
• If the right aviation information at the
right time is the goal…
• …“Discovery on Demand” using
XML Web Services is the solution…
• …Allowing the transformation to a
Collaborative Information Environment
(CIE)
The right aviation information
at the right time
• Led to the concept of an Airborne
Internet (AI):
– A private, secure, and reliable peer-to-peer
aircraft communications network that uses
the same technologies as the commercial
Internet
• However, the AI does not currently
provide a universal way to find:
– “Decision quality” information
“Decision quality”
information
Knowledge Management and the
Art of Decision
Wisdom
Decision Maker
Knowledge
Knowledge Executive
Information
Information Worker
Data
Data Entry Worker
Getting decision quality information
to the Decision Maker
Traditional methods:
Publish and Subscribe
Push versus Pull
Client / Server
Discovery
on
Demand
Discovery on Demand
• Accomplished through XML Web Services:
– Software components that can be published,
located, and run over the Internet using
Extensible Markup Language (XML)
• XML definition:
– A markup language that describes data in a
structured and human-readable text format
– Example: <aircraft>
<n-number>N500EA</n-number>
<make>Eclipse</make>
<model>500</model>
</aircraft>
XML Web Services
• Are used to:
– Allow other applications to call modules of
code remotely with XML
– Expose data in a database as XML
– Send XML messages:
• E.g. alerts and notifications
– Build Service Oriented Architectures (SOA):
• Flexible, reusable, and lower cost
“Embrace and Extend”
Existing Legacy - databases and applications
XML
Data
Oracle
Rental Car
Hotels
FBO
FAA Flight Service
Sybase
UDDI, SOAP, WSDL
Transform, transmit
Trusted-Table Security
DAC “Views”
Secure
Flight
Data
Discovery, OLAP,
Secure wireless
WebParts,
‘rich’ client
‘reach’ client
XML
familiar tools
Web Services™
Pilot/Info Consumer
XML Web Services
Industry standards for interoperability
• Enable disparate systems to work together:
– Across languages, platforms, applications
– Computer to computer
– Inside/outside the firewall
• Based on open Internet standards:
– XML, SOAP, WSDL, and UDDI
• Broad industry support
– Key area of vendor alignment
XML Web Services
Next wave of Internet evolution
Presentation Database
Connectivity
“Legacy scrape” connectivity
Browse
the Web
Program
the Internet
CIE
Collaborative Information Environment
(CIE)
• The transformation of the Internet by
XML Web Services
• 2nd generation Web (Web 1  Web 2)
• Military example: SharePoint Portal
Heads Up Display (HUD) experiment
– Uses XML Web Services to create a CIE
that combines information from:
• NASA
• Synchronized Air Power Management (SAPM)
• Defense Collaboration Tool Suite (DCTS)
• JEMPRS-NT
Joint Enroute Mission Planning and Rehearsal
System-Near Term (JEMPRS-NT)
Operational Needs During Deployment:
• Situational Awareness
• Collaborative Operating Environment
• Enroute SITREP/Crisis Action Planning
Support of Rapid Decisive Operations
JOA
(In Transit)
JEMPRS-NT KIT
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
- Voice, Video, and Data
- Application Sharing
- Whiteboard and Text Chat
- Digital Dashboard
- E-mail and FTP
- XML Web Services
- Network Access to Other
Systems
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
8 Port 100M SWITCH
Server
JEMPRS-NT Functions
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
Laptop computer
8 Port 100M SWITCH
Server
JTF Rear
serial/530
Power/
UPS
UNIT
Dell 1U Flat
Pannel Display/
8 Port console
switch
Leave extra space and power for:
1-server (same as other 2)
1-omni or omega unit
(http://www.l-3com.com/cs-east/programs/
infosec/omni.html)
(http://www.motorola.com/GSS/SSTG/
ISSPD/Secure_Telecom/omega.html)
1-Inmarsat IDU
Router
Accelerator 4000
serial/530
serial/530
KIV-7
ST Euro ISDN
Terminal Adapter
ST Euro ISDN
M4
IDU
ODU/Antenna
Collaborative
Information
Environment
Airborne
Internet
“Meet us in the cloud”
GPS
Navigation
Satcom
DISCOVERY ON DEMAND
• XM
• RFID
• AM/FM
• 802.xx
VHF Radio
VHF Radio
Line of
sight
VHF Radio
XML Web Services
CIE
Cloud
XML Web Services
Gateway
Non-CIE
Aircraft
NAS Services
• ATM System
• HUB Airports
• TIS-B
VPN
ATC Controller
Original graphic courtesy of Computer Networks & Software, Inc.
Internet
• Weather Products
• NOTAMs
• Flight Service Stations
• Other
Airport
Services
• TIS
• FIS
• Hospitality
• Maint.
AI / CIE removes existing
aviation information barriers
Graphic courtesy of C3D Aero, Inc.
AI / CIE provides decision quality
information for cockpit displays
Airspace
notification
Icing Alert
Discovery on Demand MFD
Traffic Alert
Original graphic courtesy of C3D Aero, Inc.
Services Users
Functional picture of the AI / CIE
Engine
Cockpit
Cabin
Mechanic,
Manufacturer
Pilot
Passenger
Maintenance
information
Flight information
Entertainment
Digital connectivity across all types of communications:
VHF radio, Satellite, Infrared, etc.
AI / CIE ≠ Internet and Web 1
• The AI / CIE is about:
– End users, not webmasters
– Edge devices, not clients and servers
– XML Web Services, not web pages
– XML “knowledge packets”, not just TCP/IP
connections
• Types: Maintenance, Flight, Entertainment, etc.
– Built-in security, not security as an
afterthought
AI / CIE interfaces securely with
the following networks
• The commercial Internet
• Assured “extranet” connections:
– OnSATS
– AirTraveler.com (formerly SATS-Net)
• Carries “Assured Aviation XML Web Services”
• Client-side end user “intranets”
AI / CIE End State
Every aircraft is a network node:
Network In the Sky
A distributed, peer-to-peer aircraft communications grid
that shares decision quality information
Conclusion
• If the right aviation information at the
right time is the goal…
• …“Discovery on Demand” using
XML Web Services is the solution…
• …Allowing the transformation to a
Collaborative Information Environment
(CIE)
For more information:
• http://www.airborneinternet.com
• http://acb100.tc.faa.gov
• http://www.c3daero.com/presentations
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