PUBLIC SPEAKING
BRIEFING NOV 2008
PTK3
Mohd Nawi Derahman
3rd NOV 2008
PUSAT LATIHAN UTM
UTMJB
Briefing 3.11.08
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Why Public Speaking?
Elements of Evaluation (PTK3)
Speech Outline - OBC
Scope of Assessment
Evaluation Form: PTK3
PUBLIC SPEAKING
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3 C’s
BODY LANGUANGE
EYE CONTACT
 FEAR / COURAGE
 Some common Errors in PS
What is Public Speaking?
Public speaking is a
sustained presentation
made by a speaker
to an audience Sustained
:
•In a logical sequence
•Natural and smooth
body movement
•Gestures and body
language in synchrony
Why Public Speaking?
• PTK - yes - give your best
• Personal development - better - that you
will be imbibed with the skills for the rest of
your life - fish - today, fishing - lifetime eat
What to Look For?
• Audience satisfaction - always them in
mind - so PREPARE FOR IT
• Best performance - always ready - you
may never get the chance again -remember you missed an opportunity
because you were shy?? and you ended
up saying, even i can do that! I can do
even better. But you blew it
What Do we look for?
Assessment criteria
• Speech Contents (Verbal)
 Opening 15
 Body 70
 Closing15
• Non-Verbal Elements
Elements in PS: PTK3
• ICE BREAKER: Interesting
and Attention-grabbing
 Introduction to public speaking
 Elements requiring emphasis in
speaking development
 Ability to introduce a subject well
Elements to observe – TK3
 What strong
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points does the speaker already have?
How well did the audience get to know the speaker’s
subject?
Did the speech reflect adequate preparation?
Did the speaker talk clearly and audibly?
Did the speech have a definite opening, body,
and conclusion?
 What did the speaker do especially well?
Assessment: PTK3
• Opening
• Body
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– Gets Attention
– Clear Main points &
Logical Organisation
Closing
– Effective
Use of Voice
– Volume & Fluency
Eye Contact
– use of
Facial Expression – use of
Posture
– confident & relaxed
Appearance
– suitable
Use of Language – pronunciation and clarity
Who will be there?
• You
• The Panel of Assessors
– General evaluator
– Grammarian
– Timer
– Panel Members
• The Audience
Goals of Public Speaking
• Creating Awareness
– Not just a speech, but a good speech
– Potential level of success, up one notch
• Fostering Understanding
I TAU
– Audience to understand message
– Address needs & wants of audience
• Generating Impact
– Not necessarily agree, but must impact
your audience
– 4 basic emotions to address:
Mad, Sad, Glad, Scared
– Audience: at least experience 1,
preferably more
• Motivating Your Audience to
Take Action
MSGS
Sample Speech Outline
– A. Opening
• Captures audience attention
• Leads into speech topic
– B. Body
• 1st point
– Statement of fact
– Supporting material
• 2nd point…. Repeat..
– C. Conclusion
• Review or summary
• Call to action or memorable
statement
3 x marks
1. Speech body should
contain at least 3 main
points
2. Each point should be
clearly stated,
illustrated, and
supported
3. Do not assume
audience is familiar
with your topic
4. Devote similar
amount of time to
each point – none is
less important
Briefing 3.11.08






Why Public Speaking?
Elements of Evaluation (PTK3)
Speech Outline - OBC
Scope of Assessment
Evaluation Form: PTK3
PUBLIC SPEAKING



3 C’s
BODY LANGUANGE
EYE CONTACT
 FEAR / COURAGE
 Some common Errors in PS
Successful public speaking
consists of 3 elements: 3 C’s
1. Content
Your message must be packed with practical
information, presented in a memorable and
entertaining way.
2. Confidence
You must believe that your speech can make a
difference.
3. Connection
You must be able to make a connection with the
audience so that they respect you, admire you, and
are willing to learn from you.
The Five "Musts" to Being an
Effective Presenter
• Practice out loud
• Gesture
• Make eye contact
• Pause between points
• Visualise your success
Stage
Scope
Evaluation
PTK 3
•Introduction to public
speaking
Use Speaker’s Evaluation Form (Level 3)
•Elements
requiring
emphasis in
speaking
development
•Ability to
introduce a
subject well
Elements to observe
Ice Breaker:
Introduction
Interesting
*Attention
– grabbing
*
Time:
6-8 mins
Topics:
Introduce;
-yourself
-your organisation
-your family
-your hobby
-your boss
-your country
** - Toastmasters
•What strong points does the speaker
already have?
•How well did the audience get to know the
speaker’s subject?
•Did the speech reflect adequate
preparation?
•Did the speaker talk clearly and
audibly?
•Did the speech have a definite opening,
body, and conclusion?
•What did the speaker do especially well?
PTK3
PTK4
PTK5
PTK6
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OPENING
1.
Gets Attention
2.
Arouses interest
BODY
3.
Main points clear
4.
Organisation logical
5.
Information accurate
6.
Reasoning clear
7.
Need established
8.
Transitions clear
PTK3
PTK4
PTK5
PTK6
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SUMMARY
9.
Main points summarised clearly
CLOSING
10. Effective
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USE OF VOICE
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11. Pitch varied
12. Rate varied
13. Volume varied
14. Fluency
EYE CONTACT
15. Use of eye contact
PTK3
PTK4
PTK5
PTK6
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FACIAL EXPRESSION
16. Use of facial expression
GESTURES
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17. Natural
18. Varied
19. Appropriate
POSTURE
20. Confident and relaxed
21. Use of movement
APPEARANCE
22. Suitability
PTK3
PTK4
PTK5
PTK6
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PROXEMICS
23. Speaks to all listeners
USE OF LANGUAGE
24. Grammatical correctness
25. Correctness of pronunciation
26. Quality of word choice
27. Clarity of speech
28. Creativity of word choice
Total No of Elements
12
21
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25
28
Body Language
• Uneasy or anxious
– walking out to give a presentation
– the speaker being the center of attention
– feeling of vulnerability, to head a group,
large or small
• Your objective should be to look
relaxed, & to not let the anxiety show.
"Never let 'em see you sweat"
• The positive aspects to body
language can be used to great
advantage:
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stance
posture
facial expressions
arm movements
Perfecting Body Language
• Grooming – Very important.
– show a smile as you come to center
stage and as you are introduced.
– you may feel especially nervous at this
time, but stay focused on your
appearance, your audience is checking
you out.
• If you have a podium,
– do not be tempted to use it as a prop,
leaning on it in any way. This conveys a
weakness
• Maintain eye contact with your
audience, but spread it around
– Nothing worse for an audience member
sitting off to the left, say, who gets the
impression you are speaking solely to
the center tables.
– Make eye contact with each individual in
the room often, and stay focused long
enough that each feels you are talking
to them as individuals. 3-5 seconds
• Do not pace
– This often relieves tension for a
speaker but is distracting for the
audience.
– If you must roam, do it when you are
injecting humor or at points of departure
say at question time.
• Head and face are your key expression
amplifiers
– With appropriate movement and expressions of the face
add emphasis where needed.
– An exaggerated eyebrow lift or the removal of
eyeglasses, e.g. the appearance - your realization of the
importance of the particular point being made.
• Voice Tone, Volume and Pace
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Never in a monotone.
Always deliver slowly, though not too slowly.
Speak at about 80% of the normal pace.
At points needing emphasis, go even slower and repeat
the key sentences.
– Raise your voice level a little at moments requiring
amplification or emotional content.
– And again, repeat what you say when needed using
slightly different words and different pace and
volume.
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There's full meaning in the word monotony. With your body parts, tonal range, volume and
changes of pace you can make reading the telephone directory interesting, for a while.
EYE CONTACT
•
Eye contact is one of the most important skills to
master, to be confident and personable.
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Start by watching others. Some people dart around the room, some
people look at their slides or the ceiling, and some people look at
the tables in front of their audience.
Confident speakers look right at the people they are speaking to,
deliberately and smoothly.
Practice making eye contact for 3-5 seconds per person, long enough
to really connect with them, but not long enough to get "stuck" or make
them feel uncomfortable.
Think of sending your energy and your words out to your audience
members, one at a time.
Don't forget to connect with everyone-those in the front, the back and
the sides of the room.
A great way to practice eye contact is to practice your presentation in a
meeting room, looking at all the chairs, one at a time, for three to five
seconds each.
It takes time and practice to learn any new set of skills, and
learning how to present successfully is no exception. But the good
news is this: the more you practice these techniques the easier
they will become, and the sooner you will be speaking with
confidence and credibility.
Courage & Confidence
c.f. Fear, fright, Dale Carnegie
• Once fear is conquered
– impressive poise and selfassurance
• Executive skills increase
– Due to expressiveness and
confidence
• Public speaking
– nature’s own method of overcoming
self-consciousness and build up
courage and self-confidence
– speaking in public makes us come
to grip with our fears
Facts
1.
2.
3.
4.
You are not unique in your
fear of speaking in public
A certain amount of stage
fright is useful!
Many professional speakers
admitted that they never
completely lose all stage
fright
The chief cause of fear of
public speaking is due to
your being unaccustomed
to speak in public
Chief cause – unaccustomed to.
Solution: 3 P’s
• “Fear is misbegotten of
ignorance and uncertainty”
– Some people never did
– Beginners – complex series of situations
• Solution : Practice, Practice,
Practice
– Then public speaking can be made a JOY,
not agony
– Create a record of successful speaking
experiences – a repertoire
Never Memorise a Talk
• Do not memorise a talk, word
for word
• All our lives we have been
speaking spontaneously.
– We haven’t been thinking of words.
– We have been thinking of ideas
– If our ideas are clear, the words
come as naturally and unconsciously
as the air we breathe
• Memorised talk will be
mechanical – it comes from
memory, not from the heart
The Five "Musts" to Being an
Effective Presenter
• Practice out loud
• Gesture
• Make eye contact
• Pause between points
• Visualise your success
TIME
• Time is very important
– One of the lessons to be
practiced – expressing a
thought within a specified time
• Time PTK3&4: 6-8 minutes:
6-minimum, 7-intermediate, 8warning,8+(30sec) – disqualify
• Time PTK5&6: 8-10 minutes:
8-minimum, 9-intermediate, 10warning,10+(30sec) – disqualify
IMAGE
• It is important to be aware of the image you
project, for only then can you work on your
strengths and weaknesses to create the best
you.
• Your image includes the following components:
 Self concept
 Standards of excellence
 Personal attitudes
 Etiquette
 Verbal communication skills
 Body language
 Paralanguage (How you sound)
 Appearance
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