English-medium Higher Education at the University of Macau Andrew Moody University of Macau [email protected] Description of Macao • Macao Special Administrative Region • Was a colony of Portugal until 4 December 1999 when it became an SAR of China • Approximately 60 km Southwest of Hong Kong • 28.2 square km • 488,144 residents Source: Statistics and Census Service of Macau Macao’s Economy • Approximately 49% of the 2005 GDP is from gaming revenues • Gaming revenues increased by 55% from 2003 to 2005 • GDP has increased by 46% from 2003 to 2005 • Visitors to Macao increased by 58% from 2003 to 2005 • +70% growth of personal investment in 2005 from previous year Source: Statistics and Census Service of Macau Official Languages Chapter 1, Article 9 of the Basic Law • 澳門特別行政的行政機關、立法機關， 除使用中文外，還可使用葡文，葡文也 是正式語文。 • Além da língua chinesa, poda usar-se também a língua portuguesa nos órgãos executivo, legislativo e judiciais de Região Administrativa Especial de Macau, sendo também o português língua oficial. Source: The Basic Law of the Macao SAR Official Languages • In addition to the Chinese language, Portuguese may also be used as an official language by the executive authorities, legislature and judiciary of the Macao Special Administrative Region. Source: The Basic Law of the Macao SAR Macao Schools--2005 • 66 primary schools – 6 Government – 52 Private (subsidised) – 8 Private (not subsidised) • 58 secondary schools – 3 Government – 33 Private (subsidised) – 10 Private (not subsidised) Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao Macao School Units--2005 Government Schools Private Schools Offering Free Education Private Schools Not Offering Free Education Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao Medium of Instruction Chinese Medium (111) Portuguese Medium (5) English Medium (13) Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao Number of Students in the Three Mediums of Instruction 1989 1996 Chinese 60,600 80,000 Portuguese 3,500 4,000 English 4,150 12,000 Trilingual Total 1,000 68,250 97,000 Source: Berlie (1999) Number of Students in the Three Mediums of Instruction 1996 2006 Chinese 80,000 79,041 Portuguese 4,000 891 English 12,000 12,322 Total 96,000 92,254 Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao Higher Education Institutes 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. University of Macau Macao Polytechnic Institute Institute for Tourism Studies Macau Security Force Superior School Asian International Open University (Macau) 6. Inter-University Institute Higher Education Institutes 7. Kiang Wu Nursing College 8. Macau University of Science and Technology 9. Macau Institute of Management 10. Macau Mellennium College Research Institutions 11. Instituto de Estudos Europeus de Macau 12. Universidade das Nacões Unidas Instituto Internacional da Software e Technologia History of the University of Macau • Opened in 1981 as the University of East Asia. • Was originally owned by a private Hong Kong corporation. • First programmes were in business, but teacher training programmes added in 1987. History of the University of Macau • The University was acquired by the Macao Foundation of the Macao Government and renamed The University of Macau (Universidade de Macau/澳門大學) • Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Business Administration, Faculty of Science and Technology, Faculty of Social Sciences History of the University of Macau • School of Education was added in 1989. • Department of Portuguese opened in 1990. • Faculty of Law Established in 1991. – Bachelor of Law in Chinese Language was launched in 1996 Profile of the University of Macau • 55% of teaching staff were recruited from abroad. – If staff members acquire residency, they are still counted as “recruited from abroad.” – This includes staff recruited from Hong Kong or the Mainland of China • 1% of non-teaching staff were recruited from abroad. Profile of the University of Macau All programmes are conducted in the medium of English, with the following exceptions: • Faculty of Education--Chinese (English Education in Chinese/English) • Faculty of Law--Law in Portuguese Language in Portuguese • Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities – – – – – Chinese Language and Literature--Chinese Japanese Studies--Japanese Journalism and Public Communications--Chinese Portuguese Language and Culture--Portuguese Portuguese Studies--Portuguese Profile of the University of Macau • English is an examination subject for every undergraduate degree programme at the university. • There are two tests in English--reading & writing and an oral interview. Some programmes require both, while others only require English reading & writing. Current Enrolment Figures Doctoral Programmes Master’s Degree Programmes Postgraduate Certificates Business Administration Education Bachelor’s Degree Law Programmes Social Sciences & Humanities Science & Technology Bachareleto Others Total 59 1251 128 1660 427 445 1396 471 46 396 6279 Two Support Centres Centre for Pre-University Studies (CPU) • offers instruction in a wide variety of disciplines • designed as an extra year of secondary studies for students from schools with only 5 years of secondary • often chosen as by students who have not had English-medium secondary instruction English Language Centre (ELC) • offers ESL and ESP instruction for the University • courses may be designed for generic use, or specific to a particular faculty's needs • courses may fulfil programme requirements or be taken as electives Methodology for Examining Policy Implementation 1. Examination of anonymous student comments on bulletin boards and blogs. 2. Questionnaire survey of practices within the various faculties.