English-medium Higher
Education at the
University of Macau
Andrew Moody
University of Macau
[email protected]
Description of Macao
• Macao Special Administrative Region
• Was a colony of Portugal until 4
December 1999 when it became an
SAR of China
• Approximately 60 km Southwest of
Hong Kong
• 28.2 square km
• 488,144 residents
Source: Statistics and Census Service of Macau
Macao’s Economy
• Approximately 49% of the 2005 GDP is from
gaming revenues
• Gaming revenues increased by 55% from
2003 to 2005
• GDP has increased by 46% from 2003 to
2005
• Visitors to Macao increased by 58% from
2003 to 2005
• +70% growth of personal investment in 2005
from previous year
Source: Statistics and Census Service of Macau
Official Languages
Chapter 1, Article 9 of the Basic Law
• 澳門特別行政的行政機關、立法機關,
除使用中文外,還可使用葡文,葡文也
是正式語文。
• Além da língua chinesa, poda usar-se
também a língua portuguesa nos
órgãos executivo, legislativo e judiciais
de Região Administrativa Especial de
Macau, sendo também o português
língua oficial.
Source: The Basic Law of the Macao SAR
Official Languages
• In addition to the Chinese language,
Portuguese may also be used as an
official language by the executive
authorities, legislature and judiciary of
the Macao Special Administrative
Region.
Source: The Basic Law of the Macao SAR
Macao Schools--2005
• 66 primary schools
– 6 Government
– 52 Private (subsidised)
– 8 Private (not subsidised)
• 58 secondary schools
– 3 Government
– 33 Private (subsidised)
– 10 Private (not subsidised)
Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao
Macao School Units--2005
Government
Schools
Private Schools
Offering Free
Education
Private Schools
Not Offering Free
Education
Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao
Medium of Instruction
Chinese Medium
(111)
Portuguese
Medium (5)
English Medium
(13)
Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao
Number of Students in the
Three Mediums of Instruction
1989
1996
Chinese
60,600
80,000
Portuguese
3,500
4,000
English
4,150
12,000
Trilingual
Total
1,000
68,250
97,000
Source: Berlie (1999)
Number of Students in the
Three Mediums of Instruction
1996
2006
Chinese
80,000
79,041
Portuguese
4,000
891
English
12,000
12,322
Total
96,000
92,254
Source: Education & Youth Affairs Bureau of Macao
Higher Education Institutes
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
University of Macau
Macao Polytechnic Institute
Institute for Tourism Studies
Macau Security Force Superior School
Asian International Open University
(Macau)
6. Inter-University Institute
Higher Education Institutes
7. Kiang Wu Nursing College
8. Macau University of Science and
Technology
9. Macau Institute of Management
10. Macau Mellennium College
Research Institutions
11. Instituto de Estudos Europeus de
Macau
12. Universidade das Nacões Unidas
Instituto Internacional da Software e
Technologia
History of the University of Macau
• Opened in 1981 as the University of
East Asia.
• Was originally owned by a private Hong
Kong corporation.
• First programmes were in business, but
teacher training programmes added in
1987.
History of the University of Macau
• The University was acquired by the
Macao Foundation of the Macao
Government and renamed The
University of Macau (Universidade de
Macau/澳門大學)
• Faculty of Arts, Faculty of Business
Administration, Faculty of Science and
Technology, Faculty of Social Sciences
History of the University of Macau
• School of Education was added in 1989.
• Department of Portuguese opened in
1990.
• Faculty of Law Established in 1991.
– Bachelor of Law in Chinese Language was
launched in 1996
Profile of the University of Macau
• 55% of teaching staff were recruited
from abroad.
– If staff members acquire residency, they
are still counted as “recruited from abroad.”
– This includes staff recruited from Hong
Kong or the Mainland of China
• 1% of non-teaching staff were recruited
from abroad.
Profile of the University of Macau
All programmes are conducted in the medium of English, with
the following exceptions:
• Faculty of Education--Chinese (English
Education in Chinese/English)
• Faculty of Law--Law in Portuguese
Language in Portuguese
• Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities
–
–
–
–
–
Chinese Language and Literature--Chinese
Japanese Studies--Japanese
Journalism and Public Communications--Chinese
Portuguese Language and Culture--Portuguese
Portuguese Studies--Portuguese
Profile of the University of Macau
• English is an examination subject for
every undergraduate degree
programme at the university.
• There are two tests in English--reading
& writing and an oral interview. Some
programmes require both, while others
only require English reading & writing.
Current Enrolment Figures
Doctoral Programmes
Master’s Degree Programmes
Postgraduate Certificates
Business Administration
Education
Bachelor’s
Degree
Law
Programmes
Social Sciences & Humanities
Science & Technology
Bachareleto
Others
Total
59
1251
128
1660
427
445
1396
471
46
396
6279
Two Support Centres
Centre for Pre-University
Studies (CPU)
• offers instruction in a wide
variety of disciplines
• designed as an extra year
of secondary studies for
students from schools with
only 5 years of secondary
• often chosen as by
students who have not had
English-medium secondary
instruction
English Language Centre
(ELC)
• offers ESL and ESP
instruction for the
University
• courses may be designed
for generic use, or specific
to a particular faculty's
needs
• courses may fulfil
programme requirements
or be taken as electives
Methodology for Examining
Policy Implementation
1. Examination of anonymous student
comments on bulletin boards and
blogs.
2. Questionnaire survey of practices
within the various faculties.
Descargar

English-medium Higher Education at the University of Macau