ECJ Judges Conference 2005
1
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Alexander v. Mühlendahl
Vice-President
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market, Alicante,
Spain
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
2
Global figures (end 2004)
Applications
Registrations
Oppositions
Oppositions settled
Cancellations
Appeals
Appeals settled
Actions before CFI
CFI cases settled
Further appeals to ECJ
ECJ decisions
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
411.273
237.658
77.163
47.334
1.084
6.459
5.331
390
160
32
15
3
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
and the Court of First Instance
The route to the European Court of
Justice and the Court of First Instance
•
Direct appeals - Article 63 CTMR
•
References for preliminary rulings
pursuant to Article 234 EC
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
4
Trade Mark Cases
Substantive trade mark law
Protected subject matter
Conditions of protection
Rights conferred
Exceptions to the exclusive rights
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
5
Trade Mark Cases
Proteced subject matter - Conditions
of protection - absolute grounds of
refusal
Sign not capable of being CTMs
Lack of distinctiveness
Descriptive character
Generic character
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
6
Trade Mark Cases
Conditions of protection
Against public policy or morality
Deceptiveness
Against Article 6ter PC
False geographical indication
(wines and spirits, protected DOs
and GIs) ECJ Judges Conference 2005
7
Trade Mark Cases
Procedural issues
Procedure before
Procedure before
Procedure before
Procedure before
the Office
the Boards
the CFI
the ECJ
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
8
Trade Mark Cases
Registrability issues - absolute
grounds
• Types of marks (Art. 4 CTMR, Art. 2
TMD)
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
9
Trade Mark Cases
Registrability issues - types of
marks
• Smell marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
10
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Sieckmann/DPMA
(smell Cinnamat)
Case C-273/00
Hearing
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
6 November 2001
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 12 December 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
11
C-273/00
Sieckmann/DPMA
C6H5-CH=CHCOOCH3
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
12
Trade Mark Cases
Registrability issues - types of
marks
• Sound marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
13
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Shield Mark BV/Kist
(„Für Elise“, „KUKELEKUU“)
Case C-283/01
Hearing 17 February 2003
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
3 April 2003
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 27 November 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
14
C-283/01
Shield Mark/Kist
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
15
C-283/01
Shield Mark/Kist
« KUKELEKUUUUU » for goods
and services in cl. 9, 16, 35 and 41
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
16
Trade Mark Cases
Registrability issues - absolute
grounds
• colour marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
17
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Libertel Group/BBM („colour ORANGE“)
Case C-104/01
Hearing 30 April 2002
Advocate General Léger 12 November
2002
Rapporteur Cunha Rodriguez
Decision 6 May 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
18
C-104/01
Libertel/BBM
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
19
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Heidelberger Bauchemie GmbH/DPMA
(„colour BLUE/YELLOW“)
Case C-49/02
Advocate General Leger 15 January 2004
Rapporteur Cunha Rodriguez
Hearing 3 November 2003
Decision 24 June 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
20
C-49/02
Heidelberger
Bauchemie/DPMA
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
21
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
KWS Saat AG/OHIM
(„colour ORANGE“)
Case C-447/02 P - T-173/00
Advocate General Léger 19 May 2004
Rapporteur Cunha Rodrigues
Hearing 5 March 2004
On appeal from CFI
Decision 21 October 2004, confirmed
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
22
C-447/02 P - T-173/00
KWS Saat AG/OHIM
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
23
Trade Mark Cases
Absolute grounds distinctiveness
• 3D marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
24
Trade Mark Cases
• 3D marks - the shape of the
product as a mark for the
product
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
25
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Philips/Remington
(„TRIPLE-HEADED SHAVER“)
Case C-299/99
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
23 January 2001
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 18 June 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
26
C-299/99
Philips/Remington
Plaintiff’s mark
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
27
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Linde AG - Case C-53/01
Winward - Case C-54/01
Rado - Case C-55/01
Hearing 17 September 2002
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
24 October 2002
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 8 April 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
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C-53/01
Linde
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29
C-54/01
Winward
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
30
C-55/01
Rado
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
31
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Henkel KGaA / DPMA
Liquid wool detergent bottle (Perwoll)
Case C-218/01
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
14 January 2003
Rapporteur Macken
Hearing
Decision 12 February 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
32
C-218/01
Henkel /DPMA
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
33
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Dyson/UK Patent Office
Transparent bin
Case C-321/03
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Hearing
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
34
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Henkel KGaA/OHIM („TABS“)
Appeal from CFI judgments of 19 September
2001 (T-335/99 and T-336/99)
Joined Cases C-456, 457/01 P
Oral hearing 2 October 2003
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer 6
November 2003
Decision 29 April 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
35
C-456/01 P, T-335/99
Henkel KG aA
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
36
C-457/01 P, T-336/99
Henkel KG aA
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
37
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Procter & Gamble/OHIM („TABS“)
joined cases on appeal from CFI
judgments of 19 September 2001
Cases C-468, 469, 470, 471, 472/01 P
Hearing 2 October 2003
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
6 November 2003
Decision 29 April 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
38
C-468/02 P - T-117/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
39
C-468/02 P - T-118/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
40
C-470/02 P - T-119/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
41
C-471/02 P - T-120/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
42
C-472/02 P - T-121/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
43
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Procter & Gamble/OHIM („TABS“)
Joined Cases (on appeal from CFI judgments
of 19 September 2001) C-473, C-474/01 P
Hearing 2 October 2003
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer 6
November 2003
Decision 29 April 2004 (confirmed)
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
44
C-473/02 P - T-122/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
45
C-474/02 P - T-129/00
Procter & Gamble
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
46
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Mag Instrument Inc./OHIM
(„TORCHES“) on appeal from CFI
judgment of 7 February 2002
Case C-136/02 P – T-88/00
Hearing 5 February 2004
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
16 March 2004
Rapporteur F. Macken
Decision 7 October 2004 (appeal
dismissed)
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
47
C-136/02 P - T-88/00
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
48
C-136/02 P - T-88/00
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
49
C-136/02 P - T-88/00
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
50
C-136/02 P - T-88/00
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
51
C-136/02 P - T-88/00
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
52
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Glaverbel/OHIM (Patterned glass)
C-445/02 P (T-63/01)
Appeal from CFI 9 October 2002
Hearing
Advocate General
Appeal dismissed by order 28 June 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
53
C-445/02 P T-36/01
Glaverbel/OHIM
CTM 811281
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
54
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Procter & Gamble/OHIM (Soap shape)
C-107/03 P - T-63/01
Appeal from CFI 12 December 2002
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
(no opinion)
Decision 23 September 2004
Appeal dismissed
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
55
C-107/03 P - T-63/01
Procter & Gamble/OHIM
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
56
European Court of Justice
Eurocermex SA/OHIM
(„CORONA bottle“)
C-286/04 P - T-399/02
Case filed 29 June 2004
No Hearing
Decision 30 June 2005
ECJ confirmed
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
57
T-399/02
Eurocermex SA
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
58
Trade Mark Before the
European Court of Justice
3D marks in the ECJ
• Pending cases
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
59
European Court of Justice
Deutsche SiSi Werke GmbH v. OHIM
(„Standbeutel“)
Case C-173/04 P - T-146/02 - T-153/02 - R
719, 720, 721, 722, 723, 724. 747, 748/99-2
Case filed
Hearing
Decision
Appeal to ECJ from decision of 24 January
2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
60
C-173/04 P - T-146-153/02
Deutsche SiSi-Werke
CTM 523048
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
61
European Court of Justice
August Storck KG
(„Werther‘s Bonbons“)
C-24/05 P - T-396/02
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
62
C-24/05 P - T-396/02
“Werther’s Bonbons”
CTM 784314
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
63
European Court of Justice
August Storck KG
(„Werther‘s Bonbonverpackung“)
C-25/05 P - T-402/02
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Raporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
64
C-25/05 P - T-402/02
“Werther’s”
CTM 784454
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
65
T-398/04
Henkel KGaA
CTM 941971
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
66
T-2/05
Reckitt Benckiser
CTM 1155712
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
67
T-03/05
Reckitt Benckiser
CTM 1156595
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
68
T-49/05
Reckitt Benckiser
CTM 2792544
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
69
T-118/05
Reckitt Benckiser
CTM 2897388
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
70
T-119/05
Reckitt Benckiser
CTM 2778488
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
71
T-262/05
Procter & Gamble
CTM 1683168
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
72
T-263/05
Procter & Gamble
CTM 1683713
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
73
T-264/05
Procter & Gamble
CTM 1684059
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
74
T-346/05
Procter & Gamble
CTM 1683119
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
75
T-347/05
Procter & Gamble
CTM 1683473
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
76
Trade Mark Cases
Registrability issues - absolute
grounds
• Refusals based on lack of distinctive
character, descriptiveness, genericness
(Article 7 CTMR, Article 3 TMD)
•
word marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
77
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Windsurfing Chiemsee/Huber &
Attenberger
(„CHIEMSEE“)
Joined Cases C-108/97 and 109/97
Advocate General Cosmas 5 May 1998
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 4 May 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
78
C-108, 109/97
Windsurfing Chiemsee /
Huber & Attenberger
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
79
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Merz & Krell/DPMA („BRAVO“)
Case C-517/99
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo
Colomer 18 January 2001
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 4 October 2001
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
80
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Campina Melkunie/BBM
(„BIOMILD“)
Case C-265/00
Hearing 15 November 2001
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
31 January 2002
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 12ECJFebruary
2004
Judges Conference 2005
81
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
KPN & PTT/BBM („POSTKANTOOR“)
Case C-363/99
Hearing 15 November 2001
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
31 January 2002
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 12 February 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
82
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Nichols plc/U.K. Patent Office („Nichols“)
Case C-404/02
Hearing 27 November 2003
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
15 January 2004
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 16 September 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
83
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Societe des produits Nestle SA/Mars UK
Ltd („Have a Break …“)
Case C-353/03
Hearing 20 January 2005
Advocate General Kokott 27 January
2005
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 7 July 2005
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
84
C-353/03
Nestle/Mars
32 In the final analysis, the reply to the question raised must
be that the distinctive character of a mark referred to in Article
3(3) of the directive may be acquired in consequence of the use
of that mark as part of or in conjunction with a registered trade
mark.
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
85
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Word marks in the ECJ
• References under Article 234 EC –
pending cases
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
86
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Matratzen Concord/Hukla („MATRATZEN“)
Case C-421/04
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
87
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Bovemij Verzekeringen NV/BMM
(„EUROPOLIS“)
Case C-108/05
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
88
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
The Kitchen Co./BMM („The Kitchen
Company“)
Case C-239/05
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
89
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Word marks in the ECJ
• Appeals under Article 63 CTMR decided cases
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
90
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Procter & Gamble Co./OHIM
(„BABY-DRY“)
Case C-383/99 P
Hearing 30 January 2001
Advocate General Jacobs 5 April 2001
Decision 20 September 2001
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
91
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
DKV Deutsche Krankenversicherung
AG/OHIM („COMPANYLINE“)
Case C-104/00 P
Hearing 21 March 2002
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
14 May 2002
Rapporteur Jann
Decision 19 September 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
92
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
OHIM / Wm. Wrigley Jr.
(„DOUBLEMINT“)
Case C-191/01 P
Intervention by the United Kingdom and
Germany in support of OHIM
Hearing 21 January 2003
Advocate General Jacobs 10 April 2003
Rapporteur Puissochet
Decision 23 October 2003
ECJ Judges Conference
2005
Application thereafter
withdrawn
93
OHIM / Wm. Wrigley Jr.
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
94
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Streamserve Inc./OHIM
(„STREAMSERVE“)
Case C-150/02 P
Hearing: no hearing
Advocate General Jacobs
Rapporteur Puissochet
Decision/Order 5 February 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
95
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Telefon & Buch VerlagsgmbH/OHIM
(„UNIVERSALTELEFONBUCH“, „UNIVERSALKOMMUNIKATIONSVERZEICHNIS“)
Joined Cases C-326/01 P
Hearing: no hearing
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
Rapporteur Puissochet
Decision/Order 5 Februar 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
96
C-326/01 - T-357/99 and
358/99
Telefon und Buch
VerlagsgmbH/OHIM
UNIVERSALTELEFONBUCH
UNIVERSALKOMMUNIKATIONS
VERZEICHNIS
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
97
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
OHIM/Zapf Creations AG
(„New Born Baby“)
Case C-498/01 P
Hearing 8 January 2004
Advocate General Jacobs 19 February
2004
Application withdrawn
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
98
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
OHIM/Erpo Möbelwerk GmbH
(„DAS PRINZIP DER BEQUEMLICHKEIT“)
Case C-64/02 P
Hearing 5 May 2004
Advocate General Poiares Maduro 17 June
2004
Rapporteur Timmermans
Decision 21 October 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
99
OHIM / Erpo Möbelwerk
from Erpo website 2.4.2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
100
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
SAT.1 SatellitenFernsehen GmbH/OHIM
(„SAT.2“)
Case C-329/02 P - T-323/00
Hearing 8 January 2004
Advocate General Jacobs 11 March 2004
Rapporteur Puissochet
Decision 16 September 2004
Decision of CFI annulled
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
101
C-329/02 P - T-323/00
SatellitenFernsehen/OHIM
SAT.2
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
102
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Alcon Inc./OHIM (Dr. Robert Winzer
Pharma GmbH) („BSS“)
Case C-192/03 P, T-237/01
Hearing (no hearing)
Advocate General Poiares Maduro
Rapporteur Puissochet
Order 5 October 2004
Appeal from
CFI decision 5 March 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
103
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Audi AG/OHIM („TDI“)
Case C-82/04 P - T-16/02
Appeal from CFI decision 3 December
2003
Application withdrawn prior to Hearing
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
104
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
OHIM/Deutsche Post Express GmbH
(„Europremium“)
Case C-121/05 P, T-334/03
Appeal from CFI decision 13 January
2005
Application withdrawn
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
105
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
BioID/OHIM („BioID“)
Case C-37/03 P - T-91/00
Hearing
Advocate General Léger 2 June 2005
Rapporteur
Decision 15 September 2005
Appeal from CFI decision 5 December
2002, decision annulled, appeal
dismissed ECJ Judges Conference 2005
106
C-37/03 P - T-91/01
BioID/OHIM
BioID.
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
107
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Word marks in the ECJ
• Appeals under Article 63 CTMR pending cases
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
108
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
OHIM/Celltech R&D Limited
(„CELLTECH“)
Case C-237/05 P, T-260/03
Appeal from CFI decision 14 April 2005
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
109
Decision ECJ Judges Conference 2005
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Wilfer/OHIM („ROCKBASS“)
Case C-301/05 P - T-315/03
Appeal from CFI decision
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
110
Trade Mark Cases
Registrability issues - absolute
grounds
• figurative marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
111
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Naipes Heraclio Fournier/OHIM – France
Cartes SAS („Playing cards fig“)
Case C-311/05 P - T-160-162/02
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
112
C-311/05 P - T-160/02
Naipes Heraclio/France Cartes
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
113
C-311/05 P - T-161/02
Naipes Heraclio/France Artes
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
114
C-311/05 P - T-162/02
Naipes Heraclio/France Cartes
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
115
Trade Mark Cases
Absolute grounds
• deceptive marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
116
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Continental Shelf 128 Ltd
(„Elizabeth Emanuel“)
Case C-259/04
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
117
Trade Mark Cases
Absolute grounds
• violation of public order or
morality
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
118
Trade Mark Cases Before the
Court of First Instance
Sportwetten GmbH Gera/OHIM –
Intertops Sportwetten GmbH
(„INTERTOPS“ fig)
Case T-140/02
Filed 2 May 2002
Hearing 16 February 2005
Decision 13 September 2005
Registrable
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
(German betting
laws not relevant)
119
Trade Mark Cases Before the
Court of First Instance
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
120
Trade Mark Cases
Absolute grounds
• Conflict with state symbols
and signs of international
organizations
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
121
Trade Mark Cases Before the
Court of First Instance
Concept-Anlagen und Geräte
GmbH/OHIM („ECA“)
Case T-127/02
Hearing
Decision 21 April 2004
Refused
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
122
T-127/02
Concept-Anlagen und Geräte
CTM 1106402
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
123
Trade Mark Cases
Absolute grounds
• Conflict with appellations of
origin and geographical
indications
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
124
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Consorcio per la tutela del formaggio
Gorgonzola/Käserei Champignon
Hofmeister GmbH & Co. KG
(„GORGONZOLA/CAMBOZOLA“)
Case C-87/97
Advocate General Jacobs 17 December
1998
Decision 4 March 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
125
Trade Mark Cases
Loss of trade mark rights generic indication
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
126
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Procordia/Björnekulla
(„Bostongurka“)
Case C-371/02
Hearing 10 September 2003
Advocate General Léger 13 November
2003
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 29 April 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
127
Trade Mark Cases
Scope of protection
(Article 4 and 5 TMD, Article 8
and 9 CTMR)
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
128
Trade Mark Cases
Scope of protection
• Identity
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
129
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
LTJ Diffusion/Sadas Vertbaudet
(„ARTHUR/ARTHUR ET FELICIE“)
Case C-291/00
Hearing 10 October 2001
Advocate General Jacobs 17 January
2002
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 20 March 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
130
LTJ Diffusion
C-291/00
ARTHUR ET FELICIE
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
131
Trade Mark Cases
Scope of protection
• Likelihood of confusion
•
comparison of signs and
marks
•
comparison of goods and
services
•
all other circumstances
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
132
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
SABEL BV/PUMA AG
(„Springende Raubkatze“)
Case C-251/95
Advocate General Jacobs 29 April 1997
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 11 November 1997
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
133
C-291/95
Sabel/Puma
Earlier marks
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
134
C-291/95
Sabel/Puma
Later mark
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
135
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Canon KK/Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc.
(„CANON/CANNON“)
Case C-39/97
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs 2 April 1998
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 29 September 1998
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
136
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Lloyd Schuhfabrik Meyer/Klijsen
Handel BV („Lloyd/Loint‘s“)
Case C-342/97
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs 29 October
1998
Decision 22 June 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
137
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Marca Mode CV/Adidas AG
(„ADIDAS THREE STRIPES“)
Case C-425/98
Hearing 24 November 1999
Advocate General Jacobs 27 January
2000
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 22 June 2000
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
138
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Scope of protection - likelihood
of confusion
• References under Article 234 EC
– pending cases
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
139
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Medion AG v. Thomson Multimedia
Sales Germany & Austria GmbH
(„LIFE“/„THOMSON LIFE“)
Case C-120/04
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs 9 June 2005
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision ECJ Judges Conference 2005
140
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Levi Strauss & Co. v. Casucci Spa
(„Arcuate“ stitching)
Case C-145/05
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
141
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Scope of protection - likelihood
of confusion
• Appeals under Article 63 CTMR
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
142
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Matratzen Markt Concord/OHIM
(„Matratzen“/„Matratzen Markt Concord“ fig)
Appeal against CFI decision of 23 October
2002
Case C-3/03 P - T-6/01
Hearing: no hearing
Advocate General: no opinion
Rapporteur Macken
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
143
Order 28 April 2004
Matratzen Markt
Concord/OHIM
C-3/03 P
MATRATZEN
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
144
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Vedial SA/OHIM - („SAINT HUBERT 41“/
„HUBERT fig“
Appeal against CFI decision of 12 December
2002 Case C-106/03 P (T-110/01)
Hearing : no hearing
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer 15
July 2004
Rapporteur Macken
Decision 12 October 2004 (appeal
dismissed)
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
145
Vedial/OHIM
C-104/03 P
SAINT HUBERT 41
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
146
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Scope of protection - likelihood
of confusion
• Appeals under Article 63 CTMR
pending cases
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
147
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Mülhens GmbH/OHIM – Zirh International
(„SIR fig“/„ZIRH“)
Appeal against CFI decision of 3 March 2004
Case C-206/04 P - T-355/02
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
148
Mülhens/OHIM
C-206/04 P
ZIRH
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
149
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Picasso et al./OHIM – DaimlerChrysler AG
(„PICASSO“/„PICARO“)
Appeal against CFI decision of 20 June 2004
Case C-361/04 P - T-185/02
Hearing 14 July 2005
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer 8
September 2005
Rapporteur Schiemann
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
150
Decision
Picasso/OHIM
C-361/04 P – T-185/02
PICASSO
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
PICARO
151
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Sunrider Corp./OHIM – Espadafor Caba
(„VITAFRUT“/„VITAFRUIT“)
Case C-416/04 P
Appeal against CFI decision of 8 July 2004 in
Case T-302/02 P (use, LOC)
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
152
Sunrider/OHIM
C-416/04 P
VITAFRUT
VITAFRUIT
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
153
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Vitakraft-Werke Wührmann & Sohn GmbH &
Co. KG/OHIM – Krafft S.A. (Krafft
fig/VITAKRAFT)
Case C-512/04 P
Appeal against CFI decision of 6 October 2004
in Case T-356/02
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
154
Decision
Vitakraft-Werke/OHIM
C-512/04 P
VITAKRAFT
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
155
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
L‘Oreal SA/OHIM – Revlon (Suisse) SA
(„FLEX“/„FLEXI AIR“)
Appeal against CFI decision of 16 March 2005
Case C-235/05 P (T-112/03)
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
156
L’Oreal/OHIM
C-235/05 P
FLEX
FLEXI AIR
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
157
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
TeleTech International/OHIM – Teletech
Global Ventures
(TELECH GLOBAL VENTURES/TELETECH
INTERNATIONAL)
Case 312/05 P
Appeal against CFI decision of 25 May 2005 in
Case T-112/03)
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
158
Decision
TeleTech/OHIM
C-312/05 P
TELETECH GLOBAL VENTURES
TELETECH INTERNATIONAL
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
159
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Creative Technology Ltd Ltd/OHIM – Vila
Ortiz
(W WORK PRO fig/PC WORKS)
Case 314/05 P
Appeal against CFI decision of 25 May 2005 in
Case T-352/02
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
160
Creative Technology/OHIM
C-314/05 P
PC WORKS
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
161
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Plus Warenhandelsgesellschaft mbH/OHIM –
Bälz & Hiller („POWER“/„Turkish Power fig“)
Appeal against CFI decision of 22 June 2005
Case C-324/05 P (T-34/04)
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
162
Plus/OHIM
C-324/05 P
POWER
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
163
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
OHIM/Liminana y Botella
(„LIMONCHELO“/Limoncelo fig)
Appeal against CFI decision of
Case C-334/05
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
164
OHIM/Liminana y Botella
C-000/05 P - T-7/04
LIMONCHELO
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
165
Trade Mark Cases
Scope of protection
• Marks with a reputation:
same or similar goods
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
166
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
DAVIDOFF/GOFKID
(„DAVIDOFF/DURFFEE“)
Case C-292/00
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs
21 March 2002
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 9 January
2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
167
C-292/00
Davidoff/Gofkid
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
168
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Adidas AG/Fitnessworld Trading
(„Adidas three stripes/two stripes)
Case C-408/01
Advocate General Jacobs 10 July 2003
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 23 October 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
169
Trade Mark Cases
Scope of protection
• Marks with a reputation,
dissimilar goods
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
170
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
General Motors Corp./Yplon S.A.
(„CHEVY/CHEVY“)
Case C-375/97
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs 26 November
1998
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 14 September 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
171
Trade Mark Cases
Scope of protection
• trade mark use
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
172
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
ARSENAL Football Club Plc/Reed
(„ARSENAL“)
Case C-206/01
Hearing
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer
13 June 2002
Rapporteur Timmermans
Decision 12ECJNovember
2002
Judges Conference 2005
173
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Class International BV v. Unilever NV
(„AQUAFRESH“)
Case C-405/03
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs 26 May 2005
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
174
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Adam Opel AG v. Autec AG („OPEL
BLITZ“)
Case C-48/05
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
175
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Diesel Spa v. Montex Holdings Ltd
(„DIESEL“)
Case C-281/05
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
176
Trade Mark Cases
Limits of protection
• Article 12 CTMR, Article 6
TMD
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
177
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Bayerische Motorenwerke AG/Deenik
Case C-63/97
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General Jacobs 2 April 1998
Decision 23 Februar 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
178
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Hölterhoff/Freiesleben („SPIRIT
SUN“, „CONTEXT CUT“)
Case C-2/00
Hearing 21 June 2001
Advocate General Jacobs 20
September 2001
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 14 May 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
179
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Gerolsteiner Brunnen GmbH/Putsch
GmbH („GERRI“/„KERRY Spring“)
Case C-100/02
Hearing 20 May 2003
Advocate General Stix-Hackl 10 July
2003
Rapporteur Edward
Decision 7 January 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
180
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Anheuser-Busch Inc. v. Budejovicky
Budvar n.p. (BUDWEISER)
Case C-245/02
Hearing 27 April 2004
Advocate General Tizzano 29 June
2004
Rapporteur Timmermans (Grand
Chamber)
Decision 16 November 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
181
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Gillette Co./LA-Laboratories Ltd Oy
Case C-228/03
Hearing 21 October 2004
Advocate General Tizzano 9 December
2004
Rapporteur Caoimh
Decision 17 March 2005
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
182
Trade Mark Cases
Limits of protection
• Exhaustion - Article 13
CTMR, Article 7 TMD
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
183
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Loendersloot/George Ballantine &
Son („Ballantine“)
Case C-349/95
Advocate General Jacobs 27 February
1997
Rapporteur
Decision 11 November 1997
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
184
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Silhouette International/Hartlauer
(„Silhouette“)
Case C-355/96
Advocate General Jacobs 29 January
1998
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 16 July 1998
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
185
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Sebago Inc./GB-Unic S.A. („Sebago“)
Case C-173/98
Advocate General Jacobs 25 March
1999
Rapporteur
Decision 1 July 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
186
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Zino Davidoff SA/A & G Imports Ltd, Levi
Strauss & Co ./Tesco Stores Ltd, Costco
UK Ltd. („COOL WATER“) („LEVI‘S“)
Cases C-414/99, 415/99, 416/99
Hearing 16 January 2001
Advocate General Stix-Hackl 5 April 2001
Rapporteur
Decision 20 November 2001
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
187
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Peak Holding AB/Axolin-Elinor AB („PEAK
PERFORMANCE“)
Case C-16/03
Reference from Court of Appeal for Skane
and Blekinge
Hearing 24 March 2004
Advocate General Stix-Hackl 27 May 2004
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 30 November
2004
ECJ Judges Conference
2005
188
Trade Mark Cases
Limits of protection:
exhaustion
• exceptions: repackaging
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
189
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
PHARAMACIA & UPJOHN/PARANOVA
Case C-379/97
Advocate General Jacobs
19 November 1998
Rapporteur
Decision 12 October 1999
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
190
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
BOEHRINGER/Dowelhurst
Case C-143/00,
Hearing 3 April 2001
Advocate General Jacobs 12 July
2001
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 23 April 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
191
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
MERCK/PARANOVA
Case C-443/99
Hearing 3 April 2001
Advocate General Jacobs 12 July
2001
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 23 April 2002
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
192
Trade Mark Cases
Limits of protection: exhaustion
• burden of proof
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
193
Trade Mark Cases Before
European Court of Justice
Van Doren/Lifestyle Sports
(„STUSSY“, „STÜSSY“)
Case 244/00
Hearing 8 January 2002
Advocate General Stix-Hackls 18
June 2002
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision ECJ
8 Judges
April
2003
Conference 2005
194
Trade Mark Cases
Limits of protection
• Requirement of use
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
195
Trade Mark Cases Before
European Court of Justice
Ansul BV/Ajax Brandbeveiliging BV
(„Minimax“)
Case C-40/01
Hearing 4 June 2002
Advocate General Ruiz Jarabo
Colomer 2 July 2002
Rapporteur Puissochet
Decision 11 March 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
196
Trade Mark Cases Before
European Court of Justice
La Mer Technology Inc./Laboratoires
Goemar SA („La Mer“)
Case C-259/02
Hearing no hearing
Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo
Colomer no opinion
Rapporteur Puissochet
Decision (0rder) 27 January 2004
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
197
Trade Mark Cases
Procedural issues
• Registration procedure
• Procedure before ECJ and CFI
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
198
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Registration of marks for retail
services
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
199
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Praktiker/DPMA
Case C-418/02
Hearing 1 July 2004
Advocate General Léger 13 January
2005
Rapporteur Gulmann
Decision 7 July 2005
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
200
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
Procedural issues - languages
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
201
Trade Mark Cases Before the
European Court of Justice
KIK/OHIM
Case C-361/01 P (T-120/99)
Hearing 21 January 2003
Advocate General Jacobs 20 March 2003
Rapporteur Rosas
Decision 9 September 2003
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
202
Trade Mark Cases
Procedural issues
• Procedure before ECJ and CFI
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
203
Trade Mark Cases Before the
Court of Justice
Zuazaga Meabe/OHIM – Banco Bilbao
Vizcaya Argentaria, S.A. (BBVA)
(„BILBAO BLUE“/„BLUE“)
Case C-325/03 P - T-15/03
No Hearing
No Advocate General
Decision (Order) 18 January 2005
Time limit for appeal to CFI
Appeal to ECJ
manifestly unfounded 204
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
Trade Mark Cases Before the
Court of First Instance and the
Court of Justice
Energy Technologies ET S.A./OHIM –
Aparellaje electrico, SL („UNEX“)
Case C-197/05 P - T-445/04
No hearing
Decision (order) 28 February 2005
Application manifestly inadmissible
because applicant was not represented
by a „lawyer“ (Swedish jurist)
Appeal pending
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
205
Trade Mark Cases Before the
Court of Justice
OHIM/Kaul GmbH –Bayer AG
(CAPOL/ARCOL)
Case C-29/05 P
Case filed
Hearing
Advocate General
Rapporteur
Decision
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
206
ECJ Judges Conference 2005
207
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