École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Michael O’Donoghue ( Head of Languages)
www.enac.fr
• Aviation English Trainers
– Background (B)
– Qualifications / Qualities (Q)
– Attitude (A)
• Aviation English Training Community
– Language Teacher -> Aviation English Trainer
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
• Aviation Language Training Community
– Know where to go now?
• See where we’re coming from
– 30 years ago
» Local
– 15 years ago
» Regional
– 10 years ago
» worldwide
• Now?
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Aviation English Training Community
• LangEx
• OpEx
– Languages
– Social sciences
– Science
• TEFL
• Teaching experience
www.enac.fr
– Contollers
– Pilots
– Aeronautical
engineers
– Regulators
– Testing experts
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Yves Rengade
30 years ago: Local
• LangEx
• OpEx
– Native speaker
Credibility
– Teaching methods
– Controllers
– Pilots
– Aeronautical
engineers
• TEFL
‘Why are we doing this?’
Because you will / might need it to do your job
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
30 years ago: Local
Credibility
– Teaching methodology:
• Structural
– ‘Logical’ sequence
• Functional / Notional
– Threshold level
• Communicative
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
• Teaching methodology (2):
– General English Course
• Dominated by ‘internal logic’
– English for Special Purposes (ESP)
• Specific needs
• Limited time & resources
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Qualities / Attitudes
• LangEx
Ambition
– Develop an interest for all things aeronautical
Humility
• Never become OpEx
• Hiding incomptetence is very dangerous
– Reassured
• Not his / her knowledge
Proficiency
of trainees
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
15 years ago: Regional
• PELA:
– Data driven
• Needs analysis
– How controllers actually manipulate language
– Multi-disciplinary:
• Development
– LangEx
/
OpEx
• Rater training
– LangEx
/
OpEx
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
10 years ago: Worldwide
• LangEx
• Commercial
• OpEx
• TestEx
PRICESG
Doc 9835
Cir 318
Cir 323
•
• RegEx
• AdminEx
• LitigEx???
World English???
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Now
• Aviation English Training (AET)
– Recognised discipline
– Fertile collaboration
• LangEx / OpEx et alia
– Now the dust is settling
• Clearer view of roles of LangEx and OpEx
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Varieties of AET
Ab-initio training in L1
Phraseology & Subject Matter Training OpEx
AET
AET
AET
AET
Language skills
Ab-initio training in English
Language assistance OpEx
Language skills
Preliminary training to prepare for subsequent Operational
training in English
Language skills & limited Subject Matter Training
OpEx
In-service training
Trainee is SME OpEx
AET
Language skills
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
AET: Species in danger!
High stakes
• Safety
• Career
• Economic / commercial
• Accountability & Responsablity
– Aviation English Trainer
– Aviation English Tester
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
Conclusion
Credibility
Ambition
Humility
Learner’s language proficiency
Communicative approach
Multidisciplinary
(World English)
Resource management
Accountability
Aviation English Trainer in an Aviation English Training Community
ICAO Workshops / ICAEA / WAME etc.
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
• Thankyou!
– [email protected]
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
•
Positive washback
–
–
–
•
Focus on oral / aural skills
Listening for information vs listening for words
Specific controller listening skills
Perverse washback
–
PELA
• ‘verbose’ on R/T
–
‘Tarting up for the test’
• Cramming
• Test-taking strategies
• ‘Archives’
•
Hijack
–
–
The test becomes the objective
• Toeic / Toefl
The minimum becomes the maximum
• ICAO level 4
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
Washback vs Hijack
Pass [THE TEST]
• Is [THIS TEST] more difficult than [THAT
TEST]?
• [THE TEST] can distinguish between levels
3,4, and 5.
• [THE TEST] is only validated to distinguish
between levels 3 and 4.
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
‘Ego-centric’ TESTS
• [The test] provides an opportunity for [the candidates]
to ‘demonstrate [their proficiency] in [the target
language]’.
• [Test taker]
Test
www.enac.fr
[Raters]
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
Test-taker centred Tests
LangEx
B
ackground
Q
ualifications
A
ttitude
OpEx
BA languages
Love of the language & of
language in general
(University professors)
Science Faculty
1 year!!!

ESP (English
for Special
Purposes)
Teaching methods
Structural
TEFL
Workshops
Theory
Prioritise
Select
‘Help them get by!’
Specific needs
Limited time &money
www.enac.fr
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
LangEx
B
ackground
Q
ualifications
A
ttitude
OpEx
30 years ago
NationalAviation School
Native
Speakers
Teaching
Experts
Credibility
‘Why are we doing this?’
‘Because you will / might need
it in your job’
‘Just for the fun of it’
www.enac.fr
Controllers
Pilots
Aeronautical
engineers
École nationale de l’aviation civile • The French Civil Aviation University
ICAO Workshop, Roma, 4th March 2010
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