INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON TANKER SAFETY, POLLUTION PREVENTION &
SPILL PREPAREDNESS
国际油轮安全、防污和 溢油整备研讨会
Thursday, 8th December 2005, Four Seasons Hotel, Shanghai
时间:2005 年 12 月 8 日,星期四;地点:上海四季大酒店
Tanker Safety and Pollution Prevention
油轮安全和防污染
国际油轮安全、防污和
溢油整备研讨会
时间:2005 年 12 月 8 日,星期四;地点:上海四季大酒店
INTERNATIONAL SEMINAR ON TANKER SAFETY, POLLUTION
PREVENTION & SPILL PREPAREDNESS
Shanghai
8 December 2005
Port Entry Issues
进港事宜
Peter M Swift
Managing Director, INTERTANKO
International Association of Independent Tanker Owners
国际独立油轮船东协会
The world’s economies depend on
oil transportation by sea
世界经济依赖于海上石油运输
• World Oil Consumption 3.7 billion ts
• Transported by sea 2.3 billion ts
• > 60% transported by sea.
The world needs tankers
世界需要油轮
Chinese net oil imports – mbd
中国石油进口净量(百万桶/天)
3.0
2.5
P roduc ts /feeds toc k
C rude oil
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
1999
2000
2001
2001
2002
2003
2004
3Q 05
Reliable and efficient delivery
可靠及有效的石油输送
Development of tanker oil spills
油轮溢油统计
Source: ITOPF. Number of spills above 700 tonnes.
Accidental oil pollution from tankers
and tanker trade 油轮运输及事故导致的油污
3.5
132
2.8
m ts spilt
110
88
2.1
'0000 bn
tonne-miles
66
1.4
44
0.7
22
0.0
0
1970s
Source: ITOPF, Fearnleys
1980s
1990s
PR00s
Reported tanker incidents (1978 – 2005)
报道的油轮事故(1978- 2005)
1000
War
Hull & Machinery
800
Fire/Expl
Grounded
Coll/Contact
600
Misc
400
200
04
P0
5
03
02
01
00
99
98
97
96
95
94
93
92
91
90
89
88
87
86
85
84
83
82
81
80
79
78
0
Chain of Cooperation 合作环节
Designers
Shipbuilders
Equipment
Suppliers
Class
Charterers
Financiers /
Guarantors
Operator/Manager
Owner
Cargo Owners
Brokers
P&I
Hull insurers
Ports & Terminals
Waterways
authorities
Coastal States
Flag states
Bunker suppliers
Pilots
Tug operators
Labour providers
Salvers
Paint Suppliers
Repairers
Agents
Spill Response
Cash Buyers
Ship Breakers
Regulators
POSEIDON CHALLENGE
海神的挑战
POSEIDON CHALLENGE
“STRIVING FOR ZERO”
Singapore
30-31 March 2006
The Poseidon Challenge is an invitation to
all participants in the Chain of
Responsibility to join INTERTANKO
members in a sustained commitment to
CONTINUOUS IMPROVEMENT. It is
founded upon the principle that the shared
goals of “zero accidents”, cleaner seas and
the elimination of the sub-standard can
best be achieved by voluntary, cooperative
and self motivated efforts.
ZERO fatalities, pollution, detentions !
Information sharing and analysis
- improved learning
信息共享及分析 – 改进认知
Many examples with potential to improve safety
• Analysis of Port State Control data
• Identification of potentially sub-standard operations
for use by insurers
• In-service experience of hull, machinery and
systems for designers, builders and class
• Fire and explosion avoidance in chemical carriers
and
• Analysis of serious incidents to avoid tanker
accidents
Tanker incidents 2004
2004年油轮事故
13 involving pollution,
largest approx. 1,000 ts
Fire&Expl.
17%
Hull &
Machinery:
Misc.
14%
22%
17%
Groundings
dwt tankers involved :
27 below 10,000
35 10-29,999 dwt
52 30-99,999 dwt
23 <100,000 dwt
Age tankers involved :
30 built 1970s or earlier
38 built 1980s
40 built 1990s
28 built 2000s, 4 unknown
30%
Collision
Hull & Machinery:
* 11 engine
* 4 hull
* 16 other
Port Entry Issues
进港事宜
Collisions, contacts and groundings
in general
but also particular issues in some ports
• Disregard of standard international practices
• Language difficulties
• General communication problems with local
maritime safety administrations
Terminal operations and terminal vetting
港口运作及港口评价
Safety and environmental issues at
Terminals
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Examples
Water depth
Equipment failures
Operational procedures
Fire-fighting equipment shortcomings
Waste reception facilities
Communication problems
Etc.
Reception facilities
港口接收设施
Facilities to be:
Adequate
Affordable
Accessible
and thus help to:
Avoid illegal discharges
Industry has established
Industry Reception Facilities Forum
Inspection overload
检查种类繁多
ALL SHIPS
•
•
•
•
•
Flag State
Classification Society
ISM
Port State
P&I
ADDITIONALLY FOR
TANKERS
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
OCIMF-SIRE
CDI
Terminals
USCG – TVEL/LOC
Extra PSC (Targeting)
Extra Flag State - CAS
Extra Class - CAP
Extra P&I
International Regulation
- environmental benefits
国际规则 – 有益于环保
International industry requires international governance
structures
International Conventions supported by Industry,
including:
• Anti-fouling Convention
• MARPOL Annex VI – Air pollution
• Ballast Water Management Convention
Industry also supports international regimes for the
compensation of victims of spills
• IOPC (CLC/FC/SF)
• HNS Convention
• Bunker Convention
Conclusions
结论
• We have many safety and environmental protection
initiatives
• We have a commitment to continuous improvement
• Port entry issues deserve more attention
“Working together we can make a difference”
精诚合作,将别有一番气象
Thank you
谢谢大家
www.intertanko.com
www.shippingfacts.com
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