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Geographic features
Catalan lesson
Where is Spain located?
• Spain is in the south of Europe. It is near Africa. The capital
is Madrid but there is an important city called Barcelona.
• Spain is between the Cantarian sea, The Mediterranean Sea
and the Athlantic ocean. There are Spanish territories in
Africa (Ceuta and Melilla). There are some Spanish islands
in the Mediterranean called Islas Baleares and there is
another group of islands in the Athlantic Ocean called
Canary Islands.
Canary Islands
Balearic Islands
Geographic Features of Spain
• Doñana is a natural
protected area situated in
the south of Spain. It is
considered to be the major
ecological reservation of
Geographic Features of Spain
Teide is an active but dormant
volcano. It is 3.718 metres high and
it’s approximately 7.500 m above the
Ocean. It’s situated in the island of
Teide is the highest mountain in
Spain and the highest point in the
Athlantic Ocean.
The last eruption was in 1909. The
1706 eruption destroyed the
town and the principal port of
Garachico, and several smaller
A famous Spaniard – Miguel de Cervantes
Cervantes was a Spanish novelist, poet and playwright. He is one of
the most important and influential writers in western literature. He
wrote Don Quixote. He was born in 1547 and died in 1616.
Don Quixote and Sancho Panza
Pamplona is the capital of
Navarra. The most typical
festival is San Fermines. San
Fermines are celebrated from
7th to 14th of July. Every
morning many people run in
front of bulls. People wear a
white T-shirt, white trousers,
white trainers, a red neckerchief
and a red belt. It is fun but
many people are against San
Festivals II
• Tomatina is a festival that is
celebrated in a Valencian town
called Buñol. It consists in
throwing tomatoes to the
people. They throw more than
100,000 kilos of tomatoes.
The Fallas is a festival celebrated from march
14 to march 19 in some cities and villages of the
Valencian Comunity above all in Valencia city.
They are celebrated in honor to San Jose, patron
of the Carpenters
People make figures of carboard and they vote.
The best figure wins and they don’t burnt it.
Tourism in Spain - Madrid
• Madrid is the capital of
Spain. It is in the centre of
Spain. It has more than 5
million inhabitants. It is
the biggest city in our
country and the third in
the European Union.
• There are a lot of
monuments. The most
famous in Madrid is “La
Cibeles”, it is a fountain.
• In Madrid there is a very
famous art museum called
“El Prado”. There are a lot
of paintings.
• In Madrid there aren’t any
beaches but the landscape
Tourism in Spain
The Alhambra is in Granada. It
is one of the most important sights
in Spain, it is a palace and fortress
and the architecture is Islamic.
The Giralda is the biggest
cathedral in Spain. It is ninety
five meters tall, it is situated
in Seville and belongs to
modern art.
Spanish lesson
• Hello  Hola
• Bye  Adios
• How much is this?  ¿Cuánto vale esto?
I love you  Te quiero
Thank you  Gracias
You’re welcome  de nada
Good morning  Buenos días
Good night  Buenas noches
How are you?  ¿Cómo estás?
What’s your name?  ¿Cómo te llamas?
How old are you?  ¿Qué edad tienes?
What’s your address?  ¿Cuál es tu dirección?
I don’t understand  No te entiendo
Can you repeat?  ¿Me lo puedes repetir?
Where is Catalonia located?
• Catalonia is situated in
the north-east of Spain
and south to France. The
Pyrenees separate
Catalonia from France.
Catalonia has four
provinces: Barcelona,
Tarragona, Lleida and
• The capital of Catalonia
is Barcelona. 7,197,174
people live in Catalonia.
Geographic Features of Catalonia
The Pyrenees is a
mountain chain. It is in the
north of Spain, though it also
forms part of France and
Andorra. It spreads along
415 km from the
Mediterranean sea to the
Cantabrian sea. The highest
summit is Aneto (3,404 m)
Montserrat is the most
important and misterious
mountain from all
Catalonia. It is a mountain
with singular forms.
Climate of Catalonia
The weather in Catalonia is
good. It is a mediterranean
climate. In summer, the days
are very sunny and very hot. In
winter the temperature is
between 0 and 5 degrees. It
only snows in the mountains.
In spring there are many
flowers and you can go to the
Festivals in Catalonia I
Sant Jordi is a tradition
from Catalonia. It is
celebrated on 23rd April.
All started with a legend.
The legend says that a
knight killed a dragon to
save the princess. He
kills the dragon and from
the blood appears a rose,
a red rose and he gives it
to the princess and they
get married. That’s why
every 23rd April men
give a rose to women and
women give a book to
men. This is a very nice
Festivals in Catalonia II
• St. Joan is celebrated on
24th and 25th of June.
• On 24th of June is the Eve.
That night people light a
fire in the street and throw
firecrackers. In the cities of
Catalonia people dance by
the fire.
• Some people go to the
beach at night because it
brings luck.
• On 25th of June the
families eat together, and
as a dessert they eat St.
Joan cake.
Tourism in Catalonia
Girona is a fantastic place for a holiday. There are beautiful
cities and villages and many forests. The capital, Girona, is one of
the biggest cities in Catalonia. The most important monument is
the Cathedral.
Costa Brava is a coastal region of Catalonia. Costa is the
Catalan and Spanish word for “the coast” and Brava means
“savage”. The coast has many towns like Begur, Llafranc, Roses,
Palamós… Here you can swim, go snorkelling or kayaking,
sunbathe, dive, sail, play beach volleyball… The weather is good.
Tarragona is south from Barcelona.
There is a
Roman Amphitheatre
and an Aqueduct too.
Catalan lesson
In Catalonia we have two official languages: Spanish and
• Hello  Hola
• Bye  Adéu
• How much is this?  Quant val això?
• I love you  T’estimo
• Thank you  Gràcies
• You’re welcome  De res
• Good morning  Bon dia
• Good night  Bona nit
• How are you?  Com estas?
• What’s your name?  Com et dius?
• How old are you?  Quina edat tens?
• What’s your address?  Quina és la teva adreça?
• I don’t understand  No t’entenc
• Can you repeat?  M’ho pots repetir?
We hope you enjoyed it!!

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