Genesis
Genesis
Chapter 10
Firstborn
Blessing
• Same pattern exhibited in
Noah’s blessing and in
Jacob’s blessing
• Like the reading of a will
• Takes place before death
of the father
• Tradition: 1st male son
born is the “Firstborn”
• Firstborn Blessing
consists of two parts:
1. Right to Authority
2. Right to Wealth
• Double-portion =
Firstborn gets double
wealth of his siblings
• Of Noah’s 3 sons, 2 got blessings, 1 got a curse
• Firstborn blessings transfers leadership and wealth of
family to the next generation
• By tradition, Firstborn son gets both the authority and
the wealth
• But… in Noah’s blessing, the blessing was split: Shem
got authority and Japeth got wealth (fruitfulness)
• Exact same thing occurred with Jacob (Israel) blessing
upon his sons
• Judah got authority Joseph got wealth
• Ham’s son Canaan is the founder of “The Land of
Canaan
Table of Nations
From wording in the last two verses of this
chapter, this chapter is usually referred to as
the Table of Nations.
31These
are the sons of Shem, after their families,
after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
32These are the families of the sons of Noah, after
their generations, in their nations: and by these were
the nations divided in the earth after the flood.
In chapter 10 seventy nations are listed
(14) Fourteen of them are from Japheth.
(30) Thirty of them come from Ham.
(26) Twenty-six nations come from Shem,
Noah’s Family
Noah
Shem (26)
Ham (30)
Japheth (14)
Elam Asshur Arphaxad Lud Aram
Cush Mizraim Put Canaan
Gomer Magog Madai Javan Tubal Meschech Tiras
Genesis 10:1
Now these are
the generations
of the sons of
Noah, Shem,
Ham, and
Japheth: and
unto them were
sons born after
the flood.
All humans alive today are connected to 1 or all 3
of Noah’s sons
• Shem means
name
(EDLS) Gen 1:21; Second letter, 11th word, - four.
• Ham means
hot, warm, burning heat
(EDLS) Gen 1:8; Third letter, first word, - 48.
• Japheth means
enlargement, beauty
(EDLS) Gen 1:21; Third letter, ninth word, - four.
Genesis 10:2
The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and
Magog, and Madai, and Javan,
and Tubal, and Meshech, and
Tiras.
Magog
Meschech
Sons of Japheth
Gomer:
means end or finished
Cimmerians settled along the Danube and Rhine.
They were the ancient Galatians, (aka Gomerites).
Descendants formed the principal branch of the
population of South-eastern Europe. He is generally
regarded as the ancestor of the Celtae and the Cimmerii,
who in early times settled to the north of the Black Sea,
and gave their name to the Crimea, the ancient
Chersonesus Taurica.
The whole Celtic race may be regarded as descended
from Gomer.
Sons of Japheth
Magog:
Perhaps the name “represents the Assyrian
Mat Gugi, or ‘country of Gugu,’ the Gyges
of the Greeks”
They are described as skilled horsemen, and expert in
the use of the bow.
The progenitor of the Scythians and Tartars whose
descendants are predominant in modern Russia (Ezekiel
38:2; Ezekiel 39:6; Rev. 20:8).
“Scythians” (Critical to understanding Ezek 38 & 39).
Sons of Japheth
Madai:
means “middle land”
Progenitor of the ancient Medes, Persians, and perhaps
the Hindus. Represented the Medes east of Assyria and
southwest of the Caspian Sea.
Medes are the Kurds
-Emerged in history about the 10th century B.C.;
-coalition with Persia (Elam), 7th century B.C.
Sons of Japheth
Javan:
Progenitor of he Greeks, Italians, Spaniards, Portuguese
Ionia, which bears the name of Javan in Hebrew.
Alexander the Great is called the “king of Javan”
(rendered “Grecia,” Dan. 8:21; 10:20; compare Dan.
11:2; Zech. 9:13).
This word was universally used by the nations of the
East as the generic name of the Greek race.
Sons of Japheth
Tubal:
Progenitor of the Iberians, Georgians, Cappadocians
and other Asiatic and European races.
Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)
It is mentioned by Isaiah (Isa. 66:19), along with Javan,
and by Ezekiel (Ezek. 27:13), along with Meshech,
among the traders with Tyre, also among the
confederates of Gog (Ezek. 38:2, 3; 39:1), and with
Meshech among the nations which were to be destroyed
(Ezek. 32:26).
Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)
Sons of Japheth
Meshech: means “drawing out”
Progenitor of the Muscovite tribes that now inhabit
Russia. Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)
They were in all probability the Moschi, a people
inhabiting the Moschian Mountains, between the Black
and the Caspian Seas. Became known as Muscovs, and
gave that name to the Russian nation and its ancient
capital by which they are still generally known
throughout the East.
Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)
Sons of Japheth
Tiras:
The Progenitor of the Thracians and perhaps the
Etruscans who migrated to Italy. It may refer to the
seafaring Pelasgians of the Aegean coasts the Etruscans
of Italy.
Genesis 10:3
And the sons of Gomer;
Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and
Togarmah.
Japheth
Sons of Gomer:
- Ashkenaz
- Riphath
- Togarmah
Related to the Scythians
Founder of the Paphlagonians
The Sauromates, distant northern
tribes
Genesis 10:4
And the sons of Javan;
Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim,
and Dodanim.
Japheth
Sons of Javan: Two geographical names and two
tribal names – all kin to the Greeks
- Elishah
- Tarshish
- Kittim
- Dodanim
Cyprus, Greece
Distant coast Asia Minor, Cilicia
Cyprus, the Macedonians
Dodona, Greece Island of Rhodes
Genesis 10:5
By these were the isles of the
Gentiles divided in their lands;
every one after his tongue,
after their families, in their
nations.
Genesis 10:6
And the sons of Ham; Cush,
and Mizraim, and Phut, and
Canaan.
Sons of Ham
Cush:
Progenitor of various Ethiopian tribes that settled
south of Egypt.
Overran Arabia, Babylonia, and India.
Sons of Ham
Mizraim:
Progenitor of various Egyptian tribes.
Mizraim means "double." Tribes of the double Egypt
(upper and lower Egypt).
It is generally thought that his father accompanied
him and personally superintended the formation of
the settlement, whence Egypt was called “the land of
Ham” (Psalm 78:51; Psalm 105:23-27; Psalm 106:22).
The two capitals of Egypt were Memphis and Thebes.
The Philistines also came from Mizraim (Genesis
10:14).
Genesis 10:32
19In
that day shall there be an altar
to the LORD in the midst of the
land of Egypt, and a pillar at the
border thereof to the LORD. 20And
it shall be for a sign and for a
witness unto the LORD of hosts in
the land of Egypt: for they shall cry
unto the LORD because of the
oppressors, and he shall send them
a saviour, and a great one, and he
shall deliver them.
Isaiah 19:19-20
Sons of Ham
Phut:
Progenitor of the Libyans and other tribes in northern
Africa.
(Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 27:10; Ezekiel 30:5; Ezekiel
38:5; Jeremiah 46:9; Nahum 3:9).
Sons of Ham
Canaan:
Canaan in the country known by his name.
Progenitor of peoples that settled mainly in Palestine,
Arabia, Tyre, Sidon, and other parts of the land
promised to Abraham.
These nations are often mentioned in connection with
Israel (Genesis 10:15-19; Genesis 15:18-21; Deut. 7:13; Joshua 12).
Genesis 10:7
And the sons of Cush; Seba,
and Havilah, and Sabtah, and
Raamah, and Sabtechah: and
the sons of Raamah; Sheba,
and Dedan.
Ham
Sons of Cush:
- Seba
- Havilah
-Sabtah
-Raamah
-Sabtechah
Upper Egypt
Northern Eastern Arabia Pursian Gulf
Western shore of Persian Gulf
Southern Arabia
Southern Arabia
Ham
Sons of Raamah:
- Sheba
Area was in southwest Arabia
(cf. the queen of Sheba, 1 Kgs 10:1-13),
- Dedan
Northern Arabia. Some of the people
in these ancient kingdoms traced their
lineage to Joktan from Shem (Gen
10:29). So there was a mixing in the
settlement.
Genesis 10:8-9
8And
Cush begat Nimrod: he
began to be a mighty one in the
earth. 9He was a mighty hunter
before the LORD: wherefore it is
said, Even as Nimrod the mighty
hunter before the LORD.
Genesis 10:10
And the beginning of his
kingdom was Babel, and
Erech, and Accad, and Calneh,
in the land of Shinar.
Nimrod
Mighty Hunter
• Many Assyrian tablets
mention Nimrod
• Mighty hunter = fierce
warrior
• First empire builder,
world tyrant
Genesis 10:10
And the beginning of his
kingdom was Babel, and
Erech, and Accad, and Calneh,
in the land of Shinar.
Genesis 10:11-12
11Out
of that land went forth
Asshur, and builded Nineveh,
and the city Rehoboth, and
Calah, 12And Resen between
Nineveh and Calah: the same
is a great city.
Genesis 10:13
And Mizraim begat Ludim,
and Anamim, and Lehabim,
and Naphtuhim,
Sons of Ham
Sons of Mizraim:
- Ludim
- Anamim
-Lehabim
-Naphtuhim
Names are all plural “im”
Inhabitants of Mareotis, Egypt
Ammon (Temple of Jupiter)
Libyans, Libvo-Egyptians
Marmarica or Troglodyae
Genesis 10:14
And Pathrusim, and
Casluhim, (out of whom came
Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
Sons of Ham
Sons of Mizraim:
Names are all plural “im”
- Pathrusim
- Casluhim
- Philistim
- Caphtorim
The Delta in Egypt
Egypt
The people called Philistines
Cyprus
Genesis 10:15
And Pathrusim, and
Casluhim, (out of whom came
Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
Sons of Ham
Sons of Canaan:
- Sidon
Built city in this name
Father of the Sidonians
- Heth
Hittites
Genesis 10:16
And the Jebusite, and the
Amorite, and the Girgasite,
Sons of Ham
Sons of Canaan:
-Jebusite
- Amorite
- Girgasite
Genesis 10:17-18
17And
the Hivite, and the
Arkite, and the Sinite, 18And
the Arvadite, and the
Zemarite, and the Hamathite:
and afterward were the
families of the Canaanites
spread abroad.
Sons of Ham
Sons of Canaan:
- Hivite
- Arkite
- Sinite
- Arvadite
- Zemarite
-Hamathite
Genesis 10:19-20
19And
the border of the Canaanites
was from Sidon, as thou comest to
Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest,
unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and
Admah, and Zeboim, even unto
Lasha. 20These are the sons of Ham,
after their families, after their
tongues, in their countries, and in
their nations.
Genesis 10:21-22
21Unto
Shem also, the father of all
the children of Eber, the brother of
Japheth the elder, even to him were
children born. 22The children of
Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and
Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
Sons of Shem
Elam:
Progenitor of the Elamites who settled near the Persian
Gulf (Genesis 14:1,9; Isaiah 11:11; Isaiah 21:2; Isaiah
22:6; Jeremiah 25:25; Jeremiah 49:34-39; Ezekiel
32:24; Daniel 8:2).
Elamites, dwelt in the highlands east of Babylonia.
Elam “High” (Location of the Ark?)
Sons of Shem
Asshur:
Progenitor of the Assyrians (Numbers 24:22-24;
Ezekiel 27:23; Ezekiel 32:22; Hosea 14:3).
Asshur was the name of the region and people of
Assyria, where Nimrod, a Hamite, had founded several
cities (v. 11).
This was not “The Nimrod”
Sons of Shem
Arphaxad:
Progenitor of the Israelites, Arabians, Edomites,
Moabites, Ammonites, Ishmaelites, Midianites, and
other tribes of Asia.
(Genesis 11:10-32; Genesis 17:20; Genesis 25;
Arphaxad resided northeast of Nineveh
Sons of Shem
Lud:
Proagenitor of the Lydians of
Asia Minor, and the Ludim of
chaldea and Persia. Lud was the
Ludbu of the Assyrians.
Sons of Shem
Aram:
Progenitor of Aramaeans, later
called Syrians. Aram was an ancestor
of the Aramean tribes in the steppes of
Mesopotamia.
In the general division of the earth, the
countries of Armenia, Mesopotamia,
and Syria fell to his descendants.
Genesis 10:23
And the children of Aram; Uz,
and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
Sons of Shem
Sons of Aram:
-Uz
- Hul
- Gether
- Mash
Founder of Damascus
Armenia
Itureans from Jordan
Mesopotamia
River Mazeca gets its name from
Mash
Genesis 10:24-25
24And
Arphaxad begat Salah;
and Salah begat Eber. 25And unto
Eber were born two sons: the
name of one was Peleg; for in his
days was the earth divided; and
his brother’s name was Joktan.
Sons of Shem
Sons of Eber:
The Hebrew word Eber
menas “across”, or “the
oppostie side” reference to
Euphrates.
Hebrew is derived from this
word
- Peleg
Earth divided among the
sons on Noah. About 100
years after the flood
Genesis 10:24-25
24And
Arphaxad begat Salah;
and Salah begat Eber. 25And unto
Eber were born two sons: the
name of one was Peleg; for in his
days was the earth divided; and
his brother’s name was Joktan.
Genesis 10:26-29
26And
Joktan begat Almodad,
and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth,
and Jerah, 27And Hadoram, and
Uzal, and Diklah, 28And Obal,
and Abimael, and Sheba, 29And
Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab:
all these were the sons of Joktan.
Genesis 10:30-31
30And
their dwelling was from
Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar
a mount of the east. 31These are
the sons of Shem, after their
families, after their tongues, in
their lands, after their nations.
Genesis 10:32
These are the families of the sons
of Noah, after their generations,
in their nations: and by these
were the nations divided in the
earth after the flood.
ADAM 930 years (Gen. 5:5)
SETH 912 years (Gen. 5:8)
ENOSH 905 years (Gen. 5:11)
ENOCH 365 years (Gen. 5:23)
METHUSELAH 969 years (Gen. 5:27)
LAMECH 777 years (Gen. 5:31)
NOAH 950 years (Gen. 9:29)
The Flood
SHEM 600 years (Gen. 11:10, 11)
EBER 464 years (Gen. 11:16, 17)
TERAH 205 years (Gen. 11:32)
ABRAHAM 175 years (Gen. 25:7)
ISAAC 180 years (Gen. 35:28)
JACOB 147 years (Gen. 47:28)
JOSEPH 110 years (Gen. 50:26)
The patriarchs who lived before the Flood had an average lifespan of about 900
years (Gen. 5). The ages of post-Flood patriarchs dropped rapidly and gradually
leveled off (Gen. 11). Some suggest that this is due to major environmental changes
brought about by the Flood.
When the Most High divided to the nations their
inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam, he
set the bounds of the people according to the number of
the children of Israel.
Genesis
End
Genesis
Chapter 10
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