HISTORY OF CHILDREN’S DAY
• Children’ s Day grew out of the Geneva Declaration adopted on September
26, 1924 by the League of Nations
• Purpose: to bring attention to the needs of
the children of the world
• The Geneva Declaration urged that one day out of the year be dedicated to
the right of a child to
‫ ٭‬Physical Development
‫ ٭‬Mental Development
‫ ٭‬Educational development
‫ ٭‬Play
Source: Inter-American Children’s Institute
http:www.iin.oea.org
HISTORICAL CONTEXT
1ST World Conference for Well-being of Children
• August 1924 - 54 representatives from different countries
gather in Geneva, Switzerland.
• Passed “Geneva Declaration Protecting Children"
• The proclamation made a strong appeal for :
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–
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Relief for children in poverty
Prevention of child labor
Reassessing the way that children are educated
Other issues related to the welfare of children
around the world.
Source: Government Information Office-Republic of China-Taiwan
Geneva Declaration
• The Declaration of the Rights of the Child is
attributed to Eglantine Jeff, founder of the
International Union for the Well-being of the Child
and the British Trust.
• La señorita Eglantine Jeff, fundadora de la Unión
Internacional para el Bienestar del Niño y de la
Caja Británica de Ayuda al Niño, se debe la
Declaracion de los derechos del nino conocida
también como la "Declaración de Ginebra."
Historical Context for El día de los niños
in Mexico
• Mexico is one of one hundred countries who originally established
Children’s Day.
• Obregón hires José Vasconcelos as minister of education.
Vasconcelos establishes rural schools and works to persuade the
Mexican people of the importance of education to raise the literacy
rate.
• Vasconcelos invites Gabriela Mistral to come to Mexico to reform
the educational system and to establish rural schools AND free
public libraries. Mistral stays in Mexico two years- Between 1922 1924.
• Mexican President Álvaro Obregón establishes April 30th as El día
de los niños in 1924 as a way to celebrate the child in Mexico.
Early History of Children’s Day
Celebrations in the United States
• The City of San Francisco is among the first of U.S.
cities to declare Children’s Day. The event was held
on May 5, 1925 and is attributed to the Chinese
Consul General Wang Yunxiang who gathered 60
former Chinese orphans and their families to
celebrate one of China’s most popular holiday.
Pre-Children’s Day Expression:
Children’s Book Week
• Established in 1920 by Children’s Book Council
Purpose:
• To celebrate the written word
• Introduce young people to new authors and
ideas in schools, libraries, homes and
bookstores.
• To encourage young people and their caregivers to
discover the complexity of the world beyond their
own experience through books.
OAS and UNICEF
• The Organization of American States
(OAS) and UNICEF draft the Declaration of
Universal Principals of the Rights of the Child on
April 12, 1952 to bring attention to the inequality
and mal-treatment of the children of the world
• Urge each country to establish an annual day to
celebrate children
Source: www.bolivia.com
UNIVERSAL CHILDREN’S
DAY
• By resolution 836 (IX) of 14 December 1954, the General
Assembly recommended that all countries institute a
Universal Children's Day, to be observed as a day of
worldwide fraternity and understanding between children.
• Day of activity devoted to promoting the ideals and objectives
of the Charter and the welfare of the children of the world.
• The Assembly suggested to governments that the Day be
observed on the date and in the way which each considers
appropriate. (http://www.un.org/Depts/dhl/children_day/)
CHILDREN’S DAY NOV.20TH
• Declaration of the Rights of the Child
Proclaimed by General Assembly
resolution 1386(XIV) of 20
November 1959
(Source: Office of the High Commissioner for
Human Rights)
1989 Convention on the
Rights of the Child
• Universally agreed set of non-negotiable
standards and obligations
• Basic standards for human rights set minimum
entitlements and freedoms that should be respected
by governments
• Founded on respect for the dignity and worth of each
individual, regardless of race, colour, gender,
language, religion, opinions, origins, wealth, birth
status or ability
• Apply to every human being everywhere.
WORLD SUMMIT FOR CHILDREN
•
•
•
•
September 29-30 1990
Sponsored by United Nations
Led by 71 heads of State and Government
88 other senior officials, mostly at the ministerial
level
• Adopted a Declaration on the Survival, Protection
and Development of Children
• Developed a Plan of Action for implementing the
Declaration in the 1990s
A World Fit For Children
U.N. Special Session
May 2002
New York
U.N. General Assembly on Children
presidents, kings, crown princes, prime ministers,
ministers and other senior officials, as well as children and
young people, from 189 countries
OUTCOME: International agreement on protecting and
promoting children's rights, called A World Fit for
Children.
Día Celebration in The United States
The idea for El día de los niños/El día de los
libros was conceived in 1996 in the United
States by children’s author Pat Mora as a way
to celebrate children, books and culture.
Historical Context for Día in the U.S.
A REFORMA PERSPECTIVE
•
To address low literacy rates of Latino and poor
children in the United States
•
To provide children and families access to books
and entré to the library
•
To address inequities in library services to Latino
and other children and families of poverty
Día Presence at ALA
•
REFORMA - National Association to Promote Library and
Information Services to Latinos and the Spanish Speaking- an ALA
Affiliate- votes to promote Día in 1997.
• 2002-ALSC votes to support Dia as an initiative
• 2005- ALSC becomes Official ‘Home’ of El día de los niños/El día de
los libros
• Dia celebrates tenth anniversary with celebrations at ALA Mid-winter
in San Antonio, Texas and at ALA Annual in New Orleans, La.
•
Fifty+ librarians gather in Pittsburg, Pa. for a National Institute to
strategize ways to engage their communities in Día Partnerships
Other Children’s Day Celebrations
Throughout Latin American
• Argentina- Second Sunday in August
• Brazil- October 12th
• Chile- Second Sunday in August
• Colombia- Last Saturday of April
• Paraguay- May 31st
• Perú- Third Sunday in August
• Uruguay - August 9th
• Venezuela- 3rd Sunday in June
Celebrating Our Multiculturalism
through Día
•
兒 童 節 /圖 書 日 (Chinese)
• Ngày Nhi-đồng/Ngày Thư-viện (Vietnamese)
• Le Jour des Enfantes/Le Jour de les Livres (French)
• Kinderstag/Der Tag der Bücher (German)
• La Festa dei bambini/La Festa dei libri (Italian)
• Детский день / книжный день (Russian)
DÍA GOALS TODAY
• To honor Children and their Childhood
• To Promote literacy and the importance of
linking all children to books, languages and
cultures
• To honor a child’s home language and culture
• To Promote bilingual and multilingual literacy
in a multicultural society
DÍA GOALS TODAY
• To Promote Books and Reading among
Families and Communities
• To connect the Public and School library to
Families and to the Community
• To promote books and stories that reflect our
plurality
• To promote global understanding through
library collections that reflect our plurality
TO BE CONTINUED………..
• TO BE CONTINUED………………
PART II
THE NATIONAL AND STATE PERSPECTIVES
LEADERSHIP OPPORTUNITIES
FOR YOU
National Presence
• Library Association Divisions and Affiliates
ALA, PLA, REFORMA,CBCALA, AIA,
• National Latino Associations
• National Council of La Raza-NCLR
• MALDF
• International Reading Association
• National Education Association
• NAEYC
• Head Start
National Presence
•
•
•
•
•
Children’s Defense Fund
Reach Out and Read
First Book
Web Presence
Colorín Colorado
Reading Planet
Reading Rockets
• RIF
• Upcoming Opportunities: JCLA-October, 2006
STATE PRESENCE
• State Library Associations
• State Teachers’ Associations
• State Bilingual Educators’ Associations
• CABE/TABE/FABE?
• State NCLR Affiliates
DĺA STATES
Texas
Florida
California
Innovation at the State Level
• State-wide Steering/Planning Committee
through State Library or State Library
Association
• REFORMA Chapters
• Spanish-speaking Round Table
• Other Partnerships Opportunities
• Planning Grant- LSTA
THE DELIVERABLES
Proclamations
Día Manual
Web Site
Mini-Grants to Generate State-wide Programs
Recommended Reading Lists
DĺA Programs @ State Association Meetings
MORE DELIVERABLES
•
•
•
•
•
BOOK MARKS
PUBLICITY
Mini-grants for Multicultural Literature
Mini-grants for Multicultural Programing
Mini-grants for Diverse Authors
OUTCOMES
To Institutionalize Día
i.e.: To make Día a permanent part of what we
do as librarians to reach out to the community
Día Provides Libraries Opportunities to:
• Celebrate cultures and traditions
• Outreach to underserved populations
• Develop strategies for increased library use
among traditionally under-utilized populations
• Develop library collections that mirrors the
communities that they are/should be serving
• Collaborate with other literacy-based
organizations
What is Culture?
Shared Thought, Actions and Products…
Traditions
Norms
Values
Folklore
Customs
History
Arts
CHILD OUTCOME
A CONNECTED COMMUNITY
SCHOOL
SOCIAL
NETWORKS
CHURCH
CHILD
Community
FAMILY
PUBLIC
LIBRARY
Illustration by Raul Colón from Doña Flor: A Tall Tale about a Great Big
Woman with a Big Heart. Random House/Knopf, 1995.
Oralia Garza de Cortés
Early Literacy Consultant
Los Angeles Universal Preschool
750 N. Alameda Suite 200
Los Angeles, California 9001
213-416-1220 phone
213-416- fax
[email protected]
[email protected]
www.laup.net
www.ala.org/dia
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