OLAC
Macon, Georgia
Cataloging New Digital Formats
2010 October
15-17
Jay Weitz
([email protected])
Senior Consulting Database Specialist
WorldCat Quality Management Division
OCLC Online Computer Library Center
Cataloging New Digital Formats
Online Audiovisual Catalogers (OLAC)
•If you catalog AV and/or electronic resources you should be a member
• http://www.olacinc.org
Music OCLC Users Group (MOUG)
• If you catalog Sound Recordings of any kind, you should be a member
• http://www.musicoclcusers.org
OLAC’s Cataloging Policy Committee (CAPC)
•Guide to Cataloging DVD and Blu-ray Discs Using AACR2r and MARC 21,
2008 Update
•Guide to Cataloging Playaway Devices Based on AACR2 Chapters 6 and 9
•Best Practices for Cataloging Streaming Media
Cataloging New Digital Formats
•Not comprehensive
•Basic cataloging knowledge of:
• AACR2
• MARC 21
• Sound Recordings
• Videorecordings
• Electronic Resources
•Trying to be practical
Cataloging New Digital Formats:
The Unusual Suspects
1. DVD-Video
2. Blu-ray Disc
3. DVD-Audio
4. Playaway
5. DualDisc
6. Streaming Media
DVD-Video
“DVD” originally stood for "Digital
Video Disc" or "Digital Versatile Disc"
•Tangible medium for
videorecordings
• Grooveless
• Laser-read
• 4 3/4 inch (12 cm) diameter
• Look exactly like audio CDs and
CD-ROMs
• Huge data capacity, highly
compressed, often two sided
DVD-Video: History
DVDs evolved from several earlier
videodisc technologies beginning in
the late 1950s
•CED (Capacitance Electronic Disc)
• Grooved, stylus-read, 12 inch
• Commercially available March
1981
• Faded after1984
•Laser optical disc
• Grooveless, laser-read, 12 inch
• CAV (constant angular velocity)
standard play disc
• CLV (constant linear velocity)
extended play disc
• Flourished 1978-1999/2000
DVD-Video: History
DVDs introduced March 1997 in
U.S. (late 1996 in Japan)
•No U.S. DVD-Video can have a
publication date earlier than
1997 (Japanese 1996)
Most commercial DVD-Videos:
•Films
•Television programs
Also various kinds of recordable
DVD-Video formats
•May be write-once or
re-writable
DVD-Video: Basics
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06): g (Projected medium)
TMat (Type of Material; VIS 008/33): v (Videorecording)
245 GMD: $h [videorecording]
300 Physical description
• SMD: $a videodisc(s)
• Duration: Corresponding to title(s) proper in 245
• Other physical details: $b sound characteristics, color/b&w
• Dimensions: $c 4 3/4 in.
DVD-Video: Basics: Video 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
v = Videorecording
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
d = Videodisc
007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
b = Black and white
c = Multicolored
007/04 (Subfield $e): Videorecording format
007/06 (Subfield $g): Medium for sound
i = Videodisc
007/07 (Subfield $h): Dimensions
z = Other
007/08 (Subfield $i): Configuration of playback
channels
k = Mixed
m = Monaural
g = Laserdisc (analog, pre-DVD)
q = Quadraphonic, multichannel,
or surround
v = DVD
s = Stereophonic
007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound on medium or
separate
a = Sound on medium
u = Unknown (not stated)
DVD-Video: Basics
007
v $b d $d b $e v $f a $g i $h z $i k
245 00 City lights ǂh [videorecording] : ǂb a comedy
romance in pantomime / ǂc written and directed by
Charles Chaplin.
300
1 videodisc (87 min.) : ǂb sd., b&w ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
538 DVD; NTSC; audio available in PCM stereo (1989 score
directed by Carl Davis) and Dolby digital mono (Chaplin's
original 1931 recording).
500 Originally released as a silent motion picture in 1931,
music soundtrack added.
DVD-Video: 538 Field
538: System Details Note
• DVD
• Color broadcast system
• Region
• Aspect ratio
• Sound characteristics
538 DVD; PAL; Region 4; widescreen version (16:9); Dolby
digital 5.1 surround sound or stereo. surround sound.
DVD-Video: Color Broadcast System
NTSC (National Television Systems Committee)
•
Used in US, Canada, Mexico, Japan, a few
other places
•
525 horizontal lines
PAL (Phase Alternation Line)
•
Used in most of Western Europe (except
France); China; India; Australia; New Zealand;
parts of Africa, Asia, and South America
•
Developed in Germany
•
625 horizontal lines
SECAM (Séquential Couleur à Mémoire)
•
Used in France, Russia, Eastern Europe,
Francophone Africa, Middle East
•
Developed in France
•
625 horizontal lines
ATSC (Advanced Television Systems Committee)
•
Used in U.S., Mexico, Canada, South Korea,
various other places
•
Digital format replaced NTSC on 2009 June 12
•
Supports various image sizes
DVD-Video: Region
Regional restrictions indicated by code
number superimposed on globe
0. All-region or multi-region
1. U.S., Canada, U.S. Territories
2. Japan, Europe, South Africa, and Middle
East (including Egypt)
3. Southeast Asia and East Asia (including
Hong Kong)
4. Australia, New Zealand, Pacific Islands,
Central America, Mexico, South America,
and the Caribbean
5. Eastern Europe (Former Soviet Union),
Indian subcontinent, Africa, North Korea,
and Mongolia
6. China
7. Reserved
8. Special international venues (airplanes,
cruise ships, etc.)
DVD-Video: Aspect Ratio
Aspect Ratio
Horizontal Width of Image:
Vertical Height of Image
Often expressed as
XX:1
or as
XX:XX
DVD-Video: Aspect Ratio
Identifying Letterboxed Versions
• Aspect ratio 1.5:1 and larger (commonly 1.66:1, 1.78:1, 1.85:1)
• Also called “Wide screen” or “Widescreen”
Identifying “Standard” Versions
• Aspect ratio smaller than 1.5:1 (commonly 1.33:1, sometimes expressed as 4:3)
• Also called “Pan and Scan” or “Full screen”
• “Formatted to fit your TV screen”
DVD-Video: Aspect Ratio
Options for aspect ratio:
•Separate 500 note
500 Aspect ratio 1.33:1; formatted from
the original version to fit the television
screen.
•Combine aspect ratio details
with 538 System requirements
note
538 DVD; NTSC; Region 1; widescreen
(2.4:1) presentation; Dolby digital 5.1
surround.
•Presented as edition statement
250 Pan and scan ed.
250 Widescreen version.
DVD-Video: Sound Characteristics
Options for sound characteristics:
•Separate 500 note
500 Recorded in Dolby digital 5.0
surround and 2.0 stereo (1st film)
and Dolby digital mono (2nd film).
•Combine sound details with 546
language note
546 Soundtracks: English (stereo.),
French (mono.).
•In 538
538 DVD, dual-layer; NTSC; Region
1; widescreen presentation,
enhanced for widescreen TVs;
Dolby Digital surround 5.1.
DVD-Video: Type of Date and Dates
Different Date Sources:
• Video image (opening and/or closing credits)
• Disc label
• Container
• Accompanying material
Different Bibliographic “Events”:
• Original production
• Release as motion picture
• Release as an earlier video format
• Release as a videodisc
• Copyrights of design or accompanying material
DVD-Video: Type of Date and Dates
Dates from the chief source (video image, disc label) are generally
the most important, but other factors must be considered:
Remember: No U.S DVD-Video can have a publication date earlier
than 1997, Japanese DVD-Videos 1996
Dates for DVD-Videos earlier than that obviously cannot be
considered “publication” dates
• A later date from a unifying element such as container or
accompanying material may be more important
• Such a later date may be used to infer a date of publication as DVDVideo
• Account for other important dates in notes
DVD-Video: Type of Date and Dates
Relatively unadorned releases of the original motion picture:
• Type of Date/Publication Status (008/06, DtSt): p
• Date 1 (008/07-10): publication date of the DVD-Video
• Date 2 (008/11-14): date of the original theatrical release
DVD-Video releases with substantial new or extra material:
• Type of Date/Publication Status (008/06, DtSt): s
• Date 1 (008/07-10): publication date of the DVD-Video
• Date 2 (008/11-14): blank
Such substantial new or extra material might include:
• documentary material (“making-of”, interviews, biographies, etc.)
• multiple versions or cuts (director’s cut, alternate endings, restored scenes,
both widescreen and pan-and-scan on same disc)
Use judgment about what and how much new material qualifies as substantial
Always include a note about date of original release in either case
• 500
Originally released as a motion picture in 1999.
DVD-Video: Language
OLAC CAPC Video Language Coding Best
Practices Task Force Draft
Recommendations (2007)
• 008/35-37 (Language)
• 041 (Language Code)
• 546 (Language Note)
Code for language(s) of main content
• Spoken language (including dubbing,
audio description)
• Written language (including captions,
subtitles, intertitles)
• Original language
Do not code for language(s) of special
features, credits, packaging
Language(s) of accompanying material
may be noted and coded depending upon
importance and cataloger’s judgment
DVD-Video: Language
Captions traditionally:
• Were accessible only with special
equipment; with DVDs, it’s now
usually just another menu choice
• Were intended for those unable to
hear audio; now also commonly
used in noisy places such as bars and
restaurants
• Included non-textual data:
identification of speakers,
indications of laughter, applause,
nonverbal sounds, sound effects
• Tended toward verbatim
transcription; often using rolling
text bars, non-proportional fonts
against black background, usually
the same language as that being
spoken
DVD-Video: Language
Subtitles traditionally:
• Were accessible without
special equipment; with
DVDs, they are now usually
just another menu choice
• Were intended for those who
can hear audio
• Do not include non-textual
data
• Tend toward a condensed
essence of text; not usually a
word-for-word translation
DVD-Video: Language
SDH: “Subtitles for the Deaf and
Hard-of-Hearing”
Combines features of traditional
captions and traditional subtitles:
• Usually in proportional fonts and
displayed (without black bars) in a
fashion similar to traditional
subtitles
• Hides less of the video image than
captioning did with the black bars
• Includes non-textual cues and
identification of speakers
546 Subtitles for the deaf and hard
of hearing (SDH).
DVD-Video: Language
Audio Enhancement: Audio
description of videos for the
visually impaired
• Scenery
• Action
• Costumes
• Gestures
• Other visual elements
Voiceovers that do not interfere
with existing dialog
546
Audio-described.
DVD-Video: Language
Publishers often provide:
• Data chart/grid on back of container
• Option menu when disc begins
008/35-37: eng
041 1 eng ǂa fre ǂj eng ǂj fre ǂh eng
546 In English, with dubbed French, and optional subtitles in
English or French.
DVD-Video: Enhanced DVD
Enhanced DVDs contain
additional materials that require
the use of a computer, such as:
•Games
•Links to online resources
•Calculators
•Screensavers
•Educational resources
Add Computer File 006,
Computer File 007, and 538 field
for Enhanced DVD aspects
DVD-Video: Enhanced DVD
Computer File 006 Field
• 006/00 Form of material (Type): m (Computer file/Electronic resource)
• 006/09 Type of computer file (File): m (Combination), or as appropriate
Computer File 007 Field
• 007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
• c = Electronic resource
• 007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material designation
• o = Optical disc
• 007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
• c = Multicolored (or as appropriate)
• 007/04 (Subfield $e): Dimensions
• g = 4 ¾ inches or 12 cm.
• 007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound
• a = Sound (or as appropriate)
538 DVD-ROM equipped computer needed to access printable lesson plans,
instructor guides, and student handouts.
Blu-ray Disc
“Blu-ray disc” name is combination
of “blue-violet laser” and “optical
ray”
•Tangible medium for
videorecordings
• Grooveless
• Laser-read
• 4 3/4 inch (12 cm) diameter
• Look exactly like audio CDs, CDROMs, DVDs
• High definition video medium
with five times the capacity of
DVDs
Blu-ray Disc: History
Blu-ray Disc technology developed
by Sony/Philips in February 2002
Had been in competition with
Toshiba’s HD DVD (“HD” for both
High Definition and “High Density”),
which was developed in March 2003
• HD DVD had lower capacity and
data transfer rate
• HD DVD had less support among
major film studios
• HD DVD had less support among
manufacturers
HD DVD was discontinued in
February 2008
Blu-ray Disc: History
First Blu-ray Disc titles
introduced commercially on
June 20, 2006
•No Blu-ray Disc can have a
publication date earlier than
2006
Also various kinds of recordable
Blu-ray formats, either available
or being planned
•May be write-once or rewritable
Blu-ray Disc: Basics
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06): g (Projected medium)
TMat (Type of Material; VIS 008/33): v (Videorecording)
245 GMD: $h [videorecording]
300 Physical description
• SMD: $a videodisc(s)
• Duration: Corresponding to title(s) proper in 245
• Other physical details: $b sound characteristics, color/b&w
• Dimensions: $c 4 3/4 in.
Blu-ray Disc: Basics: Video 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
v = Videorecording
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
d = Videodisc
007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
b = Black and white
c = Multicolored
007/04 (Subfield $e): Videorecording format
s = Blu-ray Disc
007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound on medium or
separate
a = Sound on medium
007/06 (Subfield $g): Medium for sound
i = Videodisc
007/07 (Subfield $h): Dimensions
z = Other
007/08 (Subfield $i): Configuration of playback
channels
k = Mixed
m = Monaural
q = Quadraphonic, multichannel,
or surround
s = Stereophonic
u = Unknown (not stated)
Blu-ray Disc: Basics
007
v $b d $d c $e s $f a $g i $h z $i q
245 00 Gods and generals ǂh [videorecording] / ǂc an Antietam
Filmworks production of a Ron Maxwell film in association with
Exparza/Katz Productions, Rehme Productions, Inc., Mace
Neufeld Productions ; producer, Ronald F. Maxwell ; written &
directed by Ronald F. Maxwell.
300
1 videodisc (219 min.) : ǂb sd., col. ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
538 Blu-ray disc; NTSC; Region A; 2.4:1 aspect ratio; Dolby Digital
Plus 5.1.
538
This Blu-ray disc will not play in standard DVD players.
Blu-ray Disc: Region
Regional restrictions indicated by
code letter or number
superimposed on globe
1. Region A (Orange): North
America, South America, Central
America, Japan, Taiwan, North
Korea, South Korea, Hong Kong,
and Southeast Asia
2. Region B (Yellow): Europe,
Greenland, French territories,
Middle East, Africa, Australia,
and New Zealand
3. Region C (Purple): India,
Bangladesh, Nepal, Mainland
China, Pakistan, Russia, Central
and South Asia
DVD-Audio
DVD-Audio intended to replace CD-Audio
as the primary carrier of prerecorded
music, but so far has not gained much
market share
• Can contain seven times as much
content as CDs
• Higher fidelity than CDs
• Potential for additional channels
allowing spatial sound reproduction
(surround)
• Potential for visual features
Tangible medium for sound recordings
• Grooveless
• Laser-read (red laser)
• 4 3/4 inch (12 cm) diameter
• Look exactly like audio CDs, CD-ROMs,
DVD-Video
DVD-Audio: History
Extension of DVD-Video,
developed by Panasonic in 1999,
with first commercial discs on
the market in 2000
•No DVD-Audio can have a
publication date earlier than
2000
Rival of Super Audio CD (SACD)
DVD-Audio: Basics
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06):
• i (Nonmusical sound recording)
• j (Musical sound recording)
245 GMD: $h [sound recording]
300 Physical description
• Option 1, using traditional SMD:
300
1 sound disc : $b digital, 5.1 channels, stereo. ; $c 4 3/4 in.
500
DVD-audio.
• Option 2, using “term in common usage”:
300
1 DVD-audio : $b digital, 5.1 channels, stereo. ; $c 4 3/4 in.
• Option 3, using traditional SMD with LC variation:
300
1 sound disc : $b digital, DVD ; $c 4 3/4 in.
Dimensions: $c 4 3/4 in.
DVD-Audio: Basics: REC 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
s = Sound recording
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
d = Sound disc
007/03 (Subfield $d): Speed
z = Other
007/04 (Subfield $e): Configuration of playback
channels
m = Monaural
q = Quadraphonic
007/06 (Subfield $g): Dimensions
g = 4 3/4 in. or 12 cm. diameter
007/07 (Subfield $h): Tape width
n = Not applicable
007/08 (Subfield $i): Tape Configuration
n = Not applicable
007/12 (subfield $m): Special playback
characteristics
e = Digital recording
007/13 (subfield $n): Capture and storage
technique
s = Stereophonic
a = Acoustical capture, direct storage
u = Unknown (not stated)
b = Direct storage, not acoustical
z = Other
d = Digital storage
007/05 (Subfield $f): Groove width/groove
pitch
n = Not applicable
e = Analog electrical storage
u = Unknown
z = Other
DVD-Audio: Basics
007 s ǂb d ǂd z ǂe u ǂf n ǂg g ǂh n ǂi n ǂm e ǂn e
245 10 American beauty ǂh [sound recording] / ǂc Grateful
Dead.
300
1 sound disc : ǂb digital, DVD ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
500 "This disc will only play on players with a DVD logo and
will not play on a conventional CD player"--Container.
518 Recorded Sept. 1970 at Wally Heider Recording
Studios, San Francisco, Calif.
500 Originally released on LP in 1970 as Warner Bros.
Records 1893.
DVD-Audio: Type of Date and Dates
Different Date Sources:
• Sound recording label
• Container
• Accompanying material
Different Bibliographic “Events”:
• Original capture
• Release as a recording
• Release in a new recording
medium
• Copyrights of design or
accompanying material
℗
= Phonogram Copyright Symbol
• Copyright date of the recorded
sound
© = Copyright Symbol
• LCRI 6.4F1: “Do not regard as a
copyright date for the recording
.... This symbol can apply only to
the printed text. However, it can
be used as evidence for supplying
a date of publication according to
1.4F7 when neither a date of
publication nor a ‘p’ date appears
on the item.”
DVD-Audio: Type of Date and Dates
Dates from the chief source (disc and label) are generally the most
important, but other factors must be considered:
• Remember: No DVD-Audio can have a publication date earlier
than 2000
• Dates for recordings earlier than 2000 obviously cannot be
considered “publication” dates for DVD-Audio
• A later date from a unifying element such as container or
accompanying material may be more important
• Such a later date may be used to infer a date of publication as DVDAudio
• Account for other important dates in notes
DVD-Audio: Type of Date and Dates
DVD-Audio release is entirely new, with no reissued material:
• Type of Date/Publication Status (008/06, DtSt): s
• Date 1 (008/07-10): publication date of the DVD-Avdio
• Date 2 (008/11-14): blank
Original capture date differs from the DVD-Audio publication date:
• Type of Date/Publication Status (008/06, DtSt): p
• Date 1 (008/07-10): publication date of the DVD-Audio
• Date 2 (008/11-14): date of the original sound capture
DVD-Audio is exact reissue of an original CD, LP, etc.:
• Type of Date/Publication Status (008/06, DtSt): r
• Date 1 (008/07-10): publication date of the DVD-Audio
• Date 2 (008/11-14): date of the previous release
When appropriate, include note(s) about date of recording and/or original release:
• 518
Recorded Sept. 1970 at Wally Heider Recording Studios, San Francisco, Calif.
• 500
Originally released on LP in 1970 as Warner Bros. Records 1893.
Playaway: History
Playaways introduced to the
market in 2005
• No Playaway can have a
publication date earlier
than 2005
Most Playaways are spoken word
recordings
• Small number of musical titles
also available, mostly
children’s songs
Most Playaways are re-issues of
recordings previously published
on CD, cassette, and/or LP
Playaway: GMD
General Material Designation
[sound recording]
versus
[electronic resource]
AACR2 1.1C3: “If the item is a
reproduction in one material of a
work originally presented in another
material (e.g., a text as microform;
a map on a slide), give the general
material designation appropriate to
the material being described (e.g.,
in the case of a map on a slide, give
the designation appropriate to the
slide).”
Playaway: GMD
If you are creating original
records for Playaways in
WorldCat, please follow the Task
Force recommendation and use
the GMD:
[electronic resource]
If you believe that your users are
better served, you may certainly
edit your local copy of records to
use the GMD:
[sound recording]
Playaway: Basics
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06):
• i (Nonmusical sound recording)
• j (Musical sound recording)
Form (Form of Item; Music 008/23):
• q (Direct Electronic)
006 Computer File 006
• 006/00 Form of material (Type): m (Computer file/Electronic resource)
• 006/09 Type of computer file (File): h (Sound)
245 GMD: $h [electronic resource]
300 Physical description
• SMD: $a sound media player
• Duration: Include for a single work, if stated or ascertainable
• Other physical details: $b digital
• Dimensions: $c 3 3/8 x 2 1/8 in.
Playaway: Basics: REC 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
007/06 (Subfield $g): Dimensions
s = Sound recording
z = Other
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
z = Other
007/03 (Subfield $d): Speed
z = Other
007/04 (Subfield $e): Configuration of playback
channels
m = Monaural
q = Quadraphonic
007/07 (Subfield $h): Tape width
n = Not applicable
007/08 (Subfield $i): Tape Configuration
n = Not applicable
007/12 (subfield $m): Special playback
characteristics
e = Digital recording
007/13 (subfield $n): Capture and storage
technique
s = Stereophonic
a = Acoustical capture, direct storage
u = Unknown (not stated)
b = Direct storage, not acoustical
z = Other
d = Digital storage
007/05 (Subfield $f): Groove width/groove
pitch
n = Not applicable
e = Analog electrical storage
u = Unknown
z = Other
Playaway: Basics: COM 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
c = Electronic resource
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material designation
z = Other
007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
n = Not applicable
007/04 (Subfield $e): Dimensions
z = Other
007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound
a = Sound
Playaway: Edition Statement
250
250
Abridged.
Unabridged.
Legitimate, informative edition
statements in the spirit of AACR2
1.2B and its LCRIs.
Legitimate, informative edition
statements according to
Differences Between, Changes
Within Section A2a.
Playaway: Basics
Type: i
Form: q
006
m
j h
007
c ǂb z ǂd n ǂe z ǂf a
007
s ǂb z ǂd z ǂe u ǂf n ǂg z ǂh n ǂi n ǂj n ǂk z ǂl n ǂm e ǂn u
100 1 Paterson, Katherine.
245 10 Bridge to Terabithia ǂh [electronic resource] / ǂc Katherine
Paterson.
250
Unabridged.
260 [Solon, Ohio] : ǂb Playaway Digital Audio : ǂb [manufactured
and distributed by] Findaway World, LLC, ǂc [2006].
300
1 sound media player (4 hr.) : ǂb digital ; ǂc 3 3/8 x 2 1/8 in.
Playaway: Notes
500
Title from Playaway label.
511 0 Read by Robert Sean Leonard.
500
Previously released by HarperAudio on cassettes in
2000 and on CDs in 2005.
500
In container (21 x 13 x 3 cm) with earphones and one
AAA battery.
500
"Playaway, the first pre-loaded digital audio book"-Container.
DualDisc
DualDisc is a single 4 ¾ inch disc
with one side that functions as a
standard audio compact disc and one
side that functions as a standard DVD
• CD side is usually a full-length CD
audio album
• DVD side may include enhanced
album audio, 5.1 surround sound,
music videos, artist interviews,
behind-the-scenes footage,
documentary films, photo
galleries, lyrics, computer-ready
digital song files, Web links,
games, etc.
LC guidelines assume that the sound
recording is determined to be the
dominant material
DualDisc: History
Developed by a group of record
companies:
• EMI Music
• Universal Music Group
• Sony/BMG Music Entertainment
• Warner Music Group
• 5.1 Entertainment Group
Now controlled by the Recording Industry
Association of America (RIAA)
• Considers the DualDisc to be a
primarily audio format
DualDiscs first appeared in the U.S. in
March 2004
•No DualDisc can have a publication date
earlier than 2004
DualDisc: Basics
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06):
• i (Nonmusical sound recording)
• j (Musical sound recording)
006
• For DVD-Video: Visual Materials 006
• 006/00 (Type): g (Projected medium)
• 006/16 (TMat): v (Type of visual material)
• 006/17 (Tech): as appropriate
• For DVD-Audio: No 006 needed
245 GMD: $h [sound recording]
300 Physical description
• SMD: $a DualDisc
• Other physical details: $b digital, sound characteristics (if appropriate)
• Dimensions: $c 4 3/4 in.
DualDisc: Basics: REC 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
s = Sound recording
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
d = Sound disc
007/03 (Subfield $d): Speed
f = 1.4 m. per sec.
007/04 (Subfield $e): Configuration of playback
channels
m = Monaural
q = Quadraphonic
007/06 (Subfield $g): Dimensions
g = 4 3/4 in. or 12 cm diameter
007/07 (Subfield $h): Tape width
n = Not applicable
007/08 (Subfield $i): Tape Configuration
n = Not applicable
007/12 (subfield $m): Special playback
characteristics
e = Digital recording
007/13 (subfield $n): Capture and storage
technique
s = Stereophonic
a = Acoustical capture, direct storage
u = Unknown (not stated)
b = Direct storage, not acoustical
z = Other
d = Digital storage
007/05 (Subfield $f): Groove width/groove
pitch
n = Not applicable
e = Analog electrical storage
u = Unknown
z = Other
DualDisc: Basics
006
g---
vl
007
s ǂb d ǂd f ǂe u ǂf n ǂg g ǂh n ǂi n ǂj m ǂk m ǂl n ǂm e ǂn d
007
v ǂb d ǂd c ǂe v ǂf a ǂg i ǂh z ǂi s
100 0 Bow Wow ǂc (Musician) ǂ4 prf
245 10 Wanted ǂh [sound recording] : ǂb reloaded / ǂc Bow Wow.
300
1 DualDisc : ǂb digital ; ǂc 4 3/4 in.
500
Hybrid CD/DVD-video disc.
500
"The audio side of this disc does not conform to CD
specifications and therefore will not play on some CD and DVD
players"--Container.
Streaming Media
Internet data transfer technique
that allows the user immediately
to hear audio files, and to hear
and see video files, without
lengthy download times before
playback. The host or source
"streams" small packets of
information over the Internet to
the user, who can access the
content as it is received. Those
temporary files are gone once
the playback is complete.
Streaming Media: Not
Streaming media will never be on a tangible medium (such as disc,
cassette, etc.). To distinguish different types of remotely-accessed
resources, non-streaming files are generally those downloaded from the
Internet to reside on a local hard drive. Some characteristics:
• File is downloaded in its entirety
• Playback cannot begin until complete file is downloaded to local system
• Playback is not in “real time”
• Playback does not require a persistent connection to a remote server
• User has access to downloaded content after its initial playback
• User will often have ability to manipulate or edit content, “burn” it onto
a tangible medium, etc.
Streaming Media: History
Streaming technology developed during the mid-1990s but initially
had extremely limited availability.
• RealPlayer (RealAudio Player) introduced in April 1995 supported
streaming media
• Predecessor of Windows Media Player first supported streaming in
May 1996
• Apple’s QuickTime 4.0, released in June 1999, was the first version
to support streaming technology
• iTunes player, released in January 2001, supported streaming
For most practical purposes, what we know today as streaming
media became available to the general market in 1999
• It would be extremely rare for any streaming audio file or
streaming video file to have a publication date earlier than
1999
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Audio
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06):
• i (Nonmusical sound recording)
• j (Musical sound recording)
Form (Form of Item; Music 008/23):
• o (Online)
006 Computer File 006
• 006/00 Form of material (Type): m (Computer file/Electronic
resource)
• 006/09 Type of computer file (File): h (Sound)
245 GMD: $h [electronic resource]
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Audio
300 Physical description
• SMD: $a streaming sound file
• 1 online resource (1 streaming sound file) …
• Duration: Include for a single work, if stated or
ascertainable, in the form: (XX hr., XX min., XX
sec.)
• Other physical details: $b digital, mono./
stereo. If stated
• Type of file: “[type of] file” (i.e., WMA file)
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Audio:
REC 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
s = Sound recording
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
z = Other
007/03 (Subfield $d): Speed
z = Other
007/04 (Subfield $e): Configuration of playback
channels
m = Monaural
q = Quadraphonic
007/06 (Subfield $g): Dimensions
n = Not applicable
007/07 (Subfield $h): Tape width
n = Not applicable
007/08 (Subfield $i): Tape Configuration
n = Not applicable
007/12 (subfield $m): Special playback
characteristics
e = Digital recording
007/13 (subfield $n): Capture and storage
technique
s = Stereophonic
a = Acoustical capture, direct storage
u = Unknown (not stated)
b = Direct storage, not acoustical
z = Other
d = Digital storage
007/05 (Subfield $f): Groove width/groove
pitch
n = Not applicable
e = Analog electrical storage
u = Unknown
z = Other
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Audio:
COM 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
c = Electronic resource
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material designation
r = Remote
007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
n = Not applicable
007/04 (Subfield $e): Dimensions
n = Not applicable
007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound
a = Sound
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Audio
006
m
h
007
s ǂb z ǂd z ǂe u ǂf n ǂg n ǂh n ǂi n ǂm e ǂn d
007
c ǂb r ǂd n ǂe n ǂf a
100 1 Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus, ǂd 1756-1791.
245 10 Cosi fan tutte ǂh [electronic resource].
300 2 streaming sound files (174 min.) : ǂb digital, WMA and RA files (96
Kbps).
300
1 online resource (2 streaming sound files) (174 min.) : ǂb digital, WMA and RA files (96 Kbps).
538 System requirements: PC or Macintosh; Windows 2000/XP/Vista, MacOS X,
or Linux/Unix; Web browser (Internet Explorer or Mozilla Firefox 1x or 2x
recommended; Windows Media Player 9 or later, or RealPlayer 10 or later.
538
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
500
Title from home page (viewed May 30, 2007).
856 40 ǂu http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=9975366
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Video
Type (Type of Record; Leader/06): g (Projected medium)
TMat (Type of Material; VIS 008/33): v (Videorecording)
Form (Form of Item; Visual Materials 008/29): o (Online)
006 Computer File 006
• 006/00 Form of material (Type): m (Computer file/Electronic
resource)
• 006/09 Type of computer file (File): c (Representational)
245 GMD: $h [electronic resource]
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Video
300 Physical description
• SMD: $a streaming video file
• 1 online resource (1 streaming video file) …
• Duration: Include for a single work, if stated or
ascertainable, in the form: (XX hr., XX min., XX
sec.)
• Other physical details: $b digital
• Type of file: “[type of] file” (i.e., MOV file)
• Other physical details: $b sound characteristics,
color/b&w
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Video:
Video 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
v = Videorecording
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material
designation
z = Other
007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
b = Black and white
c = Multicolored
007/04 (Subfield $e): Videorecording format
z = Other
007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound on medium or
separate
a = Sound on medium
007/06 (Subfield $g): Medium for sound
z = Other
007/07 (Subfield $h): Dimensions
u = Unknown
007/08 (Subfield $i): Configuration of
playback channels
k = Mixed
m = Monaural
q = Quadraphonic,
multichannel, or surround
s = Stereophonic
u = Unknown (not stated)
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Video:
COM 007 Field
007/00 (Subfield $a): Category of material
c = Electronic resource
007/01 (subfield $b): Specific material designation
r = Remote
007/03 (Subfield $d): Color
b = Black and white
c = Multicolored
007/04 (Subfield $e): Dimensions
n = Not applicable
007/05 (Subfield $f): Sound
a = Sound
Streaming Media: Basics: Streaming Video
006
m
c
007
v ǂb z ǂd c ǂe z ǂf a ǂg z ǂh u ǂi u
007
c ǂb r ǂd c ǂe n ǂf a
245 04 The common school, 1770-1890 ǂh [electronic resource] / ǂc produced
by Stone Lantern Films ; KCET.
300
1 streaming video file (55 min.) : ǂb digital, WMA file, sd., col.
300
1 online resource (1 streaming video file) (55 min.) : ǂb digital, WMA file, sd., col.
538
System requirements: Windows Media and QuickTime software.
538
Mode of access: World Wide Web.
500
Title from web page (viewed on Sept. 26, 2006).
856 40 ǂu http://www.fmgondemand.com/PortalViewVideo.aspx?xtid=11762 ǂz
View streaming video
Streaming Media: When to Omit 300 Field
When there are different versions of the same resource being
cataloged on a single record, or an entire site that contains many
resources being cataloged on a single record, omit physical
description 300 field
• Resource is available as both a streaming file and a downloadable
file on the same Web site
• Resource is available as different streaming versions (e.g., low
vs. high bandwidth) in separate files on the same Web site
• Resource is an updating Web site that provides access to many
streaming media files
In these instances, include details in notes
Streaming Media: Physical Description in
Notes Instead of 300 Field
When 300 field is omitted, include notes describing the streaming
files, durations, other relevant physical details
• Type and extent of resource (9.7B8)/Physical description
(9.7B10)
500 Available as both streaming video files (53 min., 2 MPEG-4 files,
sd., b&w) and downloadable video files (53 min., 2 MPEG-4 files, sd.,
b&w); downloadable files available via either HTTP or FTP.
• Contents (9.7B18)
505 0 High bandwidth version (1 hr., 27 min., WMV file, 137 Kbps,
sd., col. with b&w sequences) – Low bandwidth version (1 hr., 27
min., WMV file, 388 Kbps, sd., col. with b&w sequences).
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