The Hebrew Verb
Verbs have the same function in most languages; they are the part of speech
that express action, existence, or occurrence. In Hebrew, most verbs are
structured via a consonantal three-letter skeleton, called the root, which is
applied unto up to seven (discontinuous consonantal) patterns, called the stem.
The verbs are also classified according to five categories, one of which
includes some “modern” verbs structured via a consonantal four-letter skeleton.
The way a verb appears in a sentence depends on its root and stem, as well as
on its category and conjugation by tense and pronoun (which includes gender
and quantity).
Category
Root
Pronoun
Stem
Tense
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 1
The Hebrew Verb (cont’d)
The seven stems unto which verbs
are applied (stem = ‫)בִ ְניָן‬
Description
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
Simple form
pa’AL (QAL)
Reflexive and passive
form
nif’AL
Active intensive form
pi’EL
Passive intensive form
pu’AL
hitpa’EL
Reflexive form
hif’IL
Active causative form
Passive causative
form
hof’AL/huf’AL
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫בִ ְניָן‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫נִפְ עַּ ל‬
‫פִ עֵ ל‬
‫פֻּעֵ ל‬
‫ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬
‫ִהפְ עִ יל‬
‫הָ פְ עַּ ל\הֻּ פְ עַּ ל‬
Forms and tenses of verbs
‫עִ בְ ִרית ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
Root
SHOresh ‫ש ֶֹׁרש‬
Infinitive* maQOR ‫מָ קוֹׁר‬
Past
aVAR
‫עָ בָ ר‬
Present
hoVEH
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
Future
aTID
‫עָ ִתיד‬
Imperative tsiVUY
‫ִצּוּוי‬
* Verbs have different infinitives under each
stem. Not every verb has valid forms in’
every stem.
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 2
The Hebrew Verb (cont’d)
Hebrew verbs fall into five major categories [(gizROT) ‫]גִ זְ רוֹׁת‬. Their appearance
in conjugated forms is affected by the category [(gizRAH) ‫ ]גִ זְ ָרה‬to which the verbs
belong. For the purpose of this class, this particular grammatical concept will not
be pursued in detail, except to list the five major categories and show an example
[(dugMAH) ‫ ]דֻּ גְ מָ ה‬of such a verb in each category, along with its root and infinitive.
Categories - ‫גִ זְ רוֹׁת‬
Meaning
to request
to fall
to slow
down
‫ דֻּ גְ מָ ה מָ קוֹׁר‬Description
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ִקּצּור‬
‫גִ זְ ָרה‬
verbs (all 3 root
‫ בקש לְ בַּ ֵקש‬Regular
‫ ש׳‬shleiMIM *‫ְשל ִֵמים‬
consonants are used)
verbs (not all root
‫ נפל לִ פֹׁל‬Defective
‫ ח׳‬haseiRIM *‫חֲ סֵ ִרים‬
consonants are used)
verbs (2 & 3 root
‫ אטט לְ הָ אֵ ט‬Gemmate
‫ ּכ׳‬kefuLIM *‫ּכְ פּולִ ים‬
consonants are the same)
verbs (silent 3 root
‫ קרא לִ ְקרֹׁא‬Quiescent
‫ נ׳‬naHIM
*‫נ ִָחים‬
consonant)
verbs (root with 4
‫ תרגם לְ תַּ ְרגֵם‬Quadriliteral
‫ מ׳‬meruba’IM ‫ְמ ֻּרבָ עִ ים‬
consonants)
nd
rd
rd
to read/call
to translate
*
These consist of several subcategories determined by which consonants appear in any of the three positions in the root.
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 3
Sample Conjugations of Verbs
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to request” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ב‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Present -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
I, you,
request
she requests
aNI, AT,
HI,
mevaQEshet
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
‫ְמבַּ ֶק ֶשת‬
I, you,
request
he requests
‫נ״ר‬
we,
you, they,
request
aNAHnu,
aTEN, HEN,
mevaqSHOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
mevaQESH
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫ְמבַּ ֵקש‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫ְמבַּ ְקשוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
request
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
mevaqSHIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫ְמבַּ ְק ִשים‬
Module 9/Page 4
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to request” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ב‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I requested
‫אֲ נִ י בִ ַּק ְש ִתי‬
‫אַּ ָתה בִ ַּק ְש ָת‬
‫הּוא בִ ֵקש‬
aNI biQASHti
you
requested
AT biQASHt
she
requested
HI biqSHAH
‫אַּ ְת בִ ַּק ְש ְת‬
‫ִהיא בִ ְק ָשה‬
‫נ״ר‬
you
requested
aTAH
biQASHta
he
requested
HU biQESH
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
biQASHnu
we requested
you
requested
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
aTEN
biQASHten
you
requested
‫אַּ ֶתן בִ ַּק ְש ֶתן‬
they requested
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו בִ ַּק ְשנּו‬
aTEM
biQASHtem
HEM/HEN
biqSHU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אַּ ֶתם בִ ַּק ְש ֶתם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן בִ ְקשּו‬
Module 9/Page 5
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to request” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ב‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall request
aNI avaQESH
you
AT tevaqSHI
will request
you
aTAH
will request tevaQESH
‫אַּ ְת ְתבַּ ְק ִשי‬
‫ִהיא ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
she
HI
will request tevaQESH
‫נ״ר‬
he
HU
will request yevaQESH
‫זונ״ר‬
we
shall request
‫אֲ נִ י אֲ בַּ ֵקש‬
‫אַּ ָתה ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫הּוא יְ בַּ ֵקש‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
nevaQESH
you
aTEN
will request tevaqSHU
*‫אַּ ֶתן ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
they
HEN
will request yevaqSHU
*‫הֵ ן יְ בַּ ְקשּו‬
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
* See note
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
you
aTEM
will request tevaqSHU
on Page 7 they
HEM
will request yevaqSHU
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נְ בַּ ֵקש‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
‫הֵ ם יְ בַּ ְקשּו‬
Module 9/Page 6
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to request” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ב‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
(you)
request!
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
(AT)
baqSHI
!‫(אַּ ְת) בַּ ְק ִשי‬
(you)
request!
(aTAH)
baQESH
‫נ״ר‬
(you)
request!
(aTEN)
baqSHU
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
!‫(אַּ ָתה) בַּ ֵקש‬
‫ז״ר‬
**!‫(אַּ ֶתן) בַּ ְקשּו‬
(you)
request!
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
(aTEM)
baqSHU
!‫(אַּ ֶתם) בַּ ְקשּו‬
!‫[ בַּ ֵק ְשנָה‬baQESHna]
Note for Page 6
* The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ְתבַּ ֵק ְשנָה‬aTEN/HEN) t vaQESHna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
e
Module 9/Page 7
Sample Conjugations of Verbs
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to be requested” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ִה ְתב‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Present -
‫ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
I am
you are
she is
requested
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
.‫נ‬
aNI, AT,
HI,
mitbaQEshet
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
‫ִמ ְתבַּ ֶק ֶשת‬
‫נ״ר‬
we,
aNAHnu,
you, they, are aTEN, HEN,
requested
mitbaqSHOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
I am
you are
he is
requested
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
mitbaQESH
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫ִמ ְתבַּ ִקש‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫ִמ ְתבַּ ְקשוֹׁת‬
we,
aNAHnu,
you, they, are aTEM, HEM,
requested
mitbaqSHIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫ִמ ְתבַּ ְק ִשים‬
Module 9/Page 8
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to be requested” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ִה ְתב‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
aNI
hitbaQASHti
I was requested
you were AT
requested hitbaQASHt
‫נ״ר‬
he was
HU hitbaQESH
requested
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
hibaQASHnu
we were requested
you were
aTEN
requeste
hitbaQASHten
d
you were aTAH
requested hitbaQASHta
‫אַּ ְת ִה ְתבַּ ַּק ְש ְת‬
‫ִהיא ִה ְתבַּ ְק ָשה‬
she was
HI
requested hitbaqSHAH
‫אַּ ֶתן ִה ְתבַּ ַּק ְש ֶתן‬
they were requested
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫אֲ נִי ִה ְתבַּ ַּק ְש ִתי‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִה ְתבַּ ַּק ְש ָת‬
‫הּוא ִה ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו ִה ְתבַּ ַּק ְשנּו‬
you were aTEM
requested hitbaQASHtem
HEM/HEN
hitbaqSHU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אַּ ֶתם ִה ְתבַּ ַּק ְש ֶתם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן ִה ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
Module 9/Page 9
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to be requested” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ִה ְתב‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
- ‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall be requested
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫אֲ נִי אֶ ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִת ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫הּוא יִ ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
aNI etbQESH
you will be
requested
AT
titbaqSHI
she will be
requested
HI
titbaQESH
‫אַּ ְת ִת ְתבַּ ְק ִשי‬
‫ִהיא ִת ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTEN
titbaqSHU
they will be
requested
HEN
yitbaqSHU
aTAH
titbaQESH
he will be
requested
HU
yitbaQESH
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
nitbaQESH
we shall be requested
you will be
requested
you will be
requested
*‫אַּ ֶתן ִת ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
*‫הֵ ן יִ ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
* See note
you will be
requested
aTEM
titbaqSHU
on Page 11 they will be HEM
requested
yitbaqSHU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נ ְִתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ִת ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
‫הֵ ם יִ ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
Module 9/Page 10
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Regular (‫ )ש׳‬verb “to be requested” – ‫קש‬
ֵ ַּ‫ בקש[ לְ ִה ְתב‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
.‫נ‬
(you)
be requested!
(AT)
hitbaqSHI
!‫(אַּ ְת) ִה ְתבַּ ְק ִשי‬
(you)
be requested!
**!‫(אַּ ֶתן) ִה ְתבַּ ְקשּו‬
(you)
be requested!
‫נ״ר‬
(you)
be requested!
(aTEN)
hitbaqSHU
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
(aTAH)
hitbaQESH
!‫(אַּ ָתה) ִה ְתבַּ ֵקש‬
‫ז״ר‬
(aTEM)
ְ ַּ‫(אַּ ֶתם) ִה ְתב‬
hitbaqSHU !‫קשּו‬
!‫[ ִה ְתבַּ ֵק ְשנָה‬hitbaQESHna]
Note for Page 10
* The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ִת ְתבַּ ֵק ְשנָה‬aTEN/HEN) titbaQESHna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 11
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to fall” – ‫ נפל[ לִ פֹׁל‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
Present -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
I, you, fall
she falls
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
aNI, AT,
HI,
noFElet
‫נוֹׁפֶ לֶת‬
I, you, fall
he falls
‫נ״ר‬
aNAHnu,
we,
aTEN, HEN,
you, they, fall
nofLOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
noFEL
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫נוֹׁפֵ ל‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫נוֹׁפְ לוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
fall
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
nofLIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫נוֹׁפְ לִ ים‬
Module 9/Page 12
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to fall” – ‫ נפל[ לִ פֹׁל‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I fell
‫אֲ נִ י נָפַּ לְ ִתי‬
‫אַּ ָתה נָפַּ לְ ָת‬
‫הּוא נָפַּ ל‬
aNI naFALti
you fell
AT naFALt
she fell
HI nafLAH
‫אַּ ְת נָפַּ לְ ְת‬
‫ִהיא נָפְ לָה‬
‫נ״ר‬
you fell
aTAH
naFALta
he fell
HU naFAL
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
naFALnu
we fell
you fell
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
aTEN
nefalTEN
*‫אַּ ֶתן נְ פַּ לְ ֶתן‬
they fell
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
* See note
on Page 15
you fell
aTEM
nefalTEM
HEM/HEN
nafLU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נָפַּ לְ נּו‬
*‫אַּ ֶתם נְ פַּ לְ ֶתם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן נָפְ לּו‬
Module 9/Page 13
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to fall” – ‫ נפל[ לִ פֹׁל‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall fall
aNI ePOL
you will fall
AT tipLI
she will fall
HI tiPOL
‫אַּ ְת ִתפְ לִ י‬
‫ִהיא ִתפֹׁל‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTAH tiPOL
he will fall
HU yiPOL
‫זונ״ר‬
we shall fall
you will fall
you will fall
they will fall HEN yipLU
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
**‫אַּ ֶתן ִתפְ לּו‬
**‫הֵ ן יִ פְ לּו‬
you will fall
aTEM tipLU
** See note
on Page 15
‫אֲ נִ י אֶ פֹׁל‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִתפֹׁל‬
‫הּוא יִ פֹׁל‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu niPOL
aTEN tipLU
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
they will fall HEM yipLU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נִ פֹׁל‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ִתפְ לּו‬
‫הֵ ם יִ פְ לּו‬
Module 9/Page 14
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to fall” – ‫ נפל[ לִ פֹׁל‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
!‫(אַּ ְת) נִפְ לִ י‬
(you) fall!
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
(you) fall!
(AT)
nifLI
‫נ״ר‬
(you) fall!
(aTEN)
nifLU
(aTAH)
neFOL
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
!‫(אַּ ָתה) נְ פֹׁל‬
‫ז״ר‬
***!‫(אַּ ֶתן) נִפְ לּו‬
(you) fall!
(aTEM)
nifLU
!‫(אַּ ֶתם) נִ פְ לּו‬
*** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: !‫[ נְ פֹׁלְ נָה‬neFOLna]
Note for Page 13
* The colloquial forms are:
‫([ אַּ ֶתם\אַּ ֶתן נָפַּ לְ ֶתם\נָפַּ לְ ֶתן‬aTEM/aTEN) naFALtem/naFALten]
Note for Page 14
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ִתפֹׁלְ נָה‬aTEN/HEN) tiPOLna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 15
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to drop (something)” – ‫ נפל[ לְ הַּ פִ יל‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Present -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
I, you, drop
she drops
aNI, AT,
HI,
mapiLAH
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
‫מַּ פִ ילָה‬
I, you, drop
he drops
‫נ״ר‬
we,
you, they,
drop
aNAHnu,
aTEN, HEN,
mapiLOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
maPIL
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫מַּ פִ יל‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫מַּ פִ ילוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
drop
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
mapiLIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫מַּ פִ ילִ ים‬
Module 9/Page 16
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to drop (something)” – ‫ נפל[ לְ הַּ פִ יל‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I dropped
‫אֲ נִ י ִהפַּ לְ ִתי‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִהפַּ לְ ָת‬
‫הּוא ִהפִ יל‬
aNI hiPALti
you
dropped
AT hiPALt
she
dropped
HI hiPIlah
‫אַּ ְת ִהפַּ לְ ְת‬
‫ִהיא ִהפִ ילָה‬
‫נ״ר‬
you
dropped
aTAH
hiPALta
he dropped
HU hiPIL
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
hiPALnu
we dropped
you
dropped
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
aTEN
hiPALten
you
dropped
‫אַּ ֶתן ִהפַּ לְ ֶתן‬
they dropped
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aTEM
hiPALtem
HEM/HEN hiPIlu
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו ִהפַּ לְ נּו‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ִהפַּ לְ ֶתם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן ִהפִ ילּו‬
Module 9/Page 17
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to drop (something)” – ‫ נפל[ לְ הַּ פִ יל‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall drop
aNI aPIL
you will
drop
AT taPIli
she will
drop
HI taPIL
‫אַּ ְת ַּתפִ ילִ י‬
‫ִהיא ַּתפִ יל‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTEN taPIlu
they will
drop
HEN yaPIlu
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
he will drop
HU yaPIL
‫זונ״ר‬
*‫אַּ ֶתן ַּתפִ ילּו‬
*‫הֵ ן יַּפִ ילּו‬
* See note
‫אֲ נִ י אַּ פִ יל‬
‫אַּ ָתה ַּתפִ יל‬
‫הּוא יַּפִ יל‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
naPIL
we shall drop
you will
drop
you will drop aTAH taPIL
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
you will drop
on Page 19 they will
drop
aTEM
taPIlu
HEM yaPIlu
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נַּפִ יל‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ַּתפִ ילּו‬
‫הֵ ם יַּפִ ילּו‬
Module 9/Page 18
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to drop (something)” – ‫ נפל[ לְ הַּ פִ יל‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
(you) drop!
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
!‫(אַּ ְת) הַּ פִ ילִ י‬
(AT)
haPIli
(you) drop!
(aTEN)
haPIlu
!‫(אַּ ָתה) הַּ פֵ ל‬
(aTAH)
haPEL
‫נ״ר‬
(you) drop!
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫ז״ר‬
**!‫(אַּ ֶתן) הַּ פִ ילּו‬
(you) drop!
(aTEM)
haPIlu
!‫(אַּ ֶתם) הַּ פִ ילּו‬
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is: !‫[ הַּ פֵ לְ נָה‬haPELna]
Note for Page 18
* The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ַּתפֵ לְ נָה‬aTEN/HEN) taPELna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 19
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to assault/attack” – ‫ נפל[ לְ ִה ְתנַּפֵ ל‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Present -
‫ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
I, you,
assault
she assaults
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
.‫נ‬
aNI, AT,
HI,
mitnaPElet
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
‫ִמ ְתנַּפֶ לֶת‬
I, you,
assault
he assaults
‫נ״ר‬
we,
you, they,
assault
aNAHnu,
aTEN, HEN,
mitnapLOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
mitnaPEL
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫ִמ ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫ִמ ְתנַּפְ לוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
assault
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
mitnapLIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫ִמ ְתנַּפְ לִ ים‬
Module 9/Page 20
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to assault/attack” – ‫ נפל[ לְ ִה ְתנַּפֵ ל‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
aNI
hitnaPALti
I assaulted
you
assaulted
AT
hitnaPALt
she
assaulted
HI
hitnapLAH
‫אַּ ְת ִה ְתנַּפַּ לְ ְת‬
‫ִהיא ִה ְתנַּפְ לָה‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTEN
hitnaPALten
you
assaulted
aTAH
hitnaPALta
he
assaulted
HU hitnaPEL
‫זונ״ר‬
they assaulted
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫הּוא ִה ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו ִה ְתנַּפַּ לְ נּו‬
you
assaulted
‫אַּ ֶתן ִה ְתנַּפַּ לְ ֶתן‬
‫אֲ נִי ִה ְתנַּפַּ לְ ִתי‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִה ְתנַּפַּ לְ ָת‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
hitnaPALnu
we assaulted
you
assaulted
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
aTEM
hitnaPALtem
HEM/HEN
hitnapLU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אַּ ֶתם ִה ְתנַּפַּ לְ ֶתם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן ִה ְתנַּפְ לּו‬
Module 9/Page 21
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to assault/attack” – ‫ נפל[ לְ ִה ְתנַּפֵ ל‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
- ‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall assault
you will
assault
aTAH
titnaPEL
‫אֲ נִי אֶ ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִת ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
he will
assault
HU
yitnaPEL
‫הּוא יִ ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
aNI etnaPEL
you will
assault
AT titnapLI
she will
assault
HI titnaPEL
‫אַּ ְת ִת ְתנַּפְ לִ י‬
‫ִהיא ִת ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
‫נ״ר‬
‫זונ״ר‬
you will
assault
aTEN
titnapLU
they will
assault
HEN
yitnapLU
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
nitnaPEL
we shall assault
*‫אַּ ֶתן ִת ְתנַּפְ לּו‬
*‫הֵ ן יִ ְתנַּפְ לּו‬
you will
assault
aTEM
titnapLU
on Page 23 they will
HEM
yitnapLU
* See note
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
assault
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נ ְִתנַּפֵ ל‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ִת ְתנַּפְ לּו‬
‫הֵ ם יִ ְתנַּפְ לּו‬
Module 9/Page 22
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Defective (‫ )ח׳‬verb “to assault/attack” – ‫ נפל[ לְ ִה ְתנַּפֵ ל‬in the ‫ ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
.‫נ‬
(you)
assault!
(AT)
hitnapLI
!‫(אַּ ְת) ִה ְתנַּפְ לִ י‬
(you)
assault!
**!‫(אַּ ֶתן) ִה ְתנַּפְ לּו‬
(you)
assault!
‫נ״ר‬
(you)
assault!
(aTEN)
hitnapLU
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
(aTAH)
hitnaPEL
!‫(אַּ ָתה) ִה ְתנַּפֵ ל‬
‫ז״ר‬
(aTEM)
ְ ‫(אַּ ֶתם) ִה‬
hitnapLU !‫תנַּפְ לּו‬
!‫[ ִה ְתנַּפֵ לְ נָה‬hitnaPELna]
Note for Page 22
* The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ִת ְתנַּפֵ לְ נָה‬aTEN/HEN) titnaPELna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 23
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Gemmate (‫ )ּכ׳‬verb “slow down” – ‫ אטט[ לְ הָ אֵ ט‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Present -
‫ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
I, you,
slow down
she slows
down
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
aNI, AT,
HI,
meiTAH
‫ְמ ִאטָ ה‬
I, you,
slow down
he slows
down
‫נ״ר‬
we,
you, they,
slow down
aNAHnu,
aTEN, HEN,
meiTOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
meiET
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫מֵ אֵ ט‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫ְמ ִאטוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
slow down
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
meiTIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫ְמ ִא ִטים‬
Module 9/Page 24
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Gemmate (‫ )ּכ׳‬verb “slow down” – ‫ אטט[ לְ הָ אֵ ט‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫ַאט ִתי‬
ְ ֵ‫אֲ נִ י ה‬
‫ַאט ָת‬
ְ ֵ‫אַּ ָתה ה‬
‫הּוא הֵ אֵ ט‬
aNI heiAteti
I slowed down
you slowed
AT heiAtet
down
she slowed
HI heiEtah
down
‫נ״ר‬
they slowed down
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
he slowed
down
HU heiET
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
heiATnu
we slowed down
you slowed aTEN
down
heiAteten
you slowed aTAH
down
heiAteta
‫ַאט ְת‬
ְ ֵ‫אַּ ְת ה‬
‫ִהיא הֵ אֵ טָ ה‬
‫ַאטנּו‬
ְ ֵ‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו ה‬
you slowed aTEM
down
heiAtetem
‫ַאט ֶתן‬
ְ ֵ‫אַּ ֶתן ה‬
HEM/HEN
heiEtu
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫ַאט ֶתם‬
ְ ֵ‫אַּ ֶתם ה‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן הֵ אֵ טּו‬
Module 9/Page 25
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Gemmate (‫ )ּכ׳‬verb “slow down” – ‫ אטט[ לְ הָ אֵ ט‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
- ‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall slow down
aNI aEt
you will
slow down
AT taEti
she will
slow down
HI taET
‫נ״ר‬
aTAH taET
he will slow
HU yaET
down
‫זונ״ר‬
we shall slow down
aTEN taEtu
*‫אַּ ֶתן ָתאֵ טּו‬
they will
slow down
HEN yaEtu
*‫הֵ ן יָאֵ טּו‬
* See note
‫אֲ נִ י ָאאֵ ט‬
‫אַּ ָתה ָתאֵ ט‬
‫הּוא יָאֵ ט‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu naET
you will
slow down
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
you will
slow down
‫אַּ ְת ָתאֵ ִטי‬
‫ִהיא ָתאֵ ט‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
you will
slow down
on Page 27 they will
slow down
aTEM taEtu
HEM yaEtu
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נָאֵ ט‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ָתאֵ טּו‬
‫הֵ ם יָאֵ טּו‬
Module 9/Page 26
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Gemmate (‫ )ּכ׳‬verb “slow down” – ‫ אטט[ לְ הָ אֵ ט‬in the ‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬stem]
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
(you) slow
down!
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
!‫(אַּ ְת) הָ אֵ ִטי‬
(AT) haEti
(you) slow
down!
(aTAH) haET
‫נ״ר‬
(you) slow
down!
(aTEN) haEtu
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
!‫(אַּ ָתה) הָ אֵ ט‬
‫ז״ר‬
**!‫(אַּ ֶתן) הָ אֵ טּו‬
(you) slow
down!
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
(aTEM) haEtu
!‫(אַּ ֶתם) הָ אֵ טּו‬
!‫[ הָ אֵ ְטנָה‬haETna]
Note for Page 26
* The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ָתאֵ ְטנָה‬aTEN/HEN) taETna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 27
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quiescent (‫ )נ׳‬verb “to read/call” – ‫ קרא[ לִ ְקרֹׁא‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I, you,
aNI, aTAH.
read/call
HU,
he
qoRE
reads/calls
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫קו ֵֹׁרא‬
Present -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
I, you,
aNI, AT,
read/call
HI,
she
qoRET
reads/calls
‫קו ֵֹׁראת‬
‫נ״ר‬
we,
you, they,
read/call
aNAHnu,
aTEN, HEN,
qor’OT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫קו ְֹׁראוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
read/call
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
qor’IM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫קו ְֹׁר ִאים‬
Module 9/Page 28
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quiescent (‫ )נ׳‬verb “to read/call” – ‫ קרא[ לִ ְקרֹׁא‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I read/called
‫אתי‬
ִ ‫אֲ נִ י ָק ָר‬
ָ‫אַּ ָתה ָק ָראת‬
‫הּוא ָק ָרא‬
aNI qaRAti
you
read/called
AT qaRAt
she
read/called
HI qar’AH
‫אַּ ְת ָק ָראת‬
‫ִהיא ָק ְרָאה‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTEN
qraTEN
you
read/called
aTAH
qaRAta
he
read/called
HU qaRA
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
qaRAnu
we read/called
you
read/called
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
*‫אַּ ֶתן ְק ָראתֶ ן‬
they read/called
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
* See note
you
on Page 31 read/called
aTEM
qraTEM
HEM/HEN
qar’U
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו ָק ָראנּו‬
*‫אַּ ֶתם ְק ָראתֶ ם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן ָק ְראּו‬
Module 9/Page 29
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quiescent (‫ )נ׳‬verb “to read/call” – ‫ קרא[ לִ ְקרֹׁא‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
- ‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
Future
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall read/call
aNI eqRA
you will
read/call
AT tiqreI
she will
read/call
HI tiqRA
‫אַּ ְת ִת ְק ְר ִאי‬
‫ִהיא ִת ְק ָרא‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTEN tiqreU
they will
read/call
HEN yiqreU
aTAH tiqRA
he will
read/call
HU yiqRA
‫זונ״ר‬
**‫אַּ ֶתן ִת ְק ְראּו‬
**‫הֵ ן יִ ְק ְראּו‬
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
you will
read/call
aTEM tiqreU
on Page 31 they will
read/call
HEM yiqreU
** See note
‫אֲ נִי אֶ ְק ָרא‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִת ְק ָרא‬
‫הּוא יִ ְק ָרא‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
niqRA
we shall read/call
you will
read/call
you will
read/call
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נ ְִק ָרא‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ִת ְק ְראּו‬
‫הֵ ם יִ ְק ְראּו‬
Module 9/Page 30
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quiescent (‫ )נ׳‬verb “to read/call” – ‫ קרא[ לִ ְקרֹׁא‬in the )‫קל‬
ַּ (
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
‫ פָ עַּ ל‬stem]
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
(you)
read!/call!
(AT)
qir’I
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
!‫(אַּ ְת) ִק ְר ִאי‬
(you)
read!/call!
(aTAH)
qRA
‫נ״ר‬
(you)
read!/call!
(aTEN)
qir’U
***!‫(אַּ ֶתן) ִק ְראּו‬
* The colloquial forms are:
!‫(אַּ ָתה) ְק ָרא‬
‫ז״ר‬
(you)
read!/call!
*** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Note for Page 29
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
(aTEM)
qir’U
!‫(אַּ ֶתם) ִק ְראּו‬
!‫[ ְק ֶראנָה‬qREna]
Note for Page 30
‫אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ָק ָראתֶ ם\ ָק ָראתֶ ן‬
[(aTEN/HEN) qaRAtem/qaRAten]
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct,
forms are:
‫אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ִת ְק ֶראנָה‬
[(aTEN/HEN) tiqREna]
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 31
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quadrilateral (‫ )מ׳‬verb “to translate” – ‫ תרגם[ לְ תַּ ְרגֵם‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫הֹׁוֶ ה‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Present -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
I, you,
translate
she
translates
aNI, AT,
HI,
metarGEmet
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ְת‬,‫אֲ נִי‬
,‫ִהיא‬
‫ְמתַּ ְרגֶמֶ ת‬
I, you,
translate
he
translates
‫נ״ר‬
we,
you, they,
translate
aNAHnu,
aTEN, HEN,
metargeMOT
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
aNI, aTAH.
HU,
metarGEM
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
,‫ אַּ ָתה‬,‫אֲ נִ י‬
,‫הּוא‬
‫ְמתַּ ְרגֵם‬
‫ז״ר‬
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ן‬,‫אַּ ֶתן‬
‫ְמתַּ ְרגְ מוֹׁת‬
we,
you, they,
translate
aNAHnu,
aTEM, HEM,
metargeMIM
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
,‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו‬
,‫ הֵ ם‬,‫אַּ ֶתם‬
‫ְמתַּ ְרגְ ִמים‬
Module 9/Page 32
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quadrilateral (‫ )מ׳‬verb “to translate” – ‫ תרגם[ לְ תַּ ְרגֵם‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫עָ בָ ר‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Past -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I translated
‫אֲ נִ י ִת ְרג ְַּמ ִתי‬
‫אַּ ָתה ִת ְרג ְַּמ ָת‬
‫הּוא ִת ְרגֵם‬
aNI tirGAMti
you
translated
AT tirGAMt
she
translated
HI
tirgeMAH
‫אַּ ְת ִת ְרג ְַּמ ְת‬
‫ִהיא ִת ְרגְ מָ ה‬
‫נ״ר‬
aTEN
tirGAMten
you
translated
aTAH
tirGAMta
he
translated
HU tirGEM
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
tirGAMnu
we translated
you
translated
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
you
translated
‫אַּ ֶתן ִת ְרג ְַּמ ֶתן‬
they translated
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו ִת ְרג ְַּמנּו‬
aTEM
tirGAMtem
HEM/HEN
tirgeMU
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אַּ ֶתם ִת ְרג ְַּמ ֶתם‬
‫הֵ ם\הֵ ן ִת ְרגְ מּו‬
Module 9/Page 33
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quadrilateral (‫ )מ׳‬verb “to translate” – ‫ תרגם[ לְ תַּ ְרגֵם‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
- ‫עָ ִתיד‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְ גְ לִ ית ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫זו״נ‬
.‫ז‬
Future
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
I shall translate
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
‫אֲ נִ י אֲ תַּ ְרגֵם‬
‫אַּ ָתה ְתתַּ ְרגֵם‬
‫הּוא יְ תַּ ְרגֵם‬
aNI atarGEM
you will
translate
AT tetargeMI
she will
translate
HI tetarGEM
‫אַּ ְת ְתתַּ ְרגְ ִמי‬
‫ִהיא ְתתַּ ְרגֵם‬
‫נ״ר‬
you will
translate
aTAH
tetarGEM
he will
translate
HU
yetarGEM
‫זונ״ר‬
‫ז״ר‬
aNAHnu
netarGEM
we shall translate
you will
translate
aTEN
tetargeMU
*‫אַּ ֶתן ְתתַּ ְרגְ מּו‬
they will
translate
HEN
yetargeMU
*‫הֵ ן יְ תַּ ְרגְ מּו‬
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
you will
translate
aTEM
tetargeMU
on Page 35 they will
HEM
yetargeMU
* See note
translate
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫אֲ נ ְַּחנּו נְתַּ ְרגֵם‬
‫אַּ ֶתם ְתתַּ ְרגְ מּו‬
‫הֵ ם יְ תַּ ְרגְ מּו‬
Module 9/Page 34
Sample Conjugations of Verbs (cont’d)
The Quadrilateral (‫ )מ׳‬verb “to translate” – ‫ תרגם[ לְ תַּ ְרגֵם‬in the ‫ פִ עֵ ל‬stem]
‫ִצּוּוי‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫ז‬
Imperative -
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק ַאנְגְ לִ ית‬
.‫נ‬
(you)
translate!
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
(AT)
targeMI
!‫(אַּ ְת) ַּת ְרגְ ִמי‬
(you)
translate!
(aTAH)
tarGEM
(you)
translate!
‫ז״ר‬
(aTEM)
!‫(אַּ ֶתם) ַּת ְרגְ מּו‬
targ MU
‫נ״ר‬
(you)
translate!
(aTEN)
targeMU
**!‫(אַּ ֶתן) ַּת ְרגְ מּו‬
‫עִ בְ ִרית‬
** The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
!‫(אַּ ָתה) ַּת ְרגֵם‬
e
!‫[ ַּת ְרג ְֵמנָה‬tetarGEMna]
Note for Page 34
* The less commonly used, but grammatically correct, form is:
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫([ אַּ ֶתן\הֵ ן ְתתַּ ְרג ְֵמנָה‬aTEN/HEN) t tarGEMna]
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
e
Module 9/Page 35
Some Common Verbs
‫ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
to love/like
to fall in love
to disappoint
to be disappointed
to eat
to feed
to say
to enable
to come
to bring
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫בִ נְ יָן‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬
‫פִ עֵ ל‬
‫ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫ִהפְ עִ יל‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫פִ עֵ ל‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫ִהפְ עִ יל‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
le’eHOV
lehit’aHEV
leachZEV
lehit’achZEV
le’eCHOL
leha’aCHIL
loMAR/leiMOR
leafSHER
laVO
lehaVI
‫מָ קוֹׁר‬
‫ש ֶֹׁרש‬
‫אהב לֶאֱ הֹׁב‬
‫אהב לְ ִה ְתַאהֵ ב‬
‫אכזב לְ ַאכְ זֵ ב‬
‫אכזב לְ ִה ְתַאכְ זֵ ב‬
‫אכל לֶאֱ כֹׁל‬
‫אכל לְ הַּ אֲ כִ יל‬
‫אמר לוֹׁמַּ ר\לֵאמֹׁר‬
‫אפשר לְ ַאפְ ֵשר‬
‫בוא לָבוֹׁא‬
‫בוא לְ הָ בִ יא‬
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 36
Some Common Verbs (cont’d)
‫ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
to understand
to weep
to grow/increase
to speak
to be
to go/walk
to remember
to remind
to smile
to think
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק בִ נְ יָן‬
‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬lehaVIN
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬livKOT
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬ligDOL
‫ פִ עֵ ל‬ledaBER
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lihiYOT
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬laLEchet
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lizKOR
‫ ִהפְ עִ יל‬lehazKIR
‫ פִ עֵ ל‬lehaYECH
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lahSHOV
‫מָ קוֹׁר‬
‫לְ הָ בִ ין‬
‫לִ בְ ּכוֹׁת‬
‫לִ גְ דֹׁל‬
‫לְ ַּדבֵ ר‬
‫לִ ְהיוֹׁת‬
‫ָללֶכֶת‬
‫לִ זְ ּכֹׁר‬
‫לְ הַּ זְ ּכִ יר‬
‫לְ חַּ יְֵך‬
‫ל ְַּחשֹׁב‬
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫ש ֶֹׁרש‬
‫בין‬
‫בכה‬
‫גדל‬
‫דבר‬
‫היה‬
‫הלך‬
‫זכר‬
‫זכר‬
‫חיך‬
‫חשב‬
Module 9/Page 37
Some Common Verbs (cont’d)
‫ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
to know
to exit/emerge
to descend
to sit
to enter
to put in/bring in
to write
‫בִ נְ יָן‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬laDA’at
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬laTSET
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬laREdet
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬laSHEvet
lehikaNES
‫נִ פְ עַּ ל‬
lehachNIS
‫ִהפְ עִ יל‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lichTOV
‫מָ קוֹׁר‬
‫ל ַָּדעַּ ת‬
‫לָצֵ את‬
‫ל ֶָר ֶדת‬
‫ל ֶָשבֶ ת‬
‫לְ ִהּכָ נֵס‬
‫לְ הַּ כְ נִיס‬
‫לִ כְ תֹׁב‬
‫ש ֶֹׁרש‬
‫ידע‬
‫יצא‬
‫ירד‬
‫ישב‬
‫כנס‬
‫כנס‬
‫כתב‬
to correspond (with
someone)
‫ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬
lehitkaTEV
‫ּכַּתב‬
ֵ ‫כתב לְ ִה ְת‬
to wear (clothing)
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬
lilBOSH
‫לבש לִ לְ בֹׁש‬
‫לבש לְ ִה ְתלַּבֵ ש‬
to get dressed
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
lehitlaBESH
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 38
Some Common Verbs (cont’d)
‫ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
to be sold
‫בִ נְ יָן‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫ש ֶֹׁרש מָ קוֹׁר‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lilMOD
‫למד לִ לְ מֹׁד‬
lelaMED
‫פִ עֵ ל‬
‫למד לְ לַּמֵ ד‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬limKOR
‫מכר לִ ְמּכֹׁר‬
‫ נִפְ עַּ ל‬lehimaCHER ‫מכר לְ ִהמָ כֵר‬
to drive (a
vehicle)/lead
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
linHOG
to behave
‫ִה ְתפַּ עֵ ל‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
‫פִ עֵ ל‬
)‫פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬
lehitnaHEG
to learn/study
to teach/instruct
to sell
to close
to count
to tell/cut hair
to work
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
lisGOR
lisPOR
lesaPER
la’aVOD
‫לִ נְ הֹׁג‬
‫נהג‬
‫לְ ִה ְתנַּהֵ ג‬
‫לִ ְסגֹׁר‬
‫לִ ְספֹׁר‬
‫לְ סַּ פֵ ר‬
‫ַּל ֲעבֹׁד‬
‫נהג‬
‫סגר‬
‫ספר‬
‫ספר‬
‫עבד‬
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
Module 9/Page 39
Some Common Verbs (cont’d)
‫ַאנְ גְ לִ ית‬
to rise/ascend
to stand/stand up
to open
to buy
to see
to show
to want
to ask
to pay
to drink
Modern Hebrew for Beginners
‫בִ נְ יָן‬
‫ַּתעְ ִתיק‬
‫מָ קוֹׁר‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬la’aLOT
‫ַּלעֲלוֹׁת‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬laaMOD
‫ַּל ֲעמֹׁד‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lifTO’ah
ַּ‫לִ פְ תֹׁח‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬liqNOT
‫לִ ְקנוֹׁת‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lirOT
‫לִ ְראוֹׁת‬
leharOT ‫לְ הַּ ְראוֹׁת‬
‫ִהפְ עִ יל‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lirTSOT
‫לִ ְרצוֹׁת‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lishOL
‫לִ ְשאֹׁל‬
leshaLEM
‫פִ עֵ ל‬
‫לְ ַּשלֵם‬
)‫ פָ עַּ ל ( ַּקל‬lishTOT ‫לִ ְשתוֹׁת‬
Copyright ©2007-08 Uri Yosef for VirtualYeshiva.com
All rights reserved.
‫ש ֶֹׁרש‬
‫עלה‬
‫עמד‬
‫פתח‬
‫קנה‬
‫ראה‬
‫ראה‬
‫רצה‬
‫שאל‬
‫שלם‬
‫שתה‬
Module 9/Page 40
Descargar

Learning to Read Hebrew - Module 7