Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
9.1–1
• The present perfect subjunctive (el pretérito perfecto
de subjuntivo) is formed with the present subjunctive
of haber and a past participle.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
9.1–2
• Like the present perfect indicative, the present perfect
subjunctive is used to refer to recently completed
actions or past actions that still bear relevance in the
present. It is used mainly in multiple-clause sentences
that express will, emotion, doubt, or uncertainty.
PRESENT PERFECT INDICATIVE
PRESENT PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE
Luis me dijo que ha dejado de
ver ese programa.
Me alegro de que Luis haya
dejado de ver ese programa.
Luis told me that he has stopped
watching that show.
I’m glad that Luis has stopped
watching that show.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
9.1–3
• Note the difference in meaning between the three
subjunctive tenses you have learned so far.
PRESENT
SUBJUNCTIVE
Las cadenas
nacionales buscan
corresponsales que
hablen varios idiomas.
PRESENT PERFECT
SUBJUNCTIVE
PAST
SUBJUNCTIVE
Prefieren contratar a los
que hayan trabajado en
el extranjero.
Antes, insistían en que
los solicitantes tuvieran
cinco años de experiencia.
The national networks
They prefer to hire those
look for correspondents who have worked abroad.
who speak several
languages.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
In the past, they insisted
that applicants have five
years’ experience.
9.1–4
In a multiple-clause sentence, the choice of tense for the verb in the
subjunctive depends on when the action takes place in each clause.
The present perfect subjunctive is used primarily when the action of the
main clause is in the present tense, but the action in the subordinate
clause is in the past.
Copyright © 2008 Vista Higher Learning. All rights reserved.
9.1–5
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