ESL Strategies and Activities
to practice at home
Special thanks to Mrs. Elena Shurdom, AHSD, for this Powerpoint Presentation.
Learning the Native Language

Learning one’s native language is unconscious and
intuitive.

It begins in the first few weeks of life, and continues
until age five or six.

Young children make associations between the sounds
they hear and the actions they see.

Gradually they make sounds, form sounds into words
and more complex structures like phrases and
sentences. (Carrigan, 2009)
“Knowing a Language”
According to Carrigan (2009)
Understand the language
that one hears
Knowing instinctively what
belongs to our language
Unconsciously creating
original language patterns
English Language Learning
Listening
Speaking
Language
Communication
Writing
Reading
Listening Skills
To help develop listening skills, let children
listen and learn rhymes and songs.
Click on the picture to
listen to over 2,000
children’s song and
rhymes.
Benefits of Learning Children’s Rhymes
and Songs
Phonemic
Awareness
Enhancement
Vocabulary
Understanding
and
Development
Listening Skills
Improvement
Benefits
Developing Reading Skills

Playing games is a great way to provide
additional practice with early reading
skills. (Bank Street College of Education
2009)
Click on the picture to learn about
six games you can use to help young
readers practice word recognition,
spelling patterns, and letter-sound
knowledge.
More Reading Games
Reading games are fun way to get your
children not only involved but also excited
about reading. Even "reluctant" readers are
more likely to enjoy reading if they are
having fun at the same time.
Click on the image below to learn more.
Reading Tips for Parents
Reading, and a love for reading, begins at home.
 A downloadable handout of reading tips for
parents of children in preschool to grade 3, is
available in several languages.

Click on the picture to
see the link
Developing Writing Skills

Working with Art gives students who struggle
with writing another way to show their
understanding of the story.

Students might draw pictures or make collages.

Artistic activities are appropriate alternatives
for good writers. (Clark & Graves, 2004)
Collages
Collage is cost effective.
 Collage is good for children who speak any
language. NO ENGLISH IS REQUIRED.
 Collage is developmentally appropriate and is
good for all children. (Lindsay, 2003)

Speaking Skills

Through social interaction of everyday life,
children learn how to communicate with
others. (Haneda & Wells, 2008)
parents
Other
adults
siblings
peers
Speaking Skills of English Language
Learners
There is no early language experience in
the language used at school
 Developing Speaking Skills through the
dialogue. (Haneda & Wells, 2008)

International Children’s Digital
Library

As families move from country to country, in their new
homelands, it may be difficult, if not impossible, to find
children's books from their cultures and in their mother
tongue. Children and their families deserve to have
access to the books of their culture, as well as the
majority culture, regardless of where they live.
To learn more about the digital library of
outstanding children's books from around
the world click on the image
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ESL Strategies and Activities