Haber
To have
To Have
• The verb “to have” is used in three different
ways in English:
– to have something (possession)
– to have to do something (obligation)
– to have done something (reference to an activity)
• Consider the following examples:
– I have a wagon.
– I have to study for a test.
– I have been to the zoo.
Tener vs. Haber
• Tener is used to talk about possession and
obligation.
• Haber is used to refer to actions.
– Haber can be confusing at first, but mastering it is
a big step toward mastering Spanish.
– Tenses that use haber are referred to as perfect
tenses.
Using “to have” to talk about
actions
•
•
•
•
I have seen that movie.
I would have spoken to her.
I will have graduated by then.
I had been waiting for an hour.
Haber
• Haber can be conjugated into any tense, just
like any other verb.
• Present (he, has, ha…), Preterit (hube, hubiste, hubo…),
Imperfect (había, habías, había…), etc.
• However, haber never stands alone. It is
always accompanied by another verb, in the
past participle form. (See next slide)
• Haber is irregular in many tenses.
Past Participle
• The past participle of a verb is formed by
removing the ending (–ar, –er, or –ir) and
adding –ado (for –ar verbs) or –ido (for –er or
–ir verbs).
• When used with haber, the participles are not
modified according to number or gender.
• There are many irregular past participles.
Present Perfect
• This is where things get a little confusing. The
present perfect is used to talk about things
that have happened, meaning that it actually
refers to the past; however, the present tense
of haber is used. (This same confusion exists
in English, we just don’t ever think about it.)
– Yo he hablado con ella.
Present yo form of haber.
Past participle of haber
– I have spoken to her.
Haber in different Tenses
Present
he
hemos
has
ha
Preterit
hube
Imperfect
hubimos
hubiste
han
hubo
I have talked to her.
Yo he hablado con ella.
hubieron
I had talked to her.
Yo hube hablado con ella.
(This is very uncommon; the
imperfect is generally used
instead.)
habríamos
habrías
habría
había
I would have talked to her.
Yo habría hablado con ella.
habían
I had talked to her.
Yo había hablado con ella.
Future
habré
habremos
habrás
habrían
habíamos
habías
Conditional
habría
había
habrá
habrán
I will have talked to her.
Yo habré hablado con ella.
Practice
• Using what you have just learned, try to
translate the following sentences:
– I have eaten dinner.
– You have visited your friends.
– We had already arrived.
– He would have made good grades.
– They will have called already.
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Haber - Wikispaces : Sra. Gibson