Project Report
Microsoft Internet Information
Server
Group 4
Javier Ek, Jimmy Phung, Ben Lee,
Tom Truong
CIS 454- FALL QUARTER 1999
Internet Information Server
Group 4
Overview -Jimmy Phung
Installation - Tom Truong
Troubleshooting TCP/IP - Benjamin Lee
Web Applications -Javier Ek
What is a Microsoft Internet
Information Server?

It is Microsoft’s Web
server that allows for
the management of
Web-related
applications, files and
data.
By Jimmy Phung
3
What is a Web Server?

A Web server is a specialized program that
uses the client/server model and the World
Wide Web's Hypertext Transfer Protocol
(HTTP) to present files in the form of Web
pages to the users.
– Source: www.whatis.com
By Jimmy Phung
4
Example of the Use of a Web
Server

When we type in:
www.calstatela.edu/ats/cbt.htm,
we are directed to the web server with the
domain name www.calstatela.edu.
 The web server then finds the ats directory
and the cbt.htm file. It then forwards the
file directly back to us.
By Jimmy Phung
5
Uses of the Internet
Information Server (Examples)

Corporate workgroups using intranets
 Corporate partners using extranets
 Customers logging on to a Web site
By Jimmy Phung
6
Where can you find the
Microsoft Internet Information
Server?

The Internet
Information Server is
found in the Microsoft
Option Packs
 All NT Servers
shipped after January
1998 come with
Internet Information
Sever
By Jimmy Phung
7
How Much Does the Internet
Information Server Cost?

FREE
 You can download it
form the Microsoft
Web site
 Tom will tell you how
By Jimmy Phung
8
Where Can You Install Internet
Information Server?

Windows 95
 Windows 98
 Windows NT Workstation
 Window NT Server
By Jimmy Phung
9
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Setup and Management
– Use the Graphical User Interface (GUI)
– Easy to learn; relatively short learning curve
By Jimmy Phung
10
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Building Web sites
– Integrates fully with Microsoft Front Page,
which allows for the creation of Web pages
– Contain assorted Web-building Wizards
– Facilitates the development of Active Server
Pages (ASP), which allow the creation of active
and interactive Web pages.


VB Scripts in HTML file
Java Scrips in HTML file
By Jimmy Phung
11
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Support the writing of web-based
applications that access databases
– Integrate fully with Microsoft SQL Server,
which facilitates the the manipulation of
databases
– ODBC driver support
By Jimmy Phung
12
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Security
– Prohibit access by user and group using
passwords
– Prohibit access to directories and files
By Jimmy Phung
13
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Security Continued – Security rules
– Security rules can be based on URLs
– Can hide part of a document based on security rules
– Can change user access control list without restarting
server
– Supports Secure Socket Layer (SSL) v. 2 and v. 3
By Jimmy Phung
14
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Reliability
– Each Internet applications running on the
Internet Information Server can run on a
separate memory space
– When one application crashes, it will not crash
the whole system. Only the affected
application crashes, the server and the other
applications keep on working
By Jimmy Phung
15
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Reliability Continued
– Contains Integrated Message Queuing, which
provides a way for applications to send and
receive messages over a network - even when
part of the application or the network becomes
unavailable. This increases reliability.
By Jimmy Phung
16
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Scripting support
– Script debugging, which helps debug ASP
scripts
– Supports JAVA
By Jimmy Phung
17
Features of the Internet
Information Server

Web Management
– Programmable Management Console
– Ability to customized management tools
– Browser-Based Administration
– Remote administration
– GUI interface/command line interface
– Has the Configuration Rollback feature, which helps to
bring the server back to previously saved
configurations.
By Jimmy Phung
18
Minimum Requirements

80x86-Based Computers
– 486 Computer
– 66 MHz

RAM
– 32 Meg Ram minimum
– 64 Meg highly recommended

Hard Disk
– 200 Meg of free space
By Jimmy Phung
19
Minimum Requirements

Internet Explorer 4.0
 Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows NT
Workstation or Window NT Server
 Service Pack 3 or later for NT
By Jimmy Phung
20
IIS Installation Process

There are a number of ways to install IIS 4.0. You can download the Windows
NT Option Pack from the Internet, or your can install it from CD.

To download the Option Pack from the Internet, you use the URL shown here:
http://backoffice.microsoft.com/downtrial/optionpack.asp

To install the Option Pack from the CD, you insert the CD in the drive and run
the appropriate setup.exe.
By Tom Truong
21
By Tom Truong
22
By Tom Truong
23
By Tom Truong
24
•
The minimum installation program is designed to conserve disk space on your
system.
•
The typical installation installs all the components of IIS included in the minimum
installation. In addition, it installs the rest of the optional IIS components.
Included in the typical installation is the FTP service, the Internet Service
Manager (HTML), and help on server administration, content management, and
content development.
•
The custom installation allows you to choose which IIS components you want on
the computer, apart from the components that are required and selected by default.
•
Let’s choose the Custom installation, which allows you to select any combination
of components in addition to the IIS component that is required to run the IIS
server.
By Tom Truong
25
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26
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27
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28
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29
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30
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31
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32
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33
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34
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35
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36
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37
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38
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39
By Tom Truong
40
By Tom Truong
41
•If you are using IIS on an intranet, you can copy the unattend.txt file from the Option
Pack CD to a folder on the local computer (The unattend.txt file is located on the CD in the
CPU_Type/inetsrv/directory, where CPU_Type is the processor on the computer where IIS
will be installed.) This file allows you to perform unattended installations from that folder.
This is useful for performing installations without having to remain at the computer and
step through the installation options.
• To start the unattended setup, you either place the CD in the CD drive, or make a network
connection to the CD drive containing the Option Pack CD. You then copy unattend.txt to
your local hard disk and make any necessary changes to install the appropriate
components.
• At a command prompt, you change to the folder on the CD containing setup.exe, then
enter the following path: setup/u:<full path to Unattend.txt>. For example, if the file
located in the temp directory on the C drive, you type: setup/u:c:\temp\unattend.exe
By Tom Truong
42
TROUBLESHOOTING
TCP/IP
By Ben Lee
43
Presentation Objectives

Identify some of the problems which may
arise in a network that uses TCP/IP as its
communication protocol
 Explain the utilities that are available for
troubleshooting TCP/IP
By Ben Lee
44
TCP/IP Problems

Configuration of the local computer
 Connecting to other hosts on the network
 Routing problems
 Naming resolution errors
 Source and destination hosts are trying to
communicate using different protocols
By Ben Lee
45
Tools that come with Windows
NT

Microsoft SNMP Service
 Event Viewer
 Performance Moniter
 Registry Editor
 Network Monitor, Agent, and Tools
By Ben Lee
46
Utilities used for
troubleshooting TCP/IP





IPConfig
Ping
Hostname
Nbtstat
ARP

Tracert
 Nslookup
 Netstat
 Route
By Ben Lee
47
IPConfg

Display current TCP/IP network
configuration values, and update or release
TCP/IP network configuration values.

Display IP address, subnet mask, and WINS
and DNS configuration.
By Ben Lee
48
By Ben Lee
49
IPConfg
By Ben Lee
50
IPConfg
By Ben Lee
51
Ping

Verify whether TCP/IP is configured
correctly and that a remote TCP/IP system
is available.

Ensure that a host computer you are trying
to reach is actually operating.

Used with a host that is operating to see
how long it takes to get a response back.
By Ben Lee
52
•Ping sends an ICMP echo request to a
target host name or IP address.
By Ben Lee
53
•If there is an error message using
your own IP address, view the
configuration to check and correct it.
By Ben Lee
54
Nbtstat

Useful tool for solving NetBios name
resolution problems
 Switch to display the names that were
registered locally on the system
By Ben Lee
55
Nbtstat
By Ben Lee
56
-a Lists the remote computer's name table given its host name.
-A Lists the remote computer's name table given its IP address
specified in dotted decimal notation.
-c Lists the contents of the NetBIOS name cache, with the
IP address of each name.
-n Lists local NetBIOS names. In this listing, "Registered"
indicates that the name has been registered on this network
node, either by b-node broadcast or by a WINS server.
By Ben Lee
57
-R Reloads the LMHOSTS file after purging all names from
the NetBIOS name cache.
-r Lists name resolution statistics for Windows networking.
On a computer configured to use WINS, this option returns the
number of names resolved and registered broadcast or WINS.
-S Displays both workstation and server sessions, listing
the remote hosts by IP address only.
-s Displays both workstation and server sessions.
It attempts to convert the remote host IP address to a name
using the HOSTS file.
By Ben Lee
58
Nbtstat

When adding more than 25 dialout devices
under Windows NT 4.0 RAS, the NBTSTAT
command will return the following
message:
– Unable to access NBT driver; Unknown Error

This problem is because NBTSTAT is not
reading the entire contents of a registry key.
By Ben Lee
59
ARP

ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) is a
protocol for mapping an Internet Protocol
address (IP Address) to a physical machine
address that is recognized in the local
network.

The most common level of IP in use today,
an address is 32 bits long.
By Ben Lee
60
How ARP Works

When an incoming packet destined for a
host machine on a particular local area
network arrives at a gateway, the gateway
asks the ARP program to find a physical
host or MAC address that matches the IP
address.
By Ben Lee
61
Route

The route table controls any routing
decisions made by the hosts on a network
 You can display the route table using the
Route Print command.
By Ben Lee
62
Route
By Ben Lee
63
Tracert

Examine the route between two nodes on a
network
 Determines the route by sending the first
echo packet with a TTL of 1 and
incrementing the TTL by 1 on each
subsequent transmission until the target
responds or the maximum TTL is reached.
By Ben Lee
64
Tracert
By Ben Lee
65
Netstat

Displays protocol statistics and current
TCP/IP network connections.

Syntax : netstat [-a] [-e][n][s] [-p protocol]
[-r] [interval]
By Ben Lee
66
Netstat
By Ben Lee
67
By Ben Lee
68
By Ben Lee
69
Nslookup

Lets an Internet server administrator or user
enter a host name and find out the
corresponding Internet Address. It will also
do reverse name lookup and find the host
name for an IP address you specify.
By Ben Lee
70
Nslookup

For example, if you entered "whatis.com",
you would receive as a response our IP
address, which happens to be :

199.45.146.176
 Or if you entered "199.45.146.176", it
would return "whatis.com".
By Ben Lee
71
Internet Information Server Web Applications
Group 4
By Javier Ek
72
Introduction

Internet Information Server can be used for
interactive applications and scripts for your
website.
 IIS can be used for CGI Scripts and ISAPI
Applications.
 Using IIS with ASP pages on a server.
By Javier Ek
73
Methods

CGI(Common Gateway Interface)
 ISAPI(Internet Server Application Program
Interface)
 ASP(Active Server Page) Applications
 SSI(Server Side Includes)
By Javier Ek
74
CGI
By Javier Ek
75
CGI

What is CGI?
By Javier Ek
76
CGI
By Javier Ek
77
CGI

CGI script conforms to CGI standards.
 Scripts or programs can be written in any language
for applications to be executed on a system.
 These languages can be C++, PERL, Visual Basic,
and NT Batch Files.
 Programs such as VB and C++ need to be
compiled in order to work. Scripts do not need to
be compiled and are much more portable.
By Javier Ek
78
CGI – Security Issues

There are several security issues in regards to
CGI.
 Intruders and hackers can manipulate CGI script
to access sensitive information such as passwords
and registry files.
 They can also use CGI script to run system
commands. This risk can be reduced by having
experts write the scripts and keeping them in one
single directory with only an administrator access.
By Javier Ek
79
CGI - Requirements

To write CGI Scripts a working knowledge
of HTML and HTTP protocol is needed.
By Javier Ek
80
ISAPI

What is ISAPI(Internet Server Application
Program Interface)?
By Javier Ek
81
ISAPI

Applications that use ISAPI have
executable code that reside in NT
DLL(Dynamic Link Library).
 There two areas of development are
applications and filters.
 ISAPI applications are known as Internet
Server Applications(ISAs)
By Javier Ek
82
ISAPI – How It Works
By Javier Ek
83
ISAPI and CGI
By Javier Ek
84
Active Server Pages(ASPs)

Active Server Pages are a scripting environment
that overcome the limitations of CGI.
 With ASP you can combine HTML, scripts, and
text on web pages.
 The built-in Active X components can be used to
perform dynamic tasks, such as connecting to a
database or performing calculations.
By Javier Ek
85
ASP



ASP eliminates the need to learn a full programming language or
compile programs separately.
Any scripting language that follows the ActiveX scriting standard such
as Vbscript or Javascript.
To use other languages such as PERL, Python, or REXX you need a
separate scripting engine from a third party developer.
By Javier Ek
86
ASP Properties
By Javier Ek
87
ASP Security

ASP offers the most security of the three
methods.
By Javier Ek
88
ASP Advantages

ASP applications are easy to modify and
develop.
 An ASP file is simply a text file that can
contain HTML tags and embedded script
commands.
 ASP uses ActiveX Control which are
essential to dynamic web pages.
By Javier Ek
89
Summary




Internet Information Server can be extended to
use CGI, ISAPI, and ASP for web applications.
CGI is the most common but ISAPI, and ASP are
also used.
ASP offers several advantages over CGI in terms
of security, capabilities, and browser
compatibility.
Internet Service Manager can be used to specify a
starting point directory and to configure your
application.
By Javier Ek
90
References

http://www.pcmagazine.com
 http://www.pcworld.com
 CBT Courses – IIS
 http://www.whatis.com
 http://www.microsoft.com
Internet Information Server
END OF PRESENTATION
Group 4
Javier Ek
Jimmy Phung
Tom Truong
Benjamin Lee
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Internet Information Server - California State University