Nutrition Friendly School Initiative Pilot Testing Indian Experience
Presented by
Swati Parmar
Programmme Manager
HRIDAY-SHAN
New Delhi, India
HRIDAY- SHAN Team Involved in Pilot
Testing
• Dr. K Srinath Reddy, Hony. Executive Director,
Eminent Cardiologist & Epidemiologist
• Ms. Monika Arora, Director, Social Scientist
• Ms. Swati Parmar, Programme Manager, Social
Work Professional
• Ms. Shalini Bassi, Project Officer, Nutritionist
NFSI – Pilot Testing
• Sample : 4 schools ( 2 government and 2 private)
located in New Delhi, India
• Undertaken by HRIDAY- SHAN in collaboration with
Department of Nutrition for Health and Development
(NHD ) WHO, Geneva
Schools contacted for Pilot Testing
 Contacted 7 schools involved in HRIDAY- SHAN’s programs
 4 out of 7 schools contacted, gave consent for the pilot test
S.No.
Name of the School
Type of school
Management
1.
Mahaveer Senior Secondary School, GT
Karnal Road
Private
(Co-educational
School
Private
2.
Arvind Gupta DAV School, Model Town
Private
(Co- Private
educational School
3.
Kendriya Vidhalaya No.2, Delhi Cant
Government
(Co- Central
educational School
Government
4.
Sarvodaya Kanya Vidhalaya
West Patel Nagar
Government
Girls School)
(Only Directorate
Education
of
Process Undertaken
 Briefing meeting with Principals and Teacher coordinators – second week
of January ‘07
 Selection of CAG members – third week January ’07
 Formation of CAG – third week January ’07
 Meeting of CAG members – fourth week January ’07
 Queries answered by HRIDAY- SHAN members – fourth week ’07
 Collection of SAT and Feedback questionnaires from participating
schools – second week February ’07
 Interaction with teacher coordinators during the visit conducted for
collecting SAT and feedback questionnaires – second week February ‘07
Feedback from field: Principals/ Teachers
S. No
Name of the school
1
Mahaveer Senior Secondary School,
GT Karnal Road
Feedback
• No written nutrition policy
•Difficulty in CAG formation due to occasional visit of
management representatives
•No formal structure for health promotion but undertake
activities in collaboration with NGOs such as HRIDAYSHAN
2
Arvind Gupta DAV School, Model
Town
•No elaborate program for promoting physical activity in
the school
•Junk food totally banned in the school canteen
•School plays a vital role in promoting healthy snacks in
the school canteen
•Schools prospectus and students diary has guidelines
which encourages the students to bring cost effective
healthy food in their tiffins
•During PTMs resource persons are invited to provide
information on healthy diet to parents
•Promotion of physical activity only through PT classes
and few classes on yoga. Facility of gym available for
students
Feedback from field: Principals/ Teachers
Contd...
S. No
3
Name of the school
Kendriya Vidhalaya No.2, Delhi
Cant
Feedback
•No written nutrition policy exists
•No formal structure that decides health promoting policies
in school
•Undertake health promotion activities only in collaboration
with NGOs like HRIDAY-SHAN
•No formal program for promoting physical activity in the
school
4
Sarvodaya Kanya Vidhalaya,
West Patel Nagar
•No written nutrition policy exists
•No formal structure that decide health promoting policies
in school
•No canteen facility available within school
•No elaborate program for promoting physical activity in
the school
Compiled Feedback of Pilot Testing
Delhi, India
in
• No canteen facility available in government school (Sarvodaya
Kanya Vidhalaya, West Patel Nagar)
• Private schools have canteens which is contracted to an outside
vendor. Menu is decided by the vendors with no role of school
authorities
• Only one private school (Arvind Gupta DAV School, Model Town)
had a role to play in deciding the menu for the canteen
• All the schools contacted for piloting faced difficulty in including
members from management staff in CAG as their visit to school is
occasional
• None of the schools could include representative from local health
authorities
Need for NFSI Programme In India
• No written nutritional policy in schools
• Most of the schools do not have nutritional friendly school
promotion program
• Absence of any formal structure to decide health promoting policy
in school
• No sustainable health educational program in the school
curriculum- HRIDAY-SHAN is the only program which aims to
influence school, home and community environment
• Lack of formal initiative for promoting physical activity –existing
irregular physical education classes
Need for Health promotion programmes like HRIDAY- SHAN and a
formal structured initiative such as NFSI
Suggested Modifications
• Formation of Core Action Group (CAG):
o CAG should comprise of representatives from school( Principal
,teacher coordinator & student), home (parents), community
(member of neighbourhood Resident Welfare Association/ local
body) as all the required members for CAG presently mentioned
in NFSI do not have regular periodic meetings in most schools
at one platform
• Schools should be designated as a Nutritional Friendly School
on the basis of developing written policies that guide health
promotional activities at school, home and community level
• Such initiatives in Government schools require partnership with
Directorate of Education, Delhi Government
• Section on written nutrition policy given in SAT require
adaptation to be more country specific
About HRIDAY - SHAN
HRIDAY*
HEALTH RELATED INFORMATION DISSEMINATION
AMONGST YOUTH
OBJECTIVES
 To enhance the knowledge related to the content areas of
HRIDAY educational program
 To positively influence attitudes towards health promoting
behaviors
 To alter practices of students and of their parents towards healthy
practices
AREAS OF FOCUS
Diet & Nutrition
Physical Activity
Tobacco Avoidance
* HRIDAY means ‘Heart’ in most Indian Languages
Environment
SHAN *(Student Health Action
Network) is an offspring of HRIDAY
 SHAN was formed as a result of identification of environmental
barriers that restricted adoption of learnt knowledge into
behaviour.
 Intent of establishing SHAN was to address these barriers
through health promoting policies, through enabling regulatory
and legislative measures that are identified by students.
 SHAN is a network of school and college students (14-20 years)
of Delhi, whose members meet periodically to discuss health
policy issues and articulate their demands for societal measures
conducive to sustainable health. It represents the youth
advocacy component of HRIDAY.
Classes VI-VIII
AT SCHOOL LEVEL
LEARNING THE FACT
HRIDAY
“Let’s Talk Health”
Classes IX-XII
LEARNING TO ACT
AT
COLLEGE
LEVEL
(3 Years)
SHAN
“Debate the Present to
Define the Future”
The HRIDAY Concept
Education
Awareness
+
Environment
Skills/Norms
+
Activism
=
Ownership
---------------CHANGE
----------------
School- Community Connections:
Interactions at the National Level
Strategies followed by HRIDAY-SHAN
At school level
At home level

Orientation workshop for Teachers

Training workshop for Peer leaders

Teachers Training Manual

Peer leader training Manual

Students Handbook (worksheets)
At community level

Student charter on health of our land

 Peer lead health activism
Intra and inter school/ college competitions

Students Parliament on Health

Lectures & interactive sessions on health
themes by resource persons
 Health Art by Youth
 Community mobilisation
 by Youth

Other IEC Material for school: posters, fact
sheets, booklets, films, interactive games
 Home Team Material
 Post cards
HRIDAY-SHAN’S
Learning Resource Material
IEC materials on Diet & Nutrition
HEALTH PROMOTING
SCHOOL PROGRAMME
Intent: Children learn best in a safe, healthy & cognitively
motivating environment
OBJECTIVES
• Enhance health awareness among school/college students
• Enable students to take care for themselves and others.
• Train them to pursue peer education for health behaviour
conformist*
• Facilitate students to make responsible and productive
decisions
• Improve the health of students, school personnel, families
and other members of the community through school/college
* Only at school level
Activities for Health promotion In schools
Balanced Diet
Physical activity

Sensitization of students and parents on
healthy diet through classroom activities
and Home Team Material.

Sensitization of students and parents
about importance of being physically fit
through classroom activities and Home
Team Material*.

Poster display on diet and nutrition in
classroom and in school/college.

Poster display highlighting importance of
being physically fit.

Promotion of healthy snacks in the school
canteen*.


Encouraging students to bring cost
effective healthy food in their tiffins.
Encouraging students to practice some
form of physical activity regularly during
games period*.


Encouraging students to put healthy food
stalls during school fetes and college
festivals.
Developing innovative programmes for
making physical activity sessions
enjoyable to students*.

Encourage students to adopt measures
for including different forms of physical
activity in their daily living habits.
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HRIDAY-SHAN MODEL ON OBESITY PREVENTION