Snapshot on Hungarian
Higher Education in 2011
Paszkál Kiss
Eötvös Loránd University
Outline
• A general view on Hungarian HE
• HE and labour market in Hungary
• A case: Eötvös Loránd University
A GENERAL VIEW ON
HUNGARIAN HE
Ratio of secondary school
graduates by county 2005
• Decreasing
number of
cohorts to enter
HE
• Central and
Western
regions have
more
secondary
school
graduates
Structure of HE in Hungary
• BA programs generally started in 2006
• Radical measures to introduce multiple levels
HE institutions in Hungary
• 69
institutions
– 25 univ.
– 44 appl.
univ.
• Budapest
leads
• Regional
university
centers
HE institutions by maintainer
• Diversified
ownership
• State maintains most
of universities and
bigger applied
universities (college)
Planned changes in national
regulation
• Change in entrance conditions
– foreign language as a requirement
– re-introducing entrance exams
• Change in financing
– decreasing financing in absolute numbers
– less weight of student numbers
• Change in study programs
– increased role of one cycle study programs
– differentiate study programs offered by research universities or
universities of applied sciences
HE AND LABOUR MARKET IN
HUNGARY
Ratio of graduates in different
age groups 2008
• Still not very high
proportions of
graduates
• Good
opportunities in
the job market
• Added value of
graduation in
salaries
Graduates in the labour market
• Graduates’ career opportunities have worsened,
especially among freshly graduated:
– longer term of the job-seeking,
– unemployment rate of freshly graduated increases,
– oversupply in certain fields: e.g. law, business, communication.
• But:
– higher needs for labour in other fields: e.g. engineering,
– salaries are significantly higher for graduates (highest diff. in
EU),
– varying needs of the labour market: some skills become more
important (communication, foreign language knowledge).
• Unemployment rate among graduates is lower, approx.
3-5%, (average 10%)
Perceptions of employment
among graduates
• Will you find a proper job in your profession in 1-2 years?
absolutely no
2%
don't know
3%
not likely
12%
yes, likely
54%
Source: GCTS - Student Survey 2009, N=7800
absolutely yes
29%
HE and labour market at two
levels
• Government actions / provisions
– introducing the Bologna system,
– compulsory professional internship in some fields,
– establishing ‘Financial Boards’ (FB) supervising HEIs.
• Institutional actions
– formalising labour market relations (FB, Magistrate),
– joint degrees (internship, sandwich training, integrated industrial
training),
– joint development projects (R&D),
– Career Offices: career counselling, employment agency, alumni
– Graduate Career Tracking Program
A CASE: EÖTVÖS LORÁND
UNIVERSITY
Hungarian leading universities in
numbers
Eötvös Loránd University
Univeristy of Debrecen
University of Szeged
Budapest University of Technology and
Economics (BME)
University of Pécs
Corvinus University of Budapest
University of Miskolc
Pannon University
Szent István University
Total of above
National total
Proportions to national total
N of PhD
N
students Students
1.453
30.378
N staff
2.114
854
617
30.418
28.777
1.685
2.131
626
23.068
1.219
892
284
207
185
257
5.709
6.911
82.6 %
30.620
18.031
13.602
10.478
13.980
209.954
381.033
55.1 %
1.874
848
720
422
667
12.823
22.475
57.0 %
Budgetary comparison of CEU
universities
million €
N Students
202
42.400
132 $
56.858
Eötvös Loránd University
93
30.378
Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Humboldt-Universität Berlin
Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen
Freie Universität Berlin
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität
München
Universität Wien
J. W. Goethe-Universität
Frankfurt/Main
Technische Universität München
243
259
283
385
380
21.022
34.072
27.602
23.000
31.000
380
44.405
451
74.214
476
34.000
503
23.338
Charles University, Prague
Warsaw University
ELTE in a nutshell
• One of the most attractive universities for students:
– 15.109 applicants in first place (10,7% of total)
– 9700 first year students (9,8% of total)
• Primary research potential:
– 1098 persons with PhD or higher scientific ranks
• Widespread offer in study programs
–
–
–
–
–
–
8 faculties
69 BA study programs
91 MA study programs
29 study programs in foreign languages
17 doctoral school (95 PhD programs)
32 238 courses offered simultaneously
Graduates’ perception: best
institutions in their study field
1.
2.
3.
institution institution institution
ELTE
SZTE
PTE
BME
PPKE
DE
BCE
KGRE
SE
ME
EKF
87,3
3,2
1,0
2,7
1,5
1,2
-
13,4
31,9
12,0
11,9
9,6
7,8
5,2
2,3
2,1
1,6
-
6,1
23,0
21,9
4,1
10,0
19,4
4,2
3,0
1,4
2,6
1,2
Horizontal match between
studies and job
• Majority of
graduates find a
good horizontal fit
between studies
and current job.
Work-studies connected
12.5
17
49.8
very much
highly
moderately
20.6
not at all
Employer type
State
0.9
2.3
1.4
Municipality
8.6
25.2
7.6
Ltd
Public limited company
9.9
Non-profit organization
19.1
25.1
Self-employed
Other micro enterprise
Non-profit ltd
Other
• Most of
graduates are
employed by the
public sector.
Thank you!
[email protected]
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