Expansion under the Prophet Mohammad,
612-632
Expansion during the Rightly Guided
Caliphate, 635-661
Expansion during the Umayyad Caliphate,
661-750
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Islam means literally, “Surrender.”
Only one god: The creator, sustainer,
and restorer of the world
God’s will is shown through the Qur’an,
or Koran
All must submit to God’s will
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The man who the Qur’an was revealed
to
The founder and spiritual leader of
Islam
Born in Mecca, Arabia, around 570 CE
Believed to be the last of God’s
prophets
(8th-13th centuries)
 The
Islamic world was between Africa,
Asia, and Europe, making it a popular
trade destination
 Goods, languages, and
the Middle East
ideas all came to
 Advanced
systems of
• Crop rotation
• Irrigation
• Study of diverse crops
Citrus fruits came from China
Mangos, rice, and sugar cane from India
 Women
were allowed to work in a wide
variety of jobs
Muslims created the first:
• Public Hospital
• Public Library
• University
• Observatory
 Globalization
is combining economies
from around the globe
 Involved
formerly isolated civilizations in
huge business network
 The
following modern economic
elements were already used during the
Islamic Golden Age:
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Free markets
Big businesses
Savings accounts
Checks
Credit
Contracts
Lawsuits
 Soap
bar
 Shampoo
 Hard alcohol
 Coffee (brought from Ethiopia)
 Windmill
 Pleasure gardens
 Filtration
 Hindu-Arabic
 Decimal
 Invented
Numeral System
Point
Algebra
 Advanced
math means more possibilities
for
• Engineering
• Science
• Economics
 Water
filtration
 Anything
that requires construction (Most
of everything that you can see right now
required engineering)
 Buildings…
 The
scientific method was used to
disprove old ideas and prove new ones

Alchemy – European “science” that tried to turn
basic metals into gold. Also tried to cure diseases,
and extend life.

Alchemy was first disproven by al-Kindi, then other
Arabs
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The Greek “classical elements,” (Earth, air, fire, etc.)
were disproven by al-Razi.
 Ibn
al-Haytham proved that vision was
caused by light rays entering the eye
 Momentum
and inertia discovered by
Haytham and Avicenna
 Another
Arab discovered that objects in
space followed the same physical laws as
the Earth
 Used
science to treat injuries and cure
illnesses instead of superstition
 Discovered
that microorganisms caused
infectious disease
 Separated
 Proved
ppl with diff. diseases
that the Greek idea that the human
body was made up of only four things was
wrong
 Hospital
 Medical
School
 Autopsy
 Experimental
 Pathologists
surgery
Turn and talk with ONE person about
whether or not you think Islam is
responsible for all these great
advancements
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The Islamic Golden Age - Highline Public Schools