QTP
Prepared ByAshish Kumar Srivastava
What is Automation-

Test Automation is the use of software to control the execution of tests &
the comparison of results- actual with the predicted/expected.

A software program that is used to test another software program, this is
referred to as Automated software testing.

A third party tool is used to test the application.

Use of automation tools reduces the test time as well as the cost.
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
2
Why Automation-
. Avoid the errors that human make when they get tired
after multiple repetitions.
. The test program wont skip any test by mistakes.
. Each feature test cycle will take less time & Required less
human intervention.
. Required for Easy cycle of Regression Testing.
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
3
Benefits of Test Automation-
. Allows more testing to be done
. Strengthen Test Cycle
. Testing is Consistent, repeatable
. Useful when new patches released
. Makes configuration testing easier
. Test battery can be continuously improved
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
4
False Benefits-
. Fewer tests will be needed
. It will be easier if it is automated
. Compensate for poor design
. No more Manual Testing
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
5
What are the different tools available in the market (for
functional testing). Rational Robot
. Win Runner
. QTP
. Silk Test
. QA Run
. Web FT
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
6
Life Cycle Of AutomationAnalyze the Application
Select The Tool
Identify the session
Design/ Record Test Scripts
Run the test scripts
Finding & Reporting the defects
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
7
What is the diff. between WR & QTP-
QTP
Win Runner 7.0
Developed by MI Now HP
Developed by MI
Functionality testing on windows & web based
applications
Functionality testing on windows based application
It Supports .NET Technology
Does not support .NET Technology
Scripting language is VB-Script
Scripting language is TSL
Active Screen Available in QTP
Not Available
QTP has data table to store script values
Not available
QTP supports Multimedia, Main Frames, XML, J2EE
It won’t support
It supports ERP such as SAP, Siebel 7.0, people Soft
8.8
But WR supports Siebel 6.0, people soft 6.0
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
8
Introduction to QTP -
. Developed by Mercury interactive But Now by HP
. Developed for web functionality
.QTP supports both web applications & windows applications
. QTP Developed in 2002
. Test Script developed on VB Script
. QTP supports Languages is
.NET. J2EE, Main Frame, XML,Java
ERP -> SAP, Seibel, People soft
. QTP Supports both Technical & Non Technical People
. QTP run on only windows platform not supporting UNIX, Linux etc
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
9
Versions of QTP -
QTP
5.5
5.6
6.0
6.5
8.0
2002
Industry started from this version
Rapidly working on(8.0,,9.0)
9.0
9.2
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Current Version
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
10
Environment needs for QTP System Requirement
: IBM-PC (or) Equivalent to P3
Hardware Drive
: 250MB of Free Memory space
RAM
OS
Web Browser
Saturday, October 03, 2015
: 256MB of RAM
: M/S windows 2000 server with 3-4 service pack
M/S windows XP with 1-2 SP
M/S windows 2003 with no service pack
:
MS Internet Explorer 5.5
Netscape Navigator 6.11, 6.22, 6.23, 7.02, 7.1
AOL 8.0, 9.0
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
11
Overview of QTP 1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
23)
24)
25)
Saturday, October 03, 2015 26)
Testing Process of QTP
Windows Structure of QTP
Add Ins of QTP
Architecture of QTP
Execution process in QTP
Development of Automation Test
Recording Modes in QTP
Object Repository
Object Spy
Transaction
Virtual Object
Check Points
Actions
Exception Handling
Object identification
Ordinal Identifier
Smart Identification
Output Values
Synchronization point
QTP Run Modes
Regular Expressions
Descriptive Programming
Environment Variables
VB-Script
Hoe to work with Functions
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
Associated Library
12
Testing Process of QTP 1) Record & Run Settings
2) Develop Automation Testing
3) Enhance/ Customize Automation test
4) Debug Automation Test
5) Execute Automation Test
6) Analyze Test Results
7) Report defects in bug tracking tool
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
13
Window Structure of QTP 1) Test Pane
2) Active Screen
3) Data Table
4) Debug Viewer
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
14
Add Ins of QTP It gives information about the technology supported by the QTP
By default three Add Ins are there in QTP
1) ActiveX
2) VB
3) Web
Additional Add ins:
1) Java
2) Oracle
3) People soft
4) .NET
5) Terminal Emulator
6) SAP
7) Siebel
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
15
Add In Manager
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
16
Architecture Of QTP -
1)
2)
Execution Process in QTP
Development of Automation Test
1) Recording
2) Writing
3) Function Generator
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
17
Recording Modes of QTP -
There are three recording modes in QTP 1)Normal Recording Mode
2) Analog Recording Mode
3) Low Level Recording Mode
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
18
Record a Test
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
19
Record & Run Settings-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
20
Run a Test and Save Results-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
21
View Test Results-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
22
Object RepositoryObject Repository is nothing but a storage location. It contains the collection
logical name and physical description of a particular object.
Logical Name: For Naming Convention
Physical Description : is Nothing but expected physical properties
Two types of Object Repositories are available in QTP1) Per Action (.mtr)
2) Shared Object Repository (.tsr)
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
23
Open the Object Repository Dialog Box-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
24
Object SpyObject spy is used to display or view all the physical properties and methods of an object or a
window based on the requirement.
Example: If window(“Login”). Exists Then
Msgbox(“Pass”)
else
Msgbox(“Fail”)
End If
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
25
Virtual ObjectVirtual Object is used to identify the properties of similar objects
in a particular Area.
Example: In normal recording if we select the paint brush
window, the script will look like thiswindow(“Paint”).Activate
Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Click 72,16
Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Click 80,14
window(“Paint”).Close
If we are using Virtual object, the script will look like thiswindow(“Paint”).Activate
Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Virtual Button(“RED”)
Window(“Paint”).Winobject(“colors”).Virtual Button(“BLUE”)
window(“Paint”).Close
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
26
Check PointsCheck Point is a verification point that compares the current value of the
specified property with the expected value for that property.
There are 9 types of check points are available in QTP.
They are1) Standard Check Point
2) Text/ Text Area Check Point
3) Bitmap Check point
4) Database Check Point
5) Table Check Point
6) Page Check Point
7) XML Check Point
8) Image Check Point
9) Accessibility Check Point
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
27
Checkpoint Types
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
28
Inserting a Checkpoint During Recording-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
29
Insert a Checkpoint After Recording-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
30
Identifying a Failed Checkpoint-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
31
ActionsAction is nothing but a logical portion to entire script file
based on the requirement. Each and every action should
have meaningful result.
Types of Actions:
1) Regular (By default)
2) Reusable
3) External
How to work with Actions:
1) Call to copy of Action
2) Call to Existing Action
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
32
Data Driven TestTesting the same application with multiple sets of data.
How to use parameterization:
Ex:
Before parameterization
Dialog(“Login”).Activate
Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“name”).Set ”Axis”
Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Password).SetSecure”axisitt”
Dialog”Login”.Close
After Parameterization
Dialog(“Login”).Activate
Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Login name”).Set DataTable(”name”, dtglobalsheet)
Dialog(“Login”).WinEdit(“Password). (”password”, dtglobalsheet)
Dialog”Login”.Close
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
33
Using Data Sheet (Global, Local & Location)-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
34
Setting the Parameter Value-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
35
Test Results Iterations-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
36
Exception HandlingIt enables Quick test to detect and handle when unexpected
error occurred during execution time.
Types of Exception Handling:
1) Popup Exception Handling
2) Object State Exception Handling
3) Test Run Exception Handling
4) Application Crash
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
37
Object Identification-
By using object identification we can map “customer user
defined object” to “standard Class”.
Two types of properties are their in object Identification:
1) Mandatory Properties
2) Assistive properties
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
38
Ordinal IdentifierBy using ordinal identifier options quick test able to identify an
object under ordinal identifier.
Three Components are available in ordinal identifier
1) Index
2) Location
3) Creation time
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
39
Smart IdentificationQuick test unable to identify the object, it is change randomly.
To identify such object we need to use Smart Identification.
Two properties are available in Smart identification
They are1) Base Filter Properties
2) Optional Filter Properties
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
40
Synchronization Point-
Synchronization point maintains the time coordination
between testing process and your application process.
There are 4 types of synchronization points:
1) Sync
2) Wait, wait(5) or wait 5
3) Wait Property
4) Exist
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
41
QTP Test Run ModesIn QTP, we have 2 types of run modes1) Normal
2) Fast
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
42
Regular ExpressionsIt enables quick test to identify test string with varying value
(varying means changing)
Regular Expressions can be used in the following areas:
1) Check Points
2) In parameterization
3) Data Driven test
4) Actions
5) Exception Handling….etc
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
43
Using a Regular Expression-
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
44
Some Regular ExpressionsExpression
Char
Description
Period
.
Matches any single character
Asterisk
*
Matches zero to any number of occurrences of the
preceding character
Plus
+
Matches one to any number of occurrences of the
preceding character
Brackets
[A-Z][a-z]
Matches a range of characters
[0-9]
Matches a range of numbers
\w
Matches any alphanumeric character including
underscore
\W
Matches any non-alphanumeric character
\d
Matches any digit
\d{4}
Matches exactly four digits
Digit
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
45
Descriptive ProgrammingWithout using the object repository test engineer can develop
automation test in this particular accept, we need to use a
technique called as descriptive programming.
Script:
Dialog(“test:=Login”).Activate
Dialog(“text;=Login”).wineidt(“attached text:= Login name”). Set “Axisitt”
Dialog(“text:=Login”).wineidt(“attached text:= Password”). Set “88888”
.
Dialog(“text:=Login”).Close
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
46
How to work with Environmental variables-
It is a special type of variable which is use to expose the
data related to environment.
Environment Variables
Built In
user defined
Internal
Saturday, October 03, 2015
External
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
47

VB Script

Associated library

How to work with methods

How to work with functions

Back End testing

How to work with Win Runner

How to connect Quality center
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
48
Comments & QueriesQueries are always welcome.
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
49
Feedback-
-Please spend few minutes from your
valuable time to provide your feedback.
-It will help us to improve in next sessions.
Thanks & Happy Testing..
Saturday, October 03, 2015
Ashish Kumar Srivastava
50
Descargar

PVCS Tracker