BASIC COMPUTER
OPERATION
OUTLINE








Computer Hardware
Operating systems
Terms
Disk capacities
Viruses
Applications and Documents
Installation/reinstallation
Internet Applications
Computer Hardware









Case
Power switch
Reset switch
Hard drive
Floppy
CD/DVD
Serial ports
Parallel port
USB port









Keyboard/mouse
Network card
Modem
Sound card
Video card
RAM
Motherboard
Fan
Cables
The basic system including keyboard,
mouse and monitor.
What is in the box?
Motherboard
Typical parts of a motherboard.
ABIT SE6
Cabling
For items in or attached
to a system to work
properly they must be
securely connected.
Operating systems

All computer systems have an operating system.
Currently, there are three dominate typical user
operating systems.
Macintosh OS,
 Microsoft Windows OS,
 Linux.

Terms

A: Floppy disk C: Local disk D: Local disk (partition)

RAM = Random Access Memory. The thinking space available to a computer to
use while performing operations. The space is emptied out when the computer is
turned off.

DIRECTORY = An organizational structure on disks to file management easier.
Directories also become a local region for the computer to hunt for other files
related to the current file.

DOCUMENT = A file created using an application. The file is only useful using
the application that created it or a similar application that can convert it.

APPLICATION = A program that allows a computer to perform a certain
function.
Disk capacities

Floppy:

Hard disk: 160 GB – 2 TB

CD
700 - 800 MB

DVD
4.7 GB
18 GB
1 KB = 1024 BYTE
1 MB = 1024 KB
1 GB = 1024 MB
1 TB = 1024 PB
1 PB = 1024 EB
1.4 MB
CDs, DVDs
Backup
Identify and use icons,
windows, menus









Point, click, double-click, drag & drop
Minimize and maximize a window
Use pull-down menus
Select, open, and move an icon
Select, open, move, and close a window
Resize a window
Scroll a window
Activate and de-activate a window
Start an application and create a document
Name, save, retrieve, revise a
document









Name a document (!)
Save a document
Retrieve a document from floppy disk
Retrieve a document from hard disk
Re-name a document
Edit and re-save a document
Print a document
Create and name folders
Save, open, and place documents inside folders
Applications

Open and work with more than one application
at a time

To switch between them for Windows: click on the
application at the "TASKBAR" down on the screen

Alt &TAB button
Install/reinstall and update system
software and drivers
Internet Applications
BROWSERS

Mozilla

Internet Explorer
http: Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
edu: Education (gov, org, com, ...)
http://www.vfu.bg
FTP (File Transfer Protocol)

The simplest and most secure way to exchange files over the
Internet.

FTP Client is the software that is designed to transfer files backand-forth between two computers over the Internet. It needs to
be installed on the computer and can only be used with a live
connection to the Internet. (Browsers, WS-Ftp, SSH, CuteFtp,...)
PC
ARF
Viruses

Viruses are programs that reproduce themselves into the files of your computer

Anti-virus software and automatic update

Mcafee Virus Scan
Configuration of Automatic Mcafee Virus Update via FTP
http://www.math.metu.edu.tr/department/doc/virus/virus_update.html

Current security patches applied to operating system and applications.

Do not open any unexpected attachments that are e-mailed to you. (Particularly
“.exe” files.)
REFERENCES

Computer Fundamentals for Teachers , Major Competencies

Basic Computer Operation and Troubleshooting
Descargar

BASIC COMPUTER OPERATION