ENGLISH IMMIGRANTS
IN
MODERN SPAIN
Herbert S. Klein
Madrid March 6, 2010
Graph 1: Major Immigrant Groups (> 50,000) in Spain,
Padrón Municipal 2007 (000)
Marruecos
Rumania
Ecuador
UK
Colombia
Bolivia
Argentina
Alemania
Bulgaria
Perú
China
Brasil
Portugal
Francia
Ucrania
Rep.Domi
Italia
Polonia
Uruguay
Venezuela
524
508
415
299
261
197
186
151
118
105
96
92
89
84
67
64
64
58
55
53
Fuente: INE, Padrón Municipal 2007
Graph 2: Major Immigrant Groups (> 50,000) in Spain,
Padrón Municipal 2009 (000)
Rumania
Marruecos
Ecuador
UK
Colombia
Bolivia
Argentina
Alemania
Bulgaria
Perú
China
Brasil
Portugal
Francia
Dominicans
Italia
Polonia
Paraguay
Ucrania
Venezuela
Uruguay
Cuba
Senegal
Argelia
Pakistán
622
402
355
293
220
194
174
158
139
129
128
125
101
86
85
80
79
77
64
62
56
53
53
52
Fuente: INE 12 09
757
Graph 6: Total Inmigration into the UK, and Outmigration of British
Citizens, 1991-2007 (000)
700
600
500
Inflow-all countries
Outflow-UK_Citizens
400
300
200
100
0
1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Source: UK,ONS, http://www.statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=15053
After 2000 Spain second only to Australia as destination of UK emigrants
European Emigration Rates per 1,000 population,
1901-1910
Italy
Norway
UK
Sweden
Portugal
10.8
8.3
7.7
6.1
5.7
5.7
Spain
Austria-Hungary
Swizterland
Russia
Germany
France
2.3
1.1
0.6
0.5
0.1
0
2
4
Source: Chesnais, Demographic Transition, table 6.4
6
8
10
12
English & Welsh Spanish Migrants Rate (per 1,000 UK District
Residents) in Order of Size of Origin Population UK District in 2007
London
7.6
North West
5.3
5.0
Yorkshire & Humber
East Midlands
4.8
4.3
South East
East
3.3
West Midlands
3.3
South West
3.1
North East
3.1
WALES
3.4
ENI2007 & UK, Office for National Statistics, Population Trends no. 137 (Autumn, 2009), p. 56
Graph 4: Relative Share of Spanish Immigrants by UK Origin, and Relative
Importance of UK Regions in Total UK Population, 2007
21.4%
London
12.8%
North West
11.6%
13.2%
14.0%
South East
9.6%
8.7%
Yorkshire & Humber
8.3%
8.7%
Scotland
7.0%
East
9.6%
UK Population
6.6%
West Midlands
9.1%
5.9%
South West
North East
Immigrants in Spain
7.8%
7.4%
East Midlands
Wales
13.6%
8.7%
3.7%
5.0%
2.9%
4.3%
ENI2007 & UK, Office for National Statistics, Population Trends no. 137 (Autumn, 2009), p. 56
Graph 5: Distribution of household wealth including pension wealth by
region, 2006/08 (in 000 £)
South East
494
East of England
417
South West
402
London
371
Wales
356
East Midlands
342
Scotland
340
West Midlands
323
North West
311
North East
301
Yorkshire & the Humber
289
250
300
350
400
Source: Wealth and Assets Survey, Office for National Statistics
450
500
550
Table 2: Period of Arrival of English and Non-English
Immigrants, ENI2007
Period Arrived in
Spain
before 1990
1990-1999
after 2000
Total
(n)
English
20.9
19.5
59.6
100
268,917
Non-English
18.1
20.9
60.9
100
4,188,200
Table 3: Age of English and Non-English Migrants
by when they Arrived in Spain , ENI2007
Age
< 16
16 to 24
25 to 34
35 to 44
45 to 59
60+
English
9.1
8.2
14.4
12.4
33.4
22.6
100
268,918
Non-English
14.6
28.2
33.1
14.6
7.3
2.2
100
4,174,149
Graph 7: Age Pyramid of English in Padrón Municipal 2007
(n=314,951)
Males
Females
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
05-09
0-4
8
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
8
Graph 8: Age Pyramid of Non-English Immigrants PM 2007
85 y
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
05-09
0-4
10
6
2
2
6
10
Graph 9: Ratio of Working Age Population 16 to 44 years of Age Among the Principal 27 EU
Immigrants ( > 10,000), PM 2007
Rumania
Lithuania
74%
72%
Poland
71%
Bulgaria
Portugal
67%
63%
Italy
61%
France
Ireland
54%
44%
Netherlands
38%
38%
Belgium
Sweden
38%
Denmark
Germany
UK
20%
35%
35%
28%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
Graph 10: Distribution of Native and Foreign Born by Age Groupings,
Padrón Municipal 2007
English
Spaniards
64%
65%
50%
42%
39%
30%
35%
20%
Foreigners
25%
10%
16%
15% 15%
21%
18%
5%
5%
0-15
16-44
45-64
65+
Graph 11: Sex Ratio by Age in the UK Population and the
English Resident in Spain, 2007
UK Resident Population
English in Spain
160
142
132
males per 100 females
140
120
100
124
107 106 106 105
100
105
112
90
88
103
99
90
92
98
97
96
79
80
105 105 105 106 105 101 100
98
98
98
60
95
93
88
78
65
45
40
0-4 05- 10- 15- 20- 25- 30- 35- 40- 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85+
09 14 19 24 29 34 39 44 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84
Source: PM 2007 & http://w w w .statistics.gov.uk/statbase/Product.asp?vlnk=15106
Graph 12: Age Pyramid of English in Alicante, PM 2007
(n=105,509)
Males
Females
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
05-09
0-4
10
8
6
4
2
0
2
Percentage in each Age Cohort
Classic retiree age structure
4
6
8
10
Graph 13: Age Pyramid of English in Málaga, PM 2007
(n=53,704)
Men
Women
85+
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
05-09
0-4
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
Graph 14: Age Pyramid of English in Canarias, PM 2007
(n=32,132)
85 y
80-84
75-79
70-74
65-69
60-64
55-59
50-54
45-49
40-44
35-39
30-34
25-29
20-24
15-19
10-14
05-09
0-4
6
4
2
0
2
4
6
Table 4: Marital Status of English and Other Major Immigrant Groups INE-ENI2007 (percentages across)
Married and
not Living
with
Married
Spouse, but
Married & and not
other
Single
Widow
Living with Living with Couple
Single &
with
Widow & with
Separate
Spouse
Spouse
Present
alone
Partner
alone
partner
& alone
UK
Rumanía & Bulgaria
Marruecos
Ecuador
Colombia
Bolivia
Argentina
China
UE 27 without Spain
Total
62.4%
50.1%
53.0%
33.9%
34.7%
25.4%
52.2%
51.6%
52.2%
45.7%
1.1%
5.3%
10.4%
6.4%
5.4%
9.4%
1.7%
9.3%
3.0%
6.3%
0.3%
0.1%
0.0%
0.5%
0.7%
0.0%
0.0%
0.0%
0.1%
0.2%
11.5%
23.1%
26.9%
28.0%
30.4%
35.4%
22.1%
31.4%
19.4%
25.7%
8.5%
14.7%
2.8%
21.9%
18.3%
22.1%
14.0%
6.7%
13.4%
12.0%
5.0%
1.3%
3.3%
0.7%
2.3%
2.5%
3.5%
0.0%
3.5%
2.8%
0.3%
0.1%
0.0%
0.1%
0.3%
0.0%
0.1%
0.0%
0.3%
0.2%
Notes: *INE-ENI2007 signifies that this table created from the INE website rather than from the original spss files.
1.0%
1.3%
1.6%
2.3%
3.0%
2.0%
2.1%
1.0%
1.6%
2.1%
Separated
with
Divorced
Partner
& alone
0.3%
0.5%
0.1%
1.4%
1.4%
0.5%
1.3%
0.0%
0.7%
0.7%
5.3%
1.6%
1.8%
2.7%
2.6%
1.4%
2.1%
0.0%
3.3%
2.8%
Divorced
with
partner
4.4%
1.9%
0.1%
2.1%
1.1%
1.3%
0.9%
0.0%
2.4%
1.5%
Table 5: Civil States of English Males & Females Over 60
Civil Status
males
females
Soltero/a
6.8%
3.0%
Casado/a
82.7%
64.3%
Viudo/a
4.7%
19.0%
Separado/a
1.2%
0.3%
Divorciado/a
4.6%
13.4%
Total
100.0%
100.0%
(n)
61,192
43,646
Table 6: Civil States & Living Arrangements of English Men
60 years of age and older
Live alone or
Live with
With Friend
Partner
Total
Civil Status
MEN
Single
1,689
2,448
4,137
Married
2,023
48,600
50,623
Widowed
2,878
2,878
Separated
203
525
728
Divorced
1,188
1,639
2,827
Sub Total
7,981
53,212
61,193
13%
77%
100%
WOMEN
Single
683
645
1,328
Married
1,285
26768
28,053
Widowed
7,166
1116
8,282
Separated
133
133
Divorced
3,769
2081
5,850
Sub Total
12,903
30,743
43,646
30%
70%
87,292
Table 7: Motivation for Coming to Spain
for English and Non-English Immigrants
ENI 2007
English
Non-English
1. For the Climate
Yes
53.6
7.7
No
46.4
92.3
Total
100
100
2. Because of the Cost of Living in Spain
Yes
27.8
10.6
No
72.2
89.4
Total
100
100
3. To Retire
Yes
No
Total
24.8
75.2
100
4. Because Unemployed
Yes
1.2
No
98.8
Total
100
1.4
98.6
100
21.4
78.6
100
Graph 15: Major Settlements of English in Spain by Comunidades &
Provincias, Padrón Municipal 2007 ( >1,000 residents)
(thousands)
Alicante
Málaga
S.C. de Tenerife
Balears (Islas)
MURCIA
Almería
Palmas (Las)
Barcelona
Valencia
MADRID
Cádiz
Granada
Tarragona
Girona
Castellón
Sevilla
109
21
20
17
15
12
11
10
2
2
57
8
7
6
4
4
Graph 16: Major Settlements of English in Spain by Comunidades & Provincias, Padrón
Municipal 2009 (> 1,000 residents )
Alicante
Málaga
S.C. de Tenerife
BALEARS
MURCIA
Alm ería
Palm as (Las)
Valencia
Barcelona
MADRID
Cádiz
Granada
Tarragona
Coruña (A)
Girona
Sevilla
Castellón/Castelló
Pontevedra
Huelva
Córdoba
ASTURIAS
Vizcaya
125
65
25
23
21
20
15
12
12
12
9
7
5
4
4
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
Table 8: Type of Tenancy of First Home, ENI2007
Type Tenancy
Owner
Renter
Cesión (sub-lease)
Other
Total
English
Non-English
20.7
56.6
16.8
5.9
100
3.2
63
26.3
7.5
100
Table 9: Language Competence in Spanish ENI2007
Level
Muy bien
Bien
Suficiente
Necesita mejorar
TOTAL
English
Non-English
27.7
20.8
22.4
29.1
100
37.3
33.4
14.2
15.1
100
Table 10: Marriage Endogamy Among the English, , Other Major Groups and Total Immigrants INE-ENI 2007
English
married to own nationals
married to other nationals not spanish
married to Spaniards
Unmarried
76.1%
5.5%
18.4%
100.0%
36.2%
RumaniansBulgarians
95.8%
0.4%
3.8%
100.0%
44.5%
Morrocans
82.1%
1.4%
16.5%
100.0%
36.6%
Ecuadorians
82.1%
1.4%
16.5%
100.0%
59.2%
All Immigrants
67.9%
5.6%
26.5%
100.0%
47.7%
Graph 17: Distribution of South East and Yorkshire Origin Immigrants
by Comunidad & Province of Residence, 2007 ( in rank order > 1000
residents or more) ENI 2007
Alicante
Málaga
Islas Baleares
Tenerife
Murcia
Barcelona
Almería
Cádiz
Madrid
Las Palmas
Valencia
La Coruña
Sevilla
Granada
Girona
Vizcaya
Castellón
Córdoba
TOTAL
9%
18%
21%
13%
South East
11%
7%
Yorkshire & Humber
11%
12%
24%
6%
16%
43%
11%
62%
13%
5%
15%
25%
35%
45%
55%
65%
Graph 18: Ratio of the English Population 45 and older in their Principal Settlments in the
Comunidades & Provincias of Spain, PM 2007 (> 1,000 in rank order)
72%
Alicante
Málaga
Tenerife
BALEARS
MURCIA
Almería
Palmas (Las)
Valencia
Barcelona
MADRID
Cádiz
GALICIA
Granada
Coruña (A)
Tarragona
Girona
Sevilla
Castellón
Pontevedra
TOTAL
60%
58%
53%
73%
69%
45%
53%
28%
27%
43%
12%
54%
9%
53%
56%
40%
70%
21%
60%
5%
15%
25%
35%
45%
55%
65%
75%
85%
Graph 19: Foreigners Paying in to the Social Security System as of December 2007
MARRUECOS
ECUADOR
RUMANIA
COLOMBIA
PERU
PORTUGAL
ITALIA
CHINA
REINO UNIDO
ARGENTINA
BULGARIA
BOLIVIA
ALEMANIA
FRANCIA
POLONIA
257340
256697
230572
141358
78243
77396
66052
63399
58309
54920
51724
50580
43510
41737
41074
0
50000
100000
http://www.seg-social.es/Internet_1/Estadistica/Est/aaa/11
150000
200000
250000
300000
Table 11: Level of Education of English and Non-English Immigrants, ENI 2007
Level of Education
English
Non-English
Tiene estudios pero no sabe qué estudios tiene
2.00%
Sin estudios formales
0.10%
Educación primaria incompleta
1.50%
Educación primaria
10.50%
Primer ciclo de educación secundaria
21.10%
Segundo ciclo de Educación Secundaria
33.60%
Primer ciclo de la educación terciaria
22.70%
Segundo ciclo de la educación terciaria
2.10%
No tiene o no sabe si tiene estudios
6.50%
Total
100.00%
0.90%
0.30%
1.80%
15.40%
16.90%
35.60%
18.40%
1.80%
8.70%
100.00%
Graph 20: Principal Economic Activities of the English, Compared to the Germans, and other Leading
Immigrant Groups who work and are resident at least 3 years in Spain, INE/ENI 2007
Reino Unido
Alemania
Rumanía y Bulgaria
Marruecos
Ecuador
30%
25%
25%
20%
20%
15%
11%
10%
10%
10%
7%
5%
5%
4%
4%
Servicios
prestados a la
comunidad y
personales
Industria
manufacturera
Actividades
sanitarias y
veterinarias
0%
Hostelería
Educación
Comercio e
reparación de
vehículos de
motor
Actividades
Transport y
Construcción
inmobiliarias comunicaciones
Descargar

Slide 1