Regional Safety Team Efforts
Overview
Kyle L. Olsen
FAA Aircraft Certification Service
Transport Airplane Directorate
60th International Air Safety Seminar (IASS)
Seoul, Korea - 2 October 2007
Because the Aviation System Is Complex,
All Parts of Industry Must Work Together
800+ airlines
200+ languages
1,350+ major
airports
200+ countries
150,000+ flight crew
21,000+ airplanes
(Western built)
The Needs Vary
Capacity
Efficiency
Safety
Safety Responsibilities Are Shared
Safe Airplane + Safe Operation + Safe Infrastructure = Safe Air Travel
Air Safety
Manufacturers
Governments
•Safe airplane design
•Technology development
•Flight and maintenance support
•Safety-related analysis
•Safety initiatives
Operators
•Safety program
•Training
•Operations policy and
procedures
•Maintenance, policy, and
procedures
•Aviation law
•Rules and regulations
•Inspectors policy,
procedures, and training
•Navigation
facilities/operations
•Airport facilities
•Departure en route,
arrival,
approach policy, and
procedures
•Air traffic control services
•Safety-related analysis
Airline Travel is Extraordinarily Safe
Teams Working to Make Aviation Even Safer

FSF - CAAG (CFIT/ALAR Action Group)

CAST (Commercial Aviation Safety Team)

ESSI (European Strategic Safety Initiative)

PAAST (Pan-American Aviation Safety Team)

COSCAP (Cooperative Development of
Operational Safety and continuing
Airworthiness (Under ICAO Technical Cooperation Program))
Flight Safety Foundation
CFIT/ALAR Action Group
(CAAG)
Flight Safety Foundation
CFIT/ALAR Action Group (CAAG)
 Led
by Flight Safety Foundation (FSF)
 Members
FSF, IATA, ALPA, IFALPA, ICAO, FAA, JAA,
IFATCA/National ATC Authorities,
Honeywell, Boeing, Airbus, BAe Systems
 Implemented
“Regional Team Leader”
concept
 Developed ALAR Tool Kit CD
 Workshops
given around the world
Commercial Aviation Safety
Team (CAST)
Vision - Mission - Goals
Vision

Key aviation stakeholders acting cooperatively to lead the
world-wide aviation community to the highest levels of global
commercial aviation safety by focusing on the right things.
Mission

Enable a continuous improvement framework built on
monitoring the effectiveness of implemented actions and
modifying actions to achieve the goal.
Goal


Reduce the US commercial aviation fatal accident rate 80% by
2007.
And
Maintain a continuous reduction in fatality risk in US and
International commercial aviation beyond 2007.
CAST brings key stakeholders to cooperatively
develop & implement a prioritized safety agenda
Industry
AIA
Airbus
ALPA
APA
ATA
IFALPA
NACA
Boeing
GE*
RAA
FSF
Commercial Aviation
Safety Team
(CAST)
IATA**
AAPA**
ATAC**
APFA**
* Representing P&W and RR
** Observer
Government
DOD
FAA
•
•
•
•
•
Aircraft Certification
Flight Standards
System Safety
Air Traffic Operations
Research
NASA
ICAO**
JAA
TCC
NATCA**
NTSB**
EASA
Commercial Aviation Safety Team (CAST)
CAST
Joint Safety
Analysis Teams (JSAT)
• Data analyses
Joint Safety
Implementation
Teams (JSIT)
• Safety
enhancement
development
Joint Implementation
Measurement Data
Analysis Team (JIMDAT)
• Master safety plan
• Enhancement
effectiveness
• Future areas of
study
Safer Skies:
A Three Stage Process
Data
Analysis
Implement Safety
Enhancements U.S.
Set Safety
Priorities
Agree on
problems and
interventions
Achieve
consensus on
priorities
Influence Safety
Enhancements Worldwide
Integrate into
existing work
and distribute
Robust CAST Methodology
 Detailed
event sequence - problem
identification from worldwide accidents
and incidents
 Broad-based teams (45-50 specialists
/team)
 Over 800 problem statements
 Over 900 interventions proposed
 Analyzed for effectiveness and synergy
CAST process led to integrated
strategic safety plan

Part 121 or equivalent passenger and cargo
operations studied

Current CAST plan:
 65
Prioritized Safety Enhancements
 40
Complete and 25 underway
 Projected

76% fatality risk reduction by 2020
Industry and Government implementing plan
Resource Cost Vs. Risk Reduction
10000
Risk Reduction
$
APPROVED PLAN
9000
Total Cost in
$ (Millions)
8000
75%
7000
6000
$
50%
2007
2020
5000
4000
3000
25%
2000
0%
$
$
$
1000
0
Resource Cost ($ Millions)
Risk Eliminated by Safety Enhancements
100%
Cost Savings
Part 121 Aviation Industry Cost Due to Fatal/Hull Loss Accidents
100
Dollars/Flt. Cycle
80
Historical cost of
accidents per flight
cycle
Savings ~ $56/Flight Cycle
Or
~ $620 Million Dollars/Year
60
40
20
Cost of accident fatalities
following implementation of the
CAST plan @ 2007 levels
0
2002
2007
CAST Safety Plan
40 Completed Safety Enhancements
 Safety Culture
 Maintenance Procedures
 Flight Crew Training
 Air Traffic Controller Training
 Uncontained Engine Failures
 Terrain avoidance warning system (TAWS)
 Standard Operating Procedures
 Precision Approaches
 Minimum Safe Altitude Warning (MSAW) Systems
 Proactive Safety Programs (FOQA + ASAP)
CAST Safety Plan (cont.)
25 Committed Safety Enhancements
 Policies and Procedures
 Aircraft Design
 Flight Crew Training (additional aspects)
 Runway Incursion Prevention
 Precision Approaches (additional projects)
 Icing (additional turboprop projects)
 Midair
 Maintenance
 Cargo safety culture, policies and procedures
CAST Safety Strategy
Ongoing
Accident/
Incident/Studies
Master
Contributing
Factors
Incident
Analysis
Process
Emerging/
Changing Risk
Develop/Revise
Enhancements
& Metrics
Performance
To Plan
Review
CAST Plan
Industry/
Government
Action
\
Things to
Watch
Future Changes
Analysis Process
Safer
System
Information on System Performance
10-28-05 CAST-064
http://www.cast-safety.org/
Safety Initiative in Europe
The European Strategic
Safety Initiative (ESSI)
www.easa.europa.eu/essi
ECAST - European Commercial Aviation Safety Team
EHEST - European Helicopter Safety Team
EGAST - European General Aviation Safety Team
IS
FIN
S
NO
EE
LV
DK
RU
UK
B
RU
UA
D
CZ
L
SK
A
CH
MD
HU
BA
MC
E
GE
RO
SI CR
P
BY
PL
NL
F
KZ
LT
IRL
AM
SB
IT
MK
AL
EL
BG
IR
TR
SY
MA
DZ
MT
TN
AZ
CY
IQ
ESSI Overview
ESSI
COORDINATION
GROUP
ECAST
COMMERCIAL
AVIATION SAFETY
TEAM
WORKING
GROUPS
Safety Analysis
Group
EHEST
HELICOPTER SAFETY
TEAM
WORKING
GROUPS
Safety Analysis
Group
EGAST
GENERAL AVIATION
SAFETY TEAM
WORKING
GROUPS
ESSI (ECAST) - Pledge
Represents high-level commitment
Signatory organisations are:
Equal partners within the ESSI
Provide, in partnership, reasonable
resources to ensure that the ESSI be
effective, and
Take reasonable actions as a result of ESSI
recommendations, guidance and solutions
in the ESSI area(s) in which they
participate
ECAST Process – 3 Phases
C
O
M
M
U
N
I
C
A
T
I
O
N
Phase 1.
Identify and Select Safety
Issues
Phase 2.
Analyse Safety Issues
Phase 3.
Develop, Implement, and
Monitor Actions Plans
Programme Reviews – 2012 and 2017
C
O
O
R
D
I
N
A
T
I
O
N
Future Aviation Safety Team
FAST goal is to prevent future aviation
accidents by mitigating hazards before
they are created by developing:
Areas of Change
Hazards
Inherent to an Area of Change and
 From interaction with other Areas of Change

Recommendations
To influence the future
 Tools to analyze and mitigate the hazards

Pan American
Aviation Safety Team
(PAAST)
PAAST
Integration AND Consolidation of safety
IFALPA
FSF
IATA
AITAL
PAAST
IFATCA
Airline
Management
Airline Safety
Departments
States and
Regulators
Pilots &
Controllers
AIRBUS
BOEING
EMBRAER
ICAO
CAST (US), JSSI (Europe)
& Other Regional Teams
PAAST
…ACTION TEAMS AT WORK
Central Caribbean
Mexico ATC
Mexico
East Caribbean
Mexico-Central America
and Caribbean States
(ICAO)
South America States
(ICAO)
Central America
Brazil
South America
Northern Belt
Airlines
Air Traffic Controllers
South America
Southern Cone
PAAST
SOME HIGHLIGHTS:
OVER
12,980 PILOTS INSTRUCTED ON THE ALAR TOOL KIT
ALAR
TOOL KIT FACILITATORS AND INSTRUCTORS
TRAINED IN SEVERAL COUNTRIES
MEXICO
REQUIRES ALAR TRAINING
BRAZIL,
CUBA & COLOMBIA PLAN TO REQUIRE ALAR
TRAINING
TOOL
KIT PRESENTATIONS & VIDEOS TRANSLATION INTO
SPANISH AND PORTUGUESE COMPLETED
MOST
MAJOR AIRLINES IN REGION HAVE ALAR TRAINING
RUNWAY
INCURSION TRAINING AID COMPLETED
Cooperative Development of
Operational Safety and
Continuing Airworthiness
(COSCAP)
Within ICAO Technical
Co-operation Program
COSCAP Objective
Enhance the safety and efficiency of air transport
through the establishment of a self-sustaining subregional entity providing technical services in safety
oversight to the Member States
Details on COSCAP and the COSCAP Safety
Teams will be given in a following presentation.
Summary
Summary
 History
shows focused action and
introduction of new capabilities have led
to accident risk reductions.
 Joint
industry and government teams
working together to a common agenda
can further enhance the safety of our
very safe aviation system.
 Full
implementation will require a
coordinated effort between industry and
government.
International Perspective
CAST Safety Enhancements
Western-built transport hull loss accidents, by airline domicile, 1997 through 2006
Europe
0.7
United States
and Canada
0.5
C.I.S.
4.9
JAA - 0.6
Non JAA – 1.2
Middle East
3.0
China
0.3
Asia
1.9
(Excluding
China)
Africa
12.0
Latin America
and Caribbean
2.4
Oceania
0.0
World
1.16
Accidents per
million departures
International Perspective
CAST Safety Enhancements
Western-built transport hull loss accidents, by airline domicile, 1997 through 2006
United States
and Canada
CAST
0.5
65 SEs
40 complete
25 in work
ESSI
35 SEs JAA
11 SEs EASA
Europe
0.7
C.I.S.
4.9
COSCAP CIS
Specific CIS Projects
Middle East
3.0
COSCAP BAG
Africa
12.0
Latin America
PAAST
and Caribbean
CFIT and ALAR
2.4
COSCAP AM
COSCAP GS
(2006)
COSCAP CEMEC
COSCAP UEMOA
World
1.16
China
0.3
COSCAP NA, SA, SEA
NA-40 SEs in work
SA, SEA-27 SEs in work
Asia
1.9
(Excluding
China)
Oceania
0.0
Accidents per
million departures
Cooperative Efforts Have
Decreased the Accident Rate
Hull Loss Accident Rate
Western-Built Worldwide Commercial Jets (>60,000 lbs) 1993 - 2005
2.00
1.60
FSF
CFIT/ALAR
Industry effort
starts
5 year running average
1.20
0.80
0.40
Hull Loss Accident Rate
(per million departures)
0.00
1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Thank You
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