Submission: SSS23 Soil as an open interdisciplinary laboratory: didactical pathways for soil science teaching in school Soil-Net.com The development of a soils educational web portal for schools age Dr Stephen Hallett, Prof. P. Bullock, Dr T. Simmons, J. Dunleavy EGU. Thursday 11:45 - 12:00 ORAL EGU2007-A-04720 SSS3-1TH2O-006 Room: Lecture Room 33 Defra funded project: SP0552 Cranfield campus School of Applied Sciences Silsoe Department of Natural Resources RMCS National Soil Resources Institute (NSRI) The challenge! www.soil-net.com/ SOIL, alongside AIR and WATER, is one of the world’s three major natural resources Soil Drivers EU: Thematic Strategy for Soil “Defra Protection Objective One, will work with Communication (COM(2006) 231) sets a 10-year framework to ensure high level of soil protection, and identify measures to be taken. The proposed soil stakeholders to develop a programme framework Directive (COM(2006) 232) identifies common principles for ofallowing education andStates awareness ofbest soil protecting EU soils, EU Member to decide how to protect and use soil in a sustainable way. Lastle, the Impact Assessment issues among620) thecontains general public, those (SEC (2006) 1165 and SEC(2006) a socio-economic and environmental impact assessment of the different options considered in the working with soils and the professionals preparatory phase of the strategy and of the measures finally retained by the Commission. that guide, advise or instruct soil UK Environment Agency: The State of Soils in England managers.” and Wales (13/5/04) Healthy soils are vital to a sustainable environment, but there are increasing signs that their condition has been neglected. As it cannot be assumed that soil loss and damage will be recoverable, it is essential that soils are managed sustainably to keep them healthy for future generations. UK DEFRA: The First Soil Action Plan for England (5/04) Soil is one of the essentials of life, along with air and water. Yet it is so much a part of everyday life that there’s a danger of taking it for granted. Covering most of the earth’s land surface, it is the essential growing medium for our food, timber and other crops. It supports the buildings that we live and work in and the roads and rails that move us around. UK Key Stages Key Stage School Years Children's Ages 1 1 and 2 5 to 7 SATs 2 3, 4, 5 and 6 7 to 11 SATs 3 7, 8 and 9 11 to 14 SATs 4 10 and 11 14 to 16 GCSE Primary Secondary Some comments… “In primary school education there are virtually no activities linked to soil” “The National curriculum scarcely mentions soils” “We need to concentrate on developing soil awareness at schools level to a solid foundation standard and then follow up ‘environmental’ degree courses with postprofessional soil-specific short courses aimed at newly appointed staff in organisations such as FWAG, EA etc.” “Teachers want pupils to see and touch soils to see what goes on rather than just looking at text books and pupils have much a improved understanding of the processes involved when they're out in the field and studying it” “We think the largest absence is with younger age groups. A level geography optional modules provide good opportunities for soils study but these are often the least popular” “Do you have, or know “You have reminded me how important it is to understand soils as the connection between geology, wildlife and landscape, and farming, economy and culture” where I could find/purchase a range of soil samples for use in teaching science (or any other useful resources)?” “Soil is very important and has been lost sight of in school education and higher education, with soil departments closing” Where’s the Soil ??? Geography geographical enquiry and skills environmental change and sustainable development Science: life processes and living things variation, classification and inheritance green plants as organisms living things in their environment Science: materials and their properties acids and bases geological changes Where’s the Soil ??? History settlements, events, people and changes in the past historical interpretation Citizenship responsible living ICT environmental data Art and Design texture, natural forms mother nature designer Soil-Net Responsibilities Design NSAD [& CU] Livery Multimedia Print Objects Graphic Design Direction & Relevance Operation Soil-Net…. Defra, SetNet, Schools DfES, OU Textual content Design direction Logical structure Content CU Domain “www.soil-net.com” owned by CU Trademark “Soil-Net” owned by CU Hosting Content Management Facilitation Provision DesignDialogues & CU IT Dept SiteMachine3 Soil-Net Delivery Themes Classroom – Shared experience Classroom – Working independently Teacher’s resource Student home research Locations: Classroom, ICT Lab, Home, Outside … Design Approach Cues: Visual, audio, timings, pace Cast: Consistent naming, voicing, character and appearance Appearance: Colour schemes, icons, layout, CSS styles Typography: Font styles Navigation: Consistency, accessibility issues Printing: Print objects and templates Language: Key Stage language, semantic guidance, vocabulary Learning: Didactic guidance, evidence-based approach (practical and effective activities) Structural: File/folder naming conventions Development of an informal ‘Style Guide’ for development team http://www.soil-net.com Interactive Rich Media Delivery via the Internet: Today there are 1.1 billion users of the Internet worldwide In Europe a 249% growth in Internet usage from 2000 to 2007 (399 million) 90 percent of all Schools in England have high-speed connections 99% of all Secondary schools and 89% of all Primary schools are connected Cost effective delivery mechanism, transforming learning opportunities Source of school statistics: http://www.teachernet.gov.uk/wholeschool/ictis/infrastructure/broadband/ Accessed 27/3/07 Source of Internet statistics: http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm Accessed 27/3/07 Soil-Net Structure Soil-Net Primary KS1 KS2 Soil-Net Secondary Introductory Interactive Multimedia Activity and Fact sheets Articles KS3 3x3 pieces Activities KS4 Downloads Photographs Essays Links and Further references Case Studies Soil-Net Structure Part I Introduction Part II The Global Cycles Part III The Function of Soils Part IV The Soils On Earth Part V Threats To Soils Part VI Future Concerns Part VII Case Studies 64 topics + Online Quizzes Quiz Attempts Mean score (%) Quiz Attempts Mean score (%) Secondary_Intro_What 15 76.9 Secondary_Functions_Farmingandfood 4 75 Secondary_Intro_Matter 7 80 Secondary_Functions_Forestry 9 87.8 Secondary_Intro_Microscope 9 86.7 Secondary_Functions_Ecology 4 94 Secondary_Intro_Properties 19 81 Secondary_Functions_Ecology_Leaves 20 79.5 Secondary_Intro_Formation 6 73.3 Secondary_Functions_Soilwater 5 92 Secondary_Intro_Differences 7 94.2 Secondary_Functions_Reclamation 1 88 Secondary_Intro_Livingbeing 9 68.9 Secondary_Functions_Infrastructure 2 94 Secondary_Intro_Plants 20 94 Secondary_Functions_Archaeology 5 77.6 Secondary_Intro_Colonisation 4 65 Secondary_Functions_Climate 1 63 Secondary_Cycles_Oxygen 5 77.8 Secondary_Functions_Health 2 94 Secondary_Cycles_Nitrogen 4 81.5 Secondary_Functions_Foodprod 2 90 Secondary_Cycles_Carbon 10 79 Secondary_Functions_Garden 8 84.5 Secondary_Cycles_Nutrient 1 88 Secondary_Soilsonearth_Britain 10 86.4 Secondary_Cycles_Hydrology 1 100 Secondary_Soilsonearth_World 10 60.2 Secondary_Threats_Erosion 3 58.3 Secondary_Threats_Desertification 2 100 Secondary_Threats_Acidrain 1 25 Secondary_Threats_Fertilisers 1 38 Secondary_Threats_Pollutants 1 13 Quiz_WhosePoo.swf 44 82.8 Activities and Downloads Soil-related activity sheets – 50+ activity sheets and resources for all ages, presented by Key Stage. Desktop wallpaper - 'green-screen' images. The school garden - how to start and manage a school garden. Soil walks - take a virtual online soil walk. Terrain builder - an erosion simulator. Design a landscape and let the water flow! Eco-Lifestyle Quiz - an 'eco schools' resource. Check the impacts of your lifestyle on the environment. SoilScapes Interactive mapper - online soil mapping for England and Wales. Enter your Postcode to see the soils near you. Whose Poo? & Whose Clues? - you just have to find out! Wormery - study worms and learn about what they do! Soil-Net Primary fileset - for offline use. Soil-Net Photo Library - over 2,400 high quality environmental images for royalty-free classroom use. Soil-Net Photo Album Unique resource 2,441 photographs 75 categorised folders 2.65 Gb imagery Availability – free! Creative commons Attribution Non-commercial Share-alike licence Referencing Soil-Net A selection of sites cross-referencing Soil-Net BA – follow up to BA Festival http://www.the-ba.net/the-ba/ Geography World http://members.aol.com/bowermanb/101.html Breaking Ground http://whyfiles.org/199_soil/ Hants County Council Bright New Scotland Soils http://www.brightnewscotland.org.uk/UserFile s/File/Analysing,%20Identifying%20& %20Working%20Soil(1).pdf http://www.hants.gov.uk/schooltravelplans/lin ks.html Hants County Council http://www.hants.gov.uk/environment/soils/as sets/Hampshire_summary.pdf BSSS http://www.soils.org.uk/ Hants County Council Just for Kids Bureau of Land Management http://www.blm.gov/nstc/soil/Kids/knowmore.h tml http://www3.hants.gov.uk/sustainableschools/ sustainable-schoolsaction/sustainable-schoolslanduse.htm Compendium of models and applications http://www.itc.nl/personal/rossiter/research/rsr ch_ss_apps.html Home-made metal detectors Countryside Agency http://www.countryside.gov.uk/ http://www.metal-detectorsreviews.com/wi/Homemade-metaldetectors http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/land/soil /education/index.htm Institute of Environmental Sciences (IES) http://www.ies-uk.org.uk/ DEFRA http://www.isric.org/UK/About+Soils/Other+so urces/Soil+education/default.htm Environment Agency http://www.environment-agency.gov.uk/ ISRIC World Soil Information - data sets Essex Grid for Learning http://www.e-gfl.org/ IUSS http://www.iuss.org/ EUGRIS http://www.eugris.info/ New Forest National Park http://www.newforestnpa.gov.uk/support_org anisations FACE http://www.face-online.org.uk Planet Science http://www.scienceyear.com/home.html FTPWork http://www.ftpwork.org/ Radley College Geog Soc. http://www.geocities.com/geogsoc2000/Conte nts.htm http://geography.radley.org.uk/web_physical. html#soils Science Learning Centres http://www.sciencelearningcentres.org.uk/ Geographical Association http://www.geography.org.uk TeacherNet Growing Schools http://www.teachernet.gov.uk/ Geography Forum http://www.learningnet.co.uk/ubb/Forum5/HT ML/006822.html TeacherNet Sustainable Schools Forum http://www.teachernet.gov.uk/sustainablesch ools/ Staffordshire Learning Net http://www.sln.org.uk/geography The Geography Pages http://www.geographypages.co.uk/soils.htm United States Consortium of Soil Science Associations http://soilsassociation.org/ Google = 10,700 references Web Statistics Top Referring sources 11,969 unique visitors, averaging 48 unique persons visiting each day 145,520 page impressions served up (pages viewed) on monitored pages (direct)[(none)] 6947 google[organic] 5058 soils.org.uk[referral] 857 yahoo[organic] 416 en.wikipedia.org[referral] 242 teachernet.gov.uk[referral] 227 isric.org[referral] 214 publications.teachernet.gov.uk[referral] 214 msn[organic] 165 blm.gov[referral] 156 www3.landis.org.uk[referral] 133 silsoe.cranfield.ac.uk[referral] 122 cranfield.ac.uk[referral] 110 learn.flvs.net[referral] 98 defra.gov.uk[referral] 93 school-portal.co.uk[referral] 88 intranet.open.ac.uk[referral] 88 images.google.com[referral] 80 Country of Origin Visits bbc.co.uk[referral] 79 United Kingdom 10,981 search[organic] 77 United States 2,467 banks.k12.ga.us[referral] 69 India 686 Period June 2006 to 27/3/07 Period June 2006 to 27/3/07 Future Soil-Net directions? •‘Future Sustainability Plan’ • plan to manage and nourish dynamic web resource. • reflect contemporary issues. • administer to changing curricula • further case-studies •‘Promotional Campaign’ • retain Soil-Net’s place in the ‘spotlight’ • incorporate cross-linkages with other Defra and DfES initiatives and web resources •‘16-19 age group’ • UK ‘A Level’, and Vocational Qualifications • other audiences to extend Soil-Net for: environmental science and geography and horticulture as well as other land-based industries. •‘Soil Walks’ • soils education and ‘healthy living’ - outdoor activities • soil elements added to walking guides. •‘Translation’ • convert the Soil-Net text to other European languages. • more than simple translation as appropriate curriculum maps and semantics within the text need attention – but achievable!