Microprocssor Based Design
for Biomedical Applications
for
BME
(Fourth Year)
2014-2015
Assistant Prof \
Fadhl M. Alakwaa
Course Description: ‫توصيف المقرر‬
• This course covers theoretical and practical
topics of the Microcontrollers,
Microprocessor registers, memory, and
programmable input/output devices. Also it
covers the Interrupts, Single chip
controllers, Design and testing of software
for microcontrollers. It also demonstrates
the hardware/software design tradeoffs and
issues and the individual design projects.
Purpose: ‫الغاية (الهدف) من هذا المقرر‬
• The purpose of this course is to design
biomedical system using one of the new
engineering tools (Microcontrollers,
Microprocessors, DSP, FPGA,..).
TOPICS COVERED: ‫المواضيع المغطاة‬
• Microprocess and embedded system
• Microcontroller application in biomedical
application
• Concepts and usage of microcontrollers
• Atmel microcontrollers + Tools
• Breadboard – circuits, Soldering, SMD
• Analog electronics ( OpAmps, Filtering )
• Sampling and A/D Conversion
• Assembly & C-Programming, Kiel
TOPICS COVERED: ‫المواضيع‬
‫المغطاة‬
• Event-based firmware programming,
interrupts
• Data Transmission using UART/RS232
• Interfacing uC-firmware and PC (host-)
software
• Design of PCBs using a CAD-Tool
• Usage of the Eagle-CAD Layout Editor
• Soldering and building up electronic
circuits
TOPICS COVERED: ‫المواضيع‬
‫المغطاة‬
• Reading datasheets, studying new parts
• Understand the PowerPC processor
architecture
• Programming in assembly & C.
• Understanding how assembly is converted
to machine code
• Do basic hardware and software debugging
• Be able to work with, program, and design
basic embedded systems
STUDENT LEARNING
OBJECTIVES ‫أهداف المقرر‬
• FIRST WHAT IS THE PROGRAM
OUTCOMES: SEE THE PAPER
INFRONT OF YOU.
STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
‫أهداف المقرر‬
1. Able to simulate experiments and acquire
biological signal. (Program Outcome b).
2. Understand the design steps of the biomedical
equipments. (Program Outcome c).
3. Understand the structure of the 8051
Microcontroller/the concepts and usage of
microcontrollers. (Program Outcome c).
4. Able to define project scope, available solution,
constrains and alternative solutions. (Program
Outcome c).
STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
‫أهداف المقرر‬
5. Work with his group effectively to complete the
project.(Program Outcome d)
6. Uses ethical conduct in communication (using
citations, acknowledging sources of info).
(Program Outcome f).
7. Conveys information effectively in written and
oral presentations. (Program Outcome g).
8. Understand and appreciate the role of medical
device in solving health care problems. (Program
Outcome h).
STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
‫أهداف المقرر‬
9. Search pertinent, professional literature, use
other information resources and evaluate
how sources contribute to knowledge.
(Program Outcome i)
10. Develop an understanding of the
functionality capabilities of data acquisition
system in the medical devices. (Program
Outcome k).
11. Write programs in C and assembly.
(Program Outcome k).
STUDENT LEARNING OBJECTIVES
‫أهداف المقرر‬
12. Do basic hardware and software debugging.
(Program Outcome k).
13. Explore the use of Internet (Netscape) as an
educational source in instrumentation. (Program
Outcome k).
Course/O
utcomes
a
b
c
d
e
f
g
h
i
j
k
l
m
BME401
x
M
H
H
H
L
M
H
M
H
M
x
x
Lab
Exams+
Project
Project
Project
Project report
Project
description
Project
Project report
Project
Project + Lab
OUTCOMES COURSE MATRIX [ ‫كيف يمكن للمقرر‬
‫]إن يخدم المخرجات األصلية للبرنامج‬
Activity
to achieve
the
outcome
H : 50% contribution to the outcome.
M: 25-50% contribution to the outcome.
L: 10-25% contribution to the outcome.
‫‪COURSE POLICIES‬‬
‫سياسة حضور الفصل ‪Class Attendance:‬‬
‫حاالت التأخير ‪Tardy:‬‬
‫االمتحانات ‪Exams‬‬
‫السياسات المتبعة في حاالت الغياب عن االمتحان‬
‫التكاليف والمشاريع ‪Assignments & Projects:‬‬
‫السياسات المتبعة في حاالت تأخير تسليم التكاليف‬
‫والمشاريع ومتى يجب أن تسلم إلى األستاذ‬
‫‪• The PROJECT is due on 01/03/2012.‬‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
‫•‬
COURSE POLICIES
• Exam Attendance/Punctuality: ‫االنتظام‬
‫وحضور االمتحان‬
• ‫توصيف السياسة المتبعة في حاالت تأخر الطالب عن‬
‫االمتحان‬
• Plagiarism: ‫االنتحال‬
• ‫يحدد تعريف االنتحال وحاالته واإلجراءات المتبعة في‬
.‫حالة حدوثه‬
• Plagiarism is defined as “copying or stealing someone
else’s words or ideas and claiming or presenting them as if
they were your own.”
GRADING SYSTEM‫نظام التقييم‬
•
•
•
•
•
Term Exam: 50 points
Midterm Exam: 15 Points
Lab: 15 Points
Class Project: 15 Points
Other (Homework assignments, quizzes,
etc.): 5 points
Project
• Students will be organized into teams of
four and each team selects a topic from a
list of topics provided to students at the start
of the semester. The team should share and
distribute responsibility. Each team submits
a technical report and prepares a class
presentation. Making use of all resources,
e.g., patents, journal publications, internet,
labs, etc., is encouraged.
Project
Phases‫مرا‬
‫حل تنفيذ‬
‫المشروع‬
CLO
‫مخرجات‬
‫التعلم‬
Scope &Focus ‫مدى وبؤرة التركيز في كل مرحلة‬
Due date
‫موعد‬
‫التسليم لكل‬
‫مرحلة‬
Phase 1
4,6
Kiel program
Week 5
Phase 2
7,
Proteus program
Week 9
Phase 3
9,13
Hardware work
Week 1416
Project Evaluation
• Oral Presentation Grading:
Criteria
Points
Organization
2
Clarity of presentation 2
Effectiveness
2
Technical Accuracy & grasp of the
subject
2
Engineering versus biology
content
2
Total
10
RESOURCES: ‫المراجع‬
• Text Book ‫الكتاب األساسي للمقرر‬
• The 8051 Microcontroller and Embedded
Systems Using Assembly and C-2nd-ed BY
Mazidi
http://fadhl-alakwa.weebly.com/
Course Lab
Course Lab
Important comments from the
previous course
• Not Excuses
• Not degree explanation (fair assessment)
• In time policy (one day late=one degree
loss)
• Join a group (mandatory)
• Update your attendance and results daily.
Group Activity: BME_UST
http://www.facebook.com/search/?q=BME_UST&init=quick#!/grou
p.php?gid=325135515239&ref=search&sid=1096082202.17723631
20..1
Microcontrollers in embedded
biomedical Applications
Microcontrollers in embedded biomedical Applications:
We want to have systems that :
● are reliable
● are small and lightweight
● have a low power consumption
These issues are critical when we deal with body implants
I: Introduction – Microcontrollers
Some features / advantages of microcontrollers:
●
●
●
●
●
they are small and flexible
easy to use ( most of the time .. )
few external components and wires needed
low and ultra low power designs possible (-> PSoC, ASIC )
wide range of different uCs available
(memory, I/O, speed, busses, A/Ds )
● data interchange using standard bus systems;
-> various peripheral hardware accessible
● IDEs and toolchains for firmware programming /
●
Simulation and high level languages
-> 90% of the manufactured CPUs are not found in desktop PCs but in
embedded systems, with growing areas of application: RFID, hidden
"ubiquitous" computing, wearables, "smart environments", MEMS (micro
electro-mechanical systems)
I: Introduction – Microcontrollers
Some examples for uC-based biomed devices / applications:
● various sensors or meters:
Body temperature, Blood Pressure,
Blood Sugar Level, …
● Implants and prostetics
● Pacer makers (for heart, breathing, ...)
Adam blood glucose meter
● functional Electrostimulation
● Orthesis and artificial limbs
● Biosignal acquisition equipment
www.heartratemonitor.co.uk
I: Introduction – Microcontrollers
Some examples for uC-based biomed devices / applications:
● portable emergency equipment (defibrillator,
..)
● Sports medicine
● Patient monitoring
● “Smart Homes", service robotics
● support of Communication for disabled persons
● wireless sensor networks / Body Area Network (BAN)
● Sensors and Actuators for stationary medical equipment
Life-point defibrillator
Spo2 Module
Microcontroller In Research
Pace Makers and Functional Electro-Stimulation
http://www.hgcardio.com/HRhythm/Treatments/a_pacemaker_schematic.jpg
● current pacemakers have 5-7 yrs. battery lifetime
● feedback loops -> adapt to physical needs
● multichannel stimulation and measurement electrodes
Parkinson relief from deep brain stimulation
http://www.firstscience.com/SITE/IMAGES/ARTICLES/dbs/man_pacemaker.jpg
http://www.parkinson-club-u40.de/Hirnschrittmacher.htm
● lack of dopanine in substantia nigra
● hyper-activity of nerve cells
● pacemaker „inactivates“ those cells
Other Areas for FES - Implants / Pacer Makers
http://www.bio-pro.de/imperia/md/content/bioregionen/freiburg/neuropro.jpg
http://www.altenpflegeschueler.de/krankheiten/querschnittslaehmung.php
Some examples:
● muscle activation / support
● gastrointestinal support
● breathing support
● chronic pain relief
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