The Organisation
for Economic Co-operation
and Development
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What is the OECD?
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A forum in which governments work
together to address the economic, social
and environmental challenges of
interdependence and globalisation
A provider of comparative data, analysis
and forecasts to underpin multilateral cooperation
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A tool for governments
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Born after World War II as the Organisation for
European Economic Co-operation to coordinate
the Marshall Plan
Transformed in 1961 into the Organisation for
Economic Co-operation and Development with
trans-Atlantic and then global reach
Today the OECD has 30 member countries
More than 70 developing and transition
economies are engaged in working
relationships with the OECD
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A global outreach
OECD Member Countries
Countries/Economies Engaged in Working
Relationships with the OECD
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OECD’s mission
To promote policies designed:
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to achieve sustainable economic growth and employment
and rising standards of living in member countries while
maintaining financial stability, so contributing to the
development of the world economy
to assist sound economic expansion in member countries
and other countries in the process of economic
development
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to contribute to growth in world trade on a multilateral, nondiscriminatory basis
(Article 1 of the OECD Convention)
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Who drives OECD work?
Council
Oversight and strategic direction
Representatives of member countries and of the
European Commission; decisions taken by consensus
Committees
Secretariat
Discussion and implementation
Analysis and proposals
Representatives of member countries and
countries with Observer status work with
the OECD Secretariat on specific issues
Secretary-General
Deputy Secretaries-General
Directorates
Annual budget: 188 million euros
Funded by member countries
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The OECD Secretariat
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2300 staff at Paris
headquarters
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Works in two official
languages: English
and French
Staff members are
international civil
servants
No quota system for
national
representation
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OECD’s way
of working
Data Collection
Analysis
Discussion
Decisions
Implementation
Peer reviews,
multilateral surveillance
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Working with governments
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Sharing information in all areas of the
OECD’s work
Country and region-based cooperation
programmes
Helping governments and citizens in all
countries to reap the benefits of
international trade and investment
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Working with civil society
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Consulting with business through BIAC, the
Business and Industry Advisory Committee
Consulting with labour through TUAC, the
Trade Union Advisory Committee
Expanding relations with civil society in such
areas as the environment, trade, electronic
commerce and social policy
Making information available to the public on
www.oecd.org and in OECD publications.
Public comment is welcome
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Economics and trade
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Analysing and publishing comparative data
and producing forecasts
Developing policies to ensure economic
growth and stability
Helping governments work together to
strengthen the multilateral trading system
Encouraging the expansion of financial
services and cross-border investment
Promoting best practices on an
international scale
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Social cohesion
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Helping to ensure equal access to
education for all
Promoting effective and accessible health
systems
Fighting social exclusion and
unemployment
Bridging the “digital divide” between rich
and poor
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Our environment
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Making markets work for ecologically
and economically sustainable
development
Harnessing science and technology in
the service of citizens in all countries
Strengthening decision-making to avoid
wastage and pollution
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Governance
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Promoting good governance at all levels of
government and corporate activity
Ensuring transparency and fairness in tax
systems and competition rules
Fighting corruption and money-laundering
and promoting high ethical standards
Supporting accountability and encouraging
citizen-participation in policy-making
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Some OECD achievements
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DAC Guidelines for Poverty Reduction
OECD Model Tax Convention
OECD Anti-Bribery Convention
OECD Principles of Corporate Governance
OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises
Export Credit Arrangement
OECD Guidelines for Conflict Prevention
OECD Chemicals Test Acceptance Agreement
OECD Chemical Hazard Classification System
OECD GM Crop Identification System
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