Unit 1 Time Management
I. Objectives
II. Suggested Teaching Plan
III. Background Information
IV. Class Presentation
Unit 1 Time Management
Part I
Listening
Part II Reading
Part III Speaking
Part IV Translation & Writing
Part V Time to Relax
Video Exercises
Unit 1 Time Management
I. Objectives
From studying this unit, students are expected to
1. have listening and speaking practices to explore time
management and acquire the theme-related expressions
and their functional structures;
2. understand the main idea of Text A and Text B, as well as
master the useful sentence structures, words and
expressions found in the first two texts’ follow-up
exercises;
3. know the structure of imperative sentences;
4. be able to write a résumé cover letter.
Unit 1 Time Management
II. Suggested Teaching Plan for Unit 1
Time*
Contents *
1 period Themerelated
Listening
Plan
Sections 1 & 2
To start the new unit, the teacher
A. plays the short talk once before handling
Useful Language in a unique way, e.g., asking
students to choose a particular word and relate
it to the topic;
B. plays the short talk once more, or twice more
if necessary, and asks class to complete three
statements as required;
C. has a brief discussion with the students on the
three statements to explore the main idea of the
short talk;
D. plays the talk again with an emphasis on details
so that students can fill in the blanks of the text.
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
Plan
Sections 3, 4 & 5
The teacher
A. keeps the theme in mind while making a
transition from the short talk to the two
dialogues;
B. handles Useful Language in a unique way,
e.g., asking students to pick up the
words/phrases they are familiar with;
C. plays the first dialogue once, or twice if
necessary, and asks students to do the T/F
exercise as required to explore the main
idea;
D. plays the first dialogue once more for the
details so that students will have no trouble
answering the questions;
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
Plan
E. plays the second dialogue once, or twice if
necessary, and then asks students to do
the listening comprehension exercises;
F. checks the answers in a meaningful way,
e.g., asking students to justify their choices.
3 periods Review
of
Themerelated
Listening
Review
The teacher
A. gives a brief review of what students have
learned in the first period of listening
practice;
B. makes a meaningful transition to Text A;
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
Text A &
Textrelated
Exercises
Plan
Starter
After finishing the listening tasks, the teacher
turns to Text A of the unit. To begin, the
teacher
A. asks the students what important things
they are doing aside from their daily
routine. While the students talk about all
the things they are doing, e.g., writing
term papers, preparing for a test, learning
a foreign language, visiting some old
friends, taking care of their parents, the
teacher writes down all the things on the
blackboard;
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
Plan
B. asks further what each of the students
would do first if there is so much to be
done and what next. While arranging the
things in the sequence given by the
students, the teacher introduces the
concept of Priority to the students.
Text A
The teacher
A. discusses the whole text with the students;
B. guides the students through the exercises,
focusing on certain items or leaving some
exercises as the students’ homework
depending on their levels.
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
2 periods Text B,
Text C &
Text related
Exercises
Plan
Text B
The teacher
A. asks the students to go over the text
and do the subsequent multiple choice
questions about it;
B. while discussing the text with the students,
calls the students’ attention to the use of
imperative sentences;
C. lets the students work on the vocabulary
and language use exercises either in class
or after class.
Text C
This text should be read by the students
themselves as their homework or as
fast-reading in class.
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
1 period
Speaking
Plan
The teacher
A. makes sure students know what the two
categories are before they do Ex. 1;
B. asks class to read loud the dialogue in
Ex. 1 before doing the role-play either with
the script or without it.
C. gives a brief review of the suggestions
used for time management in Ex. 2, and
then asks one student to read loud the
example monologue before encouraging
some students to carry out the task.
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
Plan
1 period
Translation
and
Writing,
Time to
Relax &
Workbook
The teacher
A. leaves the sentence translation exercise as
the students’ homework;
B. helps the students learn how to write a
résumé cover letter by doing the first
exercise in Practical Writing, and then
leaves the next two exercises as the
students’ homework;
C. plays the song “Right Now” in class and
lets the students fill in the blanks in the
lyrics (this can be done as students’
homework if there isn’t much class time
left in class);
Unit 1 Time Management
Time *
Contents *
Plan
D. if possible, plays the Workbook video in
class and has the students do the exercise
based on the video.
Notes:
* This unit should be taught in 8 periods.
* The Teacher’s Book contains the entire Students’ Book.
It also contains the listening scripts, the various notes
and examples, as well as the answers.
Unit 1 Time Management
Personal Time Management
Basic Tips on Time
Management for Students
Unit 1 Time Management
Personal Time Management
Time management strategies are often associated with
the recommendation to set personal goals. These goals are
recorded and may be broken down into a project, an action
plan, or a simple task list. For individual tasks or for goals,
an importance rating may be established, deadlines may be
set, and priorities assigned. This process results in a plan
with a task list or a schedule or calendar of activities.
A task list (also to-do list or things-to-do) is a list of tasks
to be completed, such as chores or steps toward completing
a project. Task lists are often prioritized.
Unit 1 Time Management
An early advocate of “ABC” prioritization was Alan
Lakein. In his system “A” items were the most important
(“A-1” the most important within that group), “B” next most
important, “C” least important.
A particular method of applying the ABC method assigns
“A” to tasks to be done within a day, “B” a week, and “C” a
month.
(From Wikipedia)
Unit 1 Time Management
Basic Tips on Time Management for Students
Every student spends a lot of time studying and almost
every one of them would like their studying to be more
efficient. Here are some basic tips to manage your time
better when studying.
Minimize Distractions
Eliminate everything that might be a distraction in the
area where you are studying. Make sure there’s nothing
nearby that might be tempting. If you love surfing the net,
turn off the internet while you study. If you are totally into
video games, discipline yourself to only play them after you
have finished your studying as a reward. Don’t put the video
games anywhere near your study area.
Unit 1 Time Management
Watching TV whilst studying is a very bad idea and
makes your studying really ineffective. You need to minimize
all distractions and TV is a big one even if it’s just on in the
background.
Time of Day for Study
Studying at the same time each and every day helps.
Most people find it more effective to study during the day
rather than at night, because they can concentrate better.
But if you are a real night owl, then you may find that your
ability to concentrate at night is just fine.
Total 100% Focus for at Least 40 Minutes at a Time
Unit 1 Time Management
One of the most important things you can do to study
effectively is to focus totally on your studying for at least 40
minutes at a time. Studying for 10 minutes here and there
just will not cut it. Instead of quick little snippets, make sure
you get in at least 40 or 50 minutes of total focus. While
you’re doing this, don’t let yourself get distracted with
anything else! Just focus intensely for the entire time. When
you are finished, then relax, and play a video game or watch
TV to reward yourself.
You also don’t want to study for too long at a time,
because your brain gets fatigued and after a while it needs
a rest. 90 minutes is probably the maximum you should go
before taking a 10-minute break, and usually 60 minutes is
enough.
Unit 1 Time Management
Some Other Tips
Traveling time — make good use of your time traveling to
and from school each day. This adds up to a lot of time
and you can use it to get in some extra studying or reading.
What do you do with your time between classes? Do you
use this time productively or do you waste it?
Sitting closer to the front of class tends to make it easier
to concentrate.
These are a few basic tips for effective studying. Apply
these ideas when you’re studying and soon you will see a
big improvement in how you manage your time and your
study productivity.
(From http://www.timemanagement.com)
Unit 1 Time Management
Part I
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Listening
1 Listen to the upcoming short talk and complete the
related statements below accordingly. Getting to know
the following useful language first might be helpful.
Useful Language
run over
create // vt.
超过
impression // n. 创造
span // n.
印象
evolve // vi.
一段时间(尤指人的一生)
time-conscious
进化
// a.
有时间概念
pace // n.
节奏
multitasker
一心多用者
// n.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Script
1) We can’t gain more time for ourselves with
not something we have ever
technology: time is ____________________________
actually had , so it’s not some thing that we can
____________
lose.
2) We often have the feeling that “time flies”
because we are ______________________
living faster and faster in terms
of pace.
3) We can learn how to pick up the right skills
and tools _______________
to manage time .
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Script:
Hello class,
There goes the bell! Time for class, everybody. Class
begins on time because otherwise we would have to run
over time. And no one would like that, would you?!
Can you imagine what our lives would be like without
time? Hard to imagine, isn’t it? We humans may have
invented time, but we’ve never been able to actually create it.
Technology can’t help us gain more time for ourselves either
because in fact time is not something we have ever had. So
it’s not something we can either gain or lose. “Time” as we
know it results from our impression of the span of our lives.
Because time can not be created, only spent, we
humans have evolved into time-conscious beings. This
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
sensitivity often leads us, unfortunately, to the feeling that
“time flies,” that too much time has passed by before we
know it. You know why? It’s partly because we value life and
don’t want to see it end. But it’s also partly because our living
pace is getting quicker and quicker with every passing year.
By that I mean we are living faster and faster. As a result,
most of us are becoming multitaskers — we write emails
while talking on the phone, eat while driving, or cook dinner
with the TV on, etc. You didn’t think you’re the only one doing
that kind of stuff, did you? For sure, no: we are all just the
same.
So today we are going to learn to manage time. If we
can pick up the right skills and tools to manage time, our
experience of life will be that we have more time — even if
that’s not literally so.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
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Video
Exercises
2 Listen to the short talk again and fill in the blanks
below with the missing words.
Hello class,
There goes the bell! Time for class, everybody. Class
begins 1) ________
on time because otherwise we would have to run
over time. And no one would like that, would you?!
________
Can you imagine what our lives would be like 2) without
time ? Hard to imagine, isn’t it? We humans may have
_____
invented time, but we’ve never been able to actually 3)
create it . Technology can’t help us gain more time for
________
not something we
ourselves either because in fact time is 4) _________________
have
ever had . So it’s not something we can either gain or
______________
lose. “Time” as we know it results from our impression of the
of our lives .
5) span
________________
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Because time can not be created, only spent, we humans
evolved into time-conscious beings. This sensitivity
have 6) _______
time flies,”
often leads us, unfortunately, to the feeling that “7) ________
we know it. You
that too much time has passed by before 8) __________
know why?
It’s partly because we value life and don’t want to see it
end. But it’s also partly because our living pace is getting 9)
quicker and quicker with every passing year. By that I mean
___________________
we are living 10) faster
and faster . As a result, most of us
________________
are becoming multitaskers — we write emails while talking on
the phone, eat while driving, or cook dinner with the TV on,
etc. You didn’t think you’re the only one doing that kind of stuff,
did you? For sure, no: we are all just the same.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
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Translation
& Writing
Time to
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Video
Exercises
So today we 11) _________________
are going to learn to manage time. If
manage time ,
we can pick up the right skills and tools to 12) _____________
our experience of life will be that we have more time —
even if that’s not literally so.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
3 Cherie and Victor are talking about time. Listen to
their conversation and then decide whether the
conversation-based statements below are true (T) or
false (F). Getting to know the following useful language
first might be helpful.
Useful Language
rush // vi.
匆忙
issue /, /
问题
n.
使受约束,阻止,压制
pin down
在…之上;熟练掌握
on top of
有道理
make sense
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Script:
Cherie:
Victor:
Cherie:
Victor:
Cherie:
Victor:
Cherie:
Everybody seems to be a slave to time. We
rush around all the time. I mean, we are
always in such a hurry to do things.
Yes, we are time slaves. We work, work and
work still more. We never have enough time
to do the things we enjoy doing.
Is this way to live?
I think it’s an issue of choice.
What do you mean?
I mean we can choose to be or not to be a
slave to time.
But we can do nothing about the clock.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
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Video
Exercises
Script:
Victor:
Cherie:
Victor:
Cherie:
Victor:
You are right. Yet we can do something about
ourselves.
I guess we can learn how to manage time,
can’t we?
Yes. The most important thing is not to be
pinned down by time, but to be on top of
things, the boss of time.
That makes sense.
Life is not about how many things you can do,
but about how much you enjoy doing what
you do.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
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Time to
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Video
Exercises
T 1) Neither Cherie nor Victor wants to be a slave to time.
___
F 2) Something can be done about the clock, as
___
suggested by Cherie.
F 3) According to Victor, life is about how many things
___
you can do.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
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Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
4 Listen to the conversation again and answer the
following questions.
1) What are Cherie and Victor talking about?
They are talking about time slaves.
__________________________________________
2) What are time slaves?
_________________________________________________
They rush around. They are always in a hurry to
_________________________________________________
do things. And they never have enough time to do
_________________________________________________
what they enjoy doing.
Unit 1 Time Management
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Time to
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Video
Exercises
3) Why does Victor think that being a time slave is
“an issue of choice”?
_________________________________________________
Because we can choose whether to be a time slave,
_________________________________________________
whether
to give in or not give in to all the hurrying.
4) What does Victor mean when he says that we
can do something about ourselves?
_________________________________________________
He means that we can learn how to manage time.
5) What is life all about according to Victor?
_________________________________________________
Life
is not about how many things you can do, but
_________________________________________________
about
how much you enjoy doing what you do.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
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Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
5 Dennis and Belle are talking at lunch. Listen to
their conversation and then answer the questions
below by choosing the best response. Getting to
know the following useful language first might be
helpful.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
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Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Useful Language
What is the rush?
为什么这样匆匆忙忙?
way // ad.
〈口〉远远地;大大地;非常
be supposed to
= should, ought to
pace // vt.
调整…的速度
appetite // n. 食欲
pressure //
n.
压力
breathe // vi.
呼吸
focus on
集中
Script:
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Script:
Dennis:
Belle:
Dennis:
Belle:
Dennis:
Belle:
Dennis:
Belle:
What’s the rush? You’ve left so much uneaten!
I have way too much to read before class.
Come on, right now, you are supposed to be
enjoying your lunch! I mean, pace yourself a
little, no?!
I have no appetite.
Because you are under so much pressure.
I know. I’ve been keeping myself impossibly
busy.
Everybody has. You’re not alone.
I don’t even have time to breathe!
Unit 1 Time Management
Dennis:
Belle:
Dennis:
Belle:
Dennis:
Belle:
Dennis:
Listening
Reading
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Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
A time slave. That’s all you are. A slave to
time. But it really doesn’t have to be that way.
I know, but…
Nobody can go on like that. You need some
balance in your life. As I said, pace yourself.
How?
Focus on one thing at a time. For instance,
relax and enjoy your lunch now. Later, focus
on what needs to be done then. Life is not
about how many things you can do, but about
how much you enjoy what you are doing.
I already seem to feel better talking with you.
That’s natural. You’re finally taking a little
time to enjoy yourself instead of rushing
around like crazy.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
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Translation
& Writing
Time to
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Video
Exercises
1) Where is this conversation most probably taking place?
A) In a shop.
B) In a library.
C) In a classroom.
D) In an eating place.
2) Why is Belle leaving so much of her lunch?
A) Because she is a slow eater.
B) Because she is in a hurry.
C) Because she eats fast.
D) Because she is sick.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
3) What is Dennis trying to do?
A) To finish lunch as soon as possible.
B) To lunch with Belle.
C) To eat less at lunch.
D) To pace Belle.
4) What does Dennis think Belle is?
A) A sweetheart.
B) A liar(撒谎者).
C) A time slave.
D) A slow eater.
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
5) What is Dennis trying to say?
A) To enjoy lunch is to enjoy life.
B) Talk less and eat more.
C) Lunch is late.
D) Life is hard.
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Part II Reading
Text A Time-Out!
Exercises
Text B Ready, Set, Go — and Get There!
Exercises
Text C The Time of Your Life
Exercises
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Part II Reading
Text A Time-Out!
Exercises
Text B Ready, Set, Go — and Get There!
Exercises
Practical Reading
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
Part II Reading
Reading
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
Time to
Relax
Video
Exercises
Text A
Time-Out!
Tracey Middlekauff
1
There are only 24 hours in a day, and you can’t
create extra time.
You can only control your own actions
and what you are going to do with the time you have.
Unit 1 Time Management
Listening
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& Writing
Time to
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Video
Exercises
Para. 1 of Text A
Questions about This Paragraph
1) According to the author, what can you not do in the 24
hours of a single day?
We cannot create extra time.
2) What can you do every day?
We can control our own actions and what we plan to do
in one particular day.
Unit 1 Time Management
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Exercises
Chinese Version
休息!
特蕾西·米德尔考夫
一天只有24小时,而你也不可能创造额外的时间。你只
能用你有的时间来控制自己的行动和你准备做的事情。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Video
Exercises
Notes
Time-Out: This word has different meanings in different
contexts. As the title of the text, it means “a brief
suspension of activity; intermission or break.” The author
believes that people try to do too much at the same time,
but accomplish less, and with less good results. She
suggests we “take a break” (time-out) from such
overloading, and take a true, merited “time-out” only when
an appropriate amount of the main task has been
completed.
time-out /'/: n. a brief suspension of activity;
intermission or break 暂停;休息
Unit 1 Time Management
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Language Points
Tracey Middlekauff: an American journalist living in New
York. 特蕾西·米德尔考夫是美国报刊撰稿人,居住
在纽约。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Language Points
create /'/ vt. make (sth.) happen or exist 创造
e.g.
The new factory is expected to create more than
400 new jobs.
这家新工厂预计可以创造400个以上的新工作岗位。
The pollution in this area is creating a lot of
problems.
这一地区的污染正在造成大量的问题。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Exercises
Notes
You can only control your own actions and what you are
going to do with the time you have.
你只能用你有的时间来控制自己的行动和你准备做的事情。
句中动词control后有两个宾语:your own actions和what you
are going to do。 what you are going to do的意思相当于
things that you are going to do。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Exercises
Getting Started
2
Do you find yourself turning in homework late?
Forgetting about quizzes? Feeling as if you could have
done a better job had you only had more time? Those are
clues that you need to work on your time management skills.
Unit 1 Time Management
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Chinese Version
开始
你经常发现自己晚交作业吗?忘记有小测验吗?觉得只
要有更多时间就能把事情做得更好吗?这些都是提示你需要
努力改进时间管理技能的线索。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Exercises
Notes
Feeling as if you could have done a better job had you only
had more time?
觉得只要有更多时间就能把事情做得更好吗?
as if后面使用的是虚拟语气,表示所述并非事实。had you
only had more time是倒装形式,也可以说成if you had only
had more time。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Language Points
turn in: hand in 上交
e.g.
The professor let the students study the traffic
problems last week and is now waiting for them to turn
in their papers.
上星期教授让学生们研究交通问题,现在正等着他们
交论文。
The government wanted the rebels to turn in all their
heavy weapons.
政府要叛军交出一切重型武器。
Unit 1 Time Management
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Language Points
quiz /z/ n. an informal test given to students 小测验
e.g.
a history/sport quiz
一次历史/体育小测验
He gave us a quiz on the reading every other day.
他每隔一天给我们一次阅读小测验。
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clue // n. 线索;提示
e.g.
I haven’t a clue what I’ll give George for his birthday
next year.
我一点都不知道明年乔治生日我该送什么礼物。
This gave me a clue as to the source of the problem.
这给了我了解问题根源的线索。
Her clothes may give us a clue to her age.
她的衣服也许可以向我们提示她的年龄。
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work on: try hard to improve or achieve (sth.) 努力改善;努
力完成
e.g.
You need to work on your pronunciation a bit more.
你需要稍加努力来改善你的发音。
John has been working on an English textbook with
Prof. Lee.
约翰一直在和李教授一起编写一本英语教材。
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skill // n. the ability to do sth. well; a particular ability
or type of ability 技巧;技艺;技术;技能
e.g.
Without more training or better skills, they’ll lose
their jobs.
没有进一步的训练或更好的技能,他们会失业。
Her computer skills seem second to none in
this class.
她的计算机技术在这个班里无人能及。
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3
National youth speaker Grant Baldwin, who runs a
popular workshop for students called So Much to Do, So
Little Time, has some advice for starting to manage your
time. He suggests choosing three overall priorities that are
most important to you. For each priority, list your goals for
the next six months to a year and the tasks you’ll need to
complete. For example, if you list schoolwork as a priority,
perhaps your goal is to earn a 3.5 grade point average for
the year. Then you need to list which tasks — doing your
homework, turning papers in on time, not waiting until the
last minute to start a big project — will help you achieve
those goals.
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Para. 2-3 of Text A
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) What is the main idea of this section of the text?
If you want to be successful at anything, you need to
set and keep goal and priorities.
2) What problems do many people have when they don’t
know how to manage their time?
They may turn in homework late, forget about quizzes,
complain that they don’t have enough time.
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Para. 2-3 of Text A
Questions About These Paragraphs
3) What is the workshop called that Grant Baldwin runs for
students?
So Much to Do, So Little Time.
4) What are Grant Baldwin’s suggestions for students?
Choose three overall priorities and make a list of your
goals for the next six months to a year.
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Chinese Version
全国青年演讲比赛的获胜者格兰特·鲍德温为学生开办
了一个广受欢迎的讲习班,名叫“要做的事情这么多,而时
间这么少”。他对为何开始管理你的时间有一些意见。他建
议挑选对你最重要的三件综合优先事务。对每一件应优先考
虑的事,列出你在今后半年到一年中的目标和你需要完成的
任务。例如,如果你把学校作业列为一项优先考虑的事,也
许你的目标就是在这一年得个3.5的平均积点。然后你需要
列出哪些任务──做家庭作业、按时交论文、不要等到最后
一分钟才开始一项大的课题──能帮助你实现那些目标。
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Grant Baldwin / / 格兰特·鲍德
温
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workshop // n. 研讨会;讲习班
e.g.
a writing workshop
写作讲习班
The workshop was attended by 25 professors from
different universities and research institutions.
来自多所大学和研究机构的25位教授参加了研讨会。
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advice // n. an opinion or a suggestion about
what sb. should do in a particular situation 忠告;
建议;意见
e.g.
You should really listen to the doctor’s advice and eat
less.
你应该听医生的忠告,少吃些。
Most foreigners have now left the country on the
advice of their governments.
大多数外国人现在都已根据他们政府的建议离开了这
个国家。
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suggest // vt. put forward (an idea or a plan)
for other people to think about 建议
e.g.
I suggest you tell him there was a mistake in his plan.
我建议你告诉他,他的计划中有一个错误。
They had little choice but to agree to what he
suggested.
他们几乎没有选择,只能同意他的建议。
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priority // n. sth. that you think is more
important than other things and should be dealt
with first 优先考虑的事
e.g.
Working on your time management skills should be a
top priority.
努力改善你的时间管理技能应当成为最优先考虑的事情。
He says setting priorities is of great importance.
他说确定轻重缓急很重要。
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schoolwork // n. work that students do at
school or for school 学校作业
e.g.
Tom had difficulty with his homework.
汤姆完成学校作业有困难。
I think these children spend too much time on their
homework.
我认为这些孩子花在家庭作业上的时间太多了。
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project // n. a piece of work involving
careful study of a subject over a period of time, done
by school or college students (大、中学生的)专题研究
;课题
e.g.
a history project
历史专题研究
a three-year research project
一项三年期的研究课题
We’re doing a project on pollution.
我们在做关于污染的专题研究。
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Finding the Right Tools
4
OK, so you’ve set your priorities and goals, and you
know what you need to do to succeed. Now it’s time to
figure out which organizational tools will help you get there.
Of course, there is no single, magical tool that will work for
everyone —
it really depends on your personal
preferences and what feels right. You may even have to
try a few systems out before you settle on one.
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Paras. 4-6 of Text A
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) What does this part of the text mainly talk about?
It mainly talks about the tools we need to achieve our
goals.
2) Why does the writer say “there is no single, magical tool
that will work for everyone?”
Because different people may need different tools to
be successful.
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3) Name some of the tools that the writer has mentioned in
the text.
Evernote (www.evernote.com), Things, Google
Calendar (calendar.google.com) and Yahoo’s free
calendar service (calendar.yahoo.com).
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Chinese Version
找到正确的工具
好,你已经确定了你应优先考虑的事和目标,你也知道
为了取得成功你需要做什么了。现在该是弄清楚哪些组织工
具能帮助你成功的时候了。当然,没有哪一种神奇的工具是
对每个人都有效的──这确实取决于你个人的偏爱和是否觉
得合适。在你选完某个系统之前你也许必须试用好几种系统。
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Notes
… it really depends on your personal preferences and what
feels right.
……这确实取决于你个人的偏爱和是否觉得合适。
depends on后面有两个宾语:your personal preferences和
what feels right。第二个宾语what feels right相当于anything
that feels right。
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figure out: think about (sb./sth.) until you understand them/it
弄懂;想清楚;弄明
e.g.
No one could figure out how he got to be so wealthy.
没人能够弄清楚他怎么会这么富有。
It took Tom about one hour to figure out how to start
the machine.
汤姆花了大约一个小时才弄明白怎么开动这台机器。
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organizational /z/ a. 组织(
上)的
e.g.
She is looking for a personal assistant with good
organizational skills.
她正在寻找一个具有良好组织技能的私人助理。
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course //: n. 课程;过程,进程;一道菜
e.g.
computing courses
计算机课程
The course is suitable for beginners and advanced
users.
该课程对入门和高级使用者都适合。
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e.g.
Over the course of the next few years, the steel
industry developed rapidly.
在接下来的几年里,钢铁工业发展得很快。
We had fish for the main course.
我们的主食吃鱼。
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of course: 当然;自然
e.g.
“Could I see these documents?” “Of course.”
“我能看这些文件吗?”“当然。”
Of course, there are other ways of doing this.
当然,还有其他方法来干这件事。
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magical //: a. containing magic; wonderful
有魔力的;奇妙的
e.g.
Harry Potter is a boy with magical powers.
哈里·波特是一个有魔力的男孩。
I’ll never forget that magical evening we spent together.
我永远都不会忘记我们共同度过的那个奇妙的晚上。
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depend // vi. 视…而定,取决(于);依靠(on,
upon)
e.g.
The cooking time depends on the size of the potato.
烹调时间要看土豆的大小而定。
He depended on his writing for his income.
他依靠写作取得收入。
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personal //: a. your own; not belonging to or
connected with anyone else 个人的;私人的
e.g.
a personal letter
私人信件
That’s my personal opinion.
那是我的个人意见。
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preference /f/: n. a greater interest in or
desire for sb. or sth. than sb. or sth. else 偏爱,喜
爱
e.g.
Do you have a color preference?
你有没有偏爱的颜色?
Beth expressed her preference for New York although
she’s lived in California for six years.
虽然贝丝在加州生活了6年,但她表达了对纽约的喜爱。
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try out: test or use (sb./sth.) in order to see how good or
effective they are 试用
e.g.
I like this soap. You may try it out, too.
我喜欢这种肥皂。你不妨也试试。
We talked to some American visitors in the park to try
out our English.
我们同公园里的美国来访者交谈,以试一下我们的英语。
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settle on: choose or make a decision about (sth.) after
thinking about it 选定;决定
e.g.
They haven’t settled on a name for the baby yet.
他们还没有把婴儿的名字定下来。
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5
If the thought of keeping track of your schedule online
sounds appealing, you have a lot of options. Evernote
(www.evernote.com) is a free service that allows you to
access your tasks and to-do lists from any computer or
smart phone.
If you work on a Mac or have an iPhone,
you might like Things, an application that allows you to
divide your time according to tasks, projects, and areas of
responsibility. And of course, there’s Google Calendar
(calendar.google.com), a free online tool you can use to
make a schedule, create reminders, and even share your
schedule with others. Yahoo’s free calendar service is at
calendar.yahoo.com.
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Notes
If you work on a Mac or have an iPhone…
如果你在苹果电脑上工作或有一部苹果手机……
Mac指美国苹果计算机公司出品的苹果电脑。iPhone是苹果
公司出品的移动电话。
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Chinese Version
如果在网上记录日程安排的想法听上去有吸引力的话,那
你就有很多选择:万能记事本(Evernote)(www.evernote.com)是
一种免费服务软件,能让你从任何电脑或智能手机上存取你的
任务和要做之事清单。如果你在苹果电脑上工作或有一部苹果
手机(iPhone),你也许会喜欢每日备忘(Things),这是一种应用
程序,能让你根据任务、课题和职责领域分配时间。当然,还
有谷歌日历 (Google Calendar)(calendar.google.com) 。这是一
种免费的网上工具,你可以用它来安排日程,设计备忘录,甚
至与别人共用你的日程表。雅虎免费日历服务软件的网址是
calendar.yahoo.com。
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Evernote // 万能记事本(一款笔记软件)
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Things 每日备忘
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Google Calendar 谷歌日历
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keep track of: manage to continue following the track of
跟上…的进展;记录
e.g.
My sister has had so many different jobs. I fnd it hard to
keep track of what she’s doing.
我妹妹干了那么多不同的工作,我觉得很难跟上她所做
的一切。
Write down the names of people you meet, and then
keep track of them.
把你碰到的人的名字写下来,然后关注他们的动向。
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schedule / /: n. a
plan that lists all the work that you have to do and
when you must do each thing 工作计划,日程安排(
e.g. 表)
According to the schedule, the first lecture begins at
9:00 a.m.
根据日程安排,第一个讲座9点开始。
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online //: a., ad. 在线的(地),在因特网上的(
地)
e.g.
an online shopping centre
在线购物中心
You can talk to other people who are online.
你能够跟其他在线的人交谈。
Now you can read a lot of magazines online.
现在你可以在网上读到很多杂志。
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appealing //: a. attractive 有吸引力的
e.g.
The idea of having a long holiday in the countryside is
rather appealing to me.
在农村休长假对我相当有吸引力。
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option //: n. choice 选择
e.g.
a list of options
一系列选择
He had two options.
他有两个选择。
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smart //: a. intelligent; controlled by a computer, so
that it appears to act in an intelligent way 聪明的;智
能的
e.g.
a smart young man
一个聪明的年轻人
a smart car
智能汽车
She’s smarter than her brother.
她比她的兄弟聪明。
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divide //: vt. separate (sth.) into parts 分,划分
;分开
e.g.
This book is divided into two parts.
这本书分为两部分。
The wall that divided this city in the past has now gone.
过去分割这座城市的墙已经没有了。
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responsibility // : n. 责任(心);
职责
e.g.
We cannot accept responsibility for the loss of your
money.
我们不能为你丢钱担责。
My responsibilities include answering the phone
and talking to the customers.
我的职责包括接电话和与顾客交谈。
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calendar //: n. 日历;日程表;记事录
e.g.
a desk calendar
台历
My calendar is full for the rest of the week.
这星期剩下的时间里,我的日程都满了。
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share //: vt. have or use (sth.) at the same time as sb.
else; give some of (what you have) to sb. else; tell
sb. (sth.) so that he/she can know it too 共有;合用;
分享;告诉
e.g. People in these two countries share a common
language.
这两个国家的人共用一种语言。
Two Americans shared that year’s Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine.
两个美国人分享了那一年的诺贝尔生理学或医学奖。
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e.g.
The two villages have agreed to share the water
supply coming from the mountain.
这两个村庄已经同意合用山上的水源。
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6
Are you always on the go? Too busy to write down
reminders? If your phone has a voice memo feature, use that
to set reminders for yourself.
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Chinese Version
你是不是一直忙个不停?是不是忙得没时间写下备忘录?
如果你的电话有语音备忘的特点,那就用它为你自己设置备忘
录。
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Paras. 6 of Text A
Questions About These Paragraphs
4) Who needs the voice memo feature of the mobile phone?
Someone who is on the go all the time.
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on the go: very active and busy 忙个不停
e.g.
Children are always on the go.
孩子们总是忙个不停。
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memo // n. = memorandum 备忘录
e.g.
memorandum of understanding
谅解备忘录
I sent him a memo reminding him about the meeting.
我给他发了一个备忘便条,提醒他不要忘了会议。
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feature /f/ n. 特征;特色;特点
e.g.
age feature
主要特性
Her eyes are her best feature.
她的眼睛是她容貌最美的一部分。
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Staying on Track
7
There are a lot of distractions out there, and they can
undermine even the best organizational system if you let them.
Do you try to answer IMs, text your friends, and check your
email while you’re doing homework? If so, your homework is
going to take a lot longer than it should, and you won’t
do your best. Set aside time for your friends — but not while
you’re trying to accomplish another task.
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Notes
Do you try to answer IMs, text your friends, and check your
email while you’re doing homework?
你在做作业时是不是试着回答即时信息传送、给朋友们发短
信、查看你的电子邮件?
IM即instant messaging;text作为动词,意思是“发短信”。
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Chinese Version
坚守正轨
外面有很多分心的事,如果你任由它们,它们甚至能破坏
最好的组织系统。你在做作业时是不是试着回答即时信息传送、
给朋友们发短信、查看你的电子邮件?如果是这样的话,你的
作业花费的时间就会比它应该花费的多很多,而你也不会尽最
大的努力。为你的朋友们留出时间──但不是在你努力完成另一
项任务时。
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Paras. 7 of Text A
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) What distractions are mentioned in this section?
IMs, email, telephone calls.
2) What should people do in order to avoid distractions?
They should set aside time for their friends.
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Language Points
reminder //: n. 提醒者;起提醒作
e.g. 用的东西
a reminder of the dangers of drinking and driving
一件提醒醉酒驾车危险的事情
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distraction //: n. a thing that takes your
attention away from what you are doing or thinking
about 分散注意力(或分心)的事物
e.g.
There are too many distractions in this office — it’s hard
for me to get anything done.
这个办公室里让人分心的事太多了,我什么事情都难以
做成。
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undermine //: vt. make (sth.) weaker;
damage or destroy 削弱;损害;破坏
e.g.
Too much work has already undermined his health.
太多的工作已经损害了他的健康。
If the bad weather continues, it will undermine the
country’s economy.
如果这种坏天气继续下去,它会破坏这个国家的经济。
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text //: vt. send (sb.) a written message using a
mobile phone (用手机给某人)发短信
e.g.
Text me as soon as you get your exam results.
你得到考试结果后,马上给我发短信。
My daughter spends nearly all her time either on the
phone or testing her friends.
我女儿几乎把所有的时间都花在给朋友打电话或发短信
上了。
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aside //: ad. to one side; out of the way 到一边;在
e.g. 旁边
Stand aside, please, and let these people pass.
站到旁边去,让这些人过去。
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set aside: save or keep (money or time) for a particular
purpose 留出(钱、时间等)
e.g.
a room set aside for visitors
为来访者留出的房间
You should set aside a few hours every week for
exercise.
你应当每周留出几小时锻炼的时间。
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accomplish // : vt. succeed in doing or
completing (sth.) 完成
e.g.
The task was accomplished very soon.
任务很快就完成了。
If we’d all work together, I think we could accomplish our
goal.
如果我们能齐心协力,我觉得我们能够达到目标。
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8
Chris Ajemian, CEO of a New York-based educational
and test prep company, tells his students, “Turn off your
phone. ... Everyone has a busy life, but turn it off and focus.”
He suggests setting time limits. For example, turn off your
phone from 5 to 7 p.m. while you do work, then take a break
and check your messages. Then turn the phone off again, and
go on to your next task. And so on.
9
Baldwin adds, “I’m not a big fan of multitasking. If you
have five tasks to do, you can’t do any of them well if you try
to do them all at once. Focus on one thing at a time.”
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Paras. 8-9 of Text A
Questions About These Paragraphs
3) What is Ajemian’s suggestion for avoiding distractions?
Turn off your phone.
4) What is Baldwin’s suggestion?
Focus on one thing at a time.
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Chinese Version
克里斯·阿杰米恩是总部设在纽约的一家教育与测试准
备公司的首席执行官。他告诉他的学生们:“关掉你们的电
话……大家的生活都忙忙碌碌,关掉电话才能集中思想。”
他建议确定时间限制,例如,下午5点至7点,在你做功课时
把电话关掉,然后休息一下查看你的信息。然后再次把电话
关掉,继续你的下一个任务。依此类推。
鲍德温补充说:“我不太赞成同时从事多项任务的做法。
如果你有5项任务要做,要是你试图同时一起做,你就一项
也做不好。一次要集中精力做一件事。
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Chris Ajemian / / 克里斯·阿杰米
恩
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CEO abbr. chief executive officer (the person with the
highest rank in a business company) 首席执行官
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educational //: a. 教育(方面)的
;有教育意义的
e.g.
the British educational system
英国的教育制度
Today, in almost all schools, computers are used as an
educational tool.
今天,几乎在所有的学校中,计算机被用作教育工具。
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prep //:
1) n. 预备学校
In Britain, a prep school is a private school(私立学校)for
children between the ages of 7 and 13, who will then
usually go to public school. In the U.S., it is a private school
for children over the age of 11 that prepares them for
college.
2) a. 预备的,准备的
e.g.
a college prep course
大学预备课程
He did a lot of prep work for the interview.
他为面试做了大量的准备。
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focus /f/: v. 集中思想(于) (on, upon)
e.g.
Our discussion focused on three main problems.
我们集中讨论了3个主要问题。
She tried to focus her mind on her work.
她试图集中精力于工作。
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take a break: take a rest 休息一下
e.g.
After working two hours in the sun, the workers needed
to take a break.
在太阳底下工作了两小时,工人们需要休息。
Let’s take a ten-minute break.
我们休息10分钟吧。
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fan /f/ : n. a person who admires sb./sth. or enjoys
watching or listening to sb./sth. very much 狂热爱好
者(或仰慕者),迷
e.g.
Tom is a football fan.
汤姆是个足球迷。
I am a great fan of country music.
我对乡村音乐非常着迷。
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multitask // vi. do several things at the
same time 同时从事多项任务
e.g.
He believes that women are able to multitask better than
men.
他认为女人比男人更能够同时从事多项任务。
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all at once: at the same time; together 同时;一起
e.g.
Hearing the news, she wanted to laugh and cry all at
once.
听到这个消息,她真是又想笑又想哭。
Should we send these letters all at once?
我们是否应该把这些信件一起寄出?
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at a time: at one time 每次,一次
e.g.
There are a few problems, but let’s take one thing at a
time.
问题是有一些,但是让我们每次解决一个问题。
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Understanding the Text
Vocabulary
Structure
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Exercises
Reading Aloud
1 Read the following paragraphs until you have learned
them by heart.
OK, so you’ve set your priorities and goals, and you
know what you need to do to succeed. Now it’s time to
figure out which organizational tools will help you get there.
Of course, there is no single, magical tool that will work for
everyone — it really depends on your personal
preferences and what feels right. You may even have to try
a few systems out before you settle on one.
If the thought of keeping track of your schedule online
sounds appealing, you have a lot of options. Evernote
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(www.evernote.com) is a free service that allows you to
access your tasks and to-do lists from any computer or
smart phone. If you work on a Mac or have an iPhone, you
might like Things, an application that allows you to divide
your time according to tasks, projects, and areas of
responsibility. And of course, there’s Google Calendar
(calendar.google.com), a free online tool you can use to
make a schedule, create reminders, and even share your
schedule with others. Yahoo’s free calendar service is at
calendar.yahoo.com.
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Understanding the Text
2 Global Understanding
Re-read the entire text and then fill in the following blanks
with the information you have gained from your reading.
The main idea of the text: How to achieve __________
your goals with the time
you’ve got.
The whole text can be divided into four parts.
within the
Part I (Para. 1) Main idea: You can only do what you can __________
time you have .
_____________
Major point: There are only 24 hours in a day for everyone.
________.
Part II (Paras. 2-3) Main idea: The need to set your goals and priorities
Major points:
time management skills.
1) Why you need _________________
2) How to set your goals and priorities.
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The tools we need to achieve our goals.
Part III (Paras. 4-6) Main idea: _________
Major points:
different tools .
1) Different people may need _____________
2) Some useful tools we can use.
Part IV (Paras. 7-9) Main idea: Some effective ways to avoid
distractions .
___________
Major points:
1) Why is it necessary to avoid distractions.
Turn off your phone .
2) Ajemian’s suggestion: __________________
one thing at a time.
3) Baldwin’s suggestion: Focus on _________
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Understanding the Text
3
Understanding the Text 1
Read the text again and answer the following multiplechoice questions.
1) Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a reason
for working on one’s time management skills?
A) Turning in homework late.
B) Forgetting about quizzes.
C) Going home late every day.
D) Feeling as if one could do better with more time.
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Understanding the Text
2) In the section “Getting Started,” what is Grant Baldwin’s
suggestion for people who want to achieve their goals?
A) Do as much work as possible.
B) Choose three overall priorities.
C) Make a list of all the tasks for each day.
D) Earn a 3.5 grade point average every year.
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3) Which of the following should be a priority if your goal
is to earn a 3.5 grade point average?
A) Schoolwork.
B) Housework.
C) Physical training.
D) Social work.
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4) In Para. 4, “organizational tools” are _______.
A) tools that people use to calculate(计算) numbers
B) tools that help people plan and/or arrange so that
something is successful or effective
C) tools used to manage a group of people who are
doing something
D) tools used in schools to help students share their
personal interests
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5) The sentence “You may even have to try a few systems out
before you settle on one” (Para. 4) can be paraphrased (意
译) as “_______.”
A) you can go and live in some of those places if you like
them
B) you have to know each one of the systems though
they are difficult to get
C) you may need to be sure each system is right before
you actually use it
D) it could be better to try out some tools before deciding
which one is best to use more regularly
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Understanding the Text
6) Para. 5 has provided the web address for each of
the following tools EXCEPT _______.
A) Evernote
B) iPhone
C) Google Calendar
D) Yahoo’s free calendar
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7) According to the writer, who may need a phone that
reminds the user by voice?
A) People who are busy all the time.
B) Lazy people.
C) People who like to show their phones off to other
people.
D) Poor people.
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8) Organizational systems may not work well if _____.
A) one doesn’t know how to answer IMs
B) one is pulled away by distractions
C) one never texts anybody
D) one checks email every day
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Understanding the Text
9) To focus on one’s work, Ajemian suggests _____.
A) working from 5 to 7 in the evening
B) turning off one’s phone on working days
C) setting a limit on the use of the phone
D) taking a break from time to time
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Understanding the Text
10) When he says “I’m not a bit fan of multitasking,”
Baldwin means that _____.
A) he does not like to work on many tasks all at once
B) he does not like to do multiple-choice questions
C) he is not strong enough to do too much heavy work
D) he is not interested in what Ajemian has said
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4 Discussion
1) Of all the suggestions made by Baldwin and Ajemian,
which one is the most useful in your opinion?
2) Do you always have enough time for what you want to
do? Share with your classmates some time management
skills you believe are useful.
3) Are you familiar with any of the tools that the text
recommends for time management? Tell your classmates
your preference and why you like it.
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Vocabulary
5 Fill in the following blanks with the words given below.
Change the forms where necessary.
accomplish
option
magical
advice
priority
suggest
clue
project
create
responsibility
divide
share
1) None of us are close friends but we all share
______ an interest
in sports.
2) Words have a magical
________ power. They can bring either the
greatest happiness or deepest despair (绝望).
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accomplish
option
magical
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advice
priority
suggest
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clue
project
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& Writing
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create
responsibility
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divide
share
3) In order to work more efficiently, you need to have a todo list and after accomplishing
________________ your tasks, cross them
off your list.
4) He basically has two ________
options : he can go to college and
play football, or find a job to support his family.
has created a lot of
5) His failure to finish his job in time _____________
problems.
6) Mary didn’t tell us why she left school, but her letters
provided a clue
_____ to the answers.
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accomplish
option
magical
Listening
advice
priority
suggest
Reading
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clue
project
Translation
& Writing
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create
responsibility
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divide
share
7) She took her parents’ advice
________ and became a science
major at Cambridge University.
8) Knowing that Mary always has her meals on the
university campus, I suggested
___________ taking her out to dinner
for a change.
9) In order to be successful at something you want to do,
priorities right.
you need to get your _________
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accomplish
option
magical
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advice
priority
suggest
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clue
project
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& Writing
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create
responsibility
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divide
share
10) The teacher wanted his students to do a project
_______ on
local traditions and how they had changed over time.
11) My plan for the project worked after I divided
________ the tasks
among small groups of students from different
departments.
12) When I turned eighteen, I decided to take full
responsibility for myself.
______________
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6 Fill in the following blanks with the expressions given
below. Change the forms where necessary.
all at once
focus on
set aside
turn in
at a time
of course
settle on
turn off
depend on
on the go
take a break
work on
figure out
on time
try out
write down
1) Jack was worried about whether he’d be able to finish his
work _________
on time .
2) John wasn’t allowed to join the school team, but it took
him a couple of days to figure
out what had happened.
__________
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all at once
focus on
set aside
turn in
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Reading
at a time
of course
settle on
turn off
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& Writing
depend on
on the go
take a break
work on
Time to
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figure out
on time
try out
write down
3) In my opinion, this is the best way to get the job done.
Of course , there are other ways of doing it. You may try
___________
them one by one.
4) The success of the system _____________
depends on the students and
their teachers.
5) Their laboratory has produced a new type of medicine for
colds and hopes to ___
try it ___
out in September.
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all at once
focus on
set aside
turn in
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Reading
at a time
of course
settle on
turn off
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& Writing
depend on
on the go
take a break
work on
Time to
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figure out
on time
try out
write down
6) Peter told me that all successful people do first things
first and generally one thing at
a time .
__________
7) Though the course schedule lists a due date for the term
paper, students may _____
turn it __
in early.
8) You didn’t pronounce these words correctly. I think you
need to work
on your pronunciation a bit more.
________
9) As to the color of the car, Jane wanted white and I
wanted black, so we __________
settled on grey.
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all at once
focus on
set aside
turn in
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Reading
at a time
of course
settle on
turn off
Speaking
Translation
& Writing
depend on
on the go
take a break
work on
Time to
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figure out
on time
try out
write down
10) If you want to keep ft, you should try to set
aside some
__________
time each day for exercise.
11) The food damaged most of the power plants that
summer. To save electricity, people turned
off their air
__________
conditioners.
take a short ______
break every hour or
12) I work much better if I _______
so.
Unit 1 Time Management
all at once
focus on
set aside
turn in
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Reading
at a time
of course
settle on
turn off
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depend on
on the go
take a break
work on
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figure out
on time
try out
write down
13) My kids keep me always ___________
on the go , so I’m really tired.
14) As they searched, they ____________
wrote down in a notebook
details of all the things they found.
15) He has always believed that it’s possible to do
everything you want in life, except you can’t do it
all at once .
____________
16) If you want to win this game, I suggest that you __________
focus on
your strengths and set aside all else.
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Exercises
Structure
7 Complete the following sentences by translating the
Chinese into English, using the structure “too… to.”
1) When she heard the news, she _________________________
felt too happy to sleep
that night. (感到太高兴了以至于无法入睡)
2) I think this problem is ___________________________________
too complicated to solve in a few
hours . (太复杂了,几小时内难以解决)
_______
3) TV makes you lazy — most people become ____________
too lazy to
make
the effort to go to the cinema. (太懒而不想花力气)
________________
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Exercises
4) ______________________________
Nowhere is too far to travel if at journey’s end the
traveler can see someone he has loved all his life. (没有
什么地方是远得去不了的)
5) It is __________________________________
too late to change anything now . You should have
told me your opinion yesterday. (现在太迟了,一切都无
法改变)
6) For Jessie, this sudden turn of events ____________________
seemed too good
to be true . (显得太好了,令人难以置信)
___________
Unit 1 Time Management
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Reading Text B
Ready, Set, Go — and Get There!
Judy Monroe
1 During her senior year in high school, Jenny worked as
a waitperson. She continued working at her job when she
started college. After a few months, she found that college
was harder than she had anticipated.
2 School was Jenny’s number-one priority. She wanted to
do well, and that made her decision to quit the job pretty easy.
3 Jenny is focused. Her goal is to do well in school
because that will help her find a good job when she
graduates. But to reach a goal, any goal, you need to
establish priorities.
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Paras. 1-3 of Text B
Questions about This Paragraph
1) What kind of job did Jenny have when she was in high
school?
She worked as a waitperson.
2) Why did Jenny quit her job?
She found college was harder than she had anticipated
and school was her number-one priority.
3) What do people need to do in order to reach a particular
goal?
They need to establish priorities.
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Chinese Version
各就各位,预备,跑──而且要跑到终点!
朱迪·门罗
在中学要毕业的那一年,詹妮当上了餐馆服务员。开始
读大学时她继续干这份工作。几个月后,她发现读大学比她
预想的更困难。
学业是詹妮的头等大事。她想在学业上取得进步,这使
得她很容易便做出了辞职的决定。
詹妮的注意力很集中。她的目标是在学校里取得好成绩,
因为这有助于她在毕业后能找到一份好工作。但要实现目标,
任何目标,你需要确定优先考虑的事。
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Notes
Ready, Set, Go: 在运动场上,跑步运动员站到自己的跑道
上以后,裁判通常会喊Ready, Set, Go。一般情况下,运动
员听到“go”的口令时,发令枪会响起。
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Notes
Judy Monroe (朱迪·门罗) is an American writer who has
written several books for students about their lives and
careers. This article was published in Career World,
September, 2003.
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Proper Names
senior //: 1) a. connected with the last year in
high school or college (高中或大学)毕业年级的
e.g.
a senior high school
高中
senior students
高年级学生
2) n. a student in the last year at a high school or college
e.g. (高中或大学)毕业班学生
George will be a senior this year.
今年乔治将是毕业班的学生了。
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Proper Names
waitperson //: n. a person whose job is
to serve customers at their tables in a restaurant,
etc. (餐馆等的)服务员
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Proper Names
anticipate //: vt. expect 预期,预料
e.g.
We don’t anticipate any problems.
我们预期不会有问题。
This year, we anticipate that our expenses will be 15%
greater.
今年我们预计会增加15%的花费。
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Proper Names
number-one //: a. most important or best
头号的;最重要的;最好的
e.g.
Diana’s children were always number-one in her life.
在戴安娜的生活中,孩子总是最重要的。
The song was number-one on the list for two months.
这首歌曾在两个月中名列排行榜之首。
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Jenny // 詹妮(女子名)
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decision //: n. 决定
e.g.
make a decision
做出决定
As CEO, I often have to take difficult decisions.
作为首席执行官,我常常不得不做出艰难的决定。
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establish //: vt. set up 确立;建立
e.g.
The company was established in 1899.
这家公司成立于1899年。
Our goal is to establish a new research center in the
North.
我们的目标是在北方建立一个新的研究中心。
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Setting Priorities
4
Every day, you tackle things that are very important to
you. Then there are some things that you would like to do if
you have time. These do not rate as high as the first group,
but they’re still important. Finally,
there are other tasks
that it would be nice to do, but they can be put off for a time.
5
When you do this, you are setting priorities. Priority
setting is the ranking or rating of goals and activities.
Priorities are not set in stone. They can change over time,
even during the course of a day, especially as you gather
new information. And they are unique to you. What is high
priority to you may not be high priority for your best friend.
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Paras. 4-5 of Text B
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) What kind of things do people do from day to day as they
take steps towards their goals?
Activities include things that are very important, things
that are important although not as weighty as the first
group, and things that, though of some importance, can
be put off for a time.
2) What does “priority setting” mean?
It means the ranking or rating of goals and activities.
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3) What does the writer mean when she says that priorities
are not set in stone?
She means that priorities can change over time.
4) Do all people have the same priorities?
No. What is of high priority to one person may not be
for another.
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Chinese Version
确定优先考虑的事
每天,你都要着手处理一些对你非常重要的事情。另外还
有一些如果你有时间也想去做的事情。这些事情的级别不像第
一组的那些事情那么高,但它们还是重要的。最后,还有别的
一些任务如果做一做也是不错的,但它们可以暂时推迟一下。
你在这样做的时候就是在确定事情的轻重缓急了。确定轻
重缓急就是对各种目标和活动按优先顺序进行排列或划分等级。
轻重缓急并不是固定不变的。它们可以随着时间的推移而改变,
甚至在一天之内也可以改变,尤其是在你收集到新的信息时。
而且它们也是只对你适用的。对你来说最应优先考虑的事也许
并不是你最好的朋友最应优先考虑的事。
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Notes
there are other tasks that it would be nice to do…
还有别的一些任务如果做一做也是不错的……
句中that it would be nice to do是定语从句,修饰other
tasks,其中it是从句中的形式主语,指后边的to do (other
tasks)。
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Priorities are not set in stone.
轻重缓急并不是固定不变的。
set in stone是比喻,意为“一成不变”。
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Language Points
tackle //: vt. try to deal with (sth. diffcult) (着手)处理
,解决
e.g.
There is more than one way to tackle the problem.
解决这一问题的方法不止一个。
He tackled the task but failed.
他着手攻克这项任务,但是失败了。
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rate //: v. (被)评价;给…定级;(被)列入特定级别
e.g.
The university is highly rated for its research.
这所大学的研究工作得到了很高的评价。
These people rate education highest on their list of
priorities.
这些人把教育作为他们最优先考虑的事情。
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put off: delay the agreed time for (sth.) 推迟,延迟
e.g.
We had to put off the meeting because Prof. Lee is ill.
李教授病了,我们只得推迟了会议。
The match has been put off until tomorrow because of
bad weather.
因为天气不好,比赛推迟到了明天。
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rank //: v. 给…排位;给…定级
e.g.
He was at that time ranked sixth in the world.
在那个时候,他排名世界第六。
We rank among the safest countries in the world.
我们是世界上最安全的国家之一。
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activity //: n. 活动
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be set in stone: unchangeable 不可改变的
e.g.
None of these ideas are set in stone.
这些想法不是一成不变的。
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gather //: vt. collect (information) from different
sources 收集(情报)
e.g.
Computers have made it easy for people to gather
information.
计算机使人们收集信息变得方便了。
We gathered our things together and left quickly.
我们收拾了东西,快速离开了。
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unique //: a. 独一无二的;独特的;独有的
e.g.
Each person’s fingerprints are unique.
每个人的指印都是独一无二的。
Pandas are unique to China.
熊猫是中国独有的。
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6
Most people can categorize their goals and everyday
activities into three groups:
7
High priority.
These post immediate and significant
effects. If they are forgotten or squeezed in at the last
minute, the results may be disappointing or have serious
consequences.
8 Medium priority. These projects tend to have significant
effects. However, they do not need your full attention
immediately. For example, preparing for a job interview that
is three weeks away may take a back seat to preparing for a
mid-term that is only three days away.
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Paras. 6-8 of Text B
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) How do most people categorize their goals and everyday
activities?
They categorize them in three groups.
2) What kind of things usually rank in the high priority group?
Things that post immediate and significant effects.
3) What can be rated as medium priority projects?
Those that tend to have significant effect, but do not
need your full attention immediately.
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Chinese Version
大多数人可以把他们的目标和每天的活动划分为三组:
高优先。这些目标和活动能立即产生重大影响。如果
忘记它们或在最后一分钟才把它们挤进来,结果很可能令
人失望或后果严重。
中优先。这些项目往往具有重大影响。然而,它们并
不需要你立即就全神贯注。例如,为三个星期以后的求职
面试做准备就可以为三天后就要举行的期中考试让路。
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These post immediate and significant effects.
这些目标和活动能立即产生重大影响。
句中的These指上文的goals and activities。
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Notes
… preparing for a job interview that is three weeks away
may take a back seat to preparing for a mid-term that is only
three days away.
……为三个星期以后的求职面试做准备就可以为三天后就要
举行的期中考试让路。
作者将preparing for a job interview与preparing for a midterm作比较,take a back seat to意为“处于次要地位”。注
意两个动名词短语后都有一个定语从句。
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Language Points
squeezed /z/ vt. force (sth.) into or through a small
space 挤入;塞入
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consequences // n. result of sth.
that has happened 结果;后果
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categorize /z/: vt. put (people or things)
into groups according to what type they are 将…分
e.g. 类
John doesn’t like to be categorized as a scientist.
约翰不喜欢被人归类为科学家。
The books are categorized as beginner and advanced.
这些书分成初级和高级两类。
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everyday //: a. used or happening every day
or regularly 每天的;日常的
e.g.
the problems of everyday life
日常生活中的问题
everyday clothes
日常衣服
This is my everyday work.
这是我每天的工作。
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immediate //: a. 直接的;立即的
e.g.
immediate action
立即行动
immediate danger
迫在眉睫的危险
Let’s try and solve the most immediate problem.
让我们尝试解决最为迫切的问题。
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significant /f/: a. large or important
enough to have an effect or to be noticed 意义重大
e.g. 的;显著的
highly significant
具有非常重大意义的
significant difference
显著差别
Please let me know if there are any significant changes
in your plans.
如果你的计划有重大改变的话,请让我知晓。
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medium //: a. in the middle between two
sizes, amounts, lengths, etc. 中等的;中号的
e.g.
a medium size
中等尺寸
medium to large cities
大中城市
The study focused on medium-sized companies.
这项研究专注于中型公司。
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attention // n. 注意;注意力
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immediately //: ad. without delay 立即
,马上
e.g.
The telephone rang, and he answered it immediately.
电话铃一响,他马上就接了。
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interview // n. formal meeting at which sb.
is asked questions to see if they are suitable for a
particular job, or for a course of study at a college,
university, etc. 面试;面谈
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take a back seat: accept a poorer or lower position than; be
second to (sb./sth. else) 处于次要地位;次于
e.g.
Computer games must take a back seat to schoolwork.
计算机游戏必须给学校作业让位。
Her writing has taken a back seat because of other
things that have needed her full attention immediately.
由于她必须立即全力以赴做其他事情,写作的事已经放
在第二位了。
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mid-term //: a. in the middle of one of the
main periods of the academic year 学期中间的,期
e.g. 中的
mid-term tests
期中考试
a mid-term break
学期中间的假期
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9 Low priority. These items offer more long-term or limited
benefits. Organizing your lab notes for a science project
that’s due at the end of the term is an example of a lowpriority task.
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Paras. 9 of Text B
Questions About These Paragraphs
4) What items rank low priority from among those things in
the group?
Those that offer more long-term or limited benefits.
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Chinese Version
低优先。这些项目提供更为长远或更为有限的好处。
为一项学期末到期的科研课题整理实验室记录就是一个低
优先任务的例子。
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Getting from Goal to Priority
10
To set priorities, first start
with a goal. Let’s say your goal is
to find a part-time job over the
next month. Now think of anything
that will help you in your job
search. Write down every idea.
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Chinese Version
从目标到优先考虑的事
要确定优先考虑的事,首先要从目标开始。让我们假
定你的目标是在下个月内找一份兼职工作。现在想一想在
找工作时会对你有所帮助的任何事情。把每一个想法都写
下来。
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Paras. 10 of Text B
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) What’s the first thing people need to do when setting
priorities?
They need to start with a goal.
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long-term //: a. that will last or have an
effect for a long period of time 长期的
e.g.
a long-term investment
长期投资
long-term effects
长期作用
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lab // n. (informal) = laboratory 实验室
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Language Points
part-time // a. for part of the day or week
in which people work 部分时间的,兼职的
e.g.
work on a part-time basis
兼职
She’s looking for a part-time job.
她在找一份兼职工作。
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11 Read over your list. Pull out the top three to five items
you want to accomplish and write A beside them. These are
your most important priorities to accomplish right away. Now
pull out the next three to five priorities from your list and
write B beside these. These are important priorities, but they
are not crucial immediately. Repeat this step for C priorities.
Now write a new list, with your A priorities at the top,
followed by the B and C priorities.
12 If you want, put any remaining priorities on another list.
You may want to reevaluate this list as you work through
your A, B and C priorities.
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Paras. 11-12 of Text B
Questions About These Paragraphs
2) What should people do after they’ve written down every
idea to help reach their goal?
Read over the list. Pull out the top three to five
items and write A beside them. Repeat this for B and C
priorities.
3) What may people want to do after they have worked
through the priorities in the different groups?
They may want to reevaluate the list.
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Chinese Version
把你开出的清单再看一遍。抽出你想完成的最重要的3
到5项,在它们旁边写上A。这些是你要马上完成的最应予
以优先考虑的事。现在从名单里抽出次最重要的3到5项,
在它们旁边写上B。然后再重复这一步骤以决定C组事项。
现在开出一份新的清单,把A组诸项列在上面,接下来是B
组和C组诸项。
如果你想要,就把任何其余的事项放在另一张清单上。
在完成了A组、B组和C组诸项任务后,你也许想重新评价一
下这份清单。
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Notes
Now write a new list, with your A priorities at the top,
followed by the B and C priorities.
现在开出一份新的清单,把A组诸项列在上面,接下来是B组
和C组诸项。
过去分词短语 followed by the B and C priorities可以理解为
是非限制性定语从句which are followed by the B and C
priorities的简略形式。
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Language Points
pull out: 拉出;拔出;抽出
e.g.
He pulled out some sentences from the text and showed
the students how to use the passive voice.
他从课文中抽出一些句子,向学生们说明如何使用被动
语态。
Suddenly the young man pulled out a gun from his
pocket.
突然,那个年轻人从口袋里掏出一支枪来。
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right away: immediately; without delay 立刻;马上
e.g.
I’ll call John right away.
我马上给约翰打电话。
When you get home, start your homework right away.
你到家后,马上做作业。
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Language Points
crucial //: a. extremely important, because
it will affect other things 至关重要的;关键性的
e.g.
a crucial decision/question
一个至关重要的决定/问题
Her work has been crucial to the project’s success.
她的工作是这一项目成功的关键。
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Language Points
work through: fnish working at 完成
e.g.
I spent two hours working through the exercises.
我花两小时完成了练习。
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Language Points
reevaluate //: vt. think about
(sth.) again, esp. in order to form a new opinion
about it 重新考虑;再评价
e.g.
I think it’s necessary to reevaluate the success of this
project.
我认为有必要重新评价这个项目的成功。
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13 Revisit your lists briefly at the same time each day.
Check off items that are done.
Then revise based on new
information.
14 For example, you could set these A priorities to help you
find a part-time job:
15 Goal: Find a part-time job by the end of next month.
16 Talk to three friends about where they work. Ask them
what they like and don’t like about their jobs.
17 Check out a book from the library on finding part-time
jobs.
18 Look in the local newspaper and on the Internet for
job leads.
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Paras. 13-19 of Text B
Questions About These Paragraphs
1) When should one revisit one’s list of priorities?
At the same time each day.
2) What are the things that need to be done frst if one wants
to find a part-time job?
Talk to some friends, read a book on finding part-time
jobs and look in the local newspaper and on the
Internet for job leads.
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3) What is the author’s advice at the end of the text about
setting priorities?
Go with what makes sense to you and what leads
you to your goals.
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Chinese Version
每天在同一时间重新把你的清单大致地看一下。在已
完成的项目上打上√号。然后根据新的信息进行修改。
例如,你可以确定这些A组项目以帮助你找到一份兼职
工作:
目标:在下个月底前找到一份兼职工作。
与三个朋友谈一谈他们工作的地方。问他们对他们的
工作喜欢什么,不喜欢什么。
从图书馆借一本关于寻找兼职工作的书。
在当地报纸和互联网上寻找工作线索。
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Notes
Then revise based on new information.
然后根据新的信息进行修改。
句中revise用作不及物动词,短语based on new information
用作状语。
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Language Points
check off: put a mark beside (the name of a person or thing on
a list) to show it has been counted (经核对后)在…上打
个“√”号
e.g.
One by one he checked them off on his list.
他把它们核对后从清单上一一勾去。
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Language Points
revisit /z/ vt. 重访;重新考虑
e.g.
Maria was eager to revisit her first school.
玛利亚热切地希望重访她的第一个学校。
The professor wanted the students to revisit Plato’s
ideas.
教授要学生们重新考虑柏拉图的思想。
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briefly /f/: ad. for a short time; in few words 短暂
地;简短地
e.g.
He worked briefly for IBM ten years ago.
10年前他在IBM短暂工作过。
She explained briefly what we had to do.
她简短地解释了我们必须做的工作。
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revise /z/: v. 修改
e.g.
They have revised their plan.
他们修改了计划。
The book has to be revised as soon as possible.
这本书必须尽快修订。
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base //: 1) n. 基础
e.g.
the base of a house
房子的基础
a glass with a heavy base
底部厚重的玻璃杯
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2) vt. 把…建立在…基础上 (on)
e.g.
an economy based on farming
以农业为基础的经济
What are you basing this theory on?
你的这个理论是建立在什么基础上的?
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check out: borrow (sth.) from an offcial place, for example (a
book) from the library (从图书馆等)借出
e.g.
You can only check out 5 books at a time.
你每次只能借5本书。
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19 There are no right or wrong priorities. Go with what
makes sense for you and what leads you to your goals.
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Chinese Version
优先考虑的事无所谓对错。对你有意义的事,能引导
你实现你的目标的事,去做就是了。
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Language Points
sense // n. 感官;感觉;观念;意义
e.g.
the five senses
五官感觉
She has a good sense of smell.
她嗅觉很好。
The word “love” is used in different senses by different
people.
不同的人使用“love”这个词就会有不同的意义。
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make sense: be reasonable 有道理,合乎情理
e.g.
This sentence doesn’t make any sense.
这句话不好懂。
It makes sense to save some money when you are
young.
乘年轻时积攒一些钱是有道理的。
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Text Comprehension
Vocabulary
Effective Use of Language
Translation
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Unit 1 Time Management
8
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Comprehension of the Text
Choose the best answer for each of the following
multiple choice questions.
1) In the title of the text, the expression “Get There”
means _____.
A) achieve your goal
B) run fast
C) go to school
D) go home
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Comprehension of the Text
2) Why did Jenny quit her job?
A) She lived far away from the restaurant where she
worked.
B) She did not want other people to know that she
was a waitperson.
C) She did not like her job.
D) She wanted to focus on her studies.
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Comprehension of the Text
3) The section under the subheading (小标题) “Setting
Priorities” mainly talks about ______.
A) the detailed steps people need to take when setting
priorities
B) priorities of different kinds
C) important goals for college students
D) the changes that are taking place all the time in our
society
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Comprehension of the Text
4) Important things that can wait a little while may be put
in the group of ______.
A) high priority
B) medium priority
C) low priority
D) no priority
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Comprehension of the Text
5) Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a feature
of priorities?
A) Priorities may change.
B) Priorities are unique to each person.
C) Priorities should be regularly reviewed.
D) Priorities are more or less fixed during a certain
period of time.
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Comprehension of the Text
6) In Para. 7, the sentence “If they are forgotten or
squeezed in at the last minute…” means “______.”
A) if people forget to do them or try to do them among
many other things at the last minute...
B) if people forget to go to a place it may be very
crowded at the last minute...
C) if there are changes in the shape or size of things
left to the last minute...
D) if things are forgotten and not put into a safe place
at the last minute...
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Comprehension of the Text
7) Which of the following can be categorized into the
group of medium priority?
A) Organizing lab notes for a science project due at
the end of the term.
B) Writing a paper on the problem of air pollution that
is due tomorrow.
C) Preparing for a job interview that is three weeks
away.
D) Preparing for a mid-term that is only three days
away.
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Comprehension of the Text
8) The section under the subheading “Getting from Goal
to Priority” mainly tells us _____.
A) how to set priorities and what should be done
accordingly
B) how different the three kinds of priorities can be
C) the difficulty in finding a part-time job nowadays
D) the importance of setting the goal for all students
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Comprehension of the Text
9) How many items should be put in the top two priority
groups respectively (分别地)?
A) No more than three.
B) More than five.
C) Three to Five.
D) Six.
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Comprehension of the Text
10) Which of the following is NOT listed as an A priority
in finding a part-time job?
A) Talking to friends.
B) Reading a book about how to find a job.
C) Looking for information on the Internet.
D) Thinking about the goal all the time.
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Exercises
Vocabulary
Fill in the blanks with the words and expressions given
below. Change the forms where necessary.
anticipate
crucial
make sense
rate
based on
decision
over time
right away
check off
establish
pull out
significant
check out consequence
gather
immediately
put off
ranking
unique
1) My decision
_________ to leave school when I was only 15 was the
worst mistake I ever made.
2) Thanks to hard training, George has improved his
ranking this season from 67th to 30th.
_________
Unit 1 Time Management
anticipate
crucial
make sense
rate
Listening
based on
decision
over time
right away
Reading
Speaking
check off
establish
pull out
significant
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& Writing
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check out consequence
gather
immediately
put off
ranking
unique
3) We should help Jane in every way possible because her
work is crucial
________ to the project’s success.
4) Mr. Smith _____________
checked off the students’ names on the list as
they got on the boat.
5) __________
Based on the information we’ve been given, we’re going
to see a secret training center in the forest ahead.
6) The library allows you to ___________
check out six books at a time,
but many students would like to borrow more.
Unit 1 Time Management
anticipate
crucial
make sense
rate
Listening
based on
decision
over time
right away
Reading
Speaking
check off
establish
pull out
significant
Translation
& Writing
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check out consequence
gather
immediately
put off
ranking
unique
makes sense to
7) The classes run from 12:30-14:30, but it _______________
arrive at least 30-45 minutes early as the roads are often
crowded.
8) They joined the same company 20 years ago. ___________
Over time ,
their work relationship has developed into friendship.
9) He visited many places over a 16-year period and gathered
__________
much information about the history and geography of the
region.
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anticipate
crucial
make sense
rate
Listening
based on
decision
over time
right away
Reading
Speaking
check off
establish
pull out
significant
Translation
& Writing
Time to
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check out consequence
gather
immediately
put off
ranking
unique
10) I think we’ve fixed everything, and I don’t ___________
anticipate
finding any more problems.
11) The sports meet __________________
has been put off until tomorrow
because of bad weather.
12) There are more than 100 wild animal species (种类)
unique to China, including such well-known rare
________
animals as the giant panda, golden-haired monkey,
South China tiger and so on.
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anticipate
crucial
make sense
rate
Listening
based on
decision
over time
right away
Reading
Speaking
check off
establish
pull out
significant
Translation
& Writing
Time to
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check out consequence
gather
immediately
put off
ranking
unique
13) Eddie has _____________
established a close relationship with the local
people since he came to this town three years ago.
14) The match ______
rated as one of their worst defeats and most
of the team members felt disappointed.
15) When he got the report, he decided to return
immediately / right away to London to solve the problem.
_________________________
16) At the close of the semester, we found that almost
everyone in the class had made ___________
significant progress.
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anticipate
crucial
make sense
rate
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based on
decision
over time
right away
Reading
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check off
establish
pull out
significant
Translation
& Writing
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check out consequence
gather
immediately
put off
ranking
unique
17) Well, if you keep on eating so much, you’ll have to take
the ________________
consequences !
18) Mrs. Lee asked the children to ________
pull out the best picture
from their collections and share them with their
classmates.
19) When he got into the room, he realized right
away /
_______________
immediately
_____________ that there was something wrong.
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Effective Use of Language
An imperative sentence (祈使句) is a sentence that gives
instructions or expresses a request, command, etc. A typical
imperative sentence begins with a verb and, because of this,
some people think that imperative sentences have no subject.
In fact, while using an imperative sentence, the speaker or the
writer is always asking you to do something and so the logical
subject of an imperative sentence is always YOU.
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Exercises
Find at least 10 typical imperative sentences in the
last section of Text B.
1) Write
down every idea.
_______________________________
2) _______________________________
Read over your list.
3) ___________________________________________________________
Pull out the top three to five items you want to
accomplish and write A beside them.
___________________________________________________________
4)
5)
6)
7)
Revisit your lists briefly at the same time each day.
_______________________________________________________
Check off items that are done.
________________________________
Talk to three friends about where they work.
_______________________________________________
Ask
them what they like and don’t like about their jobs.
__________________________________________________________
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___________________________________________________________
Check out a book from the library on finding part-time
___________________________________________________________
jobs.
9)
___________________________________________________________
Look in the local newspaper and on the Internet for
___________________________________________________________
job leads.
10) ___________________________________________________________
Go with what makes sense for you and what leads
___________________________________________________________
you to your goals.
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Effective Use of Language
11
Suppose your classmates don’t know how to focus
on their schoolwork. Use the following expressions
to teach them how to. The last section of Text A
may help you complete this task.
set aside some time, turn off the telephone, take a break,
go on to the next task, focus on one thing at a time
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Suggested answer:
Set aside time for your friends — but not while you’re
trying to accomplish another task. Turn off your phone.
You may set time limits. For example, turn off your
phone from 5 to 7 p.m. while you do work. After, take a
break and check your messages. Then turn the phone
off again, and go on to your next task. And so on.
If you have five tasks to do, you can’t do any of them
well if you try to do them all at once. Focus on “one
thing at a time.”
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Reading Text C
The Time of Your Life
Kathiann M. Kowalski
1 A new school year means new opportunities(机会) for
friendship, fun activities, and learning. It also means
homework, studying, and projects.
How can you fit
everything in?
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First Things First
2
“The most important thing is that you spend the time of
your life doing things that are important to you,” stresses P.
J. Kennedy, director of counseling( 咨 询 ) services at the
University of Wisconsin. Even though you don’t set the
school’s hours, your dinnertime, or sports practice, you still
make choices about how you spend your time. And by the
way, homework may not seem important to you now, but it is
important for things you might want to do in the future!
3
“Make a to-do list for each day. Rank items, and focus
on the most important things. Review( 回 顾 , 检 查 ) your
progress(进展) each night.
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4
Write all activities in a calendar, and check it daily. Also
look ahead(预先计划) at the next week or month.
5
Use your downtime(空闲时间) wisely. Work on a short
homework assignment or review notes while waiting for a
ride home from practice.
6 Multitask when it makes sense. Go for a bike ride with a
friend, and you both get exercise and social time.
7
Set a timer(定时器) if you tend to lose track of(忘记) time.
“TV and video games throw me off( 让 我 把 握 不 住 ) a lot,”
admits(承认) Andrew L. of Holbrook, N.Y. “I don’t realize how
much time I spend.”
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Problems with Procrastination(拖延)
8
Don’t wait until the last minute. Break projects into
pieces so they’re not overwhelming( 难 以 抵 抗 的 ). “Smaller
bites( 一 口 的 量 ) are easy to get started with,” says Alice
Carrott, director of educational support services at the
University of Kansas Medical Center. “And they’re easier to
finish.” Make plans specific and realistic( 现 实 可 行 的 ). For
example, plan to read one chapter of an assigned book
before noon on Saturday.
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Keep It Balanced
9 Don’t get so busy that you lose touch(失去联系) with
friends. “Some people have everything going on every
minute, and you can’t get together with them,” says Danielle,
Andrew’s sister. “They run out of time to have fun.”
10 Cut back on( 削 减 ) activities when you need to.
Sometimes that is the only way to keep up in school or free
up time for new interests.
11 Don’t skimp(节省) on sleep or exercise. You’ll have
more energy and be more efficient(效率高的) at whatever you
do, says Carrott. Exercise relieves(缓解) stress too.
12
Talk with your family if you feel stressed. Or talk to a
counselor. You’d ask a coach for sports tips. Why not for
other areas too?
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Serious Study Tips
13
Pay attention in class, and ask questions. Homework
and study time are easier when you understand the material.
14
Write down all assignments. Do homework in an order
that makes sense to you. It also helps to arrange your study
area so it’s comfortable and relaxing.
15
Work with your learning style( 方 式 ). “I make flash
cards(教学抽认卡) so it’s easier for me to get it all in my mind,”
says Ryan B. of Massapequa, N.Y.
16
Keep materials organized. “Whenever I get a piece of
paper from a class or the computer, it goes right into a
folder(文件夹),” says Danielle.
“And it stays in there until I
need it.”
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Feeling Stuck?
17
On days when you’re having trouble studying or
finishing homework, try these strategies(策略).
18
* If you feel antsy(坐立不安) while studying, let go of
stress by squeezing a squishy(松软的) ball.
19
* If random(任意的) thoughts distract(使…分散注意力) you,
write them in a notebook. Then get back to work.
20
* Feeling foggy(迷迷糊糊的)? Take a break. Grab a
quick snack or talk with a friend or family member. But keep
breaks brief so you can finish your work!
(588 words)
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Chinese Version
你生活中的时间!
凯西恩·M·科瓦尔斯基
新学年意味着交友、参加有趣活动及学习的新机会。它
也意味着作业、学习和研究课题。你怎样才能应对这一切呢?
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Chinese Version
重要的事情先做
“最重要的事情是,你要把生活中的时间花在对你重要
的事情上,”威斯康星大学咨询服务总监P·J·肯尼迪强调
说。即使你并不设定上课时间、晚餐时间或体育锻炼的时间,
你仍然要为如何花时间做出选择。顺便说一下,虽然目前看
起来家庭作业也许无足轻重,但对你将来可能要做的事情而
言,它却是重要的!
把每天要做的事情列一个单子。排一下顺序,专注于最
重要的事情。每天晚上检查你的进展情况。
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Chinese Version
把所有的活动写在日历上,每天检查。预先规划下星期
或下个月的事情。
明智地利用你的空闲时间。在体育锻炼后等车回家时,
做一项短的作业或复习笔记。
切实可行时可同时完成多项任务。与朋友骑车外出,既
得到了锻炼又得到了社交时间。
如果你易忘时间,就设置一个定时器。“电视和视频游
戏老是让我把握不住自己,”纽约霍尔布鲁克中学的安德
鲁·L承认说,“我意识不到自己花了多少时间。”
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Chinese Version
拖延问题
不要等到最后一分钟。将课题化整为零,它们就不再难
对付了。“小一点的课题也容易上手,”堪萨斯大学医学中
心教育支援服务总监艾丽丝·卡罗特说。“它们也更容易完
成。”制定计划要具体并切合实际。例如,可以计划在星期
六中午以前读完指定的某本书的一章。
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Chinese Version
保持平衡
不要忙得与朋友失去联系。“有些人每分钟都在忙着做
事情,让你无法与他们聚会,”安德鲁的姐姐丹妮尔说。
“他们没有时间享受乐趣。”
需要的时候,可以减少一些活动。有时候只有这样才能
跟上学校的课程或为新的兴趣爱好腾出时间来。
不要克扣睡眠或锻炼。你会有更多的精力、更有效率地
做任何事情,卡罗特说。运动还能缓解压力。
如果你感到有压力,那就跟你的家人交谈一下。或者跟
辅导员交谈一下。既然在体育运动方面你会向教练请教,那
为什么在其他方面就不可以这样做呢?
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重要的学习贴士
在课堂上注意听讲,并提出问题。理解了学习材料,做
作业和学习就容易了。
把布置的作业都记下来。按照你认为合理的顺序做作业。
这也有助于安排你的学习场所,使它既舒适又宽松。
以自己的学习方式学习。“我制作抽认卡,这样比较容
易全部记住,”纽约马萨皮夸中学的赖恩·B说。
有条理地存放材料。“每当我在班上或计算机上拿到一
张纸,我都把它直接放进一个文件夹,”丹妮尔说。“我需
要的时候才拿出来。”
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感觉停滞不前了?
在你学习或完成作业有困难时,尝试以下这些策略。
*如果你在学习时觉得坐立不安,可以挤压发泄球来去除
压力。
*如果杂乱的思绪分散你的注意力,就把它们写在笔记本
上。然后该干什么还干什么。
*感到迷迷糊糊了?那就休息一会儿。弄点快速煮熟的点
心吃吃或与朋友或家人交谈一下。但是休息的时间要短,以
便完成作业!
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Notes
How can you fit everything in?
你怎样才能应对这一切呢?
fit sth. in的意思是“安排时间处理某事”。
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Notes
First Things First.
重要的事情先做。
小标题中第一个First是形容词,意思为“首要的”,第二个
First为副词,意思为“首先”。
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Notes
… stresses P. J. Kennedy, director of counseling services at
the University of Wisconsin.
威斯康星大学的咨询服务总监P·J·肯尼迪强调说。
本文引用某人话语时,大多数用了倒装句,即把谓语动词置
于讲话者姓名之前。例如:“TV and video games throw me
off a lot,” admits Andrew L. of Holbrook, N.Y.
“电视和视频游戏老是让我把握不住自己,”纽约霍尔布鲁
克中学的安德鲁·L承认说。
又如:“Smaller bites are easy to get started with,” says
Alice Carrott, director of educational support services at the
University of Kansas Medical Center.
“小一点的课题容易上手,”堪萨斯大学医学中心教育支援
服务总监艾丽丝·卡罗特说。
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Notes
Work on a short homework assignment or review notes
while waiting for a ride home from practice.
在体育锻炼之后等车回家的时间里,做一项短的作业或复习
笔记。
句中while是连接词,意为“在…之时”。while与后面的动
词waiting之间省略了you are。
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Notes
“And it stays in there until I need it.”
“我需要时才拿出来。”
句中it指上文所说的apiece of paper, stay in there的意思是
“一直待在那里(即文件夹里)”。
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Notes
If you feel antsy while studying, let go of stress by
squeezing a squishy ball.
如果你在学习时觉得坐立不安,可以挤压发泄球来去除压
力。”
let go of 的意思是“释放”。squishy ball也叫stress ball,
通常用尼龙面罩裹着类似沙子的填充物制成,比乒乓球大一
些。
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Text Comprehension
Choose the best answer for each of the following
multiple-choice questions.
1) Who is this piece of writing intended for?
A) Students.
B) Teachers.
C) Workers.
D) Parents
Video
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Exercises
Text Comprehension
2) According to what is said in the text, homework is
important because ______.
A) students will get very low grades if they do not do
their homework
B) it helps one know how to do things in the future
C) students cannot go to school if their homework is
not done
D) it shows how well students can manage their time
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Text Comprehension
3) What should students do each night?
A) Review their progress.
B) Rank items.
C) Make a to-do list.
D) Focus on the most important things.
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Text Comprehension
4) What does the writer think of multitasking?
A) Very useful all the time.
B) Not useful at all.
C) Harmful(有害的) most of the time.
D) Helpful sometimes.
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Text Comprehension
5) What should students do in order to deal with a big
project?
A) They should let their teachers help them.
B) They should invite other people to do it together.
C) They should break it into small tasks.
D) They should try hard to finish it as soon as possible.
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Text Comprehension
6) In order to be efficient at whatever they do, students
should have enough time to ______.
A) talk to their classmates
B) take part in all kinds of activities
C) have fun
D) sleep
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Text Comprehension
7) In the section Serious Study Tips, the sentence “Keep
materials organized” means “______.”
A) arrange materials carefully so that they can be
found easily
B) organize class discussions according to the
materials
C) keep materials to oneself so that other people
cannot use them
D) let other people share all the materials
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Text Comprehension
8) Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a strategy
to stop feeling stuck?
A) Squeezing a squishy ball.
B) Writing things down in a notebook.
C) Taking a short break.
D) Taking a deep breath.
Unit 1 Time Management
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Speaking
Dialogue
1) Divide the following expressions you have just
learned into two groups, as noted below. After that,
read each expression out loud one by one.
1
(1) Define priorities.
(2) Not a moment to spare.
(3) Focus on one thing at a time.
(4) I don’t even have time to breathe.
(5) Avoid distractions and lack of focus.
(6) I’ve been running around like a chicken with my head
cut off.
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Telling someone how
to manage time
Define priorities.
(1) _________________
(3) _________________________
Focus on one thing at a
_________________________
time.
(5) _________________________
Avoid distractions and
_________________________
lack of focus.
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Explaining that you have
been busy
Not a moment to spare.
(2) _________________________
(4) _________________________
I don’t even have time
_________________________
to breathe.
(6) _________________________
I’ve been running
_________________________
around like a chicken
_________________________
with my head cut off.
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2) Play the roles of Nicholas and Florence in the following
dialogue after reading it out loud, paying attention to
the underlined expressions.
Nicholas: I didn’t see much of you this week. Where
have you been?
Florence: Keeping myself busy with so many things.
Nicholas: Really?
Florence: Yeah. I’ve been running around like a chicken
with my head cut off.
Nicholas: You must be crazy. Nobody can take so much
at once.
Florence: I know, it’s a mess (一团糟).
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Nicholas: No wonder. You need to defne priorities.
Florence: Yes.
Nicholas: Focus on one thing at a time.
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Unit 1 Time Management
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Monologue
Since you have now learned a number of suggestions for
effective time management, say something about how to
manage time using the language from Text A. The
following serves as an example.
Topic: How to Manage Time
Now I have a better understanding of time. We live in
time. Technology can’t gain us more time because it is
nothing that we have lost nor anything we have ever had.
So, while we can do nothing about the clock, we can still
manage time to make life easier.
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We have learned three suggestions about how to
manage time. They are: getting started, finding the right
tools and staying on track. The first one is basic. Get going
as planned. Never put off what’s high priority until tomorrow.
The next suggestion emphasizes that we need to gain good
skills to better plan our activities and projects. I would say
that this third one really makes sense, because modern
life is full of distractions. How can we focus on one thing at a
time when we can’t even stay on track?
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Part IV Translation & Writing
Translation A. Translate the following sentences
from Chinese into English.
Translation B. Translate the following sentences
into Chinese, paying attention to the
underlined words.
Practical Writing — Résumé Cover Letters
Unit 1 Time Management
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Translation & Writing
Translation
1) Translate the following sentences from Chinese into
English.
1
(1) 约翰同时干许多事情。我觉得他应当休息一下。(work on,
all at once, take a break)
John works on many things all at once. I think he
should take a break.
(2) 杨教授说的话有着神奇的力量。许多同学接受他的忠告,
开始专注学业了。(what, magical, advice, focus on)
What Prof. Yang said has magical power. On his advice,
many students began to focus on their schoolwork.
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(3) 由于星期天晚上汤姆没有提示他将做何种选择,我无法弄
清楚他会如何完成这项任务。 (clue, option, fgure out,
accomplish)
As Tom gave no clue Sunday night about which option
he would choose, I can’t figure out how he will
accomplish the task.
(4) 我的父亲是极负责任的人。虽然他总是很忙,但他设法每
天都给家庭留出一些时间。 (responsibility, on the go, set
aside)
My father is a man of great responsibility. Though he is
on the go all the time, he manages to set aside some
time for the family every day.
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(5) 这个项目的成功与否取决于我们如何确定轻重缓急。
(project, depend on, priority)
The success of the project depends on how we set our
priorities.
(6) 在计算机商店里,我的朋友建议我们先试一下光碟播放机
再决定买哪个。 (try out, settle on)
At the computer store, my friend suggested that we try
out the video players before we settle on any one of
them.
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(7) 我觉得在确定轻重缓急前,把要做的事情全都写下来,是
有道理的。 (make sense, write down, set)
I think it makes sense to write down everything we
need to do before we set priorities.
(8) 如果我们不及时交论文,会有什么后果? (turn in, on time,
consequence)
If we do not turn in our papers on time, what will be the
consequence?
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2) Translate the following into Chinese, paying attention
to the underlined words.
(1) Although Magellan didn’t live to celebrate, he is
remembered today as the leader of the first
around-the-world journey in history. (B1U3A)
虽然麦哲伦没有活着回来庆祝,但今天人们仍把他
作为历史上第一次环球航行的领袖记得他。
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(2) Around 90% of scientific journals are written in English.
(B1U4A)
约90%的科学期刊都是用英语出版的。
(3) How much will you be paid for delivering them
(newspapers)? (B1U8A)
你送报纸得到多少钱的报酬?
(4) If a price is set too high, though, many people may
refuse to buy a product. (B1U8A)
但如果价格定得太高,许多人也许就不肯购买产品了。
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(5) In July 2005, London was chosen as the host city for
the 2012 Olympic Games.
2005年7月,伦敦被选为2012年奥运会主办城市。
(6) Smoking is known to increase a person’s risk of
developing lung cancer.
我们/大家知道吸烟会增加患肺癌的危险。
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Teaching notes:
本教材英译汉练习主要是操练英译汉的一些最基本技能,
逐步提高学生使用翻译常用技能的意识,所选的例句尽可能
采用教材中学生学过的句子。我们在第一册教材中安排了词
义选择、词义引申、词类转译、增词译、省略译、正反译、
反正译、重复译和名词数的译法等技能。本册英译汉操练的
项目包括被动结构、否定结构、强调结构、比较结构、定语
从句、名词性从句、状语从句和长句翻译的一些技能。
本单元是英语被动结构的翻译。英语被动结构一般有4种
译法:1)将英语被动句译成汉语的主动句;2)将英语被动句
译成汉语的判断句;3)将英语被动句译成汉语的无主句;4)
将英语被动句译成汉语的被动句。
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当英语被动句在语义上着重谓语动词本身的意义时,可
用汉语的被动结构来翻译。此时,原句的主语一般仍译作主
语,在谓语动词前加“被”、“受”等来表示被动意义。若
原文句子中含有行为主体(动作的发出者),则在行为主体前
加“被”、“受”、“由”等,或用“为…所”来表示被动
意义,有时还可以在原句的主语前加“使”、“把”等来表
示被动。练习中的第五句就采用了这个译法:In July 2005,
London was chosen as the host city for the 2012 Olympic
Games. 2005年7月,伦敦被选为2012年奥运会主办城市。
另一种译法是把英语被动句译成汉语的判断句。汉语中
常用“…是…的”这一句式说明人和事物的客观情况。这种
结构在语义上往往具有被动的含义,所以当英语中用来说明
客观情况的被动结构,不突出强调被动动作,一般可以用汉
语的这一句式来翻译。如练习中第二句就是这样处理的:
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Around 90% of scientific journals are written in English. 约
90%的科学期刊都是用英语出版的。又如:
This method was first adopted by the UK Labour Party
in 1981. 这种方法最初是英国工党在1981年采用的。
The abbey was founded by Henry Ⅱ in 1170. 这座大教
堂是亨利二世于1170年建造的。
The tree was introduced into Britain from the Balkans in
the late 16 century. 这种树是16世纪晚期从巴尔干山脉引进
到英国的。
This decision to withdraw was not taken lightly. 撤消的
决定不是轻易作出的。
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把英语被动句译成汉语的主动句。如练习中的第三句:
How much will you be paid for delivering
them
(newspapers)? 你送报纸得到多少钱的报酬?原句中的主语
仍译作主语,be paid译为主动“(你)得到”。也可译为“你
送报纸他们付你多少钱?”第四句:If a price is set too high,
though, many people may refuse to buy a product. 原句中的
主语仍译作主语:但如果价格定得太高,许多人也许不肯购
买某一产品。
下面我们提供一些例子供教学参考:
I was laughed at by my friends when I announced the
decision this morning. 原句的主语在译文中作宾语,用by引
出的动作发出者作译文的主语,整个句子译成:今天上午当
我宣布这个决定时朋友们都笑话我。
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Your children will be looked after by our professional
school teams and by their host families. 我们专业的学校团
队和孩子们寄宿的家庭会照顾你们的孩子。
She was given the photographs by the woman’s
relatives. 这妇女的亲戚们给了她这些照片。
The elections are scheduled for mid-June. 选举定于6月
中旬举行。
把英语被动结构译成汉语的无主句。汉语的句子可以不
带主语,因此,当无须说出行为主体时,可以将英语的被动
结构译成汉语的无主句。一般来说,英语中不带by短语并含
情态动词的被动句都可以采用这种译法。翻译时,将原句的
主语译成宾语,放在动词后面,也可以加“把”、“将”、
“对”等词将宾语放在动词之前。英语中有些特殊的被动句
是由短语动词中的名词作主语构成的,翻译时可以将原句的
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主语和谓语合译成汉语无主句的谓语,如练习中的第四句也
可以这样处理:If a price is set too high, though, many
people may refuse to buy a product. 如果把价格定得太高,
许多人也许就不肯购买产品了。又如:
Workers must be warned that their hearing is at risk
when working in these areas. 必须提醒工人们在这些区域工
作对他们的听力有危险。
Children should be told regularly that cigarette lighters
and matches are not allowed in schools. 应该经常告诉孩子
们打火机和火柴是不允许带到学校的。
Staff should be made aware of the potential for daytime
fires to occur. 应该使员工们意识到白天发生火灾的可能性。
Special attention should be paid to the outer packaging.
要特别注意外包装。
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当英语被动句中未出现表示行为主体的词或词组,我们可适
当增添一些不确定的主语,如“人们”、“有人”、“大家”、
“我们”等。如练习中的第六句可增添“我们/大家”:Smoking
is known to increase a person’s risk of developing lung cancer.
我们/大家知道吸烟会增加患肺癌的危险。又如:
He was seen to collapse and fall to the ground. 有人看见他
瘫到在地上。
A similar question was raised at the end of the meeting. 在
会议结束时有人提出了一个类似的问题。
He said that everything possible was done to protect the
children. 他说他/他们已采取一切措施保护这些孩子们。
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另外,在翻译“It+被动语态+that”结构的句子时,我们
可以按照汉语的习惯采用主动语态,有时还需增添“我们”
、“人们”、“大家”、“有人”等等,也可译成无主语的
汉语句子,并酌情加上“根据”或“据”。如:
It is considered that now is an appropriate time to rethink our economic statistics systems. 有人/人们认为现在是
重新考虑我们经济统计数据系统的一个恰当时机。
It is said that people’s life now is becoming more and
more stressful. 有人说/据说/人们说现在生活的压力正变得
越来越大。
It should be pointed out that low infation is not
necessarily a good thing. 应当指出的是低通货膨胀率并非一
定是一件好事。
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He is known as the “Little Bill Gates.” 人们/大家都称他
为“小比尔·盖茨 ” 。
She is considered to be very lucky. 人们/大家都认为她
很幸运。
It should be pointed out that humans are also a danger
to this animal. 应当指出的是人也对这种动物构成了威胁。
It should be noted that parking without a permit attracts
a charge of £5. 应该注意到的是不经许可停车要付费5英镑。
It is believed that the house was built in 1735. 人们/有
人认为这房子建于1735年。
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Practical Writing — Résumé Cover Letters
1) Read the following résumé cover letter and answer
the questions that follow.
Greeting
Expressing your
interest in a
particular position
Your general
background
Dear Mr. Smith,
I am interested in the position as a
part-time accounting assistant. I feel
that my academic background and
my work experience qualify me for
this position.
I am presently a junior accounting
major at Shanxi Business College.
During the past years, I have taken
courses in accounting, taxation,
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trusts, and business law. Last spring,
I gained practical accounting
experience by working in the
accounting department of a local
company.
My Résumé is enclosed. If you have
any questions or need more
information, please call me at
62932477.
Sincerely,
Li Dawei
Li Dawei
Enc.
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(1) What position is Li Dawei interested in?
A part-time accounting assistant.
____________________________________________
(2) What courses has he taken?
Accounting,
taxation, trusts, and business law.
___________________________________________________
(3) What experience did he have?
He worked in the accounting department of a local
______________________________________________________
company
last spring.
______________________________________________________
(4) What is enclosed in the letter?
His résumé.
___________________________________________________
(5) How can he be reached?
By calling him (at 62932477).
___________________________________________________
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2) Complete the following résumé cover letter by
translating the Chinese in brackets into English.
Greeting
Stating your
purpose for
writing and your
interest in a
particular position
Dear Ms. Jensen,
(1) ______________________________
I am writing to apply for the
position
of Customer Service Manager
__________________________________________
advertised
in Shandong Daily yesterday.
___________________________________________
(我写信应聘昨天《山东日报》上刊登
的客户服务经理一职). I think that my
academic background in business,
work experience and language
skills qualify me for this position.
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(2) As
you can see in my résumé, I will
_________________________________________
graduate
this August (如您在我简历中可看
_______________________
到,我将于今年8月毕业) from Shandong
Vocational College of Commerce in Jinan
with a diploma in Business Management.
During the past years, I have had
extensive training in customer psychology,
sales and marketing, business law, and
business management. In my junior year,
(3) _________________________________________
I gained some practical customer
service experience by working in the
_________________________________________
customer service department of ABC
_________________________________________
Company (我在ABC公司客户服务部工作,
___________
取得一些客户服务实际经验). In addition,
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I have also taken courses such as English
and French. These courses have greatly
expanded my knowledge of different
cultures and languages, which I am sure
will be an asset to a company with global
interests.
Enclosure
and contact
information
Enclosed, please find a copy of my
résumé. If you have any questions or
please call me
need more information, (4) ________________
at 13844556781 or email me at
_____________________________________________
[email protected]
________________________ (请打我电话,我的
电话号码是13844556781;或发电子邮件
给我,我的电子邮件地址是
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[email protected]). I would appreciate
the opportunity to discuss how my
education and experience will be
of help to you.
I thank you for your time and
consideration, and (5) look
forward to
________________
hearing from you soon (盼望尽早回复).
_________________________
Sincerely,
Li Jingzhong
Li Jingzhong
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3) Write a cover letter, using the following information
given in Chinese.
假设你是李斌,南方职业学院公共关系(public relations)
专业三年级学生,今年7月毕业。你看到《新江早报》上一则
ABC公司招聘行政秘书(executive secretary)的广告。你认为
自己所学专业和个人经历(曾担任一家公司的兼职秘书)符合岗
位要求。你打算去应聘,并寄去了自己的简历。请写一份简历
附函。
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Suggested answer: (For your reference only.)
Dear Ms. Smith,
I am interested in the position of Executive Secretary as
advertised in Xinjiang Morning News yesterday. I feel
that my academic background and my work experience
qualify me for this position.
Currently, I am a senior student at Nanfang Vocational
College, majoring in public relations. I will graduate this
July. During the past 3 years at college, I have
completed courses directly related to offce skills. Last
year, I worked as a part-time secretary for Nanfang
Electronics Co., Ltd., a Sino-America joint venture,
which helped me acquire some secretarial experience.
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I have enclosed my résumé with details of my
background. If you have any questions or need more
information, please call me at (024) 86775678.
Sincerely,
Li Bin
Li Bin
Enc.
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Teaching notes:
找工作要寄个人简历,一般都要有一封简历附函(résumé
cover letter)。有时附函甚至比简历还重要:对方首先从附函
发现他们要找的人选。因此,一封好的简历附函可以使你有可
能得到面试机会,甚至使你得到一份自己心仪的工作。
附函的篇幅一般以一页纸为限,三到四个段落:
第一段:写信目的,申请哪个职位,何处或如何获得该招
聘岗位信息的。
第二段:简要地介绍自己目前的工作和职责。如是刚毕业
的学生,简要地介绍自己获得的学位、所学专业、所学课程或
经历等。
第三段:你为何希望获得这份工作,你能为对方做出什么
贡献等。
第四段:其他相关信息,联系方式及可面试时间等。
写简历附函注意事项:
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Don’ts
Address your letter to a
specific person.
Don’t ever address your
letter to “Sir” or “Madam” —
use “Dear Director” or “Dear
Personnel Manager” if you
don’t know proper names.
Send with résumé.
Don’t ever send a cover
letter that has typos,
misspellings, or grease
stains from your pizza.
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Don’ts
Keep it brief (one page).
Don’t include letters of
recommendations or
references.
Send an original letter to
each employer.
Don’t send photocopies.
Proofread all letters for
mistakes.
Don’t tell employers what
they can do for you; tell them
what you can do for them.
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Don’ts
Use action verbs.
Don’t say anything you can’t
back up.
Take action — either
request an interview or
let them know that you
will follow up with a
phone call.
Don’t be vague.
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Do’s
Be sure the employer
can reach you (correct
phone number, address).
Let the employer know
which job you are
seeking.
Be positive and upbeat.
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Don’ts
Don’t give a specific salary
requirement.
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Don’ts
End your letter by
thanking the person
reading it for his or her
time (good manners
never go out of style).
(摘自:
http://www.nycareerzone.org/cz/resources/jobseeker/covdos.
jsp)
下面是简历附函中常用的一些句子:
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* I am applying for the position of ______ at ______
(Company).
* I am very interested in the position of______ for______
(Company), as advertised in the Weekly Times on 20 May,
2011.
* I was delighted to see an opening for ______ on______
(Job Posting Site) with ______ (Company).
* I am writing to apply for the post of senior accounts clerk
advertised in last Friday’s edition of the Cambridge Evening
News.
* Mr. X suggested that I contact you about the possibility of
getting a position as ______.
* As you will see from my enclosed resume, I studied /
specialized in ______.
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* I feel I have the necessary qualities, skills and experience
for the position as ______.
* I would like to take the opportunity of this internship to
develop my knowledge and acquire practical skills / to apply
my theoretical knowledge of ______.
* I look forward to having the opportunity to meet with you to
discuss how I can be an asset to your organization.
* With my experience and credentials, I know I would be an
asset to your team. I am including my resume (and any
other relevant information) for your review.
* I believe I am an excellent candidate for this role and look
forward to meeting with you to discuss this position further.
* If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me at
(925) 555-1212.
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* I can supply details of referees and any other information
you may require.
* Thank you for your consideration/time.
* Do not hesitate to call if you have any questions.
* I look forward to hearing from you.
* I will contact/call you next Tuesday to set up an interview.
下面这封简历附函可供教学参考:
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Dear Mr. Saleh,
I am writing to apply for the position of Editorial
Assistant which was advertised in the latest edition of
Gulf News.
I am currently employed by a market research
company as a research assistant, but am keen to pursue
a career in publishing, because I enjoy reading and write
my own poetry.
As you will notice on the enclosed CV, I graduated in
European Literature. At university I gained considerable
experience working on the student magazine, so I am
familiar with editing techniques. I work well under
pressure and enjoy working in a team. In addition, I
speak English fluently.
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I would be available for interview from next week.
Meanwhile, please do not hesitate to contact me if you
require further information.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Yours sincerely,
Margaret Roan
Margaret Roan
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Part V Time to Relax
Listen to the following song, “Right Now,” sung by Van
Halen. Practice singing it and fll in the missing words in
the lyrics below.
Right Now
tomorrow
Don’t wanna wait till ___________
Why put it off another day?
One by one, little
problems
_______________
Build up, and stand in our way. Oh!
step behind it
___________________
One step ahead, one
Now ya gotta run to get even
Make
future plans , I’ll dream about yesterday, hey!
___________________
Come on turn, turn this thing around
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(Right now) Hey! It’s your tomorrow
(Right now) Come on, it’s everything
magic moment
(Right now) Catch your _________________
Do it right here
and now
_______________
It means everything
Miss a beat (拍子), you lose a rhythm(节奏)
And nothin’ falls into place. No!
Only missed by a fraction(小部分)
Slipped (滑倒) a little off your pace. Oh!
Time to
Relax
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more you want
The more things you get, the
_____________________
Just trade in one for another
make it easy
Workin’ so hard to ______________
Whoa, got to turn. Come on, turn this thing around
(Right now) Hey, it’s your tomorrow
(Right now) Come on, it’s everything
(Right now) Catch that magic moment
here and now
Do it right _______________
It means everything
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1) wanna = want to
2) ya gotta = you have got to
3) get even 扯平
4) nothin’ = nothing
5) falls into place (变得)有条不紊
6) trade in 以…抵购…
7) workin’ = working
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Video Exercises
Watch a video clip and answer the questions about it.
Getting to know the words and expressions in the box
below first may be helpful.
Word Bank
stuff /f/ n. 东西
distract // vt. 使分心
gee // interj. 哎呀
sticky // n. 粘贴纸
jot down 记下
float /f/ vi. 浮动
master // a. 主要的
probability // n. 概率
relieve // vt. 免于(焦虑或苦恼)
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Script
subtitle
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Video Exercises
1. What can stickiest and pieces of paper everywhere do
according to the speaker?
A) They can help people achieve their goals.
B) They can distract people from achieving their goals.
C) They can make one’s room look very dirty.
D) They can help people remember things and work
more efficiently.
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Video Exercises
2. What should people do in order to stay focused and
achieve their goals?
A) They should stay in one place most of the time.
B) They should talk to their masters from time to time.
C) They should create a master task list.
D) They should try to sleep better at night.
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Video Exercises
3. What can we know about the speaker, judging from
what he has said?
A) He has helped nobody in the past.
B) He has just found a new method of staying focused.
C) He doesn’t want too many people to know his
findings.
D) He has helped quite a lot of people.
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4. What should people do once they’ve got a master
task list?
A) They should find someone to deal with the items.
B) They should follow their masters instructions.
C) They should put the items in their daily schedule.
D) They should find the key to solving all the problems.
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5. Which of the following is NOT suggested by the
speaker at the end of the short talk?
A) Trying to forget all the distractions.
B) Putting everything in one place.
C) Getting all items on one’s calendar.
D) Staying focused.
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Script:
You know I believe that stuff going all around in your
head is distracting you from achieving your goals. Do you
stay up at night, or I need to remember this or I need to do
that and how many times during the day do you say, “Oh gee,
I need to remember this, I have got to do that, I have got to...”
and you have stickies everywhere and you have pieces of
paper everywhere and jot down notes everywhere. Those
are distractions, you need to stop letting that stuff floating
around in your head distract you from being focused and
achieving your goals. So one way to do that is create a
master task list. If you have one place where everything
goes, you are in a higher probability position to actually
achieve them, not only that, you will sleep better at night.
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You will stop distracting yourself with all these things that are
running around in your head that you have to do. I can't tell
you how many people were relieved when I said just have
one place to put them, believe it or not, a lot of people go
through this. So find one place to put it on a master task list
that you can put everything that you have, then the biggest
key then is, okay, what do I do with this list? Well, you take
that list and you move those items over on to your calendar
and so you follow your calendar in order for those to get
done.
So stop letting those things distract you, put them in one
place, get them on your calendar, stay more focused and
achieve your goals.
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