Direct Objects
and Direct
Object
Pronouns
Capítulo 6: Gramática en
acción 2
Verbs can be followed by
direct objects. A direct
object is the person or
thing receiving the
action.
Ex. Rafaela cuts the
grass.
What is the verb? What is the direct object?
Ex. I always take out the
trash.
What is the verb? What is the direct object?
Práctica con tu
compañero.
1.You make the bed.
2.You and I clean the kitchen.
3. They straighten the bedrooms.
4. I take care of my sister.
5. Juan washes the car.
Direct objects are used
in Spanish as well.
Can you identify the verb
in each sentence?
Can you identify the
direct object?
1. Yo cuido a mi hermano.
2. José lava los platos.
3. Ellos cocinan la cena.
4. Esteban y yo hacemos la
cama.
5. Tú pasas la aspiradora.
A direct object can be a noun
or pronoun. Use direct object
pronouns to avoid repeating
nouns that have already been
mentioned. These pronouns
must agree with the nouns
they stand for in number
(singular or plural) and
gender (masculine or
feminine).
Ex. Who takes out the
trash?
I take out the trash.
I take it out.
Ex. Who straightens the
rooms?
Juan straightens the rooms.
Juan straightens them.
Masculine
Feminine
Singular
lo
(him, it)
la
(her, it)
Plural
los
(them)
las
(them)
Direct object pronouns go
before the conjugated
verb.
Ej. ¿Quién saca la basura?
Who takes out the trash?
Yo la saco.
I take it out.
If there is an infinitive in the
sentence, the pronouns go
before the conjugated verb
or are attached to the end
of the infinitive.
Ej: ¿Quién va a cocinar la cena?
Who is going to cook dinner?
Mi padre va a cocinarla.
My father is going to cook it.
Ej: ¿Quién va a limpiar el
baño?
Yo lo voy a limpiar./ Yo
voy a limpiarlo.
Ej: ¿Quién pasa la
aspiradora?
Mis hermanas la pasan.
Ej: ¿Corta el césped tu
padre?
Sí, mi padre lo corta.
Ej: ¿Limpian Julia y Beta la
sala?
Sí, ellas la limpian.
Práctica
1. Tú haces la cama.
Tú la haces.
2. Pablo y yo sacamos la
basura.
Nosotros la sacamos.
3. José arregla el garaje.
Él lo arregla.
4. Yo lavo las ventanas.
Yo las lavo.
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