BabelMeSH
Searching PubMed in Multiple Languages
(Advanced Course: Module 2)
Table of Contents
• Definition/Background/Overview
• Search by MeSH (Medical Subject Headings)
BabelMeSH
• Is a tool for searching PubMed using a language other
than English.
• Can identify articles in English and 12 other languages
by PICO Linguist (PICO=Patient, Intervention, Comparison,
Outcome) or MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) .
• Includes Arabic, French, Portuguese, Russian and
Spanish options that would be useful for HINARI
users.
• URL(Internet address) is babelmesh.nlm.nih.gov/
• Once you have identified articles of interest, you have
to save the citations and look for the full text in
HINARI.
Definition of BabelMeSH
BabelMeSH is designed as a transparent crosslanguage interface. Users can submit medical
terms in their native language (and includes 12
options). A parser translates the query into
English using a multi-language MySQL
database. BabelMeSH then sends the query to
PubMed through E-Utilities and returns English
citations to the user.
Fang Liu, Paul Fontelo, and Michael Ackerman BabelMeSH: Development
of a Cross-Language Tool for MEDLINE/PubMed AMIA Annu Symp
Proc. 2006; 2006: 1012.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1839504/ (17 Jan 2010)
We have accessed the initial page of
BabelMeSH (http://babelmesh.nlm.nih.gov/)
and the 13 language options. Besides the
language options, you can go directly the
[Search PICO Linguist] and [Lookup a MeSH
term] options.
We have opened the MeSH Terms Lookup, clicked on
Spanish from the drop down menu, entered the term
embarazo (in Spanish) and clicked on Translate. The
Translation is Pregnancy (in English). Next, we will click on
the BabelMeSH hyperlink.
Note: for demonstration purposes we have used Spanish
although you can search in any of the other 12 languages.
In <BabelMeSH><Search MEDLINE/PubMed in English, we
have clicked, under the Show journal articles published in, the
checkboxes for Spanish and English. We now will click on the
Submit button to search for Pregnancy.
Note: Pregnancy is the English word for embarazo that we
initially searched in the Look a MeSH Terms Lookup option.
The results for the PubMed Pregnancy
search are 387426 citations. We now can
further Limit this search.
Note: this list includes articles that may or
may not be available in HINARI. If you
click on the Full Text link, you will not be
able to access the complete article.
We have clicked on the full-text link for the
first article in the list. It is from the British
Medical Journal. This page asks you to Login
or Buy the Article or Subscribe as you only
have access to the extract/abstract view.
The HINARI User Name and Password will
not work. You must login to HINARI to access
the full-text article and this will be reviewed at
the end of the module.
In the MeSH Terms Lookup, we have combined
two terms - embarazo and vih in the Spanish
Original Input drop down menu, clicked on
English in the Translation drop down menu and
the Translate button .
The MeSHTerms Lookup result shows that
embarazo and vih are Not in Database. We are
given Similar terms:
infeccion por VIH asintomatica en el embarazo 
Asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus
infection in pregnancy.
We now search these terms in <BabelMeSH>.
We have entered the English terms
Asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus
infection in pregnancy in the Search box and
clicked on the Spanish and English radio
buttons. Finally, we will Submit this search in
BabelMeSH.
This search resulted in 238 citations. You can
click on the Abstract option for that display. Note
how the search terms are displayed in each
citation.
Remember – if you click on the Full Text option,
you will not be able to view the complete article.
You must go to HINARI.
The results for the Spanish publication only search is a
significantly smaller number – 11.
Note: if you plan to look for the full-text articles in HINARI,
you will need to save the citation information.
A simple way to save the information is to create a screen
capture. Click on the Print Screen key while viewing the
webpage of the journal. Then paste (edit/paste or
control/v) the material into a WORD document . You also
could highlight the information by holding down the left
click on the mouse and scrolling down the page – to
highlight the information you want. You also would
copy/paste this into a WORD document.
In this and subsequent slides, we will use one
of the displays for a language other than
English. In this option, the text and instructions
are in the language we have chosen.
We have re-entered the embarazo vih search
using the BabelMeSH... en espanol option.
Again, we have clicked the Español and Ingles
boxes and clicked on Buscar (submit).
We have displayed BabelMeSH... en español
(Spanish) where we duplicated the embarazo
search.
Note the drop down menu that is displayed
with the initial term. You can scroll down this
menu to locate subheadings that could be
used to Limit your search.
Again, we were not able to locate a translated
MeSH term for embarazo vih and were given
Similar terms. We will click on the Buscar
icon and complete the search.
The results of the embarazo vih search is
the identical number (238) as when it was
completed using the English interface.
Searching can be completed in 12
languages besides English.
We now look at the PICO Linguist option.
You can choose your search language in the
Select input language option. In PICO, you
can enter information about the Patient,
Intervention, Comparison and Outcome. We
have displayed the Age Group drop down
menu. You also have the Show journal
articles published in language option.
Note: this PICO Linguist allows you to
search with keywords and also apply limits
from the drop down menus. VER NOTE
In this second PICO slide, we have
displayed the Select a publication type
drop down menu. Also note that there
is a Gender option.
We have now accessed the PICO Linguista
(Español) language option and entered a
keyword search for sida con tuberculosis
(AIDS and tuberculosis). We have checked
the Español and Ingles article language boxes.
Now, we will click on Buscar ( Search).
The results from this sida con tuberculosis=
AIDS with tuberculosis search is 6276 items.
Using the same sida con tuberculosis keyword
search terms, we have added the age group
Adulto 19-44 anos (Adult 19-24 years) and Guias
de tratamiento (Practice Guidelines). Finally, we
will click on the Buscar (Search) button.
The results from this sida con tuberculosis= AIDS with
tuberculosis search with the Adulto 19-44 anos and
Guias de tratamiento limits are 11 items.
Note that the limits are not listed with the search terms.
In order to access the full-text articles from a
BabelMeSH search, we need to return to the
HINARI Content page.
Note the Logged in from: message. This
confirms that you will have access to the
HINARI full-text articles.
We will proceed to locate several journal articles
from the HINARI Journals collection A-Z list.
Remember that some of the BabelMeSH search
results may be from publishers that have not
granted access to your institution. Click on
Publisher – to see which publishers have or
have not granted access.
The results from this sida con tuberculosis= AIDS with
tuberculosis search with the Adulto 19-44 anos and Guias
de tratamiento limits are 11 items. We will open two
articles – from JAMA and Annals of Internal Medicine.
Note that the limits are not listed with the search terms.
From the Journals by Title J list, we will open
JAMA. Note that the journal has the green box
which confirms access to the full text articles.
Now opened is the 2006 contents page. To
access the specific article, we will click on the
link to vol 296(7)
The title to the specific article is
highlighted. Note the link to the
downloadable PDF version of the article.
From the Journals by Title A list, we will open
Annals of Internal Medicine. Note that the
journal has the green box which confirms
access to the full text articles.
Now opened is the 2002
contents page. To access the
specific article, we will click on
the link to vol 137 (5 Part 2)
The title to the specific article is
highlighted. Again, there is a link to the
downloadable PDF version of the article.
This is the end of the HINARI Advanced
Course Module 2
There is a workbook to accompany this part of the
module. It will take you through a live session
covering the topics included in this module.
Updated 2014 08
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BabelMesh – option for Searching in PubMed in