BUILDING
COGNITIVE POWER
H K BAHAAELDIN
CHALLENGES OF 21st CENTURY
Information revolution
‫الثورة المعرفية‬
Knowledge Intensive Production
‫االنتاج كثيف المعرفة‬
Tailored Economy of Velocity & Creativity
‫االنتاج المفصل ذو السرعة واالبتكار‬
Ideas,Programmes & Software Replace
‫ االفكار والبرامج بديال عن االجهزة‬Hardware
‫والسلع‬
Cognitive Power is the Decisive Competitive edge
‫قوة العقل هى الميزة التنافسية الحاسمة‬
Cognitive Power Development is the Most Cost Effective
investment of the 21st Century
‫تنمية قوةالمعرفة هى االستثمار االكثر عائدا فى القرن‬
‫الحادى‬
RELATIVE ADDED VALUE OF
‫القيمة المضافة النسبية‬PRODUCTS
20.000
‫منتجات صناعة الفضاء‬
SATELLITE
2.500
‫طائرات القتال‬
JET FIGHTERS
1.700
‫ الحاسب العمالق‬SUPERCOMPUTERS
900
‫محركات الطائرات‬
AERO ENGINES
280
‫ كاميرة الفد يو‬VIDEO CAMERA
16
‫ التلفزيون الملون‬COLOR TELEVISION
10
‫ عربات الركوب‬LUXURY MOTORCAR
Relative Added Value is proportional to the amount of
knowledge (information) in the particular product.
Therefore building Cognitive Power markedly increases
productivity and hence GDP of any country
‫القيمة المضافة النسبية الى منتج تتناسب مع قيمة وتركيز المعرفة فى المنتج‬
Consequences of high added
value production
What does the previous slide data signify?
1- The relative added values of the knowledge intensive
production are huge
2- The change from the low relative added value
production, to the high relative added value ,elevates
the status of any country from being a consumer ,low
GDP country, dependent on others, to an affluent ,
independent & high GDP country
3- This markedly shortens, the obligatory , traditional
route of 100 years of sustained economic growth plus
strict birth control ,mandatory to achieve developed
status , to a much shorter period
4- This means , vast resources to fund education ,early
childhood development, health ,infrastructure ,etc
&defense
WHAT ARE THE
PREREQUISITES
Since knowledge intensive production depends on
creation &accumulation of knowledge ,then building
cognitive power is mandatory
Knowledge intensive production, needs very highly
educated personnel ,able to guarantee necessary
R&D ,creativity and highly skilled competent working
force able to manipulate& tackle sophisticated
equipment ,supercompures,advanced mathematics
&languages and competent in critical thinking &
problem solving
This can only happen ,when there is systematic
,scientifically planned, comprehensive building of
cognitive power, from very early childhood and even
before
COGNITIVE POWER
It is a complex, dynamic, interactive
multidisciplinary, teamwork faculty of many
organs, primarily the brain & heart, but possibly
other organs, operating in harmony, capitalizing
on all types of intelligence, investing windows of
opportunity,& harnessing memory, emotion,
body, and soul ,responsible for management
&production of knowledge
It entails multiple afferent
channels,modulation,classification,
processing, &storage of information and retrieval of
knowledge
Cognitive function depends on transfer
&management of information which occur via
neurons ,across synapses with neurotransmitters
COGNITIVE POWER continued
Cognitive power depends on Developing,
Boosting& Preserving brainpower
Developing, Boosting & Preserving heart
power and optimum function
Developing and Preserving optimum physical
fitness
Protecting the brain &heart from infections
,environmental pollution ,malnutrition,
toxins & stress (which Destroys brain cells
esp. hippocampus and heart cells)
EMBRYOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF
HUMAN BRAIN
Neural development is one of the earliest to begin and the
last to be completed generating the most complex organ
A thin layer of the developing embryo (ectoderm) folds at the
3rd week of intrauterine life to form the neural tube
‫النمو الجنينى للدماغ‬
‫النمو العصبى هو يبدأ مبكرا وهو االخير فى األكتمال‬
‫) ثم تكون انبوبا‬16 ‫ففى األسبوع الثالث تنثنى شريحة رقيقة من الجنين(اليوم‬
)21‫عصبيا(اليوم‬
D:16
D: 21
Dr Mark Hil (2004))
EMBRYOLOGICAL SIMILARITY
BETWEEN HEART&BRAIN
. Remarkably, The origins of the heart tube are •
clusters of angiogenic cells which are located in the
cardiogenic plate. The cardiogenic plate, which is
derived from splanchnoplueric mesoderm, is located
cranial and lateral to the neural plate.
These angiogenic cell clusters coalesce to form
right and left endocardial tubes. Each tube is
continuous cranially with a dorsal aorta, its outflow
tract, and caudally with a vitteloumbilical vein, its
inflow tract.
The lateral and cranial folding of the embryo forces
the tubes into the thoracic cavity. As a result, these
tubes come to lie closer to each other and begin to
fuse in a cranial to caudal direction.
At approximately day 21 they are completely fused,
the same day the neural tube completely close
‫‪EXPEDITIOUS‬‬
‫‪DEVELOPMENT&AMPLIFICATION‬‬
‫من األسبوع الثالث من الحمل يبدأ تكوين الخاليا العصبية بسرعة ‪ 250000‬خلية‬
‫كل دقيقة ويكتمل هذا فى نهاية الشهر السادس حيث يصل عدد الخاليا العصبية الى‬
‫مائة مليار خلية والطفل عند الوالدة عنده ‪ 100‬ترليون مشبك‬
[email protected]

• ‫ محوار‬Arnold B.
Mechanism of Synaptic action
Scheibel, MD
‫ ألية عمل المشبك‬The connection between 1985 modified
neurons
 Presynaptic
terminal
 ‫المطراف قبل‬
‫الحويصلى‬
Neurotransmitter
release
 Postsynaptic
Element
‫العنصر بعد الحويصلى‬
 Synaptic cleft
 ‫الفلح الحويصلى‬


Neurotransmitter
keys fit into receptor
locks
‫ناقل االشارة يتحد مع المستقبل‬
‫كالمفتاح فى القفل‬
NEUROTRANSMITTERS Society for
The connection between neurons Neuroscience, USA)
)‫نواقل االشارات(رسل كيمائية بين الخاليا العصبية‬
They are the chemical messengers that convey
impulses between neurons.
NEW
Involuntary (autonomic) nervous
FUNCTIONS
‫وظائف جديدة‬
system neurotransmitters ‫الأرادية‬
Acetyl choline, Noradrenaline&Dopamine
Specific
neurotransmitters ‫نوعية‬
Serotonin (MOOD,SLEEP&JUDGEMENT),
glutamate ,GABA ,endorphins
neurotransmitter
agents also regulate
outgrowth, plasticity,
and survival
of immature as well
as mature neurons
‫تنظم تكوين ومرونة‬
‫وبقاء الخاليا العصبية‬
More neurotransmitters are being found ‫جديدة‬
Anandamide (CANNABIS LIKE), nociceptin(NATURAL
TRANQUILIZER) Anandamide (Frostburg State University,
Maryland, USA)
Bethesda, MD: Society for Neuroscience, [1976].
At birth, the majority of neurons that the brain will ever
have, are present. yet, the brain continues to grow in size
for a few years after birth. However throughout life
neurons would be produced from stem cells in 2 areas :the
Olfactory bulb &
Hippocampus :
‫يظل الدماغ يكون خاليا عصبية جديدة مدى الحياة فى‬
‫الحصين و البصلة الشمية‬
Also heart cells are produced throughout life from specific
stem cells
‫وكذلك خاليا القلب‬
Some neurons are specified for certain function e.g.
breathing, regulation of heart beats and temperature and
reflexes.
The rest of neurons are not designated for a particular
function ,they are programmed by continuous stimulation
&exercise
The total length of “wiring” between neurons is estimated
at 62,000 miles (Coveney & Highfield, 1995).
BELL’S CURVE
‫المنحنى الجرسى والتوزيع العرقى والطبقى لحاصل الذكاء‬
RACIAL &CLASS DISTRIBUTION OF I.Q
RICHARD HERNSTEIN & CHARLES MURRAY 1994
‫عنصرى‬
‫تطبيق سيئ للعلم‬
RACIST, MYOPIC & PSEUDOSCIENCE WORK
BAD SCIENCE LEADS TO BAD CONCLUSIONS
FLAGRANT CULTURAL
‫ انحياز ثقافى عنصرى فاضح‬BIAS
SCIENCE DOES NOT NEGLECT NURTURE & ENVIRONMENT
‫ تجاهل تام لدور التعليم‬TOTALLY IGNORING THE ROLE OF EDUCATION
‫والبيئة‬
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS DELIBERATELY
‫تالعب فىاالحصاءات‬
MANIPULATED
OUTRAGEOUS DISCRIMINATION, ENDANGERING HUMAN &
CHILD RIGHTS
‫تفرقة عنصرية شائنة‬
INTELLIGENCE OR COGNITIVE POWER IS NOT A
PREDESTINED FATE IT IS A RESOURCE TO BE INVESTED & A
POTENTIAL TO
BE DEVELOPED
‫الذكاء ليس مقدرا محتوما‬
THE TAKE OFF
‫مرحلة األنطالق‬
Two vital pillars are responsible for the take off of the
cognitive power in the 1st 6 golden years of life:
Myelination which allows signals to travel much faster
&
Windows of opportunities
They are both intricately related & synchronized
They are the infrastructure of learning & cognition
and many other neurological functions
They are potentials & resources to be capitalized or to
be drained
:‫يعتمد انطالق قوة الدماغ على ركيزتين اساسيتين فى الست سنوات الذهبية االولى‬
‫الكسوة او العزل بالميلين للخاليا العصبية‬
‫نوافذ فرص المعرفة‬
‫وهاتين العمليتين متزامنتين ومترابطتين وهما معا البنية االساسية للمعرفة والتعلم‬
‫وكثير من وظائف العقل‬
Learning Windows (Windows of Opportunity)
During a child's development, there are a series of critical periods, or
"windows," in which a child can best learn or refine a particular ability,
such as speech. After this time period is over it becomes much more
difficult, sometimes impossible, for the child to learn the same thing.
Window for emotional intelligence from 6-18 months At the age of 5-7yr
windows for language nearly close or are slightly ajar i.e. older children
and adults exert greater effort to learn a new language.
Windows of fine motor skills (e.g. PC & music) ends at 10 years.
Amy Markezich, Stanford University 2002
‫اثناء نمو الطفل هناك فترات حساسة او نوافذ للمعرفة يستطيع الطفل خاللها ان يتعلم ا يتقن‬
‫قدرة او مهارةمعينة كالكالم او العزف على الة موسيقية وعندما تنقضى هذه الفترة يصبح‬
‫االمر اكثر صعوبة اوأحيانا مستحيال‬
‫ شه‬18-6 ‫تتفتح من‬
‫ سنوات‬7-5 ‫تكاد تغلق فى سن‬
‫نافذة الذكاء العاطفى‬
‫نافذة الذكاء اللغوى‬
‫نافذة المهارات الحركية الدقيقة‬
‫ سنوات‬10 ‫الهامة بالنسبة لتعلم الموسيقى والحاسوب تغلق فى سن‬
PROGRAMMING COGNITIVE
‫ برمجة القدرة المعرفية‬POWER
There are two essential prerequisites for cognition&
thinking:
Language essential for production& communication of
information
Memory essential for organization& retrieval of
information and is intimately related to Learning
THE ESSSENCE OF LEARNING IS THROUGH PATTERNING, WHILE THE
COGNITIVE SYSTEM IS SIMULTANEOUSLY & CONTINUOUSLY SEEKING
FOR NOVEL EXPERIENCE& INFORMATION WHICH IS THE DRIVING
POWER & FUEL OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
‫هناك ركيزتين اساسيتين للمعرفة والتفكير‬
‫ وهى اساسية النتاج وتوصيل المعرفة‬:‫اللغة‬
‫ وهى اساسية لتنظيم واسترجاع المعرفة‬:‫الذاكرة‬
‫جوهر المعرفة‬
‫هو البحث عن نموذج او مثال للمعلومة الجديدة بينما يحاول الدماغ البحث او استقبال‬
‫تجربة او معلومة جديدة وهذا هو الوقود او الطاقة المحركة لنموالمعرفة‬
MOLECULAR BASIS OF
MEMORY continued
‫االساس الجزيئي للذاكرة‬
Harvard biologists have identified a protein, called Armitage, which regulates
the formation of long-term memories..
‫اكتشف علماء جامعة هارفارد بروتين يدعى ارميتاج ينظم الذاكرة طويلة االمد‬
Disulfide formation from dithiolates (calcium dithiolate salt) occurs during
excitation and can represent a short-term alteration in properties of vesiclerelease sites and, thus, short-term memory., by a second mechanism, enlarges
the presynaptic area covered by these sites. Such enlargement is a stable,
permanent mode: long-term memory..
‫اكتشف علماء اخرون‬
‫مادة اخرى هى دايسلفايد تتكون من مادة دايثيوليت مسئولة عن الذاكرة قصيرة االمد‬
Dr Lu of NIH has shown that a neutrophin( called brain derived neurotrophic
factor) BDNF ,plays a crucial role in in cellular model of short & long term
memory
‫مادة تسمى نيوتروفين تلعب دورا هاما فى تكوين كال من الذاكرة قصيرة االمد‬
‫وطوياة االمد‬
Science 13 10 2004 Bai Lu & Barbara Hempstead
‫لو‬
‫اكتشف دكتور‬
‫النمو المعرفى‬
COGNITIVE GROWTH
‫التنافر المعرفى‬
Cognitive Dissonance
‫التجربة الجديدة وغير المألوفة‬
Novel Experience
Disequilibrium ‫عدم التوازن‬
Assimilation Accomodation
‫استيعاب‬
‫تكيف‬
Equilibrium ‫توازن‬
Cognitive growth or Development
‫تنمية معرفية‬
MANAGEMENT OF INFORMATION &
‫ ادارة‬COGNITIVE POWER
BUILDING
‫المعلومات وبناء قوة المعرفة‬
Teaching & learning deal with managing information
‫التعليم والتعلم مرتبطين بادارة المعلومات‬
Successful management of information depends on developing cognitive
power
‫االدارة الناجحة تعتمد على بناء قوة المعرفة‬
Cognitive power can & should be boosted &developed
‫قوة المعرفة هى مقدرة يمكن بل يجب ان تنمى‬
Development of cognitive power depends on new & complex information,
the timing, the way they are presented & acquired and the atmosphere
in which learning occurs
‫تنمية قوة المعرفة تعتمد على المعرفة او االحداث الجديدة واالمركبة وتوقيتها وطريقة اعطائها والمناخ او‬
‫الظروف التى يتم فيها التعلم‬
New information & stimulation boosts new neuron & synapse formation
esp. in the 1st 6 golden years of life, (i.e. soft ware develops hard
ware), after that it boosts new synapse formation and guarantees the
integrity of existing neurons
‫المعلومات و االحداث الجديدة تشجع تكوين خاليا و مشابك جديدة خاصة فى الست سنوات الذهبية االولى من‬
‫العمر‬
HOLY QU’RAN ‫القران و الفهم‬
,HEART & COGNITION
‫ومنهم من يستمع اليك وجعلنا علي قلوبهم أكنة ان يفقهوه وفي ءاذانهم وقرا‬
And of them are those who listen to you, while We have veiled their hearts so that they do not understand, and plugged their ears to ‫االنعام‬
deafness (25) SURA ( THE CATTLE)
‫ولقد ذرأنا لجهنم كثيرا من الجن واإلنس لهم قلوب ال يفقهون بها‬
‫ولهم اعين اليبصرون بها ولهم ءاذان ال يسمعون بها‬
And many of mankind and Djinn have We created for the Inferno, for they have hearts with which they cannot comprehend, ‫ االعراف‬179
and have eyes with which they cannot perceive, and have ears with which they cannot hear (179) SURA (THE BULWARK TOPS )
‫رضوا بان يكونوا مع الخوالف وطبع على قلوبهم فهم ال يفقهون‬
87 ‫التوبة‬
This is because they believed, then disbelieved, and so a seal was put to their hearts. Thus they do not understand (87) SURA ( REPENTANCE)
‫أفلم يسيروا فى أالرض فتكون لهم قلوب يعقلون بها أو ءاذان يسمعون بها‬
Have they not traversed the land with reasoning hearts and listening ears (46)46 ‫سورة الحج‬
SURA (THE PILGRIMAGE)
234 ‫والوالدات يرضعن اوالدهن حولين كاملين لمن اراد ان يتم الرضاعة البقرة‬
And parturient mothers shall suckle their children for two complete years, for whoever desires to complete the
(THE CATTLE)234 fosterage SURA
Translation of holy Qur’an by Prof. Mohamed Hamed MD
The heart communicates with the
brain and body in four ways
Neurological communication (nervous
system)
Biophysical communication (pulse
wave)
Biochemical communication (hormones)
Energetic communication
(electromagnetic fields)
ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD OF HEART •
NEUROTRANSMITTERS OF THE
HEART
Dr. Armour and his students found that the heart
contains a cell type known as "intrinsic cardiac
adrenergic" (ICA) cells. These cells are classified as
"adrenergic" because they synthesize and release
catecholamines (norepinephrine and dopamine),
neurotransmitters once thought to be produced only
by neurons in the brain and
ganglia outside the heart
‫اثبتوا ان القلب يحتوى على خاليا تفرز موصالت كيمائية عصبية‬
Armour, J. A. and J. Ardell, Eds. (1994). Neurocardiology. New York, NY, Oxford University Press.
HORMONES OF THE
HEART&COGNITION
More recently still, it was discovered that the heart
also secretes oxytocin, commonly referred to as the
"love" or "bonding hormone." Beyond, it’s wellknown functions in childbirth and lactation, recent
evidence indicates that this hormone is also
involved in cognition, tolerance, adaptation,
complex sexual and maternal behaviours as well as
in the learning of social cues and the establishment
of enduring pair bonds; concentrations of oxytocin
in the heart are as high as those found in the brain
‫و ثبت ايضا ان القلب يفرز هرمون اكسيتوسين المعروف بهرمون الحب والذى‬
‫يؤثر فى التكيف والتعلم‬
Armour, J. A. and J. Ardell, Eds. (1994). Neurocardiology. New
York, NY, Oxford University Press.
•
The Heart as a Hormonal Gland
Another component of the heart-brain
communication system was provided by
researchers studying the hormonal system.
The heart was reclassified as an endocrine or
hormonal gland, when in 1983 a hormone
produced and released by the heart called
atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) was isolated.
This hormone exerts its effects widely: on
the blood vessels themselves, on the
kidneys and the adrenal glands and on a
large number of regulatory regions in the
brain.
Armour, J. A. (1991). Anatomy and function of the intrathoracic neurons
regulating the mammalian heart. In: I. H. Zucker and J. P. Gilmore, eds.
Reflex Control of the Circulation. Boca Raton, FL, CRC Press. 1-37.
The Scientific Role of the Heart
in Learning and Performance
Rollin McCraty, Ph.D.
It is now well-established that the heart is far more than a
simple pump. It also functions as a hormonal gland, a sensory
organ, and an information encoding and processing center,
with an extensive intrinsic nervous system ,sufficiently
sophisticated to qualify as a “Heart Brain”
‫القلب يعتبر األن غدة صماء بل يعتبر دماغا قلبيا‬
Its neural circuitry effectively enables it to learn, remember, and
make functional decisions, independent of the cranial brain
With every beat, the heart transmits to the brain and throughout
the body complex patterns of neurological, hormonal, pressure,
an electromagnetic information, which form a major component
of the physiological backdrop, that ultimately determines our
emotional experience
HeartMath Research Center, Institute of HeartMath, Publication No. 02-030,
Boulder Creek, CA, 2002
HEART COHERENCE
Intentionally altering one's emotional state, through
heart focus, modifies afferent neurological input
from the heart to the brain. The data suggest ,that as
people experience sincere positive feeling states, in
which the heart's rhythms become more coherent,
the changed information flow from the heart to the
brain ,may act to modify cortical function and
influence performance. These findings may also help
explain the significant shifts in perception, increased
mental clarity and heightened intuitive awareness
,many individuals have reported ,when practicing the
HeartMath techniques. Also they explain why in
positive feeling states and subsequent heart
coherence ,with empathy, motivation ,nurture,
encouragement ,putting one’s heart in learning,
increase comprehension ,memory&creativity
McCraty R, Tomasino D, Atkinson M, Aasen P, Thurik SJ. Improving test-taking skills and
academic performance in high school students using HeartMath learning enhancement tools.
Boulder Creek, CA: HeartMath Research enter, Institute of HeartMath, Publication No. 00-010,
2000.
DETERRENTS OF COGNITIVE
‫معوقات بناء قوة المعرفة‬POWER
Environmental pollution: chemical, smoking
,electromagnetic,noise,military &child abuse
‫ العسكرى و اساءة معاملة الطفل‬،‫ الكهرومغناطيسي‬،‫ التدخين‬,‫ كيميائى‬:‫التلوث البيئي‬
‫اهمال االم‬
Maternal neglect
‫اساءة معاملة االطفال‬
Child abuse
Lack of novel stimulation& early education
‫نقص االشارات الجديدة و اهمال التعليم المبكر‬
‫سوء التغذ ية‬
Malnutrition
‫البدانة‬
OBESITY
‫االمراض المعدية‬
Infectious disease
‫عوامل وراثية‬
Genetic
EFFECT OF CHILD ABUSE
‫أساءة معاملة الطفل‬
Physical , sexual, emotional, neglect or the recent
‫ أهمال او مركب نينتندو الحربى‬،‫ جنسى عاطفى‬،‫بدنى‬
MILITARY NINETENDO COMPLEX
Violent, brutal military based games , toys & electronic game
‫اللعب او البرامج االكترونية القاسية ذات الطابع الحربى‬
Military-Nintendo Complex Dubbed the by John Naisbitt in High Tech, High Touch (New York: Broadway Books,
1999),

DELAYED BRAIN POWER DEVELOPMENT (MOTOR,EMOTIONAL
&COGNITIVE )
 ‫عاطفى او معرفى‬،‫التاخر فى نمو قوة الدماغ (حركى‬
 ACQUIRED VOILENCE IMMUNE DEFICIENCY SYNDROME
 ‫متالزمة فقد المناعة المكتسب ضد العنف‬
 ACQUIRED ATTENTION DEFICIT
 ‫نقص االنتباه المكتسب‬
 AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR
 ‫السلوك العدوانى‬
Columbine high school, Littleton :15 killed 1999
Erfurt, Germany :19 killed 2002
BOOSTING COGNITIVE POWER
‫تدعيم وزيادة قوة المعرفة االستثمار للمستقبل‬
INVESTING FOR THE FUTURE
BREAST FEEDING ;IMPORTANT FOR MYELINATION
) ‫الرضاعة الطبيعية(مهمة لتغليف األعصاب بالميلين‬
‫المعادن والفيتامينات‬
‫االحماض االمينية االساسية‬
MINERALS &VITAMINS:
ESSENTIAL AMINO ACIDS
ESSENTIAL FATTY ACIDS
etc. DHA,AA,PHOSPHOLIPIDS
‫االحماض الدهنية االساسية‬IMORTANT FOR
MYELINATION
‫السكريات المركبة‬
COMPLEX CARBOHYDRATES
‫بعض العقاقير‬
PHARMACEUTICALS
MUSIC PRENATAL OR POSTNATAL,IMPORTANT FOR MATH.& SCIENCE
A significant correspondence between early music instruction and spatial–temporal reasoning abilities )‫الموسيقى (مهمة لتعلم الريضيات والعلوم‬
Terry D. Bilhartz et al Sam Houston State University USA 2000
‫الرياضة البدنية‬
EXERCISE
seems to secure memories ,
termed procedural memories, which help people learn skills, sleep helps
to consolidate short term memories in the hippocampus ,transferring
them into permanent memories ,in the cerebral cortex
SLEEP
‫النوم‬
2003 SOCIETY FOR NEUROSCIENCE
Scot Small Columbia University 2007
Boosting Brain power‫والوالدات يرضعن اوالدهن حولين كاملين لمن اراد ان يتم الرضاعة‬
And parturient mothers shall suckle their children for two complete years, for whoever desires to complete the
fosterage SURA 233 (THE CATTLE)
1 BREAST FEEDING
‫الرضاعة الطبيعية‬
There is a dose Response relationship between the duration of BF
and IQ
)‫)هناك عالقة ايجابية بين مدة الرضاعة الطبيعية ومستوى الذكاء‬
ERIK LYKKE MORTENSEN et al JAMA 2002; 287
ENCOURAGING STIMULI TOUCH,SMELL,SINGING,TALKING,COOING ETC. STIMULATE GENES WHICH
RELEASE POWERFUL GROWTH FACTORS AND SUPRESS GENES WHICH
ENCODE WITH SYNAPSE DESTROYING FACTORS
)‫المشابك‬
‫الكالم) تنبه الجينات التى تفرز مواد تساعد النمو وتبطل عمل الجينات التى تدمر‬،‫الغناء‬،‫الشم‬,‫المنبهات المشجعة(اللمس‬
BREAST MILK IS RICH IN DHA, ARACHIDONIC ACID & PHOSHOLIPIDS
WHICH ENHANCE
MYELINATION AND TAURINE ESSENTIAL FOR BRAIN DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPS EMOTIONAL
INTELLIGENCE WHILE ITS WINDOW IS STILL OPEN
)‫العاطفى فى فترة تفتح نافذته‬
(UNTIL 2 YEARS),
‫لبن االم غنى باالحماض الدهنية االساسية المسئولة عن التغليف بالميلين وتنمى الذكاء‬
CONSOLIDATION OF SENSE OF SECURITY
RELAY OF IMPULSES VERBAL, AUDITORY,
VISIONAL & EMOTIONAL TO HIGHER CENTERS
ENHANCED CEREBRAL
‫ بااالنتقال الى مراكز الدماغ‬ORGANIZATION
‫تاكيد االحساس باالمان مما يسمح بمرور ا الشارات‬
‫ويؤدى الى تطوير هذه المراكز‬
Increasing evidence is proving that physical attention & close physical, bodily
contact , embodied during breastfeeding and continued through childhood ,have a
definite role on brain chemistry ,brain architecture &possibly some mental functions
‫تتزاياد االدلة على ان التقارب الجسدى بين االم والرضيع اثناء الرضاعة له اثر ايجابى على التركيب وكيمياء الدماغ بل ووظائف‬
‫المخ‬
BOOSTING COGNITIVE POWER
‫تدعيم وزيادة قوة المعرفة االستثمار للمستقبل‬
continued
2 Fe is very important for the increase of size of brain cells at early
stage ,also essential for synthesis of dopamine& serotonin, it is
essential for proper retinal structure
‫الحديد هام جدا لزيادة حجم خاليا الدماغ ولتكوين مادتى الدوبامين وسيروتونين‬
3 Essential Fatty Acids polyunsaturated long chain Fatty
Acids:Docosahexanoic acid DHA (MYELINATION)& Arachidonic
acid .
‫األحماض الدهنية االساسية للتغليف بالميلين‬
4 Gingko biloba is thought to maintain mental clarity &memory
‫مادة جينكو بيلوبا لصفاء الذهن والذاكرة‬
5 Lx6171, it is a small molecule (acting on a membrane protein
exclusively expressed in CNS) which demonstrated in preclinical
studies improvement in learning &memory in mice
‫ و قد تالحظ اهميتها بالنسبة للتعلم و الذاكرة‬5 Lx6171 ‫مركب‬
BOOSTING COGNITIVE POWER
‫تدعيم وزيادة قوة المعرفة االستثمار للمستقبل‬
continued
6 Vit. C :Powerful antioxidant, it plays a role in modulating physical stress& emotional stress, assists in production of
neurotransmitters ,in processing Glucose
the brain's primary fuel&important in memory
‫فيتامين ج يلعب دورا فى تلطيف التوتر واعداد الجلوكوز‬
7 Complex Carbohydrates: Source of glucose AVOID Simple sugar
‫النشويات المركبة وهى مصدر الجلوكوز ومن المهم تجنب سكر القصب‬
8 Zinc :Important for neuron links
‫الزنك هام للوصالت العصبية‬
9 Choline :It is converted to Acetylcholine related to memory & cognitive function
‫مادة الكولين هامة للذاكرة والقدرة المعرفية‬
10 Vit. B12 :essential for components of nerve cells
‫ هام للخاليا العصبية‬12‫فيتامين ب‬
11 Amino acids: Tyrosine(alertness),
Phenylalanine (memory) & Methionine (motivation& focus) used in treating depression
‫الفينيالالنيل للذاكرة الميثيونين للتركيز التيروزين لالنتباه‬
12 Folic acid: affects brain function
‫مهم اوظائف الدماغ‬
Integrated Nutrition &Prevention
of Atherosclerosis & CHD
There is strong evidence that the foods consumed early in life
have long-lasting—and in some cases permanent—effects.
School performance, adult intelligence, bone strength, height, •
and risk of obesity are just a few of the things influenced by
early childhood feeding
Breast Feeding
Limitation of Cholesterol below 300mg /D
Vit. E & Carotenoids decrease risk of Atherosclerosis & Heart
diseases
Omega 3 long chain fatty acids (EPA&DHA) decrease risk of
cardiovascular disease
Prevention of early malnutrition decreases risk of
Atherosclerosis& CHD
Cu: Deficiency has been hypothesized to increase risk of
atherosclerosis
Integrated Nutrition &Prevention of
Atherosclerosis & CHD continued
Control of weight & Prevention of
Obesity
Low saturated fat diet ,introduced in infancy
& maintained for 1st decade of life ,is
associated with enhanced endothelial
function (partly explained by cholesterol
reduction) & reduces risk factors
Lycopene (a carotenoid) in the form Tomato
juice inhibits an enzyme essential in
cholesterol synthesis &reduces the levels of
LDL .Epidemiologic evidence shows inverse
relation between tissue&serum levels of
Lycopene & mortality from CHD &
Cerebrovascular disease
BOOSTING BRAIN POWER
‫تدعيم وزيادة قوة الدماغ االستثمار للمستقبل‬
continued
Dr Scot Small 2007 of Columbia university ,using MRI , proved that exercise
boosts brainpower by building new brain cells in the dentate gyrus of the
hippocampus both in mice& later in humans, likewise exercise improves&
protects heart function
‫اكتشف العالم سكوت سمول عن طريق الرنين المغناطيسى ان الرياضة البدنية تدعم قوة الدماغ وذلك بتكوين خاليا عصبية‬
‫جديدية فى منطقة الحصين‬
There is accumulating evidence that physical exercise enables the brain to
function optimally, by routing oxygen more efficiently to strengthen neural
connections, prompts nerve cells to multiply & protects cells from injury; even
diseased cells, seem to benefit , moreover Dr. John J. Ratey, Harvard
University stated that physically active people reported an increase in
academic abilities, memory retrieval and cognitive abilities."
‫هناك ادلة متزايدة على ان الرياضة البدنية تمكن المخ من األداء األمثل وذلك بدفع االكسيجسن بكفاءة اكبر لتقوية المفاصل‬
‫العصبية وتحمى الخاليا العصبية الخاليا العصبية وتدفعها للتكاثر‬
Jan Born,a German 2007 scientist in Lubeck university proved by MRI, that scents
like roses improved learning& memory when smelled during the slow wave
sleep ,by activation of the hippocampus
‫اثبت العالم االلمانى جان بوم من جامعة لوبيك باستعمال الرنين المغناطيسى ان العطورمثل الورد تساعد على التعلم‬
‫وتقوى الذاكرة الثناء الموجة البطيئة من النوم عن طريق تنشيط الحصين‬
TYPES OF INTELLIGENCE
‫انواع الذكاء‬
Howard Gardner 1983
1- Factual (encyclopedic) ‫الموسوعى‬
2- Numeric (mathematical) ‫الحسابى‬
3- Analytic (logic) ‫ المنطقى‬4-Linguistic ‫اللغوى‬
5- Spatial (conceptual) ‫التصورى‬
6- Athletic ‫الرياضى‬
7- Intuitive (transendelic) ‫البصيرى‬
8- Emotional ‫العاطفى‬
9- Practical ‫العملى‬
11- Musical ‫الموسيقى‬
10- Interpersonal (social) ‫االجتماعى‬
12- Bodily (Kin-aesthetic) ‫التوافقى الحركى او‬
‫القدرة على التحكم فى كل انواع الحركة‬
IT IS NOW ESTABLISHED THAT INTELLIGENCE IS PRIMARILY DECIDED BY NURTURE
&
NOT BY NATURE
‫من المستقر عليه االن ان الذكاء يتوقف على التربية والتنشئة وليس الوراثة‬
Thomas Edison in 1931 :Genius is 99% perspiration & 1% inspiration
‫ يتوقف على العرق وليس على األلهام‬%99 ‫الذكاء بنسبة‬
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE
‫الذكاء العاطفى‬
Dr. Daniel Goleman BantamBooks 1995,
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IS ESSENTIAL FOR EFFECTIVE LEARNING.
‫الذكاء العاطفى عنصر اساسي للتعلم األيجابى وهو لياقة رئيسية وهو قدرة تؤثر تاثيرا بالغا على كل انواع الذكاء االخرى‬
EMOTINAL INTELLIGENCE IS A MASTER APTITUDE, A CAPACITY THAT PROFOUNDLY AFFECTS ALL OTHER
ABILITIES & INTELLIGENCES.
IT COMPRISES :
SELF MOTIVATION, SELF CONFIDENCE, KNOWING ONE-SELF & KNOWING AND FEELING OTHERS.
‫ الثقة بالنفس والعزيمة ومعرفة النفس واألخرين‬:‫وتشمل‬
SELF CONTROL & PERSEVERENCE, ENDURANCE & WILLPOWER
‫التحكم فى النفس والمثابرة وقوة التحمل واالرادة‬
ABILITY TO TURN NEGATIVE EMOTIONS TO POSITIVE ACTION
‫القدرة على تحويل العواطف الى افعال أيجابية‬
ABILITY TO INCORPORATE FEELING INTO ANALYSIS, REASONING AND PROBLEM SOLVING &
DECISION, MAKING
‫القدرة على تحويل المشاعر الى التحليل المنطقى وحل المشاكل واتخاذ القرار‬
EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE WINDOW OF OPPORTUNITY IS MAXMALLY OPEN FROM 6 MONTHS TO 18
MONTHS (PERIOD OF BREAST FEEDING)
‫ شهرا وهى فترة الرضاعة الطبيعية‬18 ‫ شهورالى‬6 ‫نافذة الذكاء العا طفى تتفتح على مصراعيها فى الفترة من‬
The profound effect of breast feeding, the
effect of music on I.Q ,the effect of smelling
roses during sleep ,the positive effect of
encouragement and motivation on cognitive
level&learning capacity; and on the contrary
the negative effect of
fear,frustration,insecurity & stress (corporal
punishment in schools) on comprehension,
creativity &decision making are illustrative of
the synergistic & cumulative effect of
emotions,happiness , morale, sense of
security,heart and brain on cognitive power
Terry D. Bilhartz et al Sam Houston State University USA 2000.
Jan Born, Lubeck,Germany 2007
GENIUS IS NOT A GIFT
‫الذكاء ليس منحة او هدية‬
Every Newborn should be a genius in
genesis. If it fails to do it, it is the
responsibility of the society which
wasted & drained its most precious
brain resources
‫من حق كل طفل يولد ان يصبح عبقريا فأذا فشل فى ذلك‬
‫فتلك مسئولية مجتمع جاهل أهدر اهم موارده على األطالق‬
‫وهو بناء العقل‬
COST BENEFIT OF ECD
‫الجدوى األقتصادية‬
‫للتعليم‬
DOLLAR RETURN OF VARIOUS INVESTMENTS
‫عائد كل دوالر‬
‫مشروع رى فى‬IRRIGATION PROJECT IN PHILIPPINES
‫الفلبين‬
1.48
‫ مشروع تربية‬LIVE STOCK PROJECT IN URUGUAY
‫مواشى ثى ارجواى‬
1.59
‫مصنع اسمنت فى أستونيا‬CEMENT FACTORY IN ESTONIA
2.27
ECD IN USA
‫مشروع تنمية للطفوله المبكرة فى الواليات المتحدة‬
7.16
AIID
World Bank & MOE Cairo May 2001
WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY
‫مسئولية من؟‬
The discoveries of the brain decade have moved the main
responsibility from the educational institution, predestined
genetic&racial makeup &traditional medical and social care to other
stakeholders
‫االكتشافات التى حدثت فى عقد الدماغ نقلت المسئولية من المؤسسة التعليمية والتأثير الوراثى المقدر سلفا‬
‫الى اطراف أخرى‬
Parents responsible for preconceptual fetal& early childhood
‫االباء المسئولين عن فترة ما قبل الحمل والحمل والطفولة المبكرة‬
The mother (helped by father) as first teacher
responsible not only for breastfeeding &bonding but also for early
childhood education& stimulation :lucky children who have
kindergarten facilities have already lost 4 of the1st 6 golden years of
life .mothers have the right to receive proper training both in the post
marital period &long before in their basic&high education
‫األم كمعلمة اولى ليس فقط الرضاعة الطبيعية وانما العناية والتعليم المبكرين ولذلك يجب ان تتلقى االم تدريبا‬
‫جيدا قبل وبعد الزواج‬
‫ سنوات من الست سنوات‬4 ‫ان األطفال المحظوظين الذين الذين يذهبون لرياض األطفال يكونون قد فقدوا فعال‬
‫الذهبية‬
WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY
continued‫مسئولية من؟‬
Medical& social care workers esp. pediatricians general practitioners, obstetricians, nurses &social
workers who look for children, beside their particular expertise ,do have a crucial educational& training
responsibility which should be reflected in the curriculum of their education& training
‫العاملين فى المهن الطبية واألجتماعيين واطباء التوليد والممرضات الذين يعملون مع االطفال وهؤالء يجب ان يتلقوا تدريبا‬
‫كافيا وان يأهلوا للقيام بواجبهم التعليمى ولذلك يجب ان ينعكس هذا على مناهج تعليمهم وتدريب‬
Educationalists
‫رجال التعليم‬
The media
‫االعالم‬
NGO’s
‫الجمعيات‬
‫غير الحكومية‬
The government
which should put ECD as top priority goal in planning, investments, resources, legalization .
medical care, environmental measures & education
‫الحكومة‬
‫والتى يجب ان تضع التنمية المبكرة للطفولة على قمة اولوياتها سواء فى االستثمارات او التخطيط اوالموارد سواء فى التقنين او الرعاية‬
‫الصحية اوالبيئة او التعلي‬
ECD IS NOT A SERVICE IT IS AN INVESTMENT ,IT IS A NATIONAL SECURITY ISSUE
‫العناية بالطفولة المبكرة ليست خدمة وانما هى استثمار وضرورة امن قومى‬
THANK YOU
‫شكرا لكم‬
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BUILDING COGNITIVE POWER