Questions about Al-Saadiq
Specifics
36 Questions
A.S. Hashim, MD
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answer
Definition of Terms in this Slide Show
•
Institute of Ahlul Bayt: Refers to the
teachings and discussions by Ahlul Bayt.
This was conducted at:
•
•
•
•
The house of the Imam
Masjid Al-Nabawi
At or near the Grand Mosque during Haj
Piety-minded: Refers to the many Schools
of thought: Like that of Ibn Abbas, of Ibn
Omar, Jabriah, Qadariyah, Murj’iah, Ahlul
Raa’y, Ahlul Qiyas, etc.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
2
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Give a brief account of Al-Saadiq's work
in the field.
a.
Al-Saadiq used to love to work with his hands, just
like his forefathers.
b.
He used to use the shovel and sweat it out in the
farm.
c.
He called this work a noble form of worship
(Ibadah).
d.
a+b+c+ This was also one of the means of their
financial support.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
3
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Discuss Al-Saadiq’s trading concept.
a.
Al-Saadiq used to deal as a merchant, selling and buying
various goods.
b.
He sent item laden caravans to Egypt, Iraq, and other areas,
with guides (who also were men of learning) in charge,
c.
a+b+ The guides were to sell the goods at reasonable prices,
but also for them to teach Islam and spread its authentic
knowledge.
d.
He sent item laden caravans to only Mecca to teach Quraish.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
4
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Discuss two concepts Al-Saadiq
brought into the trade field.
a. Trade fairly and teach Islam
b. Trade making good money, and teach
c. Trade fairly and force people to listen to you
d. Buy the people’s loyalty, and teach
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
5
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Mention one trading incident that
teaches us a lesson.
a.
One time the guide of his trade sold the
merchandise at double the price of what it was
worth.
b.
Upon learning of this deal Imam Al-Saadiq got
upset and refused to take the profits,
c.
Instead he distributed all the proceeds to the poor.
d.
a+b+c+ Al-Saadiq said such a deal was a form of
gouging, and the profit would not be lawful from
Shari'ah viewpoint.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
6
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Discuss the manner of Al-Saadiq’s
Appearance
a.
Al-Saadiq had an appearance commanding
reverence and high esteem.
b.
He had a cheerful look, often smiling, giving a
sense of comfort and ease to people in his
company.
c.
a+b+ He was overflowing with warmth.
d.
a+b+c+ He was joking most of the time to make
you happy.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
7
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Identify the statement said by
Al-Mansoor about Al-Saadiq.
a.
Al-Saadiq is one of Ahlul Bayt whom Allah Almighty
had distinguished above other people and made
these Ahlul Bayt the beneficiaries of His Holy
Quran.
b.
Al-Saadiq is a good man
c.
b+ Al-Saadiq is a fantastic man in many ways
d.
Al-Saadiq is a good man and I want him to be the
secretary of State
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
8
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Describe the status of Al-Saadiq in Fiqh
matters.
a.
Al-Saadiq was famous for the clarification,
dissemination, and systematization of Fiqh,
b.
He was perfectionist, consistently after the truth
and justice.
c.
No problems seemed too big for him to solve.
d.
a+b+c+ He could see his way clearly, solving Fiqh
intricacies in which scholars became baffled and
lost.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
9
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What does the publication Spirit of
Islam say about him?
a.
Al-Saadiq was: "Extremely liberal and rationalistic in his views;
b.
he was a scholar, a poet, and a philosopher, apparently well
read in some of the foreign languages,
c.
he was knowledgeable about Christians, Jews, and
Zoroastrians, with whom metaphysical disputations were
frequent,
d.
a+b+c+ he impressed a distinct philosophical character on
the Medanese school".
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
10
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Discuss the ethics and character of
Al-Saadiq.
a.
Al-Saadiq was most ethical, who scrupulously applied the
Islamic ethical conduct. He was the example for others to
emulate.
b.
a+ Like his forefathers, Al-Saadiq was very righteous, a man
of great virtue who emphasized piety and was its prototype
and model.
c.
Al-Saadiq was ethical emulated in Iraq and Syria
d.
Al-Saadiq was ethical emulated only in Egypt and Persia
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
11
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Discuss the character of Imam AlSaadiq:
a.
Al-Saadiq was renowned for his nobility, virtue,
rectitude, and integrity among other high qualities.
b.
He was hospitable and very generous, who did not
like to see discord between his loyalists.
c.
a+b+ At night Al-Saadiq distributed food and
money to the poor, whom he held in good regard.
d.
He pronounced that distribution of food would be
every night.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
12
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What did Al-Saadiq urge his followers
to do?
a.
Al-Saadiq implored his loyalists to deal in
commerce, manufacture, and science;
b.
more so to be as independent as possible,
c.
thus avoiding dealing with the government.
d.
a+b+c+ He implored them to excel in
administration and management, and to be
dynamic in all aspects of life.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
13
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What else did Al-Saadiq urge his
followers to do?
a.
Al-Saadiq urged his adherents to be away from
political scenes
b.
and to travel to far away areas to spread the
teachings of Islam.
c.
He even urged his own sons and relatives to go to
remote areas
d.
a+b+c+ where the local people would benefit the
most from their teaching.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
14
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Explain the description of Malik (founder
of Maaliki school) about Al-Saadiq.
a.
"I used to attend discourses given by Ja'far Al Saadiq, who
most of the time had a cheerful look and serene countenance,
…”
b.
a+ “I frequently attended his discourses over a long period of
time and often saw him either praying, fasting, or reading the
Holy Quran. I never saw him talking about Allah's Messenger
(pbuh) without him being in a state of Wudu….”
c.
Good man, I love him
d.
Generous man and I love him.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
15
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Determine the concept of passive
resistance urged by Al-Saadiq.
a.
Al-Saadiq considered the government was invalid from
Shari'ah point of view.
b.
He emphasized personal independence as much as practical.
c.
a+b+ He openly declared that cooperation with any of the
ruling tyrants, visiting their courts, or working for their
administration would cause peril to Islam.
d.
a+ He urged the people to extend a helping hand to the
government.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
16
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Explain the Silent Da'wa.
a.
Al-Saadiq often asked his loyalists to conduct the
Silent Da'wa.
b.
a+ When asked how this could be done without
talking, Imam Al-Saadiq said, "Da'wa by your
deeds, the good deeds".
c.
"Da'wa by your Cleanliness and Friendliness
d.
"Da'wa by your Showing off in Prayer
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
17
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Explain Al-Saadiq’s views about the
Imamah.
a.
Imamah is a pillar of the Islamic faith
b.
Imam Al-Saadiq often explained that the Imams were:
safeguarded by Allah from: Sin,
safeguarded by Allah from: Religious error, and
safeguarded by Allah from: Forgetfulness;
c.
a+b+ and that the Holy Quran had purified Ahlul Bayt, that
they were true Khalifas, the repository of Islamic knowledge.
d.
All Muslims should follow them without exception.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
18
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Review some of the daily routine of
Al-Saadiq
a.
The discourses and discussions, before and after
Asr Salat, then Maghrib
b.
Conducting various endeavors to reach out to the
common man
c.
Debate with numerous people for clarifications
about Faith, Fiqh, Tafseer, and Al-Ah'kaam among
others.
d.
a+b+c+ spending time with family and children.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
19
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Review further daily routines of AlSaadiq
a.
Pursuing his livelihood, including his working in the
fields.
b.
Observing the various occasions such as
Ramadhan, Haj every year, or travel even to
Karbala and Najaf.
c.
Solving people's problems, since he was the
reference (Marji').
d.
a+b+c+ dealing with the paranoid authorities
scared he would call for a revolt against them.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
20
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Describe Al-Mansoor in his early days.
a.
Al Mansoor was one of Benu Abbas.
b.
Long before becoming Khalifa, Al Mansoor was
hunted by Benu Umayya because of his activities
against them.
c.
He disguised himself in order to fool the agents of
Benu Umayya.
d.
a+b+c+ He often posed as a bedouin dodging the
pursuing Benu Umayya from one area to another.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
21
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What is the view of Al-Mansoor about
Al-Saadiq
a.
Al Mansoor made sure to attend the rounds of
discussions of Imam Al Saadiq,
b.
to hear the Hadiths and discussions about various
subjects, and to learn.
c.
a+b+ Al Mansoor greatly admired the limitless
capacity of Imam Al Saadiq's knowledge.
d.
a+b+c+ and because Al-Mansoor was the brotherin-law of Al-Saadiq
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
22
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How was the condition of the Ummah
during Al-Saadiq's time.
a.
There was social well being, vigor, and vitality.
b.
Iraq was called Al Sawaad, meaning the black soil, since not
only its soil was very rich and highly productive. Produce
increased the revenue,
c.
Jiziah levied on the non Muslims, and the Kharaaj, brought
enormous amount of money.
d.
a+b+c+ Yet, the government was huge, bureaucratic, in need
of a tremendous amount of money to finance its various
operation.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
23
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Describe the Media at the time of
Al-Saadiq.
a.
The media consisted of writing by hand, then
copying by hand too,
b.
therefore verbal means of communication was
easier but highly inaccurate.
c.
Literacy was becoming popular and illiteracy was
slowly vanishing.
d.
a+b+c+ Schooling was more or less by tutoring or
holding discourses and circle discussions. This was
done at home or in Mosques.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
24
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How was spreading the authentic
teachings of Islam accomplished?
a.
To spread the true Islamic teachings Ahlul Bayt and Al-Saadiq
worked hard to enlighten the people
b.
a+ Their purpose was two fold:
i.
to enlighten the scholars into Islam as Muhammad had taught it, and
ii.
counteract the misleading information that crept into it
c.
They asked Ibn Abbas to help spread the true Islamic teachings
d.
They asked Mansoor to help spread the true Islamic teachings
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
25
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What did Al-Saadiq emphasize on his
students?
a.
Al-Saadiq emphasized on his students to write down what
they heard from him as soon as possible.
b.
He was afraid that they unintentionally misquote him, add to
or leave out a part of what they heard.
c.
a+b+ The matter was very serious, since it pertained to
man's life in this world and the Hereafter
d.
Al-Saadiq asked to have his speeches video taped
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
26
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Discuss the Golden Chain of Narration.
a.
Thousands of Hadiths were narrated through Ja'far Al-Saadiq.
b.
He often said, "My Hadith is the Hadith of my father, and his
is the Hadith of his father, up to Ali, who directly narrated the
Hadith from Prophet Muhammad (pbuh)."
c.
a+b+ This is called the Golden Chain of Narration.
d.
These Hadiths formed the encyclopedia of Hadith to be used
by all Muslims
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
27
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In his forties Al-Saadiq got married
again. Whom did he marry?
a.
Imam Al-Saadiq got married to Hamidah AlMaghribiyah,
b.
a+ She was a pious woman, who was Andalusian
(Spanish), or from North Africa.
c.
She was a pious woman, from Egypt.
d.
She was a pious woman, from Italy.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
28
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Name the child born to Al-Saadiq and
Hamidah.
a.
Hamidah had a few children, most renowned was
Musa Al-Kadhim.
b.
Al-Kadhim was brilliant and of exceptional qualities.
c.
He became extremely interested in Imam Al
Saadiq's teachings.
d.
a+b+c+ He grew up pious, highly learned, and of
exceptional capacity for patience.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
29
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What was the encounter between AlKadhim and Abu Hanifa?
a.
At an early age, when Al-Kadhim was a lad, he had
a religious dialog with Abu Hanifa about Ah'kaam.
b.
Abu Hanifa was duly impressed and spoke highly
about the potential of Al-Kadhim.
c.
a+b+ Abu Hanifa had come to consult Al-Saadiq,
but met Al-Kadhim instead
d.
Abu Hanifa thought Al-Kadhim was having a child
talk
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
30
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Who is Isma'eel son of Al-Saadiq?
a.
Isma'eel, the first son of Al-Saadiq was held in high
regard by the people for his deep knowledge and
piety.
b.
He was widely regarded as the successor to be to
his father.
c.
Al-Saadiq was very grieved at his death.
d.
a+b+c+ During the funeral procession, Al-Saadiq
made sure for people to see him
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
31
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Isma'eel died in his thirties. Why did
his father, Al-Saadiq, make people
attest to it three times?
a.
During the funeral procession, Al-Saadiq made people attest
to his death by stopping the procession three times.
b.
This he did so that none would later claim otherwise.
c.
People's love for Isma'eel was great, and they expected him
to be the Imam after his father
d.
a+b+c+ Therefore when he died, his father Al-Saadiq wanted
people to attest to the fact that he had died—thus there
would be no claim otherwise.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
32
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Describe the Institute of Ahlul Bayt
when Al-Saadiq was in his sixties.
a.
The Institute of Ahlul Bayt had produced a large number of
scholars who wrote numerous books.
b.
The Institute and its sphere of influence was almost like a
government inside a government,
c.
The Institute was the pride and the very reference of all
seekers of knowledge,
d.
a+b+c+ but, so influential it was that the ruling class
regarded it as a source of grave threat to their security.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
33
Describe the status of the loyalists
(Shi'a or Imamah-Asserters) when
Al-Saadiq was in his sixties.
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a.
Since the loyalists were everywhere, the teachings
of Al-Saadiq were often the core of discussions at
general meetings,
b.
And private gatherings,
c.
a+b+ And Khutba of Jumu'ah Salat, or in tutoring.
d.
And at conventions held in Cairo
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
34
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What is meant by the secondary and
tertiary sources of Al-Saadiq's
teachings?
a.
The secondary sources were the students of Al-Saadiq
b.
The tertiary sources were the students of the students of AlSaadiq
c.
They spread the teachings of Al-Saadiq even further,
d.
a+b+c+ they taught in new places like Iraq, Syria, Persia,
Egypt, North Africa, and Yemen, stimulating the thoughts and
inspiring discussions.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
35
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Give an evaluation of the advice
Al-Saadiq gave to Khalifa Al-Mansoor.
a.
"Have forbearance, for it is the foundation of wisdom
[knowledge].
b.
Control yourself when the power is in your hand; lest you
become like the one who simply avenges his anger and
malice, and the one who relishes to be remembered by his
show of force…..
c.
a+b+ Al Mansoor replied, "You have admonished very well,
and spoken in succinct phrases."
d.
a+b+c+ Al Mansoor replied, "You have impressed me very
much."
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
36
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Mention a few points of advice
Al-Saadiq gave to Ibn Jundub.
a.
Love for the sake of Allah, and despise for the sake of Allah.
b.
Don't be arrogant while being in prosperity, nor be in despair
while being in poverty.
c.
Don't be coarse and rude causing people to dislike your
closeness, nor of weak personality as to drive others to look
down upon you.
d.
a+b+c+ Do not ridicule anybody who in rank is below you,
nor fight people for [getting] their rights, nor obey fools.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
37
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Mention a few more advice Al-Saadiq
gave to Ibn Jundub.
a.
Contact him who had refrained from contacting
you. Be gracious to him who deprives you.
b.
Treat well the one who mistreats you.
c.
Greet the one who insults you.
d.
a+b+c+ And forgive him who wrongs you, as you
wish to be forgiven.
Questions, Al-Saadiq Specifics
38
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