“Public Participation in the
Mediterranean and the framework
of the Barcelona Convention”
Prof. Michael J. Scoullos
University of Athens
Chairman of MIO-ECSDE and GWP-Med
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
Public or stakeholder participation is one
of the facets of a tetrahedron
Public participation
Education for Sustainable
Development
Public awareness
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
Information: a two-way reaction
What information? To whom is the information provided?
By whom? How?
Environmental Information: Trust in information resources
(Eurobarometer 58.0 ‘The attitudes of the Europeans towards the environment’, December 2002)
(%)
50
40
30
20
10
0
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
(1) Environmental Protection
Organisations (2) Scientists
(3) Consumer Organisations
& other Citizen’s
Organisations (4) Television
(5) EU (6) National
government (7) Teachers at
school or university (8)
Regional/local government
(9) Political parties standing
for environment (10)
Newspapers (11)
Family/friends/colleagues
(12) none of them (13) DK
(14) The radio (15) Trade
Unions (16) Companies
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Participatory process = an evolving process
0. No participatory practices at all.
1. Passive provision of unsystematic, arbitrarily selected information on environmental issues
passed by the authorities to the public. Passive, uncoordinated environmental education
projects developed ad hoc.
2. Acceptance of need for information flow on environmental issues by the authorities.
3. Participation of NGOs to information campaigns on conservation and restoration issues.
4. “Active” information: responding to requests by the public. Various means for access to
selected information held by the authorities on environment and development issues.
5. Financial support to joint information campaigns and selected NGO projects. Introduction
of environmental education projects in selected schools or groups. Systematic large scale
awareness campaigns.
6. Consultations and ad hoc dialogue between citizens groups, NGOs, local authorities and
the State without secured follow-up. Environmental education in curricula and/or coordinated
networks and programmes.
7. Facilitation and advocacy by the authorities for access of independent civil groups and
NGOs to international funds for projects or their operation, with no strings attached.
8. Facilitation mechanisms for participation of the public in the assessment of EIAs.
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Participatory process = an evolving process
9. Active participation of the public through transparent mechanisms in drafting
“sustainability charters”/Local Agenda 21, etc.
10. Full access of the public to the environmental and development information base of the
State.
11. Participation of groups in the monitoring of implementation and management of
sustainability plans.
12. Institutionalisation of 7.
13. Financing of projects and plans for “independent assessments” (counter-assessments) or
counter-EIAs for controversial projects.
14. Institutionalisation of 10.
15. Access of public groups to justice including cases of liability and compensations for
environmental damages.
16. Access of public groups to supporting funds and credit for operation and projects by
national and international sources with no strings attached.
17. Full partnership in a balanced governance with full support to NGOs, local authorities
and the public for a participation on equal footing.
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
The “participatory process” = an evolving process
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Representation of the situation of public participation in
the Mediterranean region
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
The situation of
public participation
in the Mediterranean
~ an ellipsis
shape, basically due
to the lack of
institutionalisation
of the participatory
processes,
inadequate funding,
lack of access to
credit, etc. (the
‘ideal’ scheme is the
one of a “growing”
circle)
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
The most basic “root” problems
delaying the progress in the area of the participatory processes in the Mediterranean
are the following:
- Lacking or inadequate legal, institutional framework providing for public
participation (including access to information, access to decision making and
justice);
- Inadequate administrative infrastructures coupled with limited resources to cope
technically with the requests by the public;
- Lack of coordination among the various administrative sectors and public agencies,
reducing their ability to be efficient and participatory even with other departments or
services;
- Fragmentation of NGO and civil society initiatives and weak structures, particularly
at national level, where most of the environmentally critical decisions are made;
- Reluctance by the authorities to provide information to the public even when this is
technically and legally feasible due to lack of acceptance by many authorities and
the majority of civil servants of the civil groups and NGOs as legitimate “partners”. In
most Mediterranean countries the representatives of the public do not enjoy yet, in
practice, the respect and attention by the authorities which they should, despite the
generous statements and declarations of good intent by the governments.
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
The participatory procedures in several Mediterranean countries
are directly or indirectly linked to:
1. The functioning of Regional, Prefectural or Local Councils where NGOs are
invited to participate on permanent or occasional basis for all or specific issues.
2. Public debates on EIAs (Environmental Impact Assessments) in many of the
cases where these assessments are part of the administrative practice and
definitely in the EU Mediterranean countries.
3. Committees supervising or monitoring important projects e.g. on protected areas,
etc., and particularly those funded by the EU or other International bodies such
as the EIB, WB, METAP, etc.
4. National Commissions on Sustainable Development or Local Agenda 21 projects.
5. The provisions of the Water Framework Directive –WFD, (for the European
Mediterranean countries) ensuring active participation of all stakeholders
including NGOs and local communities in water management.
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Examples*
Existing measures to promote environmental Information:
Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, France, Malta, Tunisia, and in various forms in other countries
Legislation for access to information:
Cyprus, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain
Environmental institutions for promoting information, education and awareness
raising activities: Algeria, Egypt, Greece, Morocco, and in various forms in other
countries
National legislation for involvement of the public in the decision-making process:
Albania (legislation in pipeline), Bosnia-Herzegovina, Israel, Spain
Involvement of the public in the decision-making process:
Lebanon (not at local level); Croatia, Malta, Syria (through EIA process); France (at
local level); Tunisia (largely through NGOs and local authorities).
NGOs Backing: in various forms in most countries
Co-operation of NGOs with national institutions: in various degrees and patterns in
many countries
“Strategic Review for Sustainable Development in the Mediterranean Region”, UNEP/MAP, Athens, 2001
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
The existing participatory procedures at regional level
1. Barcelona Convention: MAP Partners
2. The Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable Development (MCSD) – equal
footing in a wide-based membership structure.
3. The Comité de Suivi (CdS) – a major NGO platform for coordinated input to
SMAP/EuroMed process.
4. The Euro-Mediterranean Civil Forum (through the newly established EuroMediterranean Non Governmental Platform)
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
Public Participation provisions
in the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
Barcelona Convention & Protocols: Original Texts
Text
Barcelona Convention
Public Participation
Reference
No reference
DUM
No reference
PEM
No reference
LBS
?
SPB
No reference
OFF
No reference
HAW
Remarks
Not possible to
access the text
on line
Reference is
made to
information
provision
(reports,
publications,
etc) to the
Organisation –
Article 14
Online text is
only the
amended
version
Public Participation provisions
in the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
Barcelona Convention & Protocols: Amended Texts
Text
Public Participation Reference
Barcelona
Convention
DUM
Article 15 (Public Information & Participation)
PEM
Article 3 § 2 (General Provisions) (“…participation
of local authorities, non-governmental
organisations and socio-economic actors…”)
Article 8 (Monitoring) (“…and make access to the
public of the findings…”)
Annex IV, B § a (Best Environmental Practice)
(“…provision of information and education to the
public and to users about…”); § e (“…making
collection and disposal systems available to the
public…”)
LBS
No reference
SPB
SPA & Biodiversity
OFF
HAW
Article 19 § 2 (Publicity, Information, Public
Awareness & Education) (“…participation of the
public…”)
Annex 1, A § a (General Principles) (“…scientific
research, education, participation, collaboration,
is highly desirable…”)
Annex 1, B § 4b (General Features) (“…active
participation of the public in general…”)
No reference
Article 12 (Information and Participation of the
Public)
Remarks
Public Participation provisions
in the text of the Barcelona Convention
Article 15: Public Information and Participation
1. The Contracting Parties shall ensure that their competent authorities
shall give to the public appropriate access to information on the
environmental state in the field of application of the Convention and the
Protocols, on activities or measures adversely affecting or likely to affect
it and on activities carried out or measures taken in accordance with the
Convention and the Protocols.
2. The Contracting Parties shall ensure that the opportunity is given to the
public to participate in decision-making processes relevant to the field of
application of the Convention and the Protocols, as appropriate.
3. The provision of paragraph 1. of this Article shall not prejudice the right of
Contracting Parties to refuse, in accordance with their legal systems and
applicable international regulations, to provide access to such
information on the ground of confidentiality, public security or
investigation proceedings, stating the reasons for such a refusal.
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
ALBANIA
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Aarhus[1] Convention is ratified and
its principles are included in the new
legislation approved since and
within 2002 and 2003
Accessed the amended Convention and
the six Protocols on 11 Nov 2000 by Law
No 8690 on ‘Adherence of Republic of
Albania to the Convention for the
Protection of the Mediterranean Sea
against pollution and its six protocols’;
ratified the Aarhus Convention in Oct
2000
DUM
No legislation
PEM
No legislation
Reference to participation and public
participation made only with regard to
specific projects
LBS
No legislation
SPB
No legislation
OFF
No legislation
HAW
No legislation
[1]
UNECE Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 1998)
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
ALGERIA
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
DUM
Legislation on public
participation
Remarks
Laws 02-02/ of 5/2/2003 and 3-10/
of 19/7/2003
Adhered on 26/01/1980 and in force since
18/03/1981
Loi n° 03-10 du 19 juillet 2003
relative à la protection de
l'environnement dans le
cadre du développement durable
(Section 2 :Pro tection de la mer,
Art. 52 )
Ratified on 17/01/1981; in force since 15/04/1981;
reference is made to reinforcing public
participation as a measure to protect the
environment
PEM
Ratified on 17/01/1981 and in force since
15/04/1981; the amended version was signed in
Jan 2002
LBS
Adhered on 11/12/1982 and in force on
17/06/1983; reference to public participation is
made with the view to establish a regional
programme on the topic as part of the Protocol’s
overall programme for strategic actions
SPB
Ratified on 05/01/1985 and in force on
23/03/1986; amended version signed on
10/06/1995
OFF
Signed on 10/06/1995
HAW
Only signed on 01/10/1996
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA
BARCELONA
COVNENTION
DUM
PEM
LBS
SPB
OFF
HAW
Legislation on public participation
Law 33/03 on Environmental Protection
(2003)
Remarks
Article 10 refers to public
participation and access to
information; constitutionally
environmental management falls
under the entity governments
and is not institutionalised on the
state level; the amendments to
the Convention have not yet
been ratified; no bilateral or
multilateral agreements relevant
to the terms of the Convention
and Protocols have been signed
No Protocols were signed or
ratified during the revision period
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
CROATIA
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
DUM
PEM
LBS
SPB
OFF
HAW
Legislation on public participation
Article 46 of the Constitution;
Ordinance on Env.l Impact
Assessment; Constitution Provisions
of the Standing Order of the Chamber
of Deputies of the Parliament (Official
Gazette No 99/1995)
Remarks
Ratified the amended version on
27 Nov 1998, Official Gazette
International Treaties No
17/1998; signed the Aarhus
Convention on 25/06/1998
Ratified amended versionOfficial Gazette, International
Treaties No 17/1998 (27 Nov
1998)
Ratified amended versionOfficial Gazette, International
Treaties No 12/2003 (13 Jun
2003)
Acceded in amended version –
Official Gazette, International
Treaties No 12/1993 (8 Oct
1991)
Ratified-Official Gazette,
International Treaties No
11/2001 (26 Sep 2001)
Signed it in 1994
Has not signed it
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
CYPRUS
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
DUM
PEM
LBS
SPB
OFF
HAW
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
Directive 2003/35/EC – Legislation
for the transposition of the directive is
not reported
Law No.119(I)2004 on Public
Access to Environmental
Information ensures the right of
access to environmental
information held by or for public
authorities and that this
information is progressively
being made available to the
public;
no ratification of amended or
new versions of the Convention
or the Protocols is mentioned
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
EC
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
Directives 2003/4/EC on Public access to
Environmental Information (repealing
Council Directive 90/313/EEC) and
2003/35/EC; The same directive
amends, with regard to public
participation and access to justice, the
European Council Directives 85/337/EC
and 96/61/EC
Ratified 16/03/1978; Directive
2003/35/EC of 26/05/2003 to
adapt Community provision to
Aarhus Convention requirements
DUM
Ratified 16/03/1978
PEM
Ratified 12/08/1981
LBS
Adoption of Guidance Document No.08
on Public Participation as part of the
WFD implementation
Ratified 07/10/1983
SPB
Ratified 30/06/1984; ratified SPA &
Biodiversity on 12/11/1999
OFF
Not signed nor ratified
HAW
Not signed nor ratified
New Emergency
Protocol
Signed on 25/01/2002; ratified in
2004
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
FRANCE
BARCELONA
CONVENTIO
N
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
Article L-110-1 4 of the Code of the Environment
covers the participation and access to environmental
information. The latter is dealt specifically under
Chapter IV, Article L 124-1 and Law No 78-753 of
17/7/1978. Other references are made in Articles L
121-1, L 121-15, L 123-1, L123-16 and L 300-2
Ratified 11/03/1978;
accepted amendments
on 16/04/2001
DUM
Ratified 11/03/1978;
accepted amendments
on 16/04/2001
PEM
Ratified 11 Mar 1978,
ratified new one on
02/07/2003
LBS
Ratified 13/07/1982
SPB
Ratified 02/09/1986;
ratified SPA &
Biodiversity on
02/04/2001
OFF
Not ratified
HAW
Not ratified
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
GREECE
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
EU Directive 2003/35/EC, on public participation
in certain environmental decision-making, has
been partly harmonized with the national
legislation-except for the part referring to access
to justice-by the JMD 37111/2021/2003 on “Public
information and participation in environmental
approval of plans and activities, according to
paragraph 2, article 3 of Law 3010/2002” (Article
3 of the abovementioned JMD has
been corrected and article 4 has been amended
by the JMD 49987/231/2002)
Ratified amendments with Law
3022/2002 Government Gazette
144A/19.06.2002; signed Aarhus
Convention on 25/06/1998 and
ratification was meant to be done in
2005
DUM
PEM
LBS
Ratified amendments with Law
3022/2002 Government Gazette
144A/19.06.2002
SPB
OFF
HAW
New Emergency
Protocol
Signed on 25/01/2002; ratification
pending
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
ITALY
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
Law 108/2001 (Aarhus Convention
ratification); numerous relevant
national provisions
Ratified 03/02/1979; accepted
amendments on 07/09/1999;
ratified Aarhus Convention in
June 2001 with Law 108/2001
DUM
Ratified 03/02/1979; accepted
amendments on 07/09/1999
PEM
Ratified 03/02/1979
LBS
Ratified 04/07/1985; accepted
amendments on 07/09/1999
SPB
Ratified 04/07/1985; ratified SPA
& Biodiversity on 07/09/1999
OFF
Only signed on 14/10/1994
HAW
Ratification process started
26/06/2003
New Emergency
Protocol
Ratification process started on
26/06/2003
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
ISRAEL
Legislation on public participation
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Remarks
The Representation of Environmental
Public Bodies Law (Legislative
Amendments) passed in November
2002.
DUM
PEM
LBS
SPB
OFF
HAW
New Emergency
Protocol
Signed on 22/01/2003
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
LIBYA
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public
participation
Remarks
No legislation reported
Ratified on 31/01/1979; ratification of amended
version of the Convention or the Protocols is under
progress; it is stated that in principle the Libya
People are involved in all decision making process
and have access to public information; no other
reference is made to public participation
DUM
Ratified on 31/01/1979
PEM
Has accepted initial version and amended one but
has not signed nor ratified them
LBS
Ratified on 06/06/1989; has accepted the
amended version but has not signed nor ratified it
SPB
Has accepted the amended version but has not
signed nor ratified it
OFF
Has accepted it but has not signed not ratified it
HAW
Has accepted it but has not signed nor ratified it
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
MONACO
Legislation on public participation
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Remarks
No legislation reported
DUM
PEM
Ratified the amended Protocol on 3 April 2002
LBS
SPB
OFF
HAW
MOROCCO
Legislation on public participation
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Law No 12-03 of 12/5/2003 on EIA ; provision of
articles 9 and 50
Remarks
Ratified on 07/11/1979; accepted amended version
on 20/11/1997
DUM
Ratified on 07/11/1979; signed new version on
25/01/2002 but has not ratified it
PEM
Ratified on 07/11/1979
LBS
Ratified on 14/11/1986
SPB
Ratified on 07/05/1990; SPA & biodiversity signed on
10/06/1995 and ratification in progress
OFF
Has not signed; adhered on 01/07/1999
HAW
Ratified on 15/05/1999
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
SERBIA & MONTENEGRO
Legislation on public
participation
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Article 2 of the
Constitution of the
Republic of Montenegro;
Law on Environment
(Article 7, 42).
Remarks
Federal Republic of Yugoslavia ratified the
Convention in 1976; FR of Yugoslavia regulated the
contractual rights and obligations concerning the
Barcelona Convention and its Protocols based on
the Declaration of Succession on 27/04/1992;
finalisation of the membership reactivation for
Serbia & Montenegro in September 2003
DUM
Ratified by FR of Yugoslavia; ratification is pending
PEM
Ratified by FR of Yugoslavia; ratification is pending
LBS
Reference to public
participation when
assessing pollution levels
along the coast as listed
in article 8 of the Protocol
Ratification is pending; public participation is article
2 of Montenegro’s Constitution; reference is often
made to public participation but with regard to
environmental impact assessments
SPB
Ratification is pending
OFF
Ratification is pending
HAW
Ratification is pending
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
SLOVENIA
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
Aarhus Convention adopted in 2004
(OJRS No 62/04); Environmental
Protection Act Article 60
Ratified on 15/03/1994; accepted amendments on
08/01/2003; extensive reference to public
participation while reporting on the Convention’s
implementation
DUM
Ratified on 15/03/1994; accepted amendments
08/01/03
PEM
Water Act (OJ RS, No 67/02) includes
public participation in water management
for the implementation of Article 4.1 of the
Protocol
Ratified on 15/03/1994
LBS
Water Act (OJ RS, No 67/02) includes
public participation in water management
for the implementation of Articles 5.2, 5.3,
and 5.4 of the Protocol
Ratified on 16/09/1993; accepted amendments on
08/01/2003
SPB
Nature Conservation Act (OJ RS No
56/99, 31/00 in 119/02) and new Nature
Conservation Act (OJ RS, No 96/04) refer
to participation of local communities
(article 131 of the Act)
Ratified on 16/09/1993; ratified the SPA &
biodiversity on 08/01/2003
OFF
Has not signed nor ratified it
HAW
Has not signed nor ratified it
New Emergency
Protocol
Ratified on 16/01/2004
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
SPAIN
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public
participation
Remarks
Spain is active in this field.
However no legislation is
reported.
Public participation is mentioned only with
reference to the Aarhus Convention which it
signed on 25/06/1998
DUM
PEM
Signed the new Emergency Protocol on
25.01.02 but has not ratified it as yet
LBS
SPB
OFF
Signed it on 14/10/1994 but has not ratified
it until the end of 2003
HAW
Has not entered into force nor ratified until
the end of 2003
New Emergency
Protocol
Signed on 25/01/2002 but not ratified until
the end of 2003
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
SYRIA
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
Legislation on public
participation
Remarks
No legislation is reported
Ratified on 26/12/1978; ratified amended
version on 10/10/2003
DUM
Ratified on 26/12/1978; has not ratified the
amended version
PEM
Ratified on 26/12/1978
LBS
Ratified on 01/12/1993; has not ratified the
amended version
SPB
Ratified on 11/09/1992; ratified the SPA &
Biodiversity on 10/10/2003
OFF
Not ratified yet
HAW
Not ratified yet
New Emergency
Protocol
Not ratified yet
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
TUNISIA
BARCELONA
CONVENTION
DUM
PEM
LBS
SPB
OFF
HAW
Legislation on public participation
Remarks
The Code for management of territory
requires public consultation
With Law No.98-15 of 23 Feb 1998
ratified the initial and amended
versions of the Convention and the
Protocols; there is no reference to the
PEM Protocol
Legislation relating to public participation deriving from the implementation
of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols
CONCLUSION:
There is some recent progress in implementation and in
compliance but still there is need for
 “on the ground” enforcement
 strengthening of the enabling environment
 change of the relevant “culture” for full and proper
implementation, which is still lagging behind
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
The existing, supported by MIO-ECSDE initiatives to
strengthen public participation and relevant functions
MEdIES
Education for
Sustainable
Development
COMJESD
COMPSUD
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
COMJESD
Circle of Mediterranean Journalists for Environment and
Sustainable Development
Aim:
to be an active informal forum through which the regular exchange of information and
views about crucial Mediterranean environmental and sustainable development issues
will be further promoted and enhanced,
to contribute to the promotion of capacity building of media professionals and to the
organization of joint and concerted actions so that information and communication
experts will be encouraged and facilitated in their scope of sensitizing and informing
Mediterranean societies, improving democratic and participatory processes and in
linking more effectively the flow of information produced by scientists, NGOs,
etc. to decision-making and social learning.
Meetings on Dialogue on the protection of the Mediterranean environment and
prospects for the sustainable development of the region (Athens, 2002; Cartagena,
2003; Istanbul, 2004; Lebanon, 2005; Cairo (to take place in November 2006)) with the
participation not only of the environmental journalists but also relevant stakeholders,
including Mediterranean Parliamentarians, members of NGOs and others.
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
COMPSUD
Circle of Mediterranean Parliamentarians for
Sustainable Development
COMPSUD was created in December 2002 in the wake of the Johannesburg World
Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), which reaffirmed sustainable
development as a central element of the international agenda and emphasized the
important role of partnerships and dialogue among the various stakeholders,
including Parliamentarians and politicians at large.
The Circle is an open, flexible and light structure, aiming to promote suitable
mechanisms to support the dialogue among Members of Parliaments (from EU
and non-EU Mediterranean countries), politicians and other Stakeholders on the
protection of the Mediterranean environment and the necessary socio-economic
conditions for the sustainable development of the region.
Meetings:1st (founding) Athens, Greece (2002); Cartagena, Spain (2003); Istanbul,
Turkey (October, 2004), Beirut, Lebanon (2005); Cairo, Egypt (to take place in
November 2006).
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Education for Sustainable
Development (ESD) as a
double pyramid
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Environmental Education (EE) in the various
Mediterranean countries
Integration of environmental topics and issues in the school
curricula subjects in most of the Mediterranean countries:
France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Malta, Morocco, Portugal, Tunisia,
Turkey (primary).
Separate courses on environment & environment as a
transversal topic for teaching: Greece (optional), Jordan, Spain,
Tunisia, Turkey (secondary-optional)
Extra-curricula programmes/Thematic Networks on EE with high
involvement and contribution of NGOs: in almost all countries
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
Example of a Regional Network on EE and ESD: MEdIES
(Mediterranean Education Initiative for Environment &
Sustainability)
A Type II Initiative launched during the WSSD (Johannesburg, 2002) to
facilitate the educational community of the Mediterranean Region to
contribute to the endeavours towards Agenda 21 through the successful
implementation of educational materials on Education for Sustainable
Development.
MEdIES Core Group: Greek Ministry for Environment, Physical
Planning & Public Works, Italian Ministry for Environment & Territory,
UNESCO, UNEP/MAP, GWP- Med, MIO-ECSDE.
MEdIES Task Group: 39 members (NGOs, IGOs, Ministries/Agencies,
Educational Institutions) from Mediterranean countries
MEdIES Network of Educators: www.medies.net
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
“Public Participation in the Mediterranean and the framework of the Barcelona Convention”
MEdIES Activities
- Publications: ‘Water in the Mediterranean’ (published in 6 languages),
‘Wastes in our lives’ (Greek publication/ English version in 2nd drafting),
‘Handbook on methods used in EE and ESD’, Proceedings of Conferences,
Newsletters on EE in the Mediterranean (Sustainable Mediterranean No 30 and
34).
- Training Seminars for educators (formal and non-formal), Conferences &
Meetings: Athens, December 2002 (regional); Athens, October 2003 (national);
Rome, March 2004 (national); Istanbul 2004 (national); Cairo 2004 (national),
Lebanon 2005 (national), etc.
-Webpage www.medies.net providing, inter alia,
- library with all MEdIES educational materials and basic documents on
EE/ESD, available for the members of the MEdIES Network
- updated information & news, announcements for meetings and competitions,
calls for projects, reports of meetings and conferences, etc.
- interactive platform for online communication among the Network’s members
through the webpage.
“The legal aspects of the Barcelona Convention and its Protocols”
A Mediterranean seminar on the practical elements of implementation
Athens, Greece, 26-27 October 2006
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