Where did human ancestors walk upright about
3 to 4 million years ago?
A. Nile River Valley
B. Eastern Asia
C. Western Europe
D. Eastern Africa
Answer
Human ancestors known as Homo Sapiens
emerged between –
A. 1 billion to 5 billion years ago
B. 1 million to 4 million years ago
C. 100, 000 to 400,000 years ago
D. 25,000 to 1,000 years ago
Answer
Which of the following best describes the
migration of Homo Sapiens?
A. Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas
B. Africa to India, Australia, and the Americas
C. Europe to Africa, Australia, and the Americas
D. Australia to Africa, Eurasia, and the Americas
Answer
Which of the following is not a method used by
archaeologists to study early peoples?
A. Locate human remains
B. Analyze fossils and artifacts
C. Use scientific testing such as carbon dating
D. Rely on folklore and historical novels
Answer
During the New Stone Age, people learned to do
all of the following except –
A. Grow crops
B. Make cloth
C. Read and write
D. Domesticate animals
Answer
Old Stone Age people moved from place to place
in order to find –
A. Pastures for their herds
B. Places to build cities
C. Fertile farmland
D. New food supplies
Answer
Early humans were able to survive in a harsh
environment because –
A. They traveled individually
B. They created primitive tools
C. They stayed mobile, with no base camp
D. They had highly developed brains
Answer
Which map projection is most used by airline
pilots’?
A. Mercator
B. Interrupted
C. Robinson
D. Polar
Answer
Lines that run vertically from north to south used
to locate places on a map are lines of –
A. Longitude
B. Place
C. Latitude
D. Projections
Answer
Lines that run from east to west used to locate
places on a map are lines of –
A. Direction
B. Latitude
C. Longitude
D. Place
Answer
The early writings of the Egyptians using pictures
to stand for objects was called—
A. Cuneiform
B. Alphabetic
C. Clay tablet
D. Hieroglyphics
Answer
The Sumerian writing system of wedge – shaped
markings is called—
A. Cuneiform
B. Alphabetic
C. Clay tablets
D. Hieroglyphics
Answer
The ancient Egyptian civilization was located on
the –
A. Ganges in Asia
B. Nile in Africa
C. Hwang He in Asia
D. Congo in Africa
Answer
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a
civilization?
A. Writing and record keeping
B. Specialized workers
C. Nomadic hunters and gatherers
D. Cities
Answer
In early societies, leadership was often provided
by –
A. Priests
B. Craftsmen
C. Artisans
D. Farmers
Answer
The Phoenicians improved upon hieroglyphics and cuneiform
to create—
A. The alphabet
B. The number system
C. The standing loom
D. The first maps
Answer
Where did the first cities emerge?
A. Along trade routes
B. In river valleys
C. Along the Mediterranean coast
D. In the Americas
Answer
“If the Nile smells the earth is joyous, every stomach
is full of rejoicing.” This quotation from an ancient
Egyptian hymn shows that the
Egyptians regarded the Nile as the –
A. Source of all their troubles
B. Main highway connecting Upper and Lower Egypt
C. Barrier that protected them from foreign attack
D. Geographic feature that made agriculture possible
Answer
Which of the following is a true statement about
the pharaohs?
A. They were believed to be sons of the god Osiris
B. Their power was limited by Egyptian law
C. They owned and controlled all of the land in Egypt
D. Only men could rule in Egypt
Answer
The Fertile Crescent extended from the –
A. Pacific Ocean to the Yellow River
B. Red Sea to the Nile Delta
C. Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea
D. Bay of Bengal to the Indus River
Answer
One important difference between the Hebrews
and other people of ancient Middle East was that
they (the Hebrews) –
A. Believed in the principle of “an eye for an eye”
B. Were monotheistic
C. Migrated into the Jordan River Valley
D. Built a massive temple
Answer
Hammurabi’s code was a major achievement
because it –
A. Was a record of all existing laws
B. Treated citizens and slaves as equals
C. Ended all physical punishment
D. Rejected the principle of “an eye for an eye and a tooth
for a tooth”
Answer
Which ancient civilization was most
known for this structure?
A. Babylonia
B. Rome
C. Egypt
D. Greece
Answer
Read the excerpt from the book of Genesis and
answer the questions that follow
“I will give you many descendants, and some of them will be kings. You will
have so many descendants that they will become nations…. I will keep my
promise to you and your descendants in the future generations as an
everlasting covenant. I will be the god and the god of your descendants.”
From this passage, there is evidence to support that the
Hebrew became—
A. Atheist
B. Agnostic
C. Polytheistic
D. Monotheistic
Answer
 Below are laws from the Hammurabi’s Code. Read
the code and answer the following questions.
21. If a man make a breach in [breaks into] a house, they shall put him to
death in front of that breach, and they shall bury him there.
25. If a fire breaks out in a man’s house and a man who goes to extinguish it
cast his eye on the household property of the owner of the house, that
man shall be thrown into the fire.
26. If either an officer or a constable who is ordered to go on an errand of the
king do not go, or if he hire a substitute and he carry out his task, that
officer or constable shall be put to death. His hired substitute shall take
himself his house.
128. If a man takes a wife and do not draw up a contact with her, that
woman is not a wife.
What do laws 21 and 25 tell you about the
importance Babylonians placed on household
property?
A. Little importance
B. Great importance
C. No importance
D. Cannot be answered from this reading
Answer
What law indicated that a legal contract was
necessary between husband and wife?
A. 21
B. 25
C. 26
D. 128
Answer
What law suggests that the power of the king was
absolute?
A.
B.
C.
D.
21
25
26
128
Answer
What was the penalty for disobeying the king?
A. Death
B. Exile
C. Imprisonment
D. Enslavement
Answer
About 1500 BC, the Aryans traveled through
Hindu Kush Mountains to invade—
A. Eastern Europe
B. The Indus River Valley
C. The Deccan Plateau
D. East Asia
Answer
Which of the following mountain ranges formed a
barrier across northern India?
A. Vindhyas
B. Eastern Ghats
C. Western Ghats
D. Himalayas
Answer
The first Indian civilization developed in the –
A. Deccan Plateau
B. Indus River Valley
C. Ganges River Valley
D. Hindu Kush
Answer
Hinduism developed out of the –
A. Buddhist tradition
B. Teachings of Vishnu
C. Religious beliefs of the Aryans
D. Zoroastrian tradition
Answer
Hindus believe that the cycle of reincarnation
continues for an individual soul until—
A. All souls reach perfection
B. The end of the world
C. The god Shiva returns to reward the good and punish the
wicked
D. That soul achieve moksha or union with Brahman
Answer
To learn about the basic beliefs of Buddhism, a
scholar would study—
A. The Vedas and Upanishads
B. The collected writings of Confucius
C. The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path
D. The Way and its Power
Answer
The emperor Asoka’s most lasting achievement
was –
A. Conquering Kalinga
B. Encouraging the spread of Buddhism
C. Writing a code of ethics for doctors
D. Uniting the Gupta Empire
Answer
Which of the following was not a characteristic of
the Aryan social system?
A. The system was composed of four major classes
B. People could move freely from one group to another
C. Certain duties were assigned to each group
D. Each large group was composed of smaller groups based
on occupation
Answer
Which of the following was not a characteristic of
the Gupta Empire?
A. Achievements in mathematics and literature
B. New textiles
C. Support for Christianity
D. Movement of ideas to other countries
Answer
When the Aryan and Indian culture blended, what
religion resulted?
A. Vedic
B. Buddhism
C. Hinduism
D. Christianity
Answer
The figure shown above represents
which major world religion?
A. Christianity
B. Buddhism
C. Islam
D. Hinduism
Answer
The figure pictured above represents what
religion?
A. Shinto
B. Christianity
C. Hinduism
D. Judaism
Answer
The Zhou claimed they were given the Mandate of
Heaven, which meant—
A. The Zhou people would go straight to heaven if they died
B. They could establish a feudalism system without asking a
high priest.
C. They had the approval of the gods to rule.
D. They could communicate with the gods by using dragon
bones.
Answer
Where did the first civilization in China develop?
A. In Manchuria
B. Along the Yangtze River
C. Along the Hwang He
D. In the foothills of the Himalayas
Answer
Confucius was most concerned with –
A. Teaching a code of moral conduct
B. Increasing the power of the emperor
C. Abolishing social classes
D. Showing people how to reach nirvana
Answer
The Great Wall of China was built to protect China
from invasion by –
A. Huns
B. Nomadic tribes
C. Japanese samurai
D. Russian Cossacks
Answer
Candidates for the Chinese civil service needed a
thorough knowledge of—
A. Science and mathematics
B. The Confucian classics
C. The teachings of Buddha
D. World Geography
Answer
Who was the founder of the Taoist system of
thought practiced in Ancient China?
A. Laozi
B. Sima Quian
C. Emperor Wudi
D. King Yu
Answer
Taoism was most concerned with –
A. Family relationships
B. The individual in society
C. The individual in harmony with nature
D. Social order and structure
Answer
Which of the following was not a contribution of
the Tang dynasty to the Golden Age of China?
A. Development of printing
B. Encouragement of literature
C. Development of Shintoism
D. Influencing of Korea and Japan
Answer
Which of the following connected China to the
Western World and Rome?
A. Grand Canal
B. Suez Canal
C. South China Road
D. Silk Road
Answer
Which two religions were introduced to Japan
from China?
A. Buddhism and Shintoism
B. Hinduism and Buddhism
C. Confucianism and Hinduism
D. Buddhism and Confucianism
Answer
The state religion of early Japan that venerated
(worshipped) the emperor was—
A. Zen Buddhism
B. Buddhism
C. Shintoism
D. Confucianism
Answer
What structure is shown?
A. Great Wall
B Appian Way
C. Silk Road
D. Roman aqueduct
Answer
What structure is shown?
A. Mosque
B. Pagoda
C. Cathedral
D. Ziggurat
Answer
The mountainous land in Greece encouraged the
Greeks to—
A. Adopt the Phoenician alphabet
B. Live in a small isolated communities
C. Worship the goddess Athena
D. Follow a peaceful way of life
Answer
Ancient Greece was located between the Aegean
Sea and the –
A. Black Sea
B. Red Sea
C. Atlantic Ocean
D. Mediterranean Sea
Answer
Which of the following was a positive impact of
the location of Ancient Greece?
A. It promoted unity among all Greeks
B. It provided protection from invasion by sea
C. It promoted contacts trade and exchange of ideas
D. It provided a direct sea route to China
Answer
What was the impact of poor farmland on Ancient
Greece?
A. The Greeks began to colonize land outside Greece
B. The Greeks were constantly invaded by migrants from the
Fertile Crescent
C. The Greeks were forced to irrigate the deserts
D. The Greeks attacked the Macedonians
Answer
The Greek myths were important because these
stories explained—
A. The coming of the Dark Ages to Greece
B. The creation of the universe and the mysteries of nature
C. The adventure of Spartans
D. The growth of the Greek dynasty and empire
Answer
What products were traded by the Greek citystates with their colonies?
A. Pottery for cotton and wine
B. Wine and olives for grain
C. Wool for cheese and dairy products
D. Iron weapons for seafood
Answer
The ancient Greeks developed each of the
following forms of government except—
A. Democracy
B. Aristocracy
C. Monarchy
D. Theocracy
Answer
The first Athenian law code was drawn up by –
A. Pericles
B. Poseidon
C. Xerxes
D. Draco
Answer
A form of government in which there is rule by a
small group of nobles is called—
A. Monarchy
B. Aristocracy
C. Tyranny
D. Democracy
Answer
The government in which power lies in the hands
of all citizens is—
A. A democracy
B. An oligarchy
C. A polis
D. A tyranny
Answer
A Greek city- state and the surrounding villages
and fields was called—
A. A polis
B. An acropolis
C. The Parthenon
D. A helot
Answer
An immediate result of the Persian Wars was that
Athens—
A. Became part of the Persian Empire
B. Lost control of the Delian League
C. Abandoned plans to conquer Sparta
D. Emerged as the leading Greek city- state
Answer
After what war did Pericles rebuild Athens?
A. Pelloponnesian
B. Persian
C. Spartan
D. Salamis
Answer
What organization was formed after the Persian
Wars by Athens as a defense against external
enemies?
A. Delian League
B. Spartan /Athens League
C. Peloponnesian League
D. Macedonian League
Answer
“I will give no deadly medicine to anyone if
asked….”This advice to physicians comes from the
teachings of –
a.
b.
c.
d.
Pythagoras
Thales
Archimedes
Hippocrates
Answer
The sculptor who carved the statue of Athena for
the Parthenon was—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Plato
Phidias
Aristophanes
Euclid
Answer
The Parthenon at Athens is an example of Greek
innovation in—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Philosophy
Theater
Architecture
Painting
Answer
Which leader helped spread Greek civilization
across the ancient Middle East?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Pericles
Augustus
Xerxes
Alexander
Answer
Alexander the Great conquered an empire that
stretched from—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Macedonia to Greece
Greece to Asia Minor
Egypt to Persia
Greece to the Indus Valley
Answer
 Read the excerpt and answer the following
questions:
 “Our constitution is called a democracy because power is
in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people.
When it is a question of putting one person before
another in positions of public responsibility, what counts
is not a membership of a particular class, but the ability
the man possesses.”
What type of government does Pericles state that
Athens has?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Republic
Democracy
Dictatorship
Monarchy
Answer
In Athens, according to the passage, what is more
important than a person’s position in society?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Where they live
Who their family is
Their religious beliefs
Their abilities
Answer
The laws in Athens regarding private disputes—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Maintained that everyone was equal before the law
Stated that people were guilty until proven innocent
The wealthy could buy justice
The politicians could not be charged in a private suit
Answer
Which ancient civilization was most known for
This type of structure?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Babylonia
China
Egypt
Greece
Answer
Which of the following provided protection for
ancient Rome from northern invaders?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Sicily
Italian Plains
Alps
Carthage
Answer
The religions of Ancient Romans can best be
described as –
a.
b.
c.
d.
Atheism
Deism
Monotheism
Polytheism
Answer
Which of the following was not a Roman god or
goddess?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Zeus
Jupiter
Apollo
Mars
Answer
The Romans adopted the gods of the
___________, but gave them Roman names.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Greeks
Etruscans
Latins
Gauls
Answer
Roman law is important to us today because –
a.
b.
c.
d.
It shows why the empire finally fell apart
It was extremely harsh and unfair to conquered peoples
It did not protect the rights of people accused of crimes
It developed ideas of justice that are the basis of our
legal system
Answer
The Twelve Tables of Law were significant because
they—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Provided Rome with its first written law code
Allowed Roman women to divorce their husbands
Made Rome a republic
Allowed Plebeians to serve in the Senate
Answer
Rome added an important new idea to the law
by—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Recognizing that women had equal rights with men
Allowing judges to write their own law codes
Unifying all of its laws into the Twelve Tables
Considering an accused person innocent until proven
guilty
Answer
The majority of the population consisting of
landowners, townspeople, merchants, and small
farmers were called—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Consuls
Plebeians
Patricians
Tribunes
Answer
The term for the two leaders elected by the
Senate to serve Rome for one year was—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Tribune
Dictator
Consul
Mercenary
Answer
Northern African state that fought three wars
against Rome—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Spartacus
Rubicon
Carthage
Punic
Answer
What was the name of the general who invaded
Italy in 218 B.C. with an army and 60 elephants?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Hannibal
Caesar
Sulla
Tiberius
Answer
The cheap grain and many slaves that were sent
to Rome during the wars of expansion caused
problems for—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Small farmers
Wealthy plebeians
Large landowners
Praetors
Answer
The Roman leader that ked the Rome in the
conquest of Gaul and the British Isles was—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Julius Caesar
Pompey
Augustus Caesar
Hannibale
Answer
Which of the following was not a reason for the
decline of the Roman Republic?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Devaluation of Roman currency
Civil wars over power
Unemployment and migration of small farmers to the
cities
Decline in slavery damaging the agricultural system
Answer
The first Roman to rule the Roman state as an
empire, not a republic, was –
a.
b.
c.
d.
Marc Antony
Augustus
Brutus
Tiberius
Answer
The Pax Romana can be considered the Golden
Age of Rome because it was a time when Rome—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Won control of Italy
Enjoyed stable government
Was ruled by generals
Adopted a democratic form of government
Answer
Which of the following was not an economic
impact of the Pax Romana?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Developed a uniform rule of law
Established a uniform system of money
Guaranteed safe travel and trade
Promoted prosperity and stability
Answer
Apostles and missionaries played an important
role in early Christianity because they—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Were the first popes
Wrote the Nicene Creed
Stopped the persecution begun by Nero
Established and carried Christian teachings to all
Answer
Early Christianity appealed to many because it—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Called for an end to the Roman Empire
Recognized all people as equal before God
Allowed people to follow mystery religions
Allowed women to become bishops
Answer
Which of the following is not part of Christian
beliefs?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Belief in one God
Belief in many gods
Jesus as the Son of God
Life after death
Answer
Which of the following is not part of Judaism?
a.
b.
c.
d.
God’s covenant with his chosen people
Ten Commandments
New Testament
Belief in one God
Answer
As Christianity developed, the leadership of the
Church was assumed by the –
a.
b.
c.
d.
Roman emperor
Bishop of Alexandria
Council of Nicaea
Bishop of Rome
Answer
Unlike followers of other religions in the Roman
Empire, Christians—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Were not tolerated by the government
Believed in a vengeful god
Worshipped the emperor
Rejected the idea of miracles
Answer
One of the greatest accomplishments of Roman
engineering was—
a.
b.
c.
d.
The designs for columns
Inventing the Etruscan arch
The Aqueduct
The works of Galen
Answer
The author of the Aeneid was –
a.
b.
c.
d.
Cicero
Tacitus
Virgil
Horace
Answer
The Greek scholar who developed the scientific
theory that the earth was the center of the
universe was—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Ptolemy
Galen
Virgil
Livy
Answer
Romance languages of Europe such as French and
Spanish were derived from—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Greek
Egyptian
Etruscan
Latin
Answer
All of the following were factors in the fall of the
Roman Empire except—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Economic decline
Political instability caused by ineffective emperors
Invasions of Germanic tribes
The stoic philosophy of Marcus Aurelius
Answer
Historians date the fall of the Roman Empire back
to –
a.
b.
c.
d.
44 b.c.
122 a.d.
284 a.d.
476 a.d.
Answer
Identify this Roman structure.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Pantheon
Constantine’s Arch
Forum
Colosseum
Answer
This symbol represents what religion?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Shinto
Christianity
Hinduism
Judaism
Answer
The capital of the Byzantine Empire was—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Constantinople
Baghdad
Damascus
Rome
Answer
Which religion was adopted by the Russians in the
tenth century?
a.
b.
c.
Byzantine Christianity
Islam
Judaism
d.
Roman Christianity
Answer
Kievan Russia was strongly influenced by the
culture of—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Islam
The Byzantine Empire
The Ottoman Turks
Persia
Answer
Justinian’s Code was a major achievement
because it preserved –
a.
b.
c.
d.
Middle Eastern works on science
Classical Greek plays
Early Christian writing
Roman law
Answer
Which of the following are true statements about
the church of the Byzantine Empire?
I. The emperor was the head of the Church in the
Byzantine Empire
II. Greek was the language of the Byzantine Church
III. The clergy were considered state officials.
IV. Byzantine priests like the clergy in Western Europe
could not marry.
a.
b.
c.
d.
I only
I, II, and III
III and IV
II,III, and IV
Answer
Saint Cyril and Methodius were known as
Apostles to the Slavs because they—
a.
b.
c.
d.
Taught the Slavs to speak Greek
Helped the Slavs overthrow the Mongols
Converted many Slavs into Christianity
Translated the Slavic Bible into Latin

Answer
Which of the following statements best explains
why Constantinople is advantageously located?
a.
b.
c.
d.
It
It
It
It
is situated on a crossroad between Europe and Asia
is located in the Byzantine Empire
lies across from the Ottoman empire
is near to the Sea of Marmara
Answer
Which of the following rulers was responsible for
building Hagia Sophia?
a.
b.
c.
d.
Constantine
Justinian
Ivan III
Muhammad II
Answer
The capital of the Byzantine Empire was located—
A. On the Italian peninsula
B. On the Caspian Sea in southern Russia
C. On a peninsula on the Bosporus Strait
D. In the eastern Mediterranean Sea
Answer
Justinian is best remembered for his
achievements in the field of—
A. Law
B. Religion
C. Art
D. Literature
Answer
How did the Church in the Byzantine Empire and
the Church in Western Europe differ?
A. The head of the Byzantine Church had great political
power
B. Church services in Western Europe were conducted ion
Greek
C. Byzantine emperors refused to accept the authority of the
Pope
D. Byzantine Christians were polytheists
Answer
A representation of Jesus, Mary, or a saint,
common in Byzantine art, was known as—
A. Boyars
B. An icon
C. A patriarch
D. An image
Answer
Which two cities were headquarters of the Roman
Catholic Church and the eastern Orthodox
Church?
A. Constantinople and Kiev
B. Rome and Kiev
C. Athens and Constantinople
D. Rome and Constantinople
Answer
A mosaic is a –
A. Design formed from tiny pieces of colored glass and stone
B. Religious image often painted on wood
C. Style of arch common in Byzantine architecture
D. Weapons developed by the Seljuk Turks
Answer
The Byzantine cathedral, called the “Church of
Holy Wisdom” was the—
A. Boyars
B. Hagia Sofia
C. Taj Majal
D. Vatican
Answer
What led Constantine to choose the site of
Constantinople for his capital?
A. Easy access to Rome and Western Europe
B. Natural protection from attack and major trade route
C. An established Turkish population and religion
D. Rich farm land and major river routes
Answer
Which of the following is true of Byzantine art?
A. Only clergy are shown
B. Landscape is the primary focus
C. Mosaics were popular art forms
D. Simple designs with little color were preferred
Answer
The birthplace of Islam was—
A. The Fertile Crescent
B. The Arabian Peninsula
C. Asia Minor
D. North Africa
Answer
God’s word to Mohammed known as the sacred
book of Islam is—
A. The Tale of Genji
B. The Old Testament
C. The Diamond Sutra
D. The Quran
Answer
According to the Five Pillars of Islam, the first
duty of all Muslims is—
A. Belief in afterlife
B. Belief in one God
C. Pilgrimage to Mecca
D. Loyalty to Muhammad
Answer
The most important part of Islam is belief in—
A. An afterlife
B. The necessity of living a moral life
C. Reincarnation
D. One God
Answer
Who were the People of the Book?
A. Muslims
B. Sunni Muslims
C. Jews and Christians
D. Eastern Orthodox Christians
Answer
A major contribution of scholars from the Islamic
Empire was-A. Inventing the decimal system
B. Studying the Koran
C. Preserving much of the learning of the ancient Greek
world
D. Inventing the Cyrilbetlic alpha
Answer
All of the following are among the Five Pillars of
Islam except –
A. The duty to worship Muhammad as a god
B. The duty to give alms
C. The duty of fasting during Ramadan
D. The duty of making a pilgrimage to Mecca
Answer
Muslims considered the Quran the greatest written
work in Arabic mainly because it—
A. Told the life of Muhammad
B. Established a system of law
C. Protected the People of the Book
D. Was believed to be the word of God
Answer
Which of the following beliefs is held by Muslims,
Jews, and Christians?
A. Belief in reincarnation
B. Belief in Jesus as the messiah
C. Belief in one God
D. Belief in Muhammad
Answer
The split between Sunni and Shiite Muslims began
with disagreement over—
A. The choice of a caliph
B. A belief in one God
C. Acceptance of the Quran
D. The required pilgrimage to Mecca
Answer
Which of the following words best describes
Muslim trade?
A. Extensive
B. Restricted
C. Forbidden
D. Unsuccessful
Answer
According to the Five Pillars of Islam, every
Muslim must—
A. Read the Bible
B. Give alms
C. Belief in many gods
D. Obey official priests
Answer
The economic prosperity of the Islamic Empire
was due largely to—
A. The development of a manor economy
B. The spoils of war
C. Trade and commerce
D. The manufacture of steel swords
Answer
Which of the following issues caused a division
within Islam?
A. Belief in one God
B. Respect for the Quran
C. Requirement of making the hajj to Mecca
D. Choice of a successor to Muhammad
Answer
According to Islam, who is the last great prophet?
A. Jesus
B. Ali
C. Mohammad
D. Moses
Answer
Which of the following was not a great center or
capital of Islam empires?
A. Tours
B. Mecca
C. Damascus
D. Baghdad
Answer
Unlike the Shiites, Sunni Muslims—
A. Accepted the rule of the Umayyads
B. Did not participate in jihads
C. Did not accept the rule by any man who was not a direct
descendant of Mohammed
D. Believed Mecca was a holy city
Answer
At its height, the Muslim empire included all of the
following except—
A. Persia
B. North Africa
C. Spain
D. Italy
Answer
The holy book of Judaism is the—
A. Quran
B. Torah
C. New Testament
D. Gospels
Answer
Muslim armies were stopped in their advances in
Europe at—
A. Mecca
B. Medina
C. Cairo
D. Tours
Answer
What happened to the Muslim Empire in the 10th
century when its power began to fade?
A. Conquered by the Byzantines and Persians
B. Split into caliphates or separate states
C. Defeat by the Tamerlane
D. Overrun by the Monguls from Russia
Answer
The land area between the Red Sea and the
Persian Gulf is—
A. The Balkan Peninsula
B. The Arabian Peninsula
C. Mostly fertile farmland
D. Entirely covered by sand dunes
Answer
Where was the Aztec civilization?
A. Along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico
B. Central Mexico
C. In the Andes
D. On Peru’s Pacific coast
Answer
The Maya religious centers were located on—
A. The Florida peninsula
B. Islands in the Gulf of Mexico
C. Mexico and Central America
D. The East Coast of what is now Brazil
Answer
Mayans developed an accurate solar calendar so
they could—
A. Plant crops at the proper time
B. Hold religious ceremonies at the correct moment
C. Build pyramids on schedule
D. Record historical events
Answer
Which of the following best described the Mayan
government?
A. Each city state had its own ruling chief
B. Only men could rule
C. A king ruled over the entire Mayan empire
D. The emperor claimed divine power
Answer
In about 1600 B.C., the Nubians established the kingdom
of—
A. Nok
B. Kush
C. Aksum
D. Ophir
Answer
The main export of the African kingdom of Ghana
was—
A. Salt
B. Slaves
C. Gold
D. Diamonds
Answer
Trade helped spread ideas, as well as goods,
throughout all of Africa. An example of this is the
number of African people who adopted—
A. Islamic ideas and customs
B. The principles of Christianity
C. The technique of preserving food with salts
D. Systems of courts and judges
Answer
Ghana acquired wealth and power because of —
A. Islamic laws
B. Willingness to travel by caravan
C. Elegant trading style
D. Location between the salt mines and the gold mines
Answer
What African kingdom conquered Egypt in the
eighth century B.C.?
A. Kush
B. Axum
C. Ghana
D. Mali
Answer
The feudal contract was an arrangement by which
a–
A. Lord pledged to obey his vassal
B. Vassal became a knight
C. Vassal agreed to follow the code of chivalry
D. Lord and vassal both agreed to certain obligations
Answer
All of the following were obligations of serfs
except—
A. Paying rent on the land they farmed
B. Repairing the lord’s castle
C. Providing 40 days of military service
D. Working on the lord’s lands
Answer
An example of self – sufficiency on a manor would
be—
A. Leaving one field unplowed in each year
B. Buying salt from a wandering trader
C. The Great Clearing
D. Spinning wool into cloth
Answer
Feudalism became a complex system because—
A. Feudal kings had absolute power
B. Vassals often owed loyalty to more than one lord
C. Vassals had to contribute to their lord’s ransom
D. Knights wore heavy suits of armor
Answer
The manor economy was based on—
A. Trade among many villages
B. Farming and self sufficiency
C. Metal working
D. Herding and weaving
Answer
The reason of the feudal system developed was a
need for—
A. Protection from invaders
B. Manors for food
C. Churches for religion
D. Emperor to rule
Answer
Charlemagne revived learning by—
A. Establishing Aachen as his capital
B. Sending royal officials to check on nobles
C. Inviting scholars to his court
D. Making Greek the language of the Church
Answer
Charlemagne revived learning by—
A. Establishing Aachen as his capital
B. Sending royal officials to check on nobles
C. Inviting scholars to his court
D. Making Greek the language of the Church
Answer
An important impact of the crowning of
Charlemagne as Emperor by the Pope in 800 A.D.
was—
A. It established the power of the Church in political life
B. It made the pope a co-emperor
C. It ended the Roman Empire
D. It led to greater expansion into Italy
Answer
The invasions of Europe in the 8oos and 900s put
political power into the hands of—
A. Kings
B. The Roman Emperor
C. The Priests
D. Strong local lords
Answer
After the death of Charlemagne, Europe was
invaded by all of the following except—
A. Vikings
B. Magyars
C. Huns
D. Muslims
Answer
As a result of the Treaty of Verdun,
Charlemagne’s empire was—
A. Conquered by Muslim invaders
B. Divided among his grandsons
C. Given to the king of England
D. Put under Church control
Answer
The term that best describes Europe’s political
system after the breakup of Charlemagne’s
empire is—
A. Monarchy
B. Knighthood
C. Manorialism
D. Feudalism
Answer
The invaders that settled in England were the—
A. French and Normans
B. Germans and Huns
C. Angles and Saxons
D. Latins and Greeks
Answer
The Catholic church taught that the way to
achieve salvation was
A. To join a religious order
B. To study the Bible
C. Through the seven sacraments
D. Through carrying out one’s obligations to one’s lord
Answer
Some monasteries helped improve life for people
in the Middle Ages by—
A. Opposing the feudal system
B. Giving land to peasants
C. Supporting the work of Inquisition
D. Providing care for the sick and homeless
Answer
The leading institution in medieval society was the
–
A. Roman legal system
B. Christian church
C. Monarchy
D. Family
Answer
Which of the following was important in carrying
the Latin alphabet and the Christian faith to the
German tribes?
A. Troubadours
B. Missionaries
C. Heretics
D. Knights
Answer
Which of the following was not a role of the
monasteries in the Middle Ages?
A. Elect new popes and church officials
B. Preserve Greco-Roman culture in libraries
C. Reproduce illuminated manuscripts
D. Provide shelter for travelers
Answer
The Hindu belief in the rebirth of the soul in
another bodily form is called –
A. Reincarnation
B. Stupa
C. Filial piety
D. Shiva
Answer
Hindus believed that caste could only be changed
by –
A. The Emperor
B. Marriage
C. The law of Karma
D. Moving
Answer
Which of the following is not associated with
Judaism?
A. Torah
B. Yarmulke
C. Ten Commandments
D. Koran
Answer
According to the Jewish faith, the term for “a
savior sent by God” is –
A. Mercenary
B. Martyr
C. Patrician
D. Messiah
Answer
One way in which the Eightfold Path and the Five
Pillars of Islamic Faith are similar is that these
rules –
A. Represent codes of behavior
B. Restrict social mobility
C. Stress the spiritual being in all natural objects
D. Show a deep respect for reincarnation
Answer
Which of the following traditions do Hindus and
Buddhists share?
A. The caste system
B. Belief in many gods
C. Formal rituals
D. Nonviolence
Answer
Which of the following is not associated with the
Islamic religion?
A. Ramadan
B. Mecca
C. Easter
D. Jihad
Answer
The religion that began in India and then spread
to China is –
A. Christianity
B. Buddhism
C. Hinduism
D. Islam
Answer
Which of the following is not a monotheistic faith?
A. Islam
B. Christianity
C. Judaism
D. Hinduism
Answer
The religion of Islam was founded in this Middle
Eastern country –
A. Egypt
B. Iran
C. Saudi Arabia
D. Iraq
Answer
The agreement between God and Abraham is
called the –
A. Contract
B. Covenant
C. Binder
D. Understanding
Answer
Which description best describes the caste
system?
A. Three main castes with different faces of each
B. One main caste and many smaller castes
C. Four main castes with many sub-castes
D. Two big castes with no subdivisions
Answer
The Indo-European people that invaded India and
founded the caste system were named the –
A. Hebrews
B. Aryans
C. Muslims
D. Hindus
Answer
Siddhartha Gautama came to be known as –
A. Brahma
B. Vishnu
C. The Messiah
D. The Buddha
Answer
The Buddhist goal of life is to achieve –
A. Moksha
B. Karma
C. Nirvana
D. Salvation
Answer
Your religious and moral duty as a Hindu or
Buddhist is also known as –
A. Karma
B. Dharma
C. Moksha
D. Job
Answer
Jews believe that one should live a moral life and
presume that after death –
A. You go to heaven
B. You are released from the wheel of life
C. They do not presume to know what will happen
D. Your spirit is reborn
Answer
The word Christ comes from the Greek word that
means –
A. King
B. Holy
C. Messiah
D. Blessed one
Answer
Polytheism is the belief in
A. One god
B. Many gods
C. No gods
D. None of the above
Answer
Abraham was the leader of the –
A. Christians
B. Muslims
C. Hebrews
D. Hindus
Answer
Which of the following is not a former name for
the area now known as Israel is
A. Palestine
B. Judea
C. Canaan
D. Jerusalem
Answer
The first Roman emperor to embrace Christianity
was
A. Tiberius
B. Marcus Aurelius
C. Diocletian
D. Constantine
Answer
The main source of information about the life of
Jesus of Nazareth comes from –
A. The Nicene creed
B. Augustine’s book, City of God
C. The Epistles of the Christian Bible
D. The Gospels of the Christian Bible
Answer
Hindus believe that _____ is the good and bad
deeds that a person engages in over one or more
lifetimes.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Moksha
Samsara
Dharma
Karma
Answer
The circumstances of a Hindu’s life are determined
by –
A. Caste
B. Weather
C. Priests
D. Buddha
Answer
The Buddhist heightened state of understanding,
which is available to anyone who pursues it long
enough, is called –
A. Illumination
B. Enlightenment
C. Moksha
D. Meditation
Answer
The state of perfect contentment that results from
perfect understanding and frees a Buddhist from
all suffering is–
A. Meditation
B. Salvation
C. Moksha
D. Nirvana
Answer
The three main Hindu gods are –
A. Brahma, Yahweh, and Allah
B. Allah, Jesus, and Abraham
C. Karma, Dharma, and Moksha
D. Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
Answer
According to the Torah, the first covenant
between God and the Hebrew people involved an
agreement that –
A. The Hebrew people would obey the ten commandments
B. God would protect the Hebrews during their exodus from
Egypt
C. The twelve tribes of Israel would unify into the kingdom
of Israel
D. God would bless Abraham and his descendants, and they
would be faithful
Answer
The symbol for Judaism is known as the –
A. Cross
B. Star and Crescent
C. Mogen David
D. Wheel
Answer
The forcing of Jews from their home and into exile
is known as the –
A. Movement
B. Diaspora
C. Migration
D. Spread
Answer
In early Christianity, the bishop of _____ was
considered the Pope, the leader of the entire
Christian church.
A. Constantinople
B. Rome
C. Mecca
D. Jerusalem
Answer
Jesus’ twelve disciples came to be known as the –
A. Zealots
B. Clergy
C. Apostles
D. Epistles
Answer
The first pope of the Christian church is
considered to be –
A. Paul
B. Peter
C. Jesus
D. Constantine
Answer
The Christian leader _____ wrote letters to that
formed the Epistles to groups of believers.
A. Paul
B. Peter
C. Jesus
D. Constantine
Answer
Which of the following is not writing related to the
Hindu religion –
A. Vedas
B. Upanishads
C. Mahabrata
D. Sutras
Answer
According to Hinduism, the creator of the world is
–
A. Shiva
B. Vishnu
C. Brahma
D. Samudra
Answer
Which of the following is not a method of
spreading religious beliefs:
A. Conquest
B. Cultural Interaction
C. Meditation
Answer
Jihad is defined within the Muslim faith as –
A. A call to war
B. A call to Mosque
C. The effort of a good Muslim to preserve his community
D. The effort of a good Muslim to enlarge his community.
Answer
Before Mohammed preached the existence of only
one God, the Arabian peninsula was populated by
all the following except –
A. Bedouin polytheistic idol worshipers
B. Nomadic Pastoralists
C. Traders
D. Muslims
Answer
The Jewish leader who led his people out of
bondage in Egypt was –
A. Jesus
B. Abraham
C. Moses
D. David
Answer
Christian salvation is achieved through –
A. Meditation
B. The Five Pillars
C. Faith and good works
D. Reincarnation
Answer
Which of the following is not a sect of the
Christian church?
A. Protestant
B. Sunni
C. Catholic
D. Greek Orthodox
Answer
The Five Pillars refer to –
A. The Islamic guide to salvation
B. The Christian guide to salvation
C. The Jewish guide to salvation
D. The Buddhist guide to salvation
Answer
This concept divides the world into two powers,
the masculine and the feminine.
A. Confucianism
B. Daoism
C. Legalism
D. Shintoism
Answer
The English translation of Dao (or Tao) is –
A. The way
B. The light
C. The man
D. The Analects
Answer
The Golden Rule is attributed to the teachings of –
A. Confucius
B. Jesus
C. Shi Huangdi
D. Brahma
Answer
The birthplace of the concept of Yin and Yang is –
A. India
B. Africa
C. China
D. The Arabian Peninsula
Answer
The Torii gate is an architectural symbol of which
religion?
A. Confucianism
B. Legalism
C. Shintoism
D. Daoism
Answer
In the Shinto religion, the Emperor of Japan is –
A. Chosen from among the people
B. A descendant of the sun goddess
C. The tallest Japanese citizen
D. Blond-haired and blue- eyed
Answer
Confucius believed that social order, harmony,
and good government could be restored if society
were centered around five basic –
A. Values
B. Golden rules
C. Relationships
D. Social classes
Answer
Filial Piety is also known as –
A. Respect for parents
B. Respect for the emperor
C. Respect for law
D. Respect for government
Answer
The Confucian idea of _______ led to the
establishment of civil service exams.
A. Heredity rule
B. Rock, scissors, paper
C. Democracy
D. Rule by an educated elite
Answer
The Confucian scholar who recorded the teachings
of Confucius was named –
A. Shi Huangdi
B. Lao Zi
C. Mencius
D. Cleophalencius
Answer
Legalism is the belief in –
A. Strict laws and harsh punishment
B. Filial piety and hereditary rule
C. Natural gods and the Torii gate
D. Rule by the people
Answer
Stories that explain the origin of man are known
as –
A. The Great Beginning
B. Creationist stories
C. The unknown
D. Artifacts
Answer
Monotheism is the belief in ____ god(s).
A. No
B. Many
C. One
D. Three
Answer
Polytheism is the belief in _____ god(s).
A. No
B. Many
C. One
D. Three
Answer
Where would a tribe of polytheistic idol
worshippers not likely to be living?
A. Northern Russia
B. Australia
C. Africa
D. California
Answer
The gods of various local tribes generally explain A. Natural Phenomena
B. Animal patterns
C. Seed knowledge
D. Psychophenomena
Answer
Buddhism was spread throughout Asia through a
trade route known as the ---
A. Big Road
B. Silk Road
C. Silk Route
D. The Great Path
Answer
The Hindu Gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva
represent --- (in order)
A. Destruction, Creation, and Preservation
B. Creation, Preservation, and Destruction
C. Preservation, Destruction, and Creation
D. Creation, Destruction, and Preservation
Answer
A follower of the Islamic faith would be called a A. Buddhist
B. Muslim
C. Christian
D. Hindu
Answer
A tribe of Nomadic Pastorals would–
A. Preach the word of god
B. Lives in villages and raises livestock
C. Move frequently and raise livestock
D. Grow crops
Answer
Excerpt 1: Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations?,
Foreign Affairs, summer 1993.
It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world
will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great
divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will
be cultural. Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world
affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between
nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations
will dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will
be the battle lines of the future.
A. How does this author’s hypothesis apply to the conflict in
the Southwest Asia?
B. Why is there conflict in Southwest Asia?
Answer to yourself
Excerpt 2: Mohammed gives choices to the leader of a Christian Arab tribe.
Believe or else pay tribute (money) …obey the Lord and his Apostle (Mohammed), and he
will defend you….But if ye oppose and displease them…I will fight against you and take
captive your little ones and slay the elder….
A. What must Christians do to live in Muslim territory but
not convert to Islam?
B. What will happen to the Christians if they do not do what
Mohammed demands?
Answer to yourself
Explain each of the Five Pillars of Islam.
 Pillar 1
 Pillar 2
 Pillar 3
 Pillar 4
 Pillar 5
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