The Global Library
Lisa Spiro
Digital Media Center, Fondren Library
November 2008
Rice’s Global Aspirations
How can Rice raise its international
Reaching a Global Audience Online
Ranking Universities by Web Presence
Top 10 Universities (Webometrics)
Rice’s Ranking (Webometrics)
Rice’s Digital Scholarship Archive
Rice Digital Scholarship Archive
 Americas Archive
 Fondren Library
 George R. Brown School of Engineering
 Rice University Electronic Theses and Dissertations
 TIMEA - Travelers in the Middle East Archive
 The Rice Institute Pamphlet
 Wiess School of Natural Sciences
 Woodson Research Center
 We welcome more contributors
Global Users of Rice’s Digital
Visitors to Rice’s Digital Scholarship Archive, 10/18-11/17/ 2008
Top Visitors to Rice Scholarship
Archive, By Country
Focus of the Travelers in the Middle
East Archive (TIMEA)
Available at
Supported by grants from IMLS & K2I
Historical maps, primarily 19th C maps of Egypt
GIS maps of Egypt & Cyprus
GoogleMaps providing geographical interface to
collection and documenting Nile routes
 Texts, e.g
 Successive editions of 19th and early 20th C
travel guides for Egypt
 Travelogues
 Museum catalogs
 Images, e.g.
 Stereographs & postcards
 Book illustrations
 Teaching modules to contextualize materials,
including several on GIS & places in Egypt
Goals of TIMEA
Enable “virtual exploration”: reflect the archive’s focus on travel
by using GIS and other interactive technologies
Organize access to content in digital archive based on geography,
so that users could discover travel narratives and images
associated with specific places
Facilitate analysis of geographical phenomena, e.g. relationship of
water to settlement patterns
Promote information fluency
Allow comparison of maps, texts and images from different time
periods, places, perspectives, etc.
Egypt through the Stereoscope (1905)
Egyptologist James Henry Breasted touted the power of
“stay-at-home travel” through the stereograph system
and maps, which was “comparable to that obtained by
traveling there...The map system… first furnishes a
clear idea of locality in every case; and with this in
mind, these superb stereographs furnish the traveler,
while sitting in his own room, a vivid prospect as
through an open window, looking out upon scene after
scene, from one hundred carefully selected points of
view along the Nile” (12).
Egypt through the Stereoscope (1905)
Egypt through the Computer Screen
Historical maps
Collection includes 150 digitized historical maps
Examples of maps & plans:
19th C maps of Egypt, the Nile, Cairo, Alexandria,
 Includes maps by
 Wagner & Debes (leading German publisher of
 Heinrich Kiepert (distinguished German
 W. & A.K. Johnston Limited (British
 Stanford's Geographical Establishment
(associated with the Royal Geographic Society)
Plan to incorporate JPEG 2000 software to
enable zooming, panning, etc.
Wagner &
Debes, Le
Nil Du Caire
Arc IMS GIS Map of Egypt
Comparing Nile excursions in 1847 and
Nile cruise centerpiece of trip to Egypt:
monuments of Thebes,
In 1847, most travelers took dahabiyas
By 1897, steamers operated by Cook’s
Steamers cut Nile tour from 3 months to
3-4 weeks
Steamers made travel in Egypt much
cheaper & made possible mass tourism
Also, 1847 guide includes details on
overland transit to India (obviated by
opening of Suez Canal in 1869)
Google Map of Travel Routes in Egypt:
Based on Sir John Gardner Wilkinson's Hand-book for
travellers in Egypt (1847)
Google Map of Travel Routes in Egypt:
Based on Cook's tourists' handbook for Egypt, the
Nile, and the Desert (1897)
Our Americas Archive Partnership
 Supported by the Institute of Museum and Library
Services (IMLS)
 Aims:
 Make unique archival collection (Rice’s Americas
collection) digitally available
 Build common interface between partners’
repositories, enabling additional digital archives to
be added
- Develop collaborative environment for global
community of scholars using Web 2.0 technologies
- Support research & teaching
Humanities 2.0
“Hybridity, exchange, flow, and cultural
transaction are all explored more responsibly
and adventurously when the resources of many
nations, in many languages, have been
digitized, made interoperable, and offered for
research by scholars around the world.”
--Cathy Davidson, “Humanities 2.0: Promise,
Predictions” (2008)
OAAP Vision
 Focus on Americas from a hemispheric perspective
rather than the nation state
 OAAP captures cultural transformation that spans the
five hundred year period that saw the making of
modern and colonial cultures in the Americas
 OAAP will enhance the study of American literary and
cultural history by more easily allowing scholars to
understand cross-cultural influence
Collection Showcase
Letters & journals
Final Thoughts
 “technology is erasing boundaries and creating
an international community of learning”
(Richard C. Atkinson, Pres. Emeritus of UC
 “we have an opportunity to dramatically
improve the lives of hundreds of millions of
people around the world through freely
available, high-quality, locally relevant
educational and learning opportunities.” (Cape
Town Open Education Declaration)