Seminar on Arab and International Road Transport
Agreements
Cairo, 25 and 26 October 2009
The importance of the TIR Convention
for the development of road transport
and trade
Konstantin Glukhenkiy
TIR Secretary
United Nations
Economic Commission for Europe
UNITED
NATIONS
Overview
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Customs transit problem
TIR history and characteristics
Objectives
Advantages
Geographical Scope
The Five Pillars of the TIR System
Management structure
Accession and working aspects
Summary
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UNECE
Transit - What is the problem?
Cross border transit transport of goods implies:
• dealing with two or more national transit
requirement;
• being required to provide national transit
documentation in each country involved
• often being required to provide separate transit
guarantees in each country involved
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UNECE
TIR Convention
History:
• First Convention 1959, revision 1975
• From 6 countries to 68 countries
(Operational: 56)
Characteristics:
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Only operational global Customs transit procedure
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Also applicable in bilateral transit traffic
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Intermodal (trucks and containers)
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Based on public-private partnership (PPP)
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UNECE
OBJECTIVES
Customs Authorities
• Efficient Customs procedures for transit traffic
• Revenue protection through provision of an
international guarantee
Transport Sector
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Facilitation of cross border transports
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Simplification and harmonization of Customs
transit procedures
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Advantages
Customs Authorities
• No physical inspection of goods in transit
• No national guarantee system
• No national Customs document
Transport/Trade Industry
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Minimum of procedures at borders
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Reduced delays at borders
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No restriction in the modes of transport
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Lower transport and import/export costs
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UNECE
Number of TIR Carnets
YEAR
TIR CARNETS ISSUED
1959
67,000
1969
790,035
1980
718,612
1990
748,600
2000
2,782,600
2008
3,253,800
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Geographical scope
Contracting Party where Convention is applied (2008)
Contracting Party where Convention is not applied (2008)
Potential Contracting Party
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The TIR Customs transit procedure
TIR Convention, 1975
5 pillars of the TIR system
S e c u re ve h ic le s
o r c o n ta in e rs
In te rn a tio n a l
g u a ra n te e
M u tu a l re c o g n itio n
D ocum ent
C o n tro lle d
o f C u s to m s
(T IR C a rn e t)
access
c o n tro l
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Approval of road vehicles and containers
Annex 2 (vehicles) and Annex 7 (Containers)
• No goods can be removed without leaving obvious
traces or breaking the Customs seal
• Customs seals can be simply and effectively affixed
to them
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Example: sheeted vehicle
The sheet
Thong
TIR-rings
and eyelets
Door
hinges
Door closing system,
lock and sealing device
TIR-wire
Sideboard
hinges
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International guarantee
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One unique guarantee system for all TIR
National guaranteeing association guarantees
duties and taxes
Covers all TIR operations in a country, both by
national or foreign transport operators
Associations linked through international chain
administered by International Road Transport Union
(IRU)
Limit equal to US $ 50.000 per TIR Carnet
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UNECE
The TIR Carnet
•Customs
document replaces any other national
Customs transit documents
•Guarantee document which itself proves the
existence and validity of the
guarantee
•Annex 1: Model
•Paper document processes will be
computerized in future.
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UNECE
Mutual recognition of Customs control
Principle: Customs control measures taken in the
country of departure should be accepted by the
countries of transit and destination
• No examination of sealed load compartments,
except in special cases
• Customs inspection at the office of departure crucial
• Only documentary control en route (exceptions)
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UNECE
Controlled access to the TIR System
By Administrative Committee of International
organization (Article 6.2bis)
• By national Customs authority of national
Associations, issuing and guaranteeing TIR Carnets
(Annex 9, part I)
• By national Customs authority of Transport
Operators (Annex 9, part II, b)
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TIR Management Structure
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TIR Administrative Committee
TIR Executive Board (TIRExB)
UNECE Working Party (WP.30)
TIR Contact Group
UNECE/TIR secretariat
International Organization - IRU
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Working aspects
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Official languages: English, French, Russian
All Member States of the UN can accede to the
TIR Convention and participate in meetings
Accession to the Convention is free of charge
Participation in meetings is free of charge
Meetings normally in Geneva
Interpretation into official languages
Consensus approach
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UNECE
Accession procedure
• Deposit of instrument of accession with the UN Secretary
General
• UN Template
http://untreaty.un.org/English/TreatyHandbook/annex5.htm
• No reservations, except to Art. 57 of the Convention
• UN Template
http://untreaty.un.org/English/TreatyHandbook/annex6.htm
• Declarations
• Entry into force: 6 months after accession, objections not
possible
• Operational start: After training by UNECE/IRU and approval by
the international guarantee chain
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UNECE
Summary
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International intermodal Customs transit system
(bilateral, inter-regional, intercontinental)
Provides cost efficient Customs transit procedure
and facilitation
Ensures revenue protection through guarantee
Boosts competitiveness & global integration
Builds on Public/Private partnership model
Provides free access for all UN members
Enhances transit and supply chain security
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http://tir.unece.org
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