The Verbs saber and conocer
(Los verbos saber y conocer)
The “to know” verbs
saber
sé
sabes
sabe
The verb saber is
irregular in its yo form.
sabemos
sabéis
saben
Saber = to know a fact, to know data,
to know information
Sabemos el nombre del Presidente
¿Sabes los días de la
semana?
Yo sé el número de teléfono de
Consuelo.
Saber + infinitive* = to know how
(to do something)
Yo sé esquiar.
¿Sabes cocinar?
Los niños no saben
nadar.
*Conocer is never
followed by an infinitive.
Saber que…
(To know that…)
• Saber is followed by que when it is just one clause in a sentence
that will have another subject and verb.
– Ex.: I know that he is here.  Yo sé que él está aquí.
1st Clause (includes
subject and verb)
2nd Clause (includes
subject and verb)
1st Clause (includes
subject and verb)
Yo sé que Barak Obama juega al básquetbol.
Sr. Lynde sabe que el español es muy importante.
2nd Clause (includes
subject and verb)
Saber is often followed by a
question word.*
Sabemos quién es Plácido Domingo.
¿Sabes dónde está la oficina de
correos?
No sé cuándo sale el tren para
Tegucigalpa.
*Conocer is never followed by a question word.
Saber + lo
• Saber is often used with lo to say that
someone knows “it” or “that.”
• Remember DOP’s go before the conjugated
verb. Thus, lo will usually go before the
conjugated form of saber.
– Ex.: I know that.  Yo lo sé.
– Ex.: Pepe want’s to know it.
 Pepe quiere saberlo.
Conocer
conozco
conoces
conoce
The verb conocer is
irregular in its yo form.
conocemos
conocéis
conocen
Conocer
= to know or be familiar
with a person or a place.
= to meet for the first
time
The “Personal a”
• When the direct object of the sentence is a person
or pet, use the “personal a”.
• The “personal a” comes after the verb and before
the person’s name / pronoun.
• For this reason, conocer is often followed by a
when it’s used to talk about knowing / meeting a
person.
– Yo conozco a Isabel.
– Mario conoce a la señora.
Conocer and direct object pronouns
Direct Object Pronouns
me
nos
te
os
lo/la
los/las
Conocer is often used with direct object pronouns.
I know him.  Yo lo conozco.
He knows me.  Él me conoce.
¿Conocen Uds. a la señora que trabaja en el gimnasio?
Sí, la conocemos bien. ¿Quieres conocerla?
Notice the contrast between saber and
conocer in the following sentences.
Yo sé quién es Plácido Domingo, pero no conozco
al señor Domingo personalmente.
I know who Plácido Domingo is, but I don’t know Mr.
Domingo personally.
Sabemos dónde está Tegucigalpa, pero no
conocemos la ciudad.
We know where Tegucigalpa is, but we aren’t familiar
with the city.
Julia sabe que Rigoberta Menchú recibió el
premio Nobel, pero no conoce sus obras.
Julia knows that Rigoberta Menchú received the Nobel
prize, but she isn’t acquainted with her works.
¿Cómo se dice en español?
I know how to play cards.
Yo sé jugar a las cartas. (activity)
Paco knows the Fernandez family.
Paco conoce a los Fernandez. (person)
Marta knows the address.
Marta sabe la dirección. (information)
Martina knows the city very well.
Martina conoce la ciudad muy bien. (place)
My friends know how to do it.
Mis amigos saben hacerlo. (activity)
Luisa knows the information.
Luisa sabe la información. (information)
El FIN
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Sabemos