A Brief Analysis of Africa
By: Tina Cunha
7/22/03
Early History Timeline
5-3 Million BC- -First hominids walk East and Southern Africa, known as Australopithecines or "Ape-Men"
3-1.5 Million BC- -Early Stone Age Emergence of Homo habilis "the toolmaker", using flaked stone scrapers.
1.75-1 Million BC- -Evolution of Homo erectus used of hand axes and shaped stone scrapers
1 million-40,000 BC- -Middle Stone Age Evolution of early form of Homo sapiens - modern man. Shaped stone points used
for spearheads.
40,000-10,000 BC- -Later Stone Age Rise of Homo sapiens. Development of bow and arrow Evidence of rock paintings.
Hunter gathering lifestyle.
9,000-3,000 BC- -Last major wet period in Africa.The Sahara is habitable with savannah, grassland and rivers.Baked clay
pottery found in African stoneage communities.Beginnings of agriculture and domestication of animals
500 BC- -Evidence of iron smelting in Nigeria and central Niger. Spreads to rest of West Africa by 1000 AD
200-500 AD- -Movement of Bantu peoples to east and southern Africa, "The Bantu Migrations."
1925- -Discovery of Australopithecus near Taung, South Africa.
1960's- -Homo habilis skulls found in Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania and Lake Turkana, Kenya
1974- -Semi-complete skeleton of "Lucy" found in Omo Valley, Ethiopia
1975- -Thirteen Australopithecus remains found in Hadar, Ethiopia.- Homo Erectus skull found Lake Turkana
1976- -Australopithecus footprints found in Laetoli, Tanzania.
1997- -Discovery of Australopithecus in Sterkfontein, South Africa
AFRICA
30,065,000
53
Population
*
778,000,000
60,000,000
1,000
Geography
1- Mt. Kilimanjaro
19,341ft (5,895m)
2- Nile River
4,160 ft (N)
3- Lake Assal,Djibouti
512 ft
4- Sahara Desert
5- Sahel
6- Congo River Basin
7- Great Rift Valley
8- Mali
9- Sinai Peninsula
2 9
4
8
5
3
7
6
1
Languages
of Africa
Living Languages
-2,058
50 African languages
have more than half
a million speakers
each, but many others
are
spoken
by
relatively few people.
Bibliography
www.infoplease.com
www.unaids.org . (United Nations AIDS)
http://www.princetonol.com
http://www.ethnologue.com
http://www.irinnews.org
http://www.bbc.co.uk
http://www.connect.ab.ca
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