MADAGASCAR
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Madagascar Map
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Geography
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South hemisphere Tropical zone
Lat 11-25 - Long East 43-52
400 km off East Coast of Africa
587 041 sqm - coastline 4 828 km
Capital Antananarivo 1 100 000 inhabitants
Climate: Coastal Tropical - Inland Temperate - South Arid
 Hot and rainy from November to April
 Cooler and dry from May to October
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Population
• 18 000 000
 45% below 15 years
 70% rural
 80% under poverty level
• 6 Provinces
 Antananarivo 25% 4,637,000
 Fianarantsoa 3,366,000
 Toamasina 2,593,000
 Toliary 2,229,500
 Mahanjanga 1,734,000
 Antsiranana 1,188,500
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Population
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Illiteracy 48%
Growth 3.03%
Aids Prevalence 1.2
Ethnic Malayo Indonesian - Cotiers - French - Indian - Creole
Languages French and Malagasy
Religions Indigenous 52% - Christian 41% - Muslim 7%
GDP / head 314 USD
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
History
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Became a French colony in 1896
Independence in 1960 - Philibert Tsiranana became the 1st President
1975 Didier Ratsiraka President of the Democratic Republic of Madagascar.
Reelected in 1982 and 1989.
Political turmoil in 1991
Election of Albert Zafy in 1993
Reelection of Didier Ratsiraka in 1997
December 2001 presidential elections contested
29 April 2002 the High Constitutional Court announced Marc Ravalomana
winner
December 2006 Presidential Elections
March 2007 Senatorial Elections
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Member of COMESA, COI, IORC and
SADC
 Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa
• 20 countries
• 380 millions population
• GDP 166 Billions USD
 Indian Ocean Commission
• 5 Islands: Seychelles, Reunion, Comores, Mauritius, Madagascar
 Indian Ocean Rim - Association for Regional Cooperation
• 18 countries
• Dialogue Partners China, Egypt, France, Japan and UK
 Southern African Development Community
• 14 countries
 International member: WTO, Lome Convention, African Union
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Sources of Growth
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Textile
Tourism Eco-tourism - Biodiversity - Lemur species
Agro business Vanilla - Litchis - Essential Oils
Mining Graphite, Chromites, Coal, Bauxite, Quartz, Stones
Services
Privileges
 AGOA African Growth and Opportunity Act with USA
 EBA Everything But Arms with EU
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Economy
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GDP total 16.3 Billion $
GDP real growth rate 6.5%
GDP per capita 900$
GDP per sector
 Agriculture 28.7%
 Industry 16.5%
 Services 54.8%
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
TOURISM
• Discovery, adventure, ecotourism…
• Hotels 932
• Rooms 10,847
2001
2004
2005 est.
17,000
230,000
270,000
Duration of
stay
20 days
20 days
Income
150 M USD
200 M USD
ARRIVAL
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Direct Foreign Investments
2002
2003
2004
Total
196 MUSD
264 MUSD
306 MUSD
Stock
162 MUSD
218 MUSD
260 MUSD
95 MUSD
53 MUSD
Flow
In capital, profit reinvested
2003 249 new Foreign investors
2004 300 new Foreign investors
France 47% Mauritius 23% China HK 9%
Luxemburg 9% Switzerland 4% Bermudas 3%
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
Free Zones Enterprises
• 230 Free Zone Enterprises
• Employing 120,000 staffs
• Capital investment from
 France 25%
 Asia 30%
 Mauritius 35%
Activities : Textile - Aquaculture - Wood - Agribusiness
Leather and shoes - Computing
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
TRADE BALANCE WITH MADAGASCAR
Items
Value : Million US.$
2003
2004
2005
2005
2006
(JAN-APR)
(JAN-APR)
THAILAND - MADAGASCAR
TOTAL TRADE
16.1
29.7
38.3
23.9
8.4
EXPORTS
11.5
26.4
34
22
7.6
IMPORTS
4.6
3.3
4.3
1.9
0.8
BALANCE OF TRADE
6.9
23
29.6
20
6.9
Consulate of Madagascar Bangkok
March 2006
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