Sixth Conference of African Ministers
in Charge of Integration (COMAI V)
Port Louis, Mauritius
April 15-19, 2013
Presenter: Mrs. Victoria Egbetayo
Division: Economic Integration and
Regional Cooperation
Department: Economic Affairs
Outline
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Part 1 – Introduction

Part 2 – Status of Implementation
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Member States
Regional Economic Communities
African Union Commission
Pan-African Institutions
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Part 3 – Challenges
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Part 4 - Recommendations
____________________________________________Follo
w-Up Report on the Implementation of Recommendations
from COMAI V
Part 1 – Introduction
__________________________
COMAI V – Nairobi, Kenya, 5-9 September 2011
Presentation of the 3rd Follow-Up Report
Following-up on the recommendations from COAM IV
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COMA VI

Presentation of the
Follow-up Report – implementation of recommendations from COMAI V

Recommendations to Member States, RECs, AUC and UNECA

Recommendation areas: pooling sovereignty; transpositioning and implementation of
decisions; development of multi-sector programmes; and accelerating free movement of
people; LDC development and graduation; implementation of the MIP; policy harmonisation
and coordination; reporting on integration; and formation of a 2nd bloc of combined RECs
4th
Methodology Adopted
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Implementation Matrix completed by respondents
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Missions to RECs and host Member States
Reminder correspondences/telephone/email/fax
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Reminder letter from Chair of COMAI V
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Secondary data sources
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Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 1 – Introduction
__________________________
Report aims to monitor progress on the
implementation status of the
recommendations by the various stakeholders
concerned
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This year’s report also highlights best
practices taking place within the regions
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 1 – Introduction… Cont
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Respondents
Five (8) Member States responded
 Four (5) RECs provided official responses while the other four (3)
did not
 AUC
 UNECA
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____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Member States (Respondents Only)
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Recommendation Thematic Areas:
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Pooling of soveriegnty; transpositioning and implementation of decisions;
social affairs; development of multi-sector programmes; and accelerating free
movement of people.
Pooling sovereignty

Respondents not averse to ceding a degree of national sovereignty as they
engaged in deeper forms of integration regarding it as necessary for stages
such as Common Markets and Monetary Unions to fully take effect
 Efforts to empower regional Communities through the implementation of free
movement decisions and the exemption of other members from visa
requirements
 Ratification and implementation of regional and continental decisions through
the relevant legal and juridical authorities - implementation remains a
problem

AUC Comment: recommendations under this theme considered vital and as
such some responses received provide insufficient concrete examples.
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Member States (Respondents Only)
 Transpositioning and implementation of decisions
○ Some underscored the implementation of most agreed decisions and legal
instruments adopted at the regional and continental level.
○ Domestic constitutional changes in legislation under review by the relevant
judicial authorities for conformity to community law
○ Incorporation into national development plans and strategies
○ Budget allocations
○ AUC Comment: recommendations under this theme considered vital and as
such some responses received provide insufficient concrete examples.
 Social affairs
○ Promotion of cross-border languages such as Kiswahili (East Africa) and
Kalanga and Tonga (Southern Africa) through the production of official
documentation and/or education curricular.
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Member States (Respondents Only)
 Development of multi-sector programmes
○ Some
Member States reported on large cross-border water
infrastructure projects underway, as well infrastructure and energy
projects sets out in various regional Master Plans - improved access to
energy and water resources.
○ Contribution to Community HIV/AIDS funds - achievements include
stemming the spread of HIV/AIDS in their Community
 Accelerating free movement
○ Accelerating free movement of production factors has been
demonstrated through the adoption of the Community Common Market
Protocols and implementation of the Customs Management Acts
○ Implementation of Border Efficiency Management Systems and One
Stop Border Posts - improving the mobility of production factors within
national borders and across the Communities, through measures such
as tariffs elimination, visa exemptions, Community travel documents
and rights of establishment decisions.
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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Recommendation Thematic Areas:
○ Social affairs; development of multi-sector programmes; policy
harmonisation and coordination; reporting on integration; and formation of
a 2nd bloc of combined RECs
○ Five of the RECs (63%) provided official responses to the matrix.

Social affairs
 Adoption of some Africa languages as official working languages by
some Communities - Kiswahili (EAC), Arabic (COMEA), Beti-fang
(ECCAS) and Lingala (ECCAS) - aim of strengthening the process of
integration and development in some of the Communities
 Establishment of a East African Kiswahili Commission underway (EAC)
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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Development of multi-sector programmes
 Health: Policy frameworks to address HIV/AIDS, - none cited
programmes to address other cross-border pandemics such as
rift valley fever (which mainly affects East Africa), Ebola, and
yellow fever.
 Some RECs linking HIV/AID programmes to trade facilitation
and the construction of joint border posts or single cross border
facilities for the treatment of the illness
 Water: Policy frameworks and initiatives for regional electricity
interconnection projects and water resource management
programmes - integrated water resource frameworks, regional
water policies, reforming water governance, increasing
investment in the water sector, mapping excised of water
resources and enhancing the use of information and technology
for improved management of water resources
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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Development of multi-sector programmes
 Energy: common energy polices and energy programmes in
place - promotion of regional power interconnection projects
through regional Master Plans - boost energy supply services
and strengthen energy regulation and promotion structures
 Promotion of renewable energy – use and expansion of
renewable energy
 Environment: few reported having environment frameworks in
place - main focus, biodiversity and land degradation, habitat
conservation and forest coverage
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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Policy harmonisation and coordination
 Installation of REC liaison officers at the AU and AU liaison officers at the
RECs - strengthen coordination and collaboration with the AUC across
all sectors
 Improving productive capacity and competitiveness - e regional
policy frameworks and programmes to harmonise sanitary and
phytosanitary (SPS) measures particularly in agricultural sector and
textile industries
 In the area of coordinating improvements creating customs single
windows (One-Stop-Border-Posts) - facilitate cross-border and interstate and inter-regional trade flows and improve coordination in
trade facilitation and cross-border trade
 Use of regional forums and dialogue with traders and business
operator, use of NTB reporting systems and associated national
committees so as to provide a rapid response to reported NTBs
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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Policy harmonisation and coordination
 Some RECs exploring the use of legally binding enforcement
measures to eliminate identified NTB
 Installation of computerized customs networks across Member
States - modernize, digitize and accelerate customs clearance
procedures and coordinate collation and exchange of customs
information
 National monitoring committees to coordinate the implementation of
legal texts on free movement and migration some RECs
 Harmonisation of competition and procurement - development of
regional competition polices and procurement frameworks
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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Formation of a 2nd bloc of combined RECs
 Progress made in preparatory work towards EAC-COMESA-SDAC
Tripartite negotiations as well as progress in priority sector pillars,
namely the Trade and Customs; Infrastructure; and Industrial
development
 Decision to form a 2nd bloc of combined RECs positively welcomed and
considered a vital step in the right direction - consultations underway
with concerned RECs and Member States
 2nd bloc - complement and respond to the work of the EAC-COMESASADC Tripartite in its efforts to achieve the African Economic
Community, by bring a degree of manageability to the process through a
more simplified arrangement.
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)

Recommendation Thematic Areas:
 Social affairs; development of multi-sector programmes; coordination
and harmonisation; LDC development and graduation; reporting on
integration; partnership development implementation of the MIP

Social affairs
 Promotion of the Charter on African Cultural Renaissance and of African
Languages
 Promotion of 42 identified cross border vernacular by the African
Academy of Languages (ACALAN)
 Over the past year, ten (10) out of the first twelve (12) Vehicular CrossBorder Language Commissions have been established
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)

Development of multi-sector programmes
 Health: Over the past year, the Department of Social has been
involved in the drafting of an African common position on
HIV/AIDS - adopted in 2011.
 The Department was also involved in the 4th Inter-Agency
Meeting on Coordination and Harmonisation of HIV/AIDS, TB
and Malaria Strategies - 12-14 March 2012.
 The work of the Department on other cross-border pandemics
not mentioned in their reporting
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)
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Coordination and harmonisation
 Sector and policy harmonisation mechanisms used in varieties sector land management, education and AU wide coordination with the RECs
○ Education - Pan African University Project launched in December
2011
○ Land policy and land management - promotion of AU guidelines on
land policy (2009), training of trainers, facilitated development of the
ECOWAS study on the harmonization of land policy in the West
African region
○ 10th and 11th AU-RECs-ECA-AfDB Coordination Committee reaffirmation that holding of the Committee should be a pre-Summit
event
○ AUC and RECs leadership - Retreat held in Durban South Africa
(March 2013) on strategic issues
○ Formation of 2nd bloc - consultation process led by the
Commission
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)
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LDC development and graduation

Activity not undertaken in direct response to the recommendation, however, the
activities have contributed to implementing the ethos of the recommendation:
○ Report on Proposal for Improved and Enhanced Trade Preferences System
for LDCs and LICs (AU DTI, UNECA and partners) - promote the development
of manufacturing sector of LDCs and accelerate their regional integration
through enhanced preferences

Reporting on integration
 Decision of 18th AU Assembly to devote one of its Ordinary Sessions to
development and integration issues - consultations on modalities underway (AU
EAD)
 Changes to reporting format of the status of integration (SIA) in Africa - now
structured around sectors and show cases good practice examples (platform for
knowledge exchange, experience sharing, mutual accountability)
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)

Partnership development
○ Development of a partnership strategic framework based on
a 2010 assessment of Africa’s partnership arrangements.
○ Reassessment exercise looking at capacity issues of the AUC
to effectively engage and manage the various partnerships
within its portfolio.
○ A study planned on the costs and strategic benefits and gains
to the continent from its various partnership arrangements.
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)

Implementation of the Minimum Integration Programme (MIP)
○ In furtherance of 2009 EAD MIP study, EAD developed an implementation
Action Plan for the MIP for the First Phase - adopted by the 18th AU Summit
○ The AUC mandated to estimate the necessary funding requirements
(costing) for the implementation of each activity and projects contained in the
Action Plan - estimated cost . US$ 110,950 million
○ Work is currently underway to develop a resource mobilization strategy and
sustainable financing mechanisms for its full implementation.
○ Financing secured to undertake feasibility study on the creation of a
integration fund, including a resource mobilization strategy
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 2 – Status of Implementation
________________________________
Pan-african Institutions

Recommendation Thematic Areas:
 LDC development and graduation

LDC development and graduation
 Study on Improved and Enhanced Trade Preferences System for
LDCs and LICs (DTI, UNECA and partners)
 Former Economic Development and NEPAD Division of UNECA
- organised a regional network for development planners in
Africa with the objective of strengthening capacities to design
and implement inclusive and sustainable growth strategies
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 3 – Implementation Challenges
_________________________________
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Inadequate human and financial resources at all levels (for
implementation, research and analysis, monitoring and evaluation
of impact),
Poor coordination and information exchange at the various
institutional levels (decelerating the pace of transpositioning and
domestication at the national level)
Weak evidence based and unsubstantiated reporting by Member
States on the status of implementation of recommendations
Political reticence on some issues - free movement of people,
alternative sources of financing
Over emphasis on national priorities rather than regional
considerations
Persistent cross border trade challenges such as NTBs and low
level of infrastructure and energy development to over comes
supply side constraints.
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 3 –Implementation Challenges
_____________________________
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Security concerns and misconceptions by national governments and
citizens alike hindering spread application of free movement decisions
Lack of sufficient citizen involvement in the policy formulation ad
decision making processes and detailed design, appraisals and
evaluation stages of a programme or project.
Lack of sufficient trade related information for buyers and producers to
ascertain trading opportunities in a given region and Community and
the limited capacity of SMEs to take hold of regional and international
value chains and supply linkages
Weak and unharmonised monitoring and evaluation systems and
procedures to monitor and evaluate regional integration at regional and
continental level
Insufficient accountability by Member States on the weak pace of
implementation of regional decisions, programmes and projects
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 4 – Recommendations
_________________________
Recommendations

How have they been formulated?
 Formulated to directly respond to, mitigate and overcome challenges
cited in the previous chapters - see full report for detailed challenges
cited
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 4 – Recommendations
_________________________
Member States
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Member States should provide examples of transpostioning of regional and
continental decisions that have taken place over the past five (5) years
Member States should swiftly adopt an option or options for alternative financing for
Africa痴 development, integration and self-sufficiency
Member States should ensure that in public procurement legislation 10% of
government procurement is set aside for local suppliers unless
Member States within a Community that has a Regional Procurement framework in
place should fully domesticate its provisions,
Member States should vigorously drive their industrial development by having in
place a modern industrial development strategy which takes into cognizance
regional and continental industrial policies and the modern economic and trading
environment
Member States should improve coordination at the nation level through the creation
of national strictures that can ensure regional and continental integration
commitments are transposed and effectively implemented
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 3 – Recommendations
_________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)
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RECs should begin to conduct periodic impact assessments to measure the socioeconomic and where necessary environmental impact of their regional integration
programmes with their Communities and the lives on Community citizens
RECs that have not done so should promote a regional procurement schemes this
could be done through the development of a regional procurement regulation,
manual and online platform
RECs are encouraged to establish and adequately resource, where they do not exist
or ineffectively exist, a Unit/Department dealing with private sector and investment
issues
RECs are encouraged to establish Regional Centres of Excellence on
entrepreneurship, SME痴 and business development, and develop, where they do
not exist, effective regional Business Councils for attracting private sector
development and investment
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 4 – Recommendations
_________________________
Regional Economic Communities (RECs)

RECs that have not done so should develop a regional strategy on
fostering a green economy
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RECs that have not done so should develop a tourism master plan to
market their region as a single tourism destination and common investment
area so as to reap the benefits of economies of scale

RECs, that are not yet doing so, should promote regular public diologue for
enhanced citizen participation in Africa’s regional integration agenda
(decisions and policy frameworks) - recruitment of social
development/community engagement specialists, setting up sector specific
thematic civil society associations and forums for policy consultations as
well as use of social media and where possible use of local language
content
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 4 – Recommendations
_________________________
African Union Commission (AUC)
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The AUC should simplify its ratification procedure so that not all legal texts undergo
a lengthy ratification process
Ensure systematic and regular engagement of the RECs on key strategic and
promote the development of common positions
To ensure effective civil society engagement the AU Department of CIDO and
ECOSOC should improve its engagement with other AUC Departments to ensure
effective civil society engagement in policy processes.
AUC should put in place formal monitoring framework and procedures for regular
M+E of its partnership arrangements, with each partnership having clear
benchmarks, targets and indicators of success
AUC should develop an integration observatory in furtherance of COMAI V
recommendation and Summit decision to develop an M+E framework and score card
system - scientific and systematic approach to M+E data capture and reporting
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
Part 3 – Recommendations
_________________________
Pan-African Institutions

The UNECA should develop a comprehensive work programme
with the AUC to support LDCs development and graduation as well
as mechanisms to support the implementation and monitoring of
the Istanbul Programme of Action for the LDCs for the Decade
2011-2020 (IPoA)

UNECA should work closely with the AUC on mainstreaming
integration into national development plans
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
The End.
_________
Thank You!!
Merci/obrigado/‫شكرا‬
www.au.int
____________________________________________
Follow-Up Report on the Implementation of
Recommendations from COMAI V
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