El subjuntivo
después de ciertas
conjunciones en
cláusulas
adverbiales
What's a clause?
A
group of words,
containing a verb, that
expresses an idea.
What's an adverb?

It tells how, when or why
something is being done
(when describing a verb).
The conjunctions are
broken down into three
sections
 ESCAPA AAA
 CAMEL
 HD 3
CUT
ESCAPA AAA

En caso de (que) in case.......

Sin (que) without (that).......

Con tal (de) (que) provided that, so

Antes de (que) before..........................

Para (que) in order that, so

A menos (que) unless............

A condición de (que)

A fin de que
so that, in order that….

A no ser que
unless….
that...................................
that..................
provided that….
There are three things to
remember with this group:

If there is a "QUE", you must
use the subjunctive.

If there is no "QUE", you must
use the infinitive. (Without the
"que" these are prepositions and
we know that infinitives always
follow prepositions.)

Never use the indicative after
one of these!

Yo te digo para que ______saber
dónde estaremos. (poder)

I'm telling you so that you will
know where we will be.

puedas

Necesito el cuchillo para ______el
pan. (cortar)

I need the knife to cut the bread.

cortar

Me afeito antes de _______ .
(ducharse)

I shave before showering.

ducharme

Me afeito antes de que
_______para las clases. (salir)

I shave before you leave for
school.

salgas

No puedes sacar buenas notas
sin ______ ( estudiar).

You can't get good grades
without studying.
 estudiar

No podemos sacar buenas notas
sin que el maestro nos ______
(ayudar)

We can't get good grades unless
the teacher helps us.

ayude
CAMEL CUT
when...
 Aunque even though…
 Mientras while...
 En cuanto as soon as...
 Luego que as soon as...
 Cada vez que each time that…
 Una vez que once….
 Tan pronto como as soon as...
 Cuando
The rules to follow
with CAMEL CUT.
If the event is going to take
place in the future, or if the
event is uncertain or doubtful,
the subjunctive must be used.
 If the event does happen, or
did happen for that matter,
the indicative will be used.
 You can never use the
infinitive after these!!


Te llamaré en cuanto ( tan pronto
como, luego que ) _______ al hotel.
(llegar)

I'll call you as soon as I arrive at the
hotel. ( I haven't yet arrived.)



llegue
Ella siempre me llama en cuanto
( tan pronto como, luego que ) ______
a casa. (llegar)
She always calls me as soon as she
gets home. (It's what happens.)

llega

Empieza los deberes cuando t ú
______ a casa. (llegar)

Start the homework when you get
home. (You aren't home yet.)

llegues

Empiezo los deberes cuando _____ a
casa. (llegar)

I start my homework when I get
home. (It's what happens)

llego

Yo saldré mientras ella ______ a
casa. (venir)

I'll leave when she is coming home.

venga

Yo salgo mientras ella _____ a casa.
(venir)

I go out while she is coming home.

viene
HD 3

Hasta (que) until...

Después de (que) after...

De modo (que) in such a way

De manera (que) in such a
that...
way that...
HD3 Rules

If there is no "QUE", use infinitive

If there is a "QUE", follow CAMEL
CUT rules:

If future or uncertainty is implied,
use SUBJUNCTIVE.

If the action is (or was) certain, use
INDICATIVE.

Ellos van a trabajar hasta que
_____ bastante dinero para salir (tener).

They are going to work until they have
enough money to leave.

tengan

Ellos trabajan hasta que el jefe les ______
salir. (mandar)

They work until the boss tells them to
leave.

manda

Ellos trabajan hasta _______. (desplomarse)

They work until passing out.

desplomarse

Me afeito después de _______.
(ducharse)

I shave after showering.

ducharme

Salgo para la escuela después de que
mis hijos. _______. (despertarse)

I leave for school after my kids wake up.

se depiertan

Me acostaré después de que ______ las
campanas para el Año Nuevo. (sonar)

I'll go to bed after the bells for the New
Year ring.

suenen
AUNQUE is special!

Aunque + subjunctive = even if


Aunque sea caro, lo voy a comprar.
Aunque + indicative = even though

Aunque es caro, lo voy a comprar.
Descargar

El subjuntivo después de ciertas conjunciones en cláusulas