Open Educational
Resources
and
Open Textbooks
for
Community Colleges
Education for the
21st Century
Dr. Martha Kanter, Chancellor,
Foothill-De Anza
Dr. Jim Fay, Vice President for
Academic Affairs, Cerro Coso
Remember this rite of passage?
For many students…
The first test
is their ability
to afford the
textbooks.
Use of OER and open textbooks can replace this scene with …..
What is OER and where did it
come from?
Fundamental Values
Knowledge should be free
Knowledge should be available anytime, anywhere
Knowledge should be accessible to all
Knowledge should be culturally relevant
Where it all began
Universally Available Library Repositories
MIT OpenCourseWare Project
Creative Commons
Connexions, Merlot, etc.
Foothill-De Anza Board of Trustees
Policy on Public Domain Learning Materials
Enacted December 05
Policy on Public Domain Learning Materials
Enacted December 2005
The Foothill-De Anza Community College District encourages the creation,
use, and ongoing maintenance of public domain-based learning materials in
accordance with established curriculum standards for educational purposes
of the district.
The goals of this policy are to provide students with high quality
learning materials that reside in the public domain to augment and/or
replace costly textbooks, to create sustainable academic resources for
students, faculty and staff, and to provide opportunities for
professional growth of district employees involved in these activities.
The Chancellor will provide periodic reports, not less than annually, to the
Board that detail the progress made toward accomplishing the goals
delineated by this policy.
What are
Open Educational Resources?
• High quality educational content and tools
• Freely available from the internet, anytime, anywhere
• All languages
• Shared
• Usable and re-usable
Benefits
•Provides opportunities
to share and remix
learning materials for
customized and
localized use
•Fast feedback loop on
quality and relevance
of learning materials
leading to continual
improvement and rapid
development
Benefits
Lowers the costs of
educational
materials
for students
Benefits
Gives faculty
tools to gain
control over
learning content
and delivery.
handboeken
lehrbücher
εγχειρίδια
manuali
manuels
textbooks
libros de textos
учебники
Challenges
• Faculty and student
resistance to change
• Limited availability
of high quality and
comprehensive
learning materials
in some disciplines
• Inadequate access
to high-speed
Internet by students
Challenges
• Articulation and
transfer issues
• Compliance with
accessibility (ADA)
requirements
• Printing and
computer lab
demands on
campus
by students
• Coordination with
campus bookstores
In July 2007 we launched the
Community College Consortium
for Open Educational Resources
Joint effort to develop and use open
educational resources and open textbooks
in community college courses
cccoer.wordpress.com
Community College Consortium
for Open Educational Resources
• Goal
– Identify, create and/or repurpose existing OER as Open Textbooks and
make them available for use by community college students and faculty
• Objective
– Seeking the support of faculty to identify, review, evaluate,
and make available high quality, accessible and culturally
relevant model Open Textbooks
• Established in July 2007 by the
Foothill-De Anza Community College District
• Representatives from over 20 colleges
at first CCCOER information
meeting on July 17, 2007
CCCOER Survey Results
• 1,203 faculty respondents
– 12 Districts and 28 colleges
– 66% full-time
– Represent wide range of
disciplines
• 91% indicated interest in using
OER materials in their classes
• 34% said they were aware of
OER materials in their field
OER Survey
OER Survey
OER Survey
CCCOER
can fill
this gap
In Spring 2008, we launched the
Community College
Open Textbook Project
PURPOSE: To identify, organize, and support the production and
use of high quality, accessible and culturally relevant Open
Textbooks for community college students
• Increase Quality
• Increase Access
• Reduce Cost
Community College
Open Textbook Project
Goals
• Increase the scope and membership of CCCOER
• Centralize critical Open Textbook information for
use by community colleges
• Document a workflow model for producing and
maintaining Open Textbooks
• Design and conduct research studies about the
benefits of Open Textbooks
• Develop a business plan to increase sustainability
www.collegeopentextbooks.org
Project Partners
Connexions
Statistics Open Textbook Project
OCPS Television,1998, Pics4Learning
Collaborative Statistics
by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean
Comparison of Stats Textbooks
Publisher: Wiley
Open: Connexions & QOOP
Downloadable version:
$77.50
Downloadable & online versions:
FREE
Printed bound version:
$141.95 new
$110.25 used
Printed bound version:
$31.95 new
Example
PHYS 4A: General Physics
600 pages
Used $125.00
New $179.00
OER Resources and Tools
•
•
•
•
•
Tools for locating, organizing, and delivering
Tools for collaboration and development
Discipline-specific sources
U.S. government sources
Institutional repositories and self-archiving
Tools for Locating, Organizing,
and Delivering OER
Discipline-specific Sources
Tools for Collaboration
and Development
Open Textbook Adoption
• Locate open textbooks for consideration
• Evaluate each textbook for selection
• Customize, remix, and
organize selected textbook
• Disseminate in print
and digital formats
Create Globally,
Educate Locally
Joel Thierstein
Executive Director
Statistics Open Textbook
Now Available at Connexions
http://cnx.org/content/col10522/latest/
Collaborative Statistics
by Barbara Illowsky and Susan Dean
Learn how to use Connexions as your toolkit
to discover, customize, and adopt open textbooks.
Discover…
Customize…
Adopt…
Complete Booklet
Get Account
Login
Set Password
Maintain Account
Search Connexions
Use Materials
Check Out Materials
Edit Materials
Publish Materials
Update Collections
Publish Collections
Getting Textbooks
PDF
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Video
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Text
Text
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Text
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Text
Evaluate Each Textbook
–Quality
–Accessibility
–Cultural
relevance
–Currency
–Authority
–Articulation
Self-Paced Tutorial
Disseminate Open Textbooks
– Digital formats
– Printed format
– Student (DIY)
– Campus bookstore
– Campus printshop services
– Proprietary services
Faculty Role
• Encourage faculty to
develop, locate, review, and
and promote OER
– Support sabbaticals
for development and
modification of open textbooks
– Give credit toward tenure for faculty
work on open textbook development
Content Review Panels
• Determine and define the necessary elements
of a model community college Open Textbooks
–
–
–
–
–
–
Reading level
Depth and scope
Quality and accuracy
Cultural relevance
Currency
Authority of source
OER on Your Campus
• Form a Taskforce on campus to address
adoption of open textbooks
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Curriculum approval
Pedagogical standards
Articulation
Tech support
Bookstore and print shop services
Library
Faculty and department participation
Faculty training in development of OER
Marketing
Kenneth Ransom,, 2000. Pics4Learning
Next Steps
• Locate more open
textbooks
• Increase participation in
the consortium
• Support the faculty
• Identify and modify
technical standards
appropriate for open
textbooks
• Determine process
for vetting
• Field-test standards and
processes
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